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Preliminary Investigation of Helmholtz Resonators for Damping Pressure Fluctuations in 3.6-Inch Ram Jet at Mach Number 1.90

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation conducted at Mach number 1.90 to determine if Helmholtz resonators can be used in a typical ramjet configuration to damp pressure pulsations associated with shock oscillations. Only one of the two resonators was found to effectively damp pressure pulsations that occurred when the ram jet was operating in the vicinity of its peak pressure recovery. Neither was found to effectively damp pressure pulsations over the entire range of ramjet operating conditions.
Date: May 22, 1951
Creator: Fox, Jerome L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defect-related internal dissipation in mechanical resonators and the study of coupled mechanical systems.

Description: Understanding internal dissipation in resonant mechanical systems at the micro- and nanoscale is of great technological and fundamental interest. Resonant mechanical systems are central to many sensor technologies, and microscale resonators form the basis of a variety of scanning probe microscopies. Furthermore, coupled resonant mechanical systems are of great utility for the study of complex dynamics in systems ranging from biology to electronics to photonics. In this work, we report the detailed experimental study of internal dissipation in micro- and nanomechanical oscillators fabricated from amorphous and crystalline diamond materials, atomistic modeling of dissipation in amorphous, defect-free, and defect-containing crystalline silicon, and experimental work on the properties of one-dimensional and two-dimensional coupled mechanical oscillator arrays. We have identified that internal dissipation in most micro- and nanoscale oscillators is limited by defect relaxation processes, with large differences in the nature of the defects as the local order of the material ranges from amorphous to crystalline. Atomistic simulations also showed a dominant role of defect relaxation processes in controlling internal dissipation. Our studies of one-dimensional and two-dimensional coupled oscillator arrays revealed that it is possible to create mechanical systems that should be ideal for the study of non-linear dynamics and localization.
Date: January 1, 2007
Creator: Friedmann, Thomas Aquinas; Czaplewski, David A.; Sullivan, John Patrick; Modine, Normand Arthur; Wendt, Joel Robert; Aslam, Dean (Michigan State University, Lansing, MI) et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sub-picosecond optical switching with a negative index metamaterial

Description: Development of all-optical signal processing, eliminating the performance and cost penalties of optical-electrical-optical conversion, is important for continu,ing advances in Terabits/sec (Tb/s) communications.' Optical nonlinearities are generally weak, traditionally requiring long-path, large-area devicesl,2 or very high-Q, narrow-band resonator structures.3 Optical metamaterials offer unique capabilities for optical-optical interactions. Here we report 600 femtosecond (fs) all-optical modulation using a fIShnet (2D-perforated metallamorphous-Si (a-Si)/metal film stack) negative-index meta material with a structurally tunable broad-band response near 1.2 {micro}m. Over 20% modulation (experimentally limited) is achieved in a path length of only 116 nm by photo-excitation of carriers in the a-Si layer. This has the potential for Tb/s aU-optical communication and will lead to other novel, compact, tunable sub-picosecond (ps) photonic devices.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Dani, Keshav M; Upadhya, Prashant C & Zahyum, Ku
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Large scale U.S. dark matter Axion search

Description: We describe the instrumentation and operations of the microwave cavity axion detector presently taking data at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory This experiment, in collaboration of LLNL, MIT, Univ of Florida, LBNL, Univ of Chicago, FNAL, and INR/Moscow, has been operating with greater than 90% live time since February 1996 with the objective of exploring the region from 0 5 to 1 9 GHz (2 1 to 7 9 µ<i>eV</i>) at greater than KSVZ sensitivitv In a com~&on paper (E Daw) in these proceedings, the data analysis and Iirst results will be described (See also
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Kinion, D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Device for Measuring Sonic Velocity and Compressor Mach Number

Description: Note presenting a device that measures the velocity of sound in fluids at stagnation and is especially adaptable to turbine and compressor testing for which the composition of the working fluid may be in doubt. The Helmholtz resonator is used for measuring sonic velocity and compressor Mach number in these devices.
Date: July 1948
Creator: Huber, Paul W. & Kantrowitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cryogenic studies of rf accelerating structures, vintage 1978

Description: Cryogenically cooled rf cavity studies were undertaken at Los Alamos in 1978 to test the effectiveness of reduced temperature on the Q-enhancement of 450-MHz drift-tube linac structures. A complete facility was set up to do high power tests, not only at liquid nitrogen (LN/sub 2/) temperature but with liquid hydrogen (LH/sub 2/) as well. The cavity, Dewar, klystron test stand, and a remote outdoor enclosure were constructed. Hydrogen safety approval for the tests was obtained. Unfortunately, the hydrogen tests were never done. However, the cavity was tested at high power in LN/sub 2/ and a Q-enhancement of 2.02 was recorded, compared to 2.7 expected theoretically. This work is now continuing with improved measuring techniques using some of the same apparatus. It is the purpose of this paper to report on the early work and to reference its continuation today.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Liska, D.; Uher, J. & Potter, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Superconducting multicell cavity development program at Los Alamos

Description: The superconducting rf (SCRF) cavity Development Program at Los Alamos has designed, fabricated, and tested single-cell niobium cavities at 3-GHz and 805-MHz. This work is being done in preparation for procuring and testing a multicell niobium cavity. The multicell cavity is designed to accelerate protons at [beta] = 0.9; initial tests will be without beam. Progammmatic changes have required us to modify our plans to install a 6800-liter helium cryostat and a 12.8-g/s helium pump. We will use an installed cryostat to test the multicell cavity. Also, the cavity will be modified from a seven-cell to a four-cell structure to match the dimensions of the installed cryostat. Previous reports concentrated on 3-GHz results. In this paper, some of the latest results of the 805-MHz cavity tests are presented. Modifications to allow high pulsed power (HPP) testing on 805-MHz single- and four-cell cavities are proceeding. Glow discharge cleaning of an 805-MHz niobium cavity resulted in a decrease in cavity performance. The cavity was restored to previous performance levels with buffered chemical polishing (bcp). Initial results with high-pressure water cleaning show the process is useful in restoring cavity performance.
Date: January 1, 1993
Creator: Rusnak, B.; Spalek, G.: Gray, E.; DiMarco, J.N.; DeHaven, R.; Novak, J.; Walstrom, P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First high power pulsed tests of a dressed 325 MHz superconducting single spoke resonator at Fermilab

Description: In the recently commissioned superconducting RF cavity test facility at Fermilab (SCTF), a 325 MHz, {beta} = 0.22 superconducting single-spoke resonator (SSR1) has been tested for the first time with its input power coupler. Previously, this cavity had been tested CW with a low power, high Q{sub ext} test coupler; first as a bare cavity in the Fermilab Vertical Test Stand and then fully dressed in the SCTF. For the tests described here, the design input coupler with Q{sub ext} {approx} 10{sup 6} was used. Pulsed power was provided by a Toshiba E3740A 2.5 MW klystron.
Date: March 1, 2011
Creator: Madrak, R.; Branlard, J.; Chase, B.; Darve, C.; Joireman, P.; Khabiboulline, T. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Beam Instability Under the Effects of Long-Range Transverse Wake Fields in the Berkeley Future Light Source

Description: An ultra-relativistic charged particle bunch moving through a resonator cavity leaves behind a wake field that will affect subsequent bunches (if the bunch is not ultra-relativistic, the wake field will not be exclusively behind it). If the initial bunch enters the cavity off-axis, it will produce a transverse wake field that can then kick later bunches off the axis. Thus, even bunches that were initially traveling on axis could be displaced and, in turn, produce their own transverse wake fields, affecting following bunches. The offsets obtained by bunches could increase along the bunch train, leading to the so-called multi-bunch beam break-up instability [1]. The purpose of our investigation is to see whether such instability will occur in the superconducting, 1.3 GHz, 2.5GeV linac (see Table 1) planned for the Berkeley future light source (BFLS). We assume an initial steady-state situation established for machine operation; i.e. a continuous process where every bunch follows the same trajectory through the linac, with only small deviations from the axis of the rf structures. We will look at a possible instability arising from a bunch having a small deviation from the established trajectory. Such a deviation would produce a wake field that is slightly different from the one produced by the bunches following the established trajectory. This could lead to subsequent bunches deviating further from the established trajectory. We will assume the deviations are small (at first) and so the difference in the wake field caused by a bunch not traveling along the established trajectory is well approximated by a long-range transverse dipole wake. We are concerned only with deviations from the established trajectory; thus, in our models, a transverse position of zero corresponds to the bunch traveling along the established trajectory. Under this assumption, only the additional long-range transverse dipole wake remains in our ...
Date: August 31, 2008
Creator: Kur, Eugene & Zholents, Alexander A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

3D simulations of multipacting in the 56 MHz SRF cavity

Description: The 56 MHz SRF Quarter-Wave Resonator (QWR) is designed for RHIC as a storage cavity to improve the collider performance. 2D multipacting simulation has been done for the cavity alone. Ripples were added to the outer body of the cavity for multipacting suppression based on the simulation findings. During operation, there will be four higher order mode (HOM) couplers. All of these components will be exposed to high RF fields. In this paper we compare 2D and 3D codes simulation results for multipacting in the cavity. We also report 3D simulation results for multipacting simulation at the couplers.
Date: May 20, 2012
Creator: Q., Wu; Belomestnykh, S.; Ge, L.; Ko, K.; Li, Z.; Ng, C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The integration of advanced photonics and MEMS : LDRD 26519 final report.

Description: In this work we have demonstrated the fabrication of two different classes of devices which demonstrate the integration of simple MEMS structures with photonics structures. In the first class of device a suspended, movable Si waveguide was designed and fabricated. This waveguide was designed to be able to be actuated so that it could be brought into close proximity to a ring resonator or similar structure. In the course of this work we also designed a technique to improve the input coupling to the waveguide. While these structures were successfully fabricated, post fabrication and testing involved a significant amount of manipulation of the devices and due to their relatively flimsy nature our structures could not readily survive this extra handling. As a result we redesigned our devices so that instead of moving the waveguides themselves we moved a much smaller optical element into close proximity to the waveguides. Using this approach it was also possible to fabricate a much larger array of actively switched photonic devices: switches, ring resonators, couplers (which act as switches or splitters) and attenuators. We successfully fabricated all these structures and were able to successfully demonstrate splitters, switches and attenuators. The quality of the SiN waveguides fabricated in this work were found to be qualitatively compatible to those made using semiconductor materials.
Date: December 1, 2003
Creator: Fleming, James Grant & Lin, Shawn-Yu
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Terahertz metamaterials

Description: In this paper we present our recent developments in terahertz (THz) metamaterials and devices. Planar THz metamaterials and their complementary structures fabricated on suitable substrates have shown electric resonant response, which causes the band-pass or band-stop property in THz transmission and reflection. The operational frequency can be further tuned up to 20% upon photoexcitation of an integrated semiconductor region in the splitring resonators as the metamaterial elements. On the other hand, the use of semiconductors as metamaterial substrates enables dynamical control of metamaterial resonances through photoexcitation, and reducing the substrate carrier lifetime further enables an ultrafast switching recovery. The metamaterial resonances can also be actively controlled by application of a voltage bias when they are fabricated on semiconductor substrates with appropriate doping concentration and thickness. Using this electrically driven approach, THz modulation depth up to 80% and modulation speed of 2 MHz at room temperature have been demonstrated, which suggests practical THz applications.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Chen, Hou-tong; Taylor, Antoineete J; Azad, Abul K & O' Hara, John F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Q disease on 350-MHZ superconducting spoke cavities

Description: Q disease, i.e., an increase of RF surface resistance due to hydride precipitation, has been investigated with 350-MHz spoke cavities. This phenomenon was studied extensively in early 1990s with cavities at frequencies &gt;1 GHz. This is possibly due to the fact that the lower-frequency cavities were believed to show insignificant effect. However, early 500-MHz KEK elliptical cavities and JAERI 130-MHz quarter wave resonators have shown significant Q degradation, suggesting that this disease can be a serious problem with lower-frequency cavities as well. Since there were no quantitative data with 350-MHz cavities, we decided to measure our two spoke cavities. Our spoke cavities were made of RRR{approx}250 niobium and were chemically polished {approx}150 microns. A few series of systematic tests have shown that our spoke cavities do not show any Q{sub 0} degradation up to {approx}24 hours of holding the cavity at 100 K. However it starts showing degradation if it is held for a longer time and the additional loss due to the Q disease increases linearly. It was also found that our spoke cavity recovers from Q disease if it is warmed up to 150 K or higher for 12 hours.
Date: January 1, 2003
Creator: Tajima, T. (Tsuyoshi); Edwards, R. L. (Randall L.); Krawczyk, F. L. (Frank L.); Liu, Jianfei; Schrage, D. L. (Dale L.) & Shapiro, A. H. (Alan H.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance experience with the CEBAF SRF cavities

Description: The full complement of 169 pairs of niobium superconducting cavities has been installed in the CEBAF accelerator. This paper surveys the performance characteristics of these cavities in vertical tests, commissioning in the tunnel, and operational experience to date. Although installed performance exceeds specifications, and 3.2 GeV beam has been delivered on target, present systems do not consistently preserve the high performance obtained in vertical dewar tests as operational capability. Principal sources of these limitations are discussed.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Reece, C.; Benesch, J.; Drury, M.; Hovater, C.; Mammosser, J. & Preble, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FXR accelerator cavity impedance experiments

Description: One of the goals of the present Flash X-Ray (FXR) accelerator upgrade effort [1][2] at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is to reduce the cavity transverse impedance, since it has been shown that beam stability is significantly affected by this parameter [3]. Recently, we have evaluated various techniques and cell modifications to accomplish that, both through lab measurements and computer models. A spare cell, identical in every way to cells in the accelerator, was specially modified for the experiments. The impedance measurements were done without the beam, by applying twin-wire techniques. This report describes the results of these experiments and suggests possible cell modifications to improve their performance. The techniques and modifications which are suggested might also be applicable to AHF and DARHT-2 long-pulse accelerator development.
Date: January 5, 1998
Creator: Avalle, C.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RF breakdown studies in X-Band klystron cavities

Description: RF breakdown studies are presently being carried out at SLAC with klystron cavities in a traveling wave resonator (TWR). Different kinds of fabrication methods and several kinds of semiconducting and insulating coatings have been applied to X-Band TM{sub 010} cavities. RF breakdown thresholds up to 250 MV/m have been obtained. Dark current levels were found to be depressed on TiN-coated and single-point diamond turned cavities. A new TM{sub 020} cavity with demountable electrodes has been designed and will be used to test a variety of materials, coatings, and processes. Recent tests of klystron output windows at 119 MW are also presented in this paper.
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Xu, X.; Callin, R.S. & Fowkes, W.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A STUDY OF FERRITE CAVITY.

Description: This note addresses the general concerns for the design of a ferrite cavity. The parameters are specified for the RCMS, for which the frequency ramp is in the range of 1.27 MHz to 6.44 MHz, or a ratio of 1:5.
Date: April 19, 2002
Creator: ZHAO, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department