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Further Investigations of Natural Environmental Radiation

Description: Report documenting the investigation of cosmic and terrestrial background radiation. "Remeasurements in many locations furnished estimates of dosimetric increase in terrestrial levels due to fallout. Radiation measurement sin residential dwellings in he New York metropolitan areas are described" (p. 1).
Date: November 3, 1959
Creator: Solon, Leonard R.; Lowder, Wayne M.; Shambon, Arthur & Blatz, Hanson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Engineering Method for Calculating Protection Afforded by Structures Against Fallout Radiation

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the paper is to discuss the assumptions and the reasoning by which the calculations described in the Engineering Manual were derived from the data in [1]. The relevant curves from [1] are given in Appendix A and the technical charts from the Engineering Manual are given in appendix B."
Date: July 2, 1964
Creator: Eisenhauer, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Scattering of Thermal Radiation Into Open Underground Shelters

Description: From Introduction: "The elimination of the burn hazard in shelters depends upon a separate, systematic investigation of each suspected agent. The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the contribution made by radiant energy and, if such contribution proved to be significant, to suggest means of eliminating this component."
Date: May 1959
Creator: Davis, T. P.; Miller, N. D.; Ely, T. S.; Basso, J. A. & Pearse, H. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Effects of X-irradiation on Oxygen Uptake and Serotonin Levels in Rat Brain Tissue Slices

Description: The aim of this study is to determine the changes in respiration in tissues from specific brain areas X-irradiated in vitro using a direct monometric procedure also to determine the differences in radiosensitivity of specific areas in the brain as reflected by changes in oxygen uptake and to shed some light on the nature of the biochemical lesions in nerve tissues brought about by ionizing radiation.
Date: January 1966
Creator: Hines, John F.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Preliminary Design of a Basic Radiation Effects Reactor (BRER)

Description: From Introduction: "Information has been accumulated about the property changes produced, but there are essentially no reliable quantitative data correlating property changes with the magnitude and energy distribution of the neutron fluxes responsible for the changes. The design of the Basic Radiation Effects Reactor (BRER) presented herein stems from the two main requirements: 1. a fairly high-level, high-energy neutron flux with minimal thermal neutron and gamma-ray background is desired; 2. the peak of the neutron-energy spectrum should be variable within the approximate range from 10 to 1000 kev."
Date: March 1961
Creator: MacFarlane, D. R.; Rohde, R. R.; Toppel, B.; Charak, I. & Unger, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Radiological Assessment and Recovery of Contaminated Areas

Description: From Abstract: "The conceptual nature of a radiological defense system and role of decontamination or reclamation in such a system are discussed. Most of the report deals with methods for reducing the observed data to interpretive form because the data were taken with a large contaminated area."
Date: March 1958
Creator: Miller, Carl F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report

Description: The following quarterly report covers a period between October, November, December of 1953 to April of 1954. The document provides reports on medical and health physics, particularly on the biological studies of radiation effects, the metabolic properties of various materials, radiation chemistry, health chemistry, and health physics.
Date: April 1954
Creator: University of California. Radiation Laboratory.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report : January, February, March, 1954

Description: The following quarterly report covers the period of January, February and March of 1954, discussing medical and health physics such as: the metabolic properties of various materials, biological studies of radiation effects, lipoprotein studies, health chemistry, and health physics.
Date: May 16, 1954
Creator: University of California. Radiation Laboratory.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report : April, May, June 1954

Description: The following quarterly report covers the period between April, May and June of 1954. The reports presented in this document discusses subjects of medical health and physics such as: biological studies of radiation effects, the metabolic properties of various tracer materials, radiation chemistry, health chemistry, and health physics.
Date: July 29, 1954
Creator: University of California. Radiation Laboratory.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report

Description: The following quarterly report covers the period of July through September of 1950, split into three reports discussing the metabolic properties of plutonium and allied materials, biological studies of radiation effects, and health chemistry and physics.
Date: November 8, 1950
Creator: Hamilton, J. G.; Lawrence, J. H. & Garden, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Study of the Radiation From Laminar and Turbulent Open Propane-Air Flames as a Function of Flame Area, Equivalence Ratio, and Fuel Flow Rate

Description: Report presenting radiation measurements on open propane-air flames to find the extent to which radiant flux intensity can be used to measure the surface area of flames. Turbulent burning velocities calculated using this method and the average surface method are compared. Results regarding the laminar flame intensity measurements at different flow rates and equivalence ratios, filter intensity-ratio method, and surface intensity variations in the flames are provided.
Date: August 24, 1954
Creator: Clark, Thomas P. & Bittker, David A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selective Radiation from the Nernst Glower

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over studies conducted on the radiation emitted from a Nernst filament. Methods and results of the studies are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1908
Creator: Coblentz, W. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

OPTIMIZING RADIOLOGICAL MONITOR SITING OVER THE CONTINENTAL U.S.

Description: The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is installing a network of sensors in the US to monitor background radiation and elevated radiation levels expected from a possible nuclear incident. The network (RadNet) of 180 fixed sensors is intended to provide a basic estimate of the radiation level throughout the US and enhanced accuracy near population centers. This report discusses one of the objective methods for locating these monitors based on criteria outlined by the EPA. The analysis employs a representative climatology of incident scenarios that includes 50 release locations, four seasons and four times of the day. This climatology was calculated from 5,600 simulations generated with NOAA-ARL's HYSPLIT Lagrangian trajectory model. The method treats the release plumes as targets and monitors are located to maximize the number of plumes detected with the network. Weighting schemes based on detection only, dose-weighted detection and population-dose weighted detection were evaluated. The result shows that most of the monitors are located around the population centers, as expected. However, there are monitors quite uniformly distributed around the less populated areas. The monitors at the populated areas will provide early warning to protect the general public, and the monitors spread across the country will provide valuable data for modelers to estimate the extent and the transport of the radioactive contamination.
Date: October 29, 2007
Creator: Chen, K; Robert Buckley, R; Robert Kurzeja, R; Lance Osteen, L & Saleem Salaymeh, S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operational Health Physics Training

Description: This revised publication updates a previous report (ANL-7291) initially published in 1965, entitled Radiation Safety Technician Training Course which was intended to complement on-the-job monitoring training for Health Physics Technicians. Sections include basic information concerning atomic structure and other useful physical quantities, natural radioactivity, the properties of alpha, beta, gamma, x rays and neutrons, and the concepts and units of radiation dosimetry (including SI units).
Date: June 1992
Creator: Moe, H. J. & Vallario, Edward J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long wavelength end-effect undulator radiation (Transition Undulator Radiation)

Description: As first pointed out by K.-J. Kim, undulator radiation contains a broad-band component in the long wavelength region. This radiation is due to the change in longitudinal velocity of an electron upon entering and leaving an undulator. The radiation pattern is a hollow cone, peaked in the forward direction, with an opening angle of approximately 1/{gamma}, with a spectrum covering a wide range, including the infra-red and the visible. The radiation is radially polarized, analogous to transition radiation, and exhibits interference effects between the entrance and exit ends of the undulator, similar to the interference effects observed for transition radiation from a thin slab of material. A straightforward application of formulas from Jackson ({ital Classical Electrodynamics}) results in a closed form exact expression for the low frequency limit of this novel radiation effect, Transition Undulator Radiation or TUR. 3 refs., 3 figs.
Date: January 29, 1996
Creator: Kincaid, B.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proceedings of the Workshop on the Interface Between Radiation Chemistry and Radiation Physics; Held at Argonne National Laboratory, September 9-10, 1982

Description: This conference evolved out of an idea that originated Department of Energy contractor's meeting in Gettysburg to have a conference devoted to topics of interest to both radiation chemists and physicists in radiation research. Radiation chemists tend to operate in a time domain where chemical reactions can be observed and to deduce values from that data. Meanwhile, physicists naturally focus considerable attention on initial energy deposition events and perform calculations which should predict the same initial yields. Contributed papers and remarks have been grouped according to broad subjects.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department