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Environmental Surveillance of the Palos Park Forest Preserve

Description: This is the second report describing an ongoing environmental surveillance program conducted at the Palos Park Forest Preserve near Chicago, Illinois. The Preserve was a site of a nuclear research laboratory (Site A) from 1943 to 1956 and a radioactive waste burial site (Plot M) from 1944 to 1949. An extensive radiological characterization of the site was conducted from February 1976 to August 1977, and tritium in the form of water was found to be the only radionuclide that migrated from the nuclear facilities. The results were published in US Department of Energy Report DOE/EV-0005/7. The present report summarizes the earlier findings and gives the detailed results of the work from August 1977 through December 1981. The vertical and horizontal distribution of tritium within the glacial till was determined from measurements of tritium in soil moisture. Chemical and radiochemical analyses were performed on a number of wells in the area. Tritiated water continued to be the only species that was observed to have migrated from the Plot M area. Migration from the Site A area was not observed. The concentration of tritium at the Red Gate Woods well, 1200 ft down-gradient from Plot M, continued to show the seasonal fluctuations of high concentrations in the winter and low concentrations in the summer. Monitoring of the Palos Park area is continuing.
Date: January 1983
Creator: Golchert, N. W.; Sedlet, J. & Hayes, K. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiochemical Analysis Methodology for uranium Depletion Measurements

Description: This report provides sufficient material for a test sponsor with little or no radiochemistry background to understand and follow physics irradiation test program execution. Most irradiation test programs employ similar techniques and the general details provided here can be applied to the analysis of other irradiated sample types. Aspects of program management directly affecting analysis quality are also provided. This report is not an in-depth treatise on the vast field of radiochemical analysis techniques and related topics such as quality control. Instrumental technology is a very fast growing field and dramatic improvements are made each year, thus the instrumentation described in this report is no longer cutting edge technology. Much of the background material is still applicable and useful for the analysis of older experiments and also for subcontractors who still retain the older instrumentation.
Date: January 9, 2007
Creator: DE, Scatena-Wachel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Waste compatibility safety issues and final results for tank 241-T-110 push mode samples

Description: This document is the final laboratory report for Tank 241-T-110. Push mode core segments were removed from risers 2 and 6 between January 29, 1997, and February 7, 1997. Segments were received and extruded at 222-S Laboratory. Analyses were performed in accordance with Tank 241-T-110 Push Mode Core Sampling and analysis Plan (TSAP) and Safety Screening Data Quality Objective (DQO). None of the subsamples submitted for total alpha activity (AT) or differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses exceeded the notification limits stated in DQO.
Date: May 15, 1997
Creator: Nuzum, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concrete characterization for the 300 Area Solvent Evaporator Closure Site

Description: This report summarizes the sampling activities undertaken and the analytical results obtained in a concrete sampling and analyses study performed for the 300 Area Solvent Evaporator (300 ASE) closure site. The 300 ASE is identified as a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) treatment, storage, or disposal (TSD) unit that will be closed in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations. No constituents of concern were found in concentrations indicating contamination of the concrete by 300 ASE operations.
Date: February 21, 1995
Creator: Prignano, A.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Semi-annual report of the Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management, Quality Assessment Program

Description: This report presents the results from the analysis of the 44th set of environmental quality assessment samples (QAP XLIV) that were received on or before June 3, 1996. The QAP is designed to test the quality of environmental measurements being reported to the Department of Energy by it`s contractors. Since 1976, samples have been prepared and analyzed by the Environmental measurements Laboratory.
Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: Sanderson, C.G. & Greenlaw, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legacy material work-off project

Description: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and its subcontractors recently completed a nine-month legacy material clean-up effort. Legacy materials were defined as chemicals, hazardous, non-hazardous, and both hazardous and radioactive (mixed), that no longer served a programmatic use and had no identified individual owner within the Laboratory. Once personnel identified the legacy materials, the items were transferred to Solid Waste Operation`s (EM-SWO) control. Upon completing this process, the responsible division-level manager was required to certify that all non-radioactive hazardous and non-hazardous materials and acceptable mixed legacy materials had been identified and transferred to EM-SWO for proper handling or disposal. The major expense in this project was the cost of actual chemical and radiological analysis. This expense was the result of items not having an identified individual owner. The major benefit of this project is that LANL is now in an excellent position to implement its Integrated Safety Management (ISM) Plan, which requires the implementation of safe work practices, including requirements for removing unused items when vacating workspaces. Effective implementation of ISM will go a long way toward ensuring that legacy materials are no longer an issue at the Laboratory.
Date: January 25, 1999
Creator: Sloan, T.J. & Baker, D.H. IV
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Waste classification sampling plan

Description: The purpose of this sampling is to explain the method used to collect and analyze data necessary to verify and/or determine the radionuclide content of the B-Cell decontamination and decommissioning waste stream so that the correct waste classification for the waste stream can be made, and to collect samples for studies of decontamination methods that could be used to remove fixed contamination present on the waste. The scope of this plan is to establish the technical basis for collecting samples and compiling quantitative data on the radioactive constituents present in waste generated during deactivation activities in B-Cell. Sampling and radioisotopic analysis will be performed on the fixed layers of contamination present on structural material and internal surfaces of process piping and tanks. In addition, dose rate measurements on existing waste material will be performed to determine the fraction of dose rate attributable to both removable and fixed contamination. Samples will also be collected to support studies of decontamination methods that are effective in removing the fixed contamination present on the waste. Sampling performed under this plan will meet criteria established in BNF-2596, Data Quality Objectives for the B-Cell Waste Stream Classification Sampling, J. M. Barnett, May 1998.
Date: May 27, 1998
Creator: Landsman, S.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concentration increases in the isotopic germanium carrier solutions inferred from solution weights

Description: Concentration increases in the isotopic germanium carrier solutions via evaporation would produce weight losses in the carrier solutions. Since the bottle containing each carrier is usually weighed before and after the removal of carrier for a given run, the possibility exists of finding evidence for increasing carrier concentration in this record. With few exceptions the weighings were performed on the same top-loading balance in the external chemistry lab. The primary purpose was to monitor carrier usage, not to look for evidence for increasing carrier concentration. However, in order to look for this evidence, it is necessary only to compare the weights of the closed bottles between the times of carrier removal. This comparison has been performed and is reported here. Bear in mind that there is some evidence that the bottle containing carrier was not always weighted in the same way (e.g. perhaps a plastic bag was not removed from the bottle or the bottle cap was removed before weighing). Another possible source of weighing errors is the occasional buildup of static charges, especially on dry winter days. Such problems of static electricity were easily recognized and overcome. For the most part, the resulting record agrees with the assumption that the weighings were performed consistently. Carrier solution data were analyzed and a correction factor was calculated.
Date: July 1, 1997
Creator: Rowley, J.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Viability of long-lived fission products as signatures in forensic radiochemistry

Description: Forensic radiochemistry refers to studies on special nuclear materials, related to nonproliferation and anti-smuggling efforts. AMS (accelerator mass spectroscopy) measurement of long-lived fission products and U and Pu isotopes has the potential to significantly aid the field of forensic radiochemistry by providing new or more sensitive signatures and improving on the speed with which they can be determined. Expanding the suite of signatures obtainable form an illicit sample of special nuclear material increases the likelihood that its point of origin can be positively identified, leveraging LLNL`s impact on policy decisions regarding national security.
Date: January 1, 1997
Creator: McAninch, J.E.; Proctor, I.D.; Stoyer, N.J. & Moody, K.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Novel Method for the Determination of Gross Transuranic Activity in Uranium Compounds

Description: A Method is described to determine gross transuranic activity present in Uranium compounds and HP smears. From one count and one spectrum, three or more isotopes can be quantified. The method involves a simple digestion prep, sample extraction and precipitation. Results are obtained quickly with a very small expenditure on the part of the analytical lab.
Date: November 16, 1998
Creator: Mann, D.K. & Tucker, M.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Using Absolute Humidity and Radiochemical Analyses of Water Vapor Samples to Correct Underestimated Atmospheric Tritium Concentrations

Description: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) emits a wide variety of radioactive air contaminants. An extensive ambient air monitoring network, known as AIRNET, is operated on-site and in surrounding communities to estimate radioactive doses to the public. As part of this monitoring network, water vapor is sampled continuously at more than 50 sites. These water vapor samples are collected every two weeks by absorbing the water vapor in the sampled air with silica gel and then radiochemically analyzing the water for tritium. The data have consistently indicated that LANL emissions cause a small, but measurable impact on local concentrations of tritium. In early 1998, while trying to independently verify the presumed 100% water vapor collection efficiency, the author found that this efficiency was normally lower and reached a minimum of 10 to 20% in the middle of summer. This inefficient collection was discovered by comparing absolute humidity (g/m{sup 3}) calculated from relative humidity and temperature to the amount of water vapor collected by the silica gel per cubic meter of air sampled. Subsequent experiments confirmed that the elevated temperature inside the louvered housing was high enough to reduce the capacity of the silica gel by more than half. In addition, their experiments also demonstrated that, even under optimal conditions, there is not enough silica gel present in the sampling canister to absorb all of the moisture during the higher humidity periods. However, there is a solution to this problem. Ambient tritium concentrations have been recalculated by using the absolute humidity values and the tritium analyses. These recalculated tritium concentrations were two to three times higher than previously reported. Future tritium concentrations will also be determined in the same manner. Finally, the water vapor collection process will be changed by relocating the sampling canister outside the housing to increase collection efficiency and, ...
Date: June 1, 1999
Creator: Eberhart, C.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Separation and collection of iodine, sulfur, and phosphorous anion complexes for subsequent radiochemical analysis

Description: We developed a method to separate anion complexes of sulfur, iodine, and phosphorus to enable determination by radiochemical techniques. This method involves ion chromatographic separation of the anion complexes from other highly emitting radioactive species such as cesium-137 and strontium-90 which interfere with radiochemical analysis. We essentially use the ion chromatograph as a sample pretreatment method. The samples are injected onto a cation exchange column which allows the anions to pass through while retaining the positively charged species. These anions are collected in the column effluent and measured by nuclear counting methods. The method was developed to enable measurement of trace radionuclides in radioactive waste. This report establishes the separation and collection protocol, collection efficiencies for sulfur, iodine, and phosphorus, which are dependent upon the sample matrix, and overall efficiencies and detection limits for the separation and subsequent radiochemical analysis.
Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Ekechukwu, A.A. & Dewberry, R.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department