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Health effects models for nuclear power plant accident consequence analysis: Low LET radiation

Description: This report describes dose-response models intended to be used in estimating the radiological health effects of nuclear power plant accidents. Models of early and continuing effects, cancers and thyroid nodules, and genetic effects are provided. Weibull dose-response functions are recommended for evaluating the risks of early and continuing health effects. Three potentially lethal early effects -- the hematopoietic, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal syndromes -- are considered. In addition, model… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Evans, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Westinghouse independent safety review of Savannah River production reactors

Description: Westinghouse Electric Corporation has performed a safety assessment of the Savannah River production reactors (K,L, and P) as requested by the US Department of Energy. This assessment was performed between November 1, 1988, and April 1, 1989, under the transition contract for the Westinghouse Savannah River Company's preparations to succeed E.I. du Pont de Nemours Company as the US Department of Energy contractor for the Savannah River Project. The reviewers were drawn from several Westinghouse… more
Date: April 1, 1989
Creator: Leggett, W. D.; McShane, W. J. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA)); Liparulo, N. J.; McAdoo, J. D.; Strawbridge, L. E. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Nuclear and Advanced Technology Div.); Toto, G. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Nuclear Services Div.) et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Field radiography using 100 Ci of Co-60 without interrupting adjacent manufacturing operations

Description: Radiography is the primary method of Nondestructive Examination recognized by the ASME B and PV Code as providing objective evidence of volumetric examination of the pressure boundary welds that are present in the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Program (CRBRP) Steam Generator. In order to support the steam generator production schedule, the radiographic examinations must be performed without interrupting any other manufacturing or inspection operations taking place within a 20-ft radius from the … more
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Donnelly, C.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Results of the radiological survey at 17 John Street, Lodi, New Jersey

Description: Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards.… more
Date: December 1, 1989
Creator: Foley, R.D. & Floyd, L.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Biological Effects of Blast. Technical Progress Report

Description: The current state of knowledge relevant to biological blast effects was summarized in a selective manner. Initially, five problems of concern to those who would relate the environmental variations produced by nuclear weapons with biological response and hazard assessment were pointed out. Primary, secondary, tertiary, and miscellaneous blast effects were defined and selected interspecies experimental data of a physical and pathophysiological nature useful in estimating human response were prese… more
Date: December 1, 1961
Creator: White, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lecture notes for criticality safety

Description: These lecture notes for criticality safety are prepared for the training of Department of Energy supervisory, project management, and administrative staff. Technical training and basic mathematics are assumed. The notes are designed for a two-day course, taught by two lecturers. Video tapes may be used at the options of the instructors. The notes provide all the materials that are necessary but outside reading will assist in the fullest understanding. The course begins with a nuclear physics ov… more
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Fullwood, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Radiation Leakage Survey of the Shield of the Nuclear Ship Savannah

Description: A detailed 4urvey of the radiation from the N.S. Savannah shield was made. The study was accomplished with the reactor at its full power of 69 Mw during a cruise of 2821 miles. The results of the detailed shield survey show that the design dose rate of 0.5 rem/yr for passenger spaces is not exceeded in any region to which passengers have access. ln the area restricted to crew access the design dose rate of 5.0 rem/yr is nowhere exceeded except in a small region on D'' deck in a room to which en… more
Date: August 29, 1962
Creator: Blizard, E.P.; Blosser, T.V. & Freestone, R.M. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Spent Fuel Transfer, Storage and Shipment for PL-3

Description: In refueling development studies performed on PL-3 Phase I design, several methods of fuel transfer, storage, and shipment were investigated. An evaluation of the relative merits of the systems and designs under study, as applied to either the BWR or PWR concepts, is made and optimum designs are selected. An analysis of spent fuel shipping cask shielding requirements is presented, along with recommendations for future study in this area. (auth)
Date: March 1, 1962
Creator: Hauenstein, G. C. & Pomeroy, D. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Detectors for radiation dosimetry

Description: For our purposes in this review, we note the following points: (1) for charged particle detection, these counters can be filled with any noble gas-quenching gas mixture that produces satisfactory electrical signals; (2) neutron counters, in which the neutrons are detected by their interaction with the specific filling of the chamber to yield an ionizing particle, require special gas mixtures containing /sup 3/He or BF/sub 3/, an alternative approach is to coat the inner surface of the cathode w… more
Date: September 1, 1979
Creator: Perez-Mendez, V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiation protection: an analysis of thyroid blocking. [Effectiveness of KI in reducing radioactive uptake following potential reactor accident]

Description: An analysis was performed to provide guidance to policymakers concerning the effectiveness of potassium iodide (KI) as a thyroid blocking agent in potential reactor accident situations, the distance to which (or area within which) it should be distributed, and its relative effectiveness compared to other available protective measures. The analysis was performed using the Reactor Safety Study (WASH-1400) consequence model. Four categories of accidents were addressed: gap activity release acciden… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Aldrich, D.C. & Blond, R.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiation Problems Associated With the Handling of the Actinide Elements

Description: The hazards connected with the handling of actinide elements are surveyed. Emphasis is placed on Th, U, Np, and Pu. It is pointed out that the chemical toxicity of the actinides is usually minor when compared with radiochemi cal toxicity. Inhalation and ingestion are the important routes of entry but direct injection into the blood stream through wounds also requires consideration. Special enclosures, such as glove boxes, function primarily to minimize the risk of inhalation and aid in confinem… more
Date: April 1, 1962
Creator: Steindler, M.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Occupational dose reduction at Department of Energy contractor facilities: Bibliography of selected readings in radiation protection and ALARA

Description: This bibliography contains abstracts relating to various aspects of ALARA program implementation and dose reduction activities, with a focus on DOE facilities. Abstracts included in this bibliography were selected from proceedings of technical meetings, journals, research reports, searches of the DOE Energy, Science and Technology Database (in general, the citation and abstract information is presented as obtained from this database), and reprints of published articles provided by the authors. … more
Date: December 1, 1993
Creator: Dionne, B. J.; Sullivan, S. G. & Baum, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Static magnetic fields: A summary of biological interactions, potential health effects, and exposure guidelines

Description: Interest in the mechanisms of interaction and the biological effects of static magnetic fields has increased significantly during the past two decades as a result of the growing number of applications of these fields in research, industry and medicine. A major stimulus for research on the bioeffects of static magnetic fields has been the effort to develop new technologies for energy production and storage that utilize intense magnetic fields (e.g., thermonuclear fusion reactors and superconduct… more
Date: May 1, 1992
Creator: Tenforde, T.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Internal dosimetry technical basis manual

Description: The internal dosimetry program at the Savannah River Site (SRS) consists of radiation protection programs and activities used to detect and evaluate intakes of radioactive material by radiation workers. Examples of such programs are: air monitoring; surface contamination monitoring; personal contamination surveys; radiobioassay; and dose assessment. The objectives of the internal dosimetry program are to demonstrate that the workplace is under control and that workers are not being exposed to r… more
Date: December 20, 1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Calculation of Distance Factors for Power and Test Reactor Sites

Description: >Reference information and guidance on procedures and basic assumptions related to reactor siting are presented which can be used to calculate distance requirements consistent with current siting practices. A single method of competing distances and exposure for a general class of reactors is giveo. (J.R.D)
Date: January 1, 1962
Creator: DiNunno, J. J.; Anderson, F. D.; Baker, R. E. & Waterfield, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Revised GCFR safety program plan

Description: This paper presents a summary of the recently revised gas-cooled fast breeder reactor (GCFR) safety program plan. The activities under this plan are organized to support six lines of protection (LOPs) for protection of the public from postulated GCFR accidents. Each LOP provides an independent, sequential, quantifiable risk barrier between the public and the radiological hazards associated with postulated GCFR accidents. To implement a quantitative risk-based approach in identifying the importa… more
Date: May 1, 1980
Creator: Kelley, A. P.; Boyack, B. E. & Torri, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SRE CONTROL ROD SHIELDING REQUIREMENTS

Description: Data taken on radiation traverse of the Mark 1 control rod were analyzed. Future radiation levels for all SRE control and safety rods were predicted from this. The shielding necessary to ship a complete rod and that necessary to protect a person doing maintenance work on these rods were calculated. The unshielded gamma dose rate 1 cm from the surface of the most highly activated portion of the control rod was calculated to be 5.0 x 10/sup 4/ r/hr 14 days after shutdown following an extended pow… more
Date: October 22, 1957
Creator: Whittum, H.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Access control system for ISABELLE

Description: An access system based on the one now in operation at the CERN ISR is recommended. Access doors would presumably be located at the entrances to the utility tunnels connecting the support buildings with the ring. Persons requesting access would insert an identity card into a scanner to activate the system. The request would be autologged, the keybank adjacent to the door would be unlocked and ISABELLE operations would be notified. The operator would then select the door, activating a TV-audio li… more
Date: August 17, 1977
Creator: Potter, K. & Littenberg, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Uranium hexafluoride: Safe handling, processing, and transporting: Conference proceedings

Description: This conference seeks to provide a forum for the exchange of information and ideas of the safety aspects and technical issue related to the handling of uranium hexafluoride. By allowing operators, engineers, scientists, managers, educators, and others to meet and share experiences of mutual concern, the conference is also intended to provide the participants with a more complete knowledge of technical and operational issues. The topics for the papers in the proceedings are widely varied and inc… more
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Strunk, W.D. & Thornton, S.G. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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