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Energy Program annual report

Description: The national economy is particularly dependent on efficient electrical generation and transportation. Electrical demand continues to grow and will increasingly rely on coal and nuclear fuels. The nuclear power industry still has not found a solution to the problem of disposing of the waste produced by nuclear reactors. Although coal is in ample supply and the infrastructure is in place for its utilization, environmental problems and improved conversion processes remain technical challenges. In … more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Borg, I.Y. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary study of the favorability for uranium in the Madera Limestone, and Cutler and Chinle Formations of the Sierra Nacimiento-Jemez Mountains area, New Mexico

Description: Small, surficial, secondary uranium deposits are present in several formations in the Sierra Nacimiento-Jemez Mountains region, but none of significant size are known. Field surveys indicate that the deposits are laterally discontinuous and are, in most cases, associated with carbonaceous debris. Mineral contents of as much as 0.18 percent U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ are recorded. There are 2 known deposits in the Pennsylvanian Madera Limestone, 18 in the Permian Cutler Formation, and 3 in the Triassic Ch… more
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Vizcaino, H. P.; O'Neill, A. J. & Dotterer, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Studies of nuclear-waste migration in geologic media. Annual report, November 1976--October 1977

Description: The confinement of nuclear wastes in geologic formations is being considered as a method of permanently disposing of the waste. Laboratory experiments (column infiltration, static absorption, and batch partitioning experiments) were performed with nuclides of Cs, Pu, Np, and Am to examine the migratory characteristics of long-lived radionuclides that could be mobilized by groundwaters infiltrating a nuclear waste repository and the surrounding geologic body. In column infiltration experiments, … more
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Seitz, M.G.; Rickert, P.G.; Fried, S.M.; Friedman, A.M. & Steindler, M.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research on oil recovery mechanisms in heavy oil reservoirs

Description: The goal of the Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute is to conduct research directed toward increasing the recovery of heavy oils. Presently, SUPRI is working in five main directions: To assess the influence of different reservoir conditions (temperature and pressure) on the absolute and relative permeability to oil and water and on capillary pressure; To evaluate the effect of different reservoir parameters on the in-situ combustion process. This project includes the study of the k… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Brigham, W.E.; Aziz, K. & Ramey, H.J. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Polysaccharides and bacterial plugging

Description: Before any successful application of Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery process can be realized, an understanding of the cells' transport and retentive mechanisms in porous media is needed. Cell transport differs from particle transport in their ability to produce polysaccharides, which are used by cells to adhere to surfaces. Cell injection experiments have been conducted using Leuconostoc cells to illustrate the importance of cellular polysaccharide production as a transport mechanism that hinde… more
Date: November 1, 1991
Creator: Fogler, H. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Modified Murnaghan equation of state applied to shock compression of silica, basalt, and dolomite

Description: An equation of state previously used by the author is developed further and applied to geologic media. The equation is of the same form as the Murnaghan equation of state, but with the elastic constant terms replaced by the cohesive energy density (internal pressure), and the exponential term given as a sum of the Gruneisen parameter and the gaseous adiabatic exponent. Data for shock compression of silica, basalt, and dolomite are analyzed according to the equation.
Date: December 20, 1965
Creator: Rogers, L.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Gelled polymer systems for permeability modification in petroleum reservoirs

Description: The research program described in this report was conducted to improve the performance and predictability of in situ gelation processes designed to increase volumetric sweep efficiency of fluid displacement processes. A principal objective of this research was to develop procedures for design and evaluation of permeability modification processes. Research was conducted in three broad areas: (1) Physical and Chemical Characterization of Gelling Systems (2) In situ Gelation and (3) Mathematical M… more
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Willhite, G.P.; Green, D.W.; Thiele, J.L.; McCool, C.S. & Mertes, K.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Prediction of limestone requirements for SO/sub 2/ emission control in atmospheric pressure fluidized-bed combustion

Description: The limestone-SO/sub 2/ reactivity as determined on a thermogravimetric analyzer was used to estimate the quantity of limestone required to meet the SO/sub 2/ emission standard in atmospheric fluidized-bed coal combustors. Comparison of laboratory TGA calcium utilization with pilot plant experimental results were made. Estimates of SO/sub 2/ retention in a carbon burnup cell were made for various limestone feed options. From this information, estimates of limestone requirements for an AFBC-CBC … more
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Snyder, R. B.; Wilson, W. I. & Johnson, I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Identification of cross-formation flow in multireservoir systems using isotopic techniques

Description: This study was designed to add quantitative solutions to the problem of undesirable hydraulic communication which results in active fluid flow between productive horizons. Transfer of novel geochemical methods, based on effective, economic, and environmentally acceptable isotopic techniques for identification of leaking hydrocarbon reservoirs, is a major objective of this study. The effectiveness of a continuous trap's seal depends on an equilibrium between the capillary forces holding formatio… more
Date: October 1, 1991
Creator: Szpakiewicz, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SUPRI Heavy Oil Research Program. Seventh annual report, October 1, 1982-September 30, 1983

Description: This research program has five main objectives: (1) flow properties - to assess the effects of temperature and pressure on absolute and relative permeabilities, on capillary pressure and on any relevant property of petroleum reservoirs; (2) in-situ combustion - tube runs for simulation of in-situ combustion experiments are performed under different pressure and oxygen concentration levels, and kinetics of in-situ combustion reactions are also studied; (3) steam injection with additives - to opt… more
Date: May 1, 1984
Creator: Brigham, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Characterization of Oil and Gas Reservoir Heterogeneity

Description: The ultimate objective of this cooperative research project is to characterize Alaskan petroleum reservoirs in terms of their reserves, physical and chemical properties, geologic configuration in relation to lithofacies and structure, and development potential. The project has two tasks: Task 1 is a geological description of the reservoirs including petrophysical properties, i.e., porosity, permeability, permeability variation, formation depth, temperature, and net pay, facies changes and reser… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Sharma, G. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Characterization of facies and permeability patterns in carbonate reservoirs based on outcrop analogs

Description: The primary objective of this research is to develop methods for better describing the three-dimensional geometry of carbonate reservoir flow units as related to conventional or enhanced recovery of oil. Detailed characterization of geologic facies and rock permeability in reservoir-scale outcrops of the Permian San Andres Formation in the Guadalupe Mountains of New Mexico will provide the key data base. To this end detailed sampling on grids using a portable core-plugging device was undertaken… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Kerans, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Geologic atlas and database of major Appalachian gas plays

Description: The Appalachian Oil and Natural Gas Research Consortium (AONGRC or the Consortium) through a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Energy (DOE), will develop an atlas of major Appalachian gas plays and a machine readable database containing information about these plays. The specific objectives are to: define major gas plays in the basin by age and formation/group and then further by subdividing these units by reservoir rock trap type and depositional environments; determine and map a… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Patchen, D. G.; Nuttall, B. C.; Baranoski, M. T.; Harper, J. A.; Schwietering, J. F.; Van Tyne, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cross-borehole and surface-to-borehole electromagnetic induction for reservoir characterization

Description: Audio-frequency cross-borehole and surface-to-borehole electromagnetics (EM) are interesting alternatives to existing techniques for petroleum reservoir characterization and monitoring. With these methods signals may be propagated several hundreds of meters through typical sand/shale reservoirs and data may be collected at high accuracy with a high sensitivity to the subsurface resistivity distribution. Field systems for cross-borehole and surface-to-borehole EM measurements have been designed … more
Date: August 1, 1991
Creator: Wilt, M. J.; Morrison, H. F.; Becker, A. & Lee, K. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advances in materials science, Metals and Ceramics Division. Triannual progress report, October 1979-January 1980

Description: Progress is summarized concerning magnetic fusion energy materials, laser fusion energy, aluminium-air battery and vehicle, geothermal research, oil-shale research, nuclear waste management, office of basic energy sciences research, and materials research notes. (FS)
Date: March 31, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Regenerative process for desulfurization of high temperature combustion and fuel gases. Quarterly progress report No. 5, April 1--June 30, 1977

Description: The sulfation rate of reagent-grade monocalcium silicate is of the same order of magnitude as that of limestone and higher than that of reagent-grade calcium oxide. It has been confirmed that the sulfated monocalcium silicate is more regenerable than the sulfated lime, i.e., the regeneration rate is higher with the silicate. X-ray diffraction and IR absorption results indicate that silica is chemically bonded to the calcium sulfate in the sulfated calcium silicate. Construction of a micro-pilot… more
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Steinberg, M & Yang, R T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary study of uranium in Pennsylvanian and lower Permian strata in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming and Montana, and the Northern Great Plains

Description: Persistent and widespread radiometric anomalies occur in Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian strata in the subsurface of the northern Great Plains and the Powder River Basin. The primary host lithology of these anomalies is shale interbedded with sandstone, dolomite, and dolomitic sandstone. Samples from the project area indicate that uranium is responsible for some anomalies. In some samples there seems to be a correlation between high uranium content and high organic-carbon content, which possibl… more
Date: November 1, 1977
Creator: Dunagan, J.F. Jr. & Kadish, K.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Modeling subsidence due to geothermal fluid production

Description: Currently, liquid dominated geothermal systems hold the maximum promise for exploiting geothermal energy in the United States. The principal characteristic of such systems is that most of the heat is transferred by flowing water, which also controls subsurface fluid pressures and stress changes. The reduction in pore pressures brought about by geothermal fluid extraction is potentially capable of causing appreciable deformation of the reservoir rocks leading to displacements at the land surface… more
Date: October 1, 1977
Creator: Lippmann, M.J.; Narasimhan, T.N. & Witherspoon, P.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Start-up operations at the Fenton Hill HDR Pilot Plant

Description: With the completion of the surface test facilities at Fenton Hill, the Hot Dry Rock (HDR) Geothermal Energy Program at Los Alamos is moving steadily into the next stage of development. Start-up operations of the surface facilities have begun in preparation for testing the Phase II reservoir and the initial steady-state phase of operations. A test program has been developed that will entail a number of operational strategies to characterize the thermal performance of the reservoir. The surface f… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Ponden, R.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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(National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research) monthly progress report, February 1992

Description: For this period, research is divided into Energy Production Research and Fuels Research. Energy Production Research includes reservoir characterization, microbial enhanced oil recovery, thermal EOR, alkaline flooding, gas flooding, flood process modelling, permeability and porosity research. Fuels Research included analysis of heavy crudes, and thermochemistry of organic nitrogen- and diheteroatom-containing compounds. The research of the Supplemental Government Program is also discussed.
Date: March 1, 1992
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Predictability of formation damage: An assessment study and generalized models

Description: The project objective is to develop improved generalized predictive models to be used for investigation of reservoir formation damage and control for various fluid and rock conditions and to account for these effects in reservoir simulation. To accomplish its objective the proposed study will first critically study and evaluate the previous modeling efforts and the experimental studies reported in the literature. Then, generalized predictive models will be formulated by combining the previous a… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Civan, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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