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Final Report - BRER Core Support

Description: This contract provided core support for activities of the advisory committee of experts comprising the Board on Radiation Effects Research (BRER), in The National Academies' Division on Earth and Life Studies. That committee met two times during the funding period. The committee members provided oversight and advice regarding ongoing BRER projects and also assisted in the identification of potential committee members for new studies and the development of proposals for projects in the radiation sciences worthy for future study. In addition, funding provided support for the planning, advertisement, and invited speakers' travel-expense reimbursement for the Third and Fourth Gilbert W. Beebe Symposia held at The National Academies on December 1, 2004 and on November 30, 2005, respectively.
Date: January 9, 2007
Creator: Douple, Evan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report: July - September 1950

Description: The following quarterly report covers the period of July through September of 1950, split into three reports discussing the metabolic properties of plutonium and allied materials, biological studies of radiation effects, and health chemistry and physics.
Date: November 8, 1950
Creator: Hamilton, J. G.; Lawrence, J. H. & Garden, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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OPTIMIZING RADIOLOGICAL MONITOR SITING OVER THE CONTINENTAL U.S.

Description: The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is installing a network of sensors in the US to monitor background radiation and elevated radiation levels expected from a possible nuclear incident. The network (RadNet) of 180 fixed sensors is intended to provide a basic estimate of the radiation level throughout the US and enhanced accuracy near population centers. This report discusses one of the objective methods for locating these monitors based on criteria outlined by the EPA. The analysis employs a representative climatology of incident scenarios that includes 50 release locations, four seasons and four times of the day. This climatology was calculated from 5,600 simulations generated with NOAA-ARL's HYSPLIT Lagrangian trajectory model. The method treats the release plumes as targets and monitors are located to maximize the number of plumes detected with the network. Weighting schemes based on detection only, dose-weighted detection and population-dose weighted detection were evaluated. The result shows that most of the monitors are located around the population centers, as expected. However, there are monitors quite uniformly distributed around the less populated areas. The monitors at the populated areas will provide early warning to protect the general public, and the monitors spread across the country will provide valuable data for modelers to estimate the extent and the transport of the radioactive contamination.
Date: October 29, 2007
Creator: Chen, K; Robert Buckley, R; Robert Kurzeja, R; Lance Osteen, L & Saleem Salaymeh, S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operational Health Physics Training

Description: This revised publication updates a previous report (ANL-7291) initially published in 1965, entitled Radiation Safety Technician Training Course which was intended to complement on-the-job monitoring training for Health Physics Technicians. Sections include basic information concerning atomic structure and other useful physical quantities, natural radioactivity, the properties of alpha, beta, gamma, x rays and neutrons, and the concepts and units of radiation dosimetry (including SI units).
Date: June 1992
Creator: Moe, H. J. & Vallario, Edward J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental status of the Hanford reservation for July--December 1969

Description: Data are reported on the radioactivity of environmental samples collected from locations within the Hanford plant boundaries during the last six months of 1969. Data are included on: the total alpha activity and content of / sup 90/Sr and tritium in samples of Columbia River water; the total BETA activity of samples of drinking water; the total alpha , BETA , and gamma activity of samples of surface wnters; the total BETA activity and /sup 131/I content of samples of surface air; and the total alpha , BETA , and gamma activity and content of /sup 95/Zr, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 134/Cs, /sup 137/Cs, /sup 140/Ba, /sup 144/Ce, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu of air filter samples. Est imates were made of the average external gamma - radiation exposure rates of personnel. (CH)
Date: May 26, 1970
Creator: Wilson, C.B. & Essig, T.H. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Behavior of Some Solid Materials Under Pile Operating Conditions

Description: Technical report abstract. The present state of knowledge concerning the effect of pile radiation on a variety of solid materials is reviewed. Radiation corrosion will not be a serious hazard for aluminum or stainless steel but it can be for iron or lead if either are exposed to water. Apart from corrosion the principal uncertainty is in regard to the Wigner effect on the behavior of metals. There is at present no ground for optimism regarding the behavior of tuballoy. The effect on aluminum or a bonding material while less severe must also be considered serious. The expectation in regard to graphite is that its behavior will not cause trouble during the first 100 days of operation although serious troubles will probably arise within two years of operation. Organic materials can be used safely only in regions of limited exposure.
Date: July 20, 1944
Creator: Burton, Milton, 1902- & Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Implications of scientific and technological developments for radiation protection in the next decade

Description: There are scientific and technological developments taking place that will affect the understanding of the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter, the ability to measure the important parameters of ionizing radiation, and the ability to model radioactivity transport, both in the human body and in the environment. This paper focuses on emerging scientific and technological developments that will impact radiation protection in the next decade. Emerging scientific developments included in this paper are new methods and better analytic capabilities in epidemiology, a better understanding of the interactions between ionizing radiation and the various cellular components and more realistic models to describe the uptake, distribution, retention and excretion of radionuclides in humans. Technological developments include instruments to measure radioactivity in the humans and the environment, and better software to calculate doses from these previously measured quantities.
Date: January 1, 1993
Creator: Johnson, J. R.; Stansbury, P. S. & Paretzke, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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1973 environmental monitoring report

Description: >Results from radiation monitoring during 1973 in the environment of the Brookhaven National Laboratory are presented. Data are included on: the gross alpha and BETA activity and content of tritium and gamma-emitting radionuclides in surface air; gross BETA activity and gamma and tritium content in atmospheric precipitation; activities and concentration of gamma emitters in liquid effiuents and ground water; gross BETA , tritium and /sup 90/Sr in effluents; gross BETA and tritl um in surface waters; /sup 90/Sr and gamma- emitting radionuclides in river ecosystem; gross alpha , gross BETA , tritium, / sup 90/Sr, and /sup 137/Cs in ground and well water; /sup 137/Cs, K, /sup 131/I, and /sup 90/Sr content in area milk; and gamma-emitting radionuclides in soils and grasses. (LCL)
Date: March 1, 1974
Creator: Hull, A.P. & Ash, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mound Laboratory participation in the Kelley-Koett Instrument Company radium accident

Description: At 11:20 A.M. Tuesday, July 24, 1951, a radium capsule containing 49.6 milligrams of radium became open to the atmosphere t the Kelley-Koett instrument Company, 930 York Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. This radium was contained in a platinum tube and was used for the purpose of calibrating radiation detection instruments. At the time of the accident, the actual chemical composition of the radium salt was not known. On Tuesday morning, July 31, 1951, Mr. W.A. Bigler and Mr. R.A. Miller of the Monsanto Chemical Company, Mound Laboratory, Miamisburg, ohio were sent to the Kelley-Koett Instrument Company for the purpose of recovering as much of the radium as possible and to help in the reduction of the health hazard. This paper details the activities undertaken to survey and decontaminate the area.
Date: September 19, 1951
Creator: Miller, R. A.; Bigler, W. A.; Jolley, W. P. & Garner, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Overview of FRMAC Operations. Revision 2

Description: The purpose of this overview of the Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) operations is to describe the FRMAC response to a major radiological emergency and to describe the subsequent response activities which provide radiological monitoring and assessment outside the immediate boundaries of the radiological emergency site. In the event of a major radiological emergency, Federal agencies with various statutory responsibilities have agreed to coordinate their efforts at the emergency scene under the umbrella of the Federal Radiological emergency Response Plan (FRERP). This cooperative effort will assure the State(s) and a designed Lead Federal Agency (LFA) that all Federal radiological assistance is fully supporting their efforts to protect the public and will provide monitoring and assessment results for their immediate use in decision making. The Federal agencies do not relinquish their statutory responsibilities. However, the mandated Federal cooperation ensures that each agency can obtain the data critical to its specific responsibilities.
Date: July 1, 1994
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report: October - December 1953

Description: The following quarterly report covers a period between October, November, December of 1953 to April of 1954. The document provides reports on medical and health physics, particularly on the biological studies of radiation effects, the metabolic properties of various materials, radiation chemistry, health chemistry, and health physics.
Date: April 1954
Creator: Lawrence Radiation Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report: January - March 1954

Description: The following quarterly report covers the period of January, February and March of 1954, discussing medical and health physics such as: the metabolic properties of various materials, biological studies of radiation effects, lipoprotein studies, health chemistry, and health physics.
Date: May 16, 1954
Creator: Lawrence Radiation Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Medical and Health Physics Quarterly Report: April - June 1954

Description: The following quarterly report covers the period between April, May and June of 1954. The reports presented in this document discusses subjects of medical health and physics such as: biological studies of radiation effects, the metabolic properties of various tracer materials, radiation chemistry, health chemistry, and health physics.
Date: July 29, 1954
Creator: Lawrence Radiation Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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