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Improving Reading in a Third Grade

Description: The purpose of this study is to determine and evaluate a third grade reading program that will increase the individual child's reading ability and will stimulate maximum progress during a period of nine months. It is believed that through the development of this program a larger number of the children in this particular group will be able to make the transition from the primary type of reading to the intermediate level at the end of their third year in school.
Date: 1950
Creator: Ham, Mary Swan
Partner: UNT Libraries

Critical Evaluation of a Method of Teaching Beginning Reading

Description: The problem of this study is to determine, by actual classroom experiment, the most advantageous method of teaching reading to beginners. In the accomplishment of this purpose, the writer made an intensive study of various methods and techniques of teaching beginning reading, a summary of which appears in the second chapter of this thesis, and applied some of the fundamental principles of each method to the actual teaching of beginning reading to her first-grade pupils in the elementary school of Valley View, Texas.
Date: 1942
Creator: Smith, Charline Hennen
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparative Analysis of the Results of Two Approaches to Reading Instruction upon Seventh Grade Students

Description: This study was concerned with making a comparative analysis of reading skills development resulting from two different approaches to reading instruction at the seventh-grade level. The two approaches were: (a) instruction emphasizing specifically the reading skills, Approach A, and (b) instruction using the regular classroom activities approach, Approach B.
Date: January 1964
Creator: Martin, Lois Estelle, 1914-
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Determination of the Relationship between Reading Skills and Personality Development

Description: The purpose of the study is to show that personality adjustments and reading skills have a decided connection in the development of the individual, for with enunciation, pronunciation, and oral interpretation of the printed page come greater confidence, self-expression, and poise.
Date: August 1952
Creator: Chapman, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Analysis of the Objectives and Suggested or Illustrative Methods and Materials on the Subject of Reading in the Elementary Schools as Found in Seven State Courses of Study

Description: The problem of this study was to analyze the objectives and methods for teaching reading in the elementary grades as they appeared in the latest available courses of study in certain states for the purpose of determining their uniformity or lack of uniformity. An effort was made to compile data on teaching reading in order to determine certain modern trends as supplementary material for the writer's teaching aids.
Date: 1942
Creator: Bradley, Grace
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study to Determine the Effectiveness of Certain Methods for Developing Reading Readiness

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine whether certain methods employed for the development of reading readiness among first-grade pupils in the Washington Elementary School of Sherman, Texas were effective. Careful evaluation was made by means of standardized tests for the purpose of ascertaining the results accomplished in the course of a school year by the methods used for the development of reading readiness.
Date: 1951
Creator: Rutherford, Mary Mildred Lupher
Partner: UNT Libraries

Certain Procedures for the Improvement of Reading Skills in the Middle Grades

Description: The problem of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of certain recommended procedures for the improvement of reading skills in one fourth grade and one fifth grade class in the Jacksboro Elementary School. The purpose was to discover through testing and observation the level of each student and his specific reading needs.
Date: 1951
Creator: Clark, Sarah Elizabeth
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of Vocabulary Instruction with Fourth Grade Students Participating in an Individualized Reading Program

Description: he purpose of this study was to determine the effects of one approach to vocabulary instruction on the reading and writing vocabulary of fourth grade students in an individualized reading program. The vocabulary instructional approach used student-selected vocabulary words as well as instruction in vocabulary strategies such as context clues, structural analysis, and definition strategies. The twelve week study exposed one fourth grade classroom to vocabulary instruction in a Reading Workshop setting. Major components of the program were mini-lessons, which often involved vocabulary strategies, the silent reading of self-selected books, one-on-one researcher/student interactions, and the self-selection of vocabulary words. The research design is descriptive in nature and used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative data included student interviews, teacher interviews, student writing samples, and field note observations. Quantitative data included vocabulary test scores from two groups of students, Group A and Group B. Group A participated in the self-selected vocabulary approach and received vocabulary instruction from the researcher acting as participant observer. Group B received some vocabulary instruction from their classroom teacher, but did not participate in the same program. The test was constructed weekly from a class (Group A) generated list of ten words. Results from vocabulary tests indicate that the vocabulary instruction was effective in helping Group A learn vocabulary. Multiple exposures to words as well as use of vocabulary words in context influenced student performance on tests. Results from qualitative data indicate that students attend to vocabulary words in their print environment. In addition, students used vocabulary words in expressive language, including writing and speaking. The results of this study support opportunities for wide reading, implementation of a variety of vocabulary strategies, repeated exposures to vocabulary words, and opportunities for student choice of vocabulary, as ways to enhance vocabulary learning.
Date: May 2000
Creator: Pilgrim, Jodi L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Nature of the Impact of a Reading Tutoring Program on Participating Students in the Classroom: A Qualitative Study

Description: The purpose of this qualitative multi-case study was to explore the nature of the impact that a tutoring program, which featured preservice teachers as tutors, had on participating fifth grade at-risk studentsÂ’ literacy behaviors in the classroom.The researcher served in the role of passive participant observer during the scheduled language arts period three days per week in the participating studentsÂ’ classroom for a period of twenty-three weeks. Field notes were made in the classroom and coded, and audio tapes were recorded and transcribed of the tutoring sessions. Formal and informal interviews with the teacher, tutors, and participating students were conducted, transcribed, and coded. Lesson plans and reflections developed and written by the tutors were gathered and coded. Observations indicated that there were four types of reading required on a daily basis in the classroom. Assigned readings made by the teacher included narrative and expository texts. Pleasure readings were materials chosen by the students, but at certain times were teacher initiated and at other times, student initiated. The four types of reading found in the classroom were mirrored by the tutoring sessions. Students observed in the classroom could be divided into two types and four categories. Those with positive attitudes were called eager readers. Eager readers were made up of good readers and struggling readers, who lacked some of the reading skills possessed by good readers. Reluctant readers were the second type and had either ambiguous or explicitly negative attitudes toward reading. The type of reader, together with the type of reading required, determined the success of the tutoring sessions. The results of the data analysis show that student motivation toward reading was a key factor in determining the success of the tutoring program. Two of the three student participants in the study reported learning skills in the tutoring program that ...
Date: August 2000
Creator: Arrowood, Dana R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effects of Two Approaches to Reading Instruction upon the Oral Language Development of First Grade Pupils

Description: The problem of this study was to compare the relative gains made in the development of oral language skills in two groups of first grade pupils when two different approaches to beginning reading instruction were used. The two approaches were: (a) the language experience approach, Approach A, and (b) the traditional basal reader approach, Approach B. The six aspects of oral language development considered were: extent of verbalization, spoken vocabulary, expressions of tentativeness, use of structural patterns, colorful and vivid expressions, and use of mazes.
Date: January 1966
Creator: Giles, Douglas Elbert, 1932-
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Relationship between Reading Readiness and Level of Adjustment in the Intermediate Grades

Description: This investigation emphasized relationships between adjustment level in the intermediate grades and measures that differentiated it, or were related to it. Special attention was devoted to sex differences that might help account for the higher incidence of disturbance and school difficulty encountered by boys. Strong emphasis was given to investigating the postulation that physical inability to meet early school demands will be a frequent cause of failure and frustration, which might, in turn, precipitate a cycle of reading retardation and general underachievement.
Date: August 1965
Creator: Donn, Patsy A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Relationship Between Mental Ability and Reading Achievement

Description: The purpose of this study is to determine, by actual classroom experiment, the relationship between mental ability and reading achievement; and to ascertain the best methods of increasing reading ability. A secondary purpose in connection with this study was the critical evaluation of a testing program.
Date: 1945
Creator: Primm, Jewel van Landingham
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Descriptive Evaluation of the Reading Experiences of Certain Children

Description: The purpose of this study is to discover through the use of the descriptive evaluation technique information about children's reading which may be of value as suggestions for classroom teachers who teach reading in the intermediate level. It is hoped that through the use of this technique the relation of the reading level of the individual children in a fourth and fifth grade group to the reading level of the material the children would read if left to their own choice in its selection may be determined.
Date: 1941
Creator: Livingston, Thomas B.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Early Literacy: An Examination of the Principal Behaviors That Impact Reading Achievement

Description: Literacy is fundamental to formal education, learning, and training for future career related skills. It provides not only the means of acquisition of information and skills during schooling, but it is a vital predictor of a person's general level of education in school as well as successful completion of schooling. Literacy skills serve as the major foundational skill for all school-based learning and without it, chances for academic and occupational success are limited. Despite the efforts of teachers, a significant portion of students continue to fail to achieve success in early literacy in school, with severe consequences for their subsequent educational progress, career opportunities and life chances. The extent of this problem varies throughout school systems. All of our children are affected by their reading ability, and as educators it is critical to provide for all students the most effective literacy programs and strategies which are research based, data-driven and successfully replicated. Because of the psychological, social and economic consequences of reading failure, it is critical to review the research to determine the risk factors that may predispose youngsters to reading failure, and the instructional practices that can be applied to ameliorate reading deficits at the earliest possible time. The failure to achieve in literacy is a fact, which continues to carry dire social and economic consequences for the children, as well as for this society. Furthermore, there is a substantial body of research indicating that schools have a narrow window of opportunity to make a difference. Students who fail to make progress in literacy during the first two years of school rarely catch up with their peers and are at-risk of becoming low achievers who are alienated from school and who dropout of education at the earliest opportunity. On the other hand, impressive empirical evidence is now available to ...
Date: December 2003
Creator: Baker, Brenda
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of the Reading-Readiness Program in the Elementary Schools of Collin County to Determine the Extent to Which it is Planned to Meet Present Educational Theory

Description: The purpose of this study is to make an investigation of the reading readiness program of the elementary schools in Collin County, Texas, to determine whether the program is planned in accord with modern theories of education, or administered in the traditional manner of considering the subject.
Date: 1950
Creator: Bothwell, Tommie Jean Dobie
Partner: UNT Libraries

Comparative Value of Two Types of Teaching Reading

Description: The major purpose of this study is to compare the progress in the general reading ability of a group of pupils taught by the phonic method of word recognition, with the progress of a group taught by the same method plus the study of stories to determine whether the study of stories aids word recognition ability and, in turn, general reading ability.
Date: 1943
Creator: Evans, Lucy
Partner: UNT Libraries