Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.
open access

A Comparative Study of Three Epoxy Resins in the Industrial Arts Laboratory

Description: This study was made to determine the advantages of the use of epoxy resins in the industrial arts laboratory. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of using epoxy resins as a wood adhesive. Data was gathered from texts, periodicals, and unpublished data. Tests were conducted using epoxy samples acquired from three epoxy manufacturers on three different woods and joints. The study discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using epoxy resins as a wood adhesive and the material and equipment necessary for the use of epoxy resins. Strength tests were performed on the joints adhered with epoxy and on joints adhered with white glue. A hand operated high tensile strength machine was used to conduct the tests. Epoxy Resins were found, in most cases, to give a more durable bond than white glue. Further studies should be made using epoxy resins as adhesives for metal, glass, plastic, and other materials used in the industrial arts laboratory.
Date: May 1974
Creator: Yeatts, Fred Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Radiation Damage to Organic Ion-Exchange Materials

Description: From abstract: "The stability of polystyrene and phenolic ion-exchange resins to radiation from a Co60 source and from absorbed Ce144-PR144 was investigated. Sulfonated polystyrene cation-exchange resins lost 10 to 20% of their capacity per watt-hour of radiation absorbed per gram of oven-dry resin, while the quaternary amine anion-exchange polystyrene resins lost about 40%. Phenolic cation-exchange resins lost only 1%."
Date: March 16, 1953
Creator: Higgins, I. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Synthetic Resins in Aircraft Construction - Their Composition, Properties, Present State of Development and Application to Light Structures

Description: This report gives a brief review of the properties that have been attained with the synthetic materials with which we are at present familiar. Results of investigations are presented as well as possibilities for construction applications. Endurance strength and bonding tests are also presented.
Date: November 1937
Creator: Riechers, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Physical Properties of Synthetic Resin Materials

Description: "A study was made to determine the physical properties of synthetic resins having paper, canvas, and linen reinforcements, and of laminated wood impregnated with a resin varnish. The results show that commercial resins have moduli of elasticity that are too low for structural considerations. Nevertheless, there do exist plastics that have favorable mechanical properties and, with further development, it should be possible to produce resin products that compare favorably with the light-metal alloys" (p. 1).
Date: March 1939
Creator: Fishbein, Meyer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The properties of three cast polyester resins of Sierracin 212, 212A, and 250A

Description: From Summary: "Physical properties of samples of three cast polyester resins known as Sierracin resins were investigated. Tests were made to determine specific gravity, index of refraction, Rockwell hardness, Tukon indentation hardness, effect of exposure to accelerated and outdoor weathering, Munsell color, resistance to accelerated service tests, crazing resistance under stress, flexural strength, Izod impact strength, and Taber abrasion resistance. Tables of the values obtained for these physical properties are included in the report."
Date: April 23, 1951
Creator: Kline, G. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Transparent Cold-Shock-Resistant Epoxy Casting Resin

Description: The development of a transparent cold-shook-resistant epoxy casting resin is discussed. Physical and electrical properties are presented. A simple inexpensive test method for determining cold-shock-resistance is described. (authl
Date: April 1, 1960
Creator: Carroll, B. & Smatana, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Inorganic Separations Using Ion Exchange

Description: From summary: "In previous project work, dilute mixtures of inorganic cations in aqueous solution have been concentrated by adsorption of the cations on a synthetic resin and they have been fractionated by selective desorption of the cations from the resin. In this report..the general procedure used in chemical separation, the equipment used, and the theory of the exchange equilibria and of the reaction rates are presented."
Date: August 29, 1946
Creator: Peterson, H. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Plastics as structural materials for aircraft

Description: The purpose here is to consider the mechanical characteristics of reinforced phenol-formaldehyde resin as related to its use as structural material for aircraft. Data and graphs that have appeared in the literature are reproduced to illustrate the comparative behavior of plastics and materials commonly used in aircraft construction. Materials are characterized as to density, static strength, modulus of elasticity, resistance to long-time loading, strength under repeated impact, energy absorption, corrosion resistance, and ease of fabrication.
Date: December 1937
Creator: Kline, G. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Removal of selected water disinfection byproducts, and MTBE in batch and continuous flow systems using alternative sorbents.

Description: A study was conducted to evaluate the sorption characteristics of six disinfection byproducts (DBPs) on four sorbents. To investigate sorption of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), specially designed experimental batch and continuous flow modules were developed. The investigated compounds included: chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), bromate and bromide ions. Sorbents used included light weight aggregate (LWA), an inorganic porous material with unique surface characteristics, Amberlite® XAD-16, a weakly basic anion exchange resin, Amberjet®, a strongly basic anion exchange resin, and granular activated carbon (GAC). Batch experiments were conducted on spiked Milli-Q® and lake water matrices. Results indicate considerable sorption of TCE (68.9%), slight sorption of bromate ions (19%) and no appreciable sorption for the other test compounds on LWA. The sorption of TCE increased to 75.3% in experiments utilizing smaller LWA particle size. LWA could be a viable medium for removal of TCE from contaminated surface or groundwater sites. Amberlite® was found unsuitable for use due to its physical characteristics, and its inability to efficiently remove any of the test compounds. Amberjet® showed an excellent ability to remove the inorganic anions (>99%), and BDCM (96.9%) from aqueous solutions but with considerable elevation of pH. Continuous flow experiments evaluated GAC and Amberjet® with spiked Milli-Q® and tap water matrices. The tested organic compounds were sorbed in the order of their hydrophobicity. Slight elevation of pH was observed during continuous flow experiments, making Amberjet® a viable option for removal of BDCM, bromate and bromide ions from water. The continuous flow experiments showed that GAC is an excellent medium for removal of the tested VOCs and bromate ion. Each of the test compounds showed different breakthrough and saturation points. The unique design of the continuous flow apparatus used in the study proved to be highly beneficial to …
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: December 2002
Creator: Kadry, Ahmed Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Use of Redux Adhesives for Bonding Metal

Description: Redux is a thermosetting synthetic resin manufactured by the Resinous Products & Chemical Co., Washington Square, Philadelphia 5, Pa. According to the manufacturer, it is intended for bonding metal to metal and metal to wood. It was apparently intended to replace rivets in aircraft structural parts and recent information indicates that a British airplane, the DeHaviland Dove, is in production using this resin. The adhesive was originally developed in England by Aero research Ltd. Experience at this laboratory has been confined to use of the resin for bonding electrical grade silicon steel laminations. Very strong bonds have been obtained under properly controlled conditions. The bond strength is sufficient to tear 29 gauge (.014") steel when attempting to peel off individual laminations. The bond is sufficiently homogeneous to prevent leaks parallel to the plane of the laminations into a high vacuum system. Experiments at the laboratory have been designed to test the adhesive for use in bonding the laminations which form the pole tips and vacuum chamber lids for the synchrontron magnet.
Date: May 20, 1947
Creator: Martin, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

A Note on the Use of Ion Exchange Resins for the Purification of Urinary Purines, Kynurenic Acid, and Coproporphyrin: (Preliminary Report)

Description: Abstract: "Preliminary studies are reported on the use of the ion exchange resins for the adsorptions of purines, uracil, nucleotides, kynurenic acid, and coproporphyrin. Adenine and guanine are adsorbed on IR-100 resin from neutral solution and eluted by HCl. Kynurenic acid and coproporphyrin are adsorbed from neutral solution on IR-4 resin and eluted by HCl. Coproporphyrin is strongly adsorbed on IR-100 resin from either acid, alkaline, or neutral solution. Kynurenic acid is poorly adsorbed on IR-100 resin from neutral aqueous solution. The preliminary application of these procedures to the spectro-photometric study of urine is described."
Date: July 1946
Creator: Schwartz, Samuel; Wattenberg, Lee & Zagaria, Ralph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Denitration of Rocky Flats Ion-Exchange Resins: Recommendation of Denitration Processes, October 19, 1995

Description: Resin denitration via anion-exchange is an implementable process that can effectively mitigate the hazards associated with stored resins in which the bulk of the nitrate consists of an "exchangeable nitrate" ionically bound to the cationic sites of the anion-exchange resins. Salicylate has been selected as the exchange anion of choice because of its superior selectivity for the Rocky Flats resins and its unique potential for comprehensive recovery and recycle. This report outlines a single recommended resin denigration procedure that is reasonably independent of the resin composition and the current stored form. This procedure is not optimized but rather seeks to `over-treat' the resins so that a single procedure works for the variety of stored resins. The recommended treatment with sodium salicylate reduces resins by 95-99+% the measured exothermic behavior of the ion-exchange.
Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Espinoza, Jacob; Barr, Mary & Smith, Wayne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Response of removable epoxy foam exposed to fire using an element death model.

Description: Response of removable epoxy foam (REF) to high heat fluxes is described using a decomposition chemistry model [1] in conjunction with a finite element heat conduction code [2] that supports chemical kinetics and dynamic radiation enclosures. The chemistry model [1] describes the temporal transformation of virgin foam into carbonaceous residue by considering breakdown of the foam polymer structure, desorption of gases not associated with the foam polymer, mass transport of decomposition products from the reaction site to the bulk gas, and phase equilibrium. The finite element foam response model considers the spatial behavior of the foam by using measured and predicted thermophysical properties in combination with the decomposition chemistry model. Foam elements are removed from the computational domain when the condensed mass fractions of the foam elements are close to zero. Element removal, referred to as element death, creates a space within the metal confinement causing radiation to be the dominant mode of heat transfer between the surface of the remaining foam elements and the interior walls of the confining metal skin. Predictions were compared to front locations extrapolated from radiographs of foam cylinders enclosed in metal containers that were heated with quartz lamps [3,4]. The effects of the maximum temperature of the metal container, density of the foam, the foam orientation, venting of the decomposition products, pressurization of the metal container, and the presence or absence of embedded components are discussed.
Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Hobbs, Michael L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Characterization of Cure Kinetics and Physical Properties of a High Performance, Glass Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Prepreg and a Novel Fluorine-Modified, Amine-Cured Commercial Epoxy.

Description: Kinetic equation parameters for the curing reaction of a commercial glass fiber reinforced high performance epoxy prepreg composed of the tetrafunctional epoxy tetraglycidyl 4,4-diaminodiphenyl methane (TGDDM), the tetrafunctional amine curing agent 4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone (DDS) and an ionic initiator/accelerator, are determined by various thermal analysis techniques and the results compared. The reaction is monitored by heat generated determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and by high speed DSC when the reaction rate is high. The changes in physical properties indicating increasing conversion are followed by shifts in glass transition temperature determined by DSC, temperature-modulated DSC (TMDSC), step scan DSC and high speed DSC, thermomechanical (TMA) and dynamic mechanical (DMA) analysis and thermally stimulated depolarization (TSD). Changes in viscosity, also indicative of degree of conversion, are monitored by DMA. Thermal stability as a function of degree of cure is monitored by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The parameters of the general kinetic equations, including activation energy and rate constant, are explained and used to compare results of various techniques. The utilities of the kinetic descriptions are demonstrated in the construction of a useful time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagram and a continuous heating transformation (CHT) diagram for rapid determination of processing parameters in the processing of prepregs. Shrinkage due to both resin consolidation and fiber rearrangement is measured as the linear expansion of the piston on a quartz dilatometry cell using TMA. The shrinkage of prepregs was determined to depend on the curing temperature, pressure applied and the fiber orientation. Chemical modification of an epoxy was done by mixing a fluorinated aromatic amine (aniline) with a standard aliphatic amine as a curing agent for a commercial Diglycidylether of Bisphenol-A (DGEBA) epoxy. The resulting cured network was tested for wear resistance using tribological techniques. Of the six anilines, 3-fluoroaniline and 4-fluoroaniline were determined to have lower wear than the …
Date: December 2003
Creator: Bilyeu, Bryan
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Curing of Resin-Wood Combinations by High-Frequency Heating

Description: Note presenting a summary of the results of an investigation of the curing of resin-wood combinations by high-frequency heating. The physical facts pertinent to high-frequency heating are introduced and the procedure is described for measuring dielectric constant and loss from 1 to 100 megacycles. The results indicated that the high-frequency heating process is feasible, flexible, and timesaving.
Date: December 1942
Creator: von Hippel, Arthur R. & Dietz, A. G. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Variably Curing Resins for Mounting Metallographic Samples

Description: In the past, heat-and-pressure-curing resins have been used almost exclusively as mounting materials for metallographic samples. Now, however, certain polyester resins, which are curable at room temperature, are equally as good for this purpose, and with their versatility they adapt readily to a variety of mounting conditions. A study of the epoxies and polyesters was made to determine which type of resin would satisfy the desirable properties of a metallographic mount. Four polyester resins were selected and investigated intensively to ascertain the variables associated with their curing processes. The results are compared with the standard thermosetting mounting material, Bakelite. (auth)
Date: September 1, 1963
Creator: Kruger, O. L.; Hughes, J. P. & Schmitz, F. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cure Kinetics and Processing Parameters of Neat and Reinforced High Performance Epoxy Resins: Evaluation of Techniques

Description: Kinetic equation parameters for the curing reaction of a commercial glass fiber reinforced high performance epoxy prepreg composed of the tetrafunctional epoxy tetraglycidyl 4,4-diaminodiphenyl methane (TGDDM), the tetrafunctional amine curing agent 4,4’-diaminodiphenylsulfone (DDS) and an ionic initiator/accelerator, are determined by various thermal analysis techniques and the results compared. The reaction is monitored by heat generated determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The changes in physical properties indicating increasing conversion are followed by shifts in glass transition temperature determined by DSC and temperature-modulated DSC (TMDSC), thermomechanical (TMA) and dynamic mechanical (DMA) analysis and thermally stimulated depolarization (TSD). Changes in viscosity, also indicative of degree of conversion, are monitored by DMA. Thermal stability as a function of degree of cure is monitored by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The parameters of the general kinetic equations, including activation energy and rate constant, are explained and used to compare results of various techniques. The utilities of the kinetic descriptions are demonstrated in the construction of a useful time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagram for rapid determination of processing parameters in the processing of prepregs. Copyright is held by the author, unless otherwise noted. All rights reserved. Files: Thesis.pdf Special Conditions
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: December 1999
Creator: Bilyeu, Bryan
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

On the Mechanical Response of Chopped Glass/Urethane Resin Composite: Data and Model

Description: This report presents data on the creep response of a polymeric composite that is a candidate material for automotive applications. The above data were used to establish the basis for the mechanical characterization of the material's response over a wide range of stresses and temperatures, as well as under cyclic loading and due to exposure to distilled water. A constitutive model based upon fundamental principles of irreversible thermodynamics and continuum mechanics was employed to encompass the above mentioned database and to predict the response under more complex inputs. These latter tests verified the validity of the model.
Date: November 1999
Creator: Elahi, M. & Weitsman, Y. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Enhancements of Mechanical, Thermal Stability, and Tribological Properties by Addition of Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxide in Epoxy

Description: The effects of octadecylamine-functionalized reduced graphene oxide (FRGO) on the frictional and wear properties of diglycidylether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) epoxy are studied using a pin-on-disk tribometer. It was observed that the addition of FRGO significantly improves the tribological, mechanical, and thermal properties of epoxy matrix. Graphene oxide (GO) was functionalized with octadecylamine (ODA), and then reduction of oxygen-containing functional groups was carried out using hydrazine monohydrate. The Raman and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies confirm significant reduction in oxygen-containing functional groups and formation of ODA functionalized reduced GO. The nanocomposites are prepared by adding 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 wt % of FRGO to the epoxy. The addition of FRGO increases by more than an order of magnitude the sliding distance during which the dynamic friction is ≤ 0.1. After this distance, the friction sharply increases to the range of 0.4 - 0.5. We explain the increase in sliding distance during which the friction is low by formation of a transfer film from the nanocomposite to the counterface. The wear rates in the low and high friction regimes are approximately 1.5 x 10-4 mm3/N·m and 5.5 x 10-4 mm3/N·m, respectively. The nanocomposites exhibit a 74 % increase in Young’s modulus with 0.5 wt. % of FRGO, and an increase in glass transition and thermal degradation temperatures.
Date: August 2014
Creator: Shah, Rakesh K.
Partner: UNT Libraries
Back to Top of Screen