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Public Health, Workforce, Quality, and Related Provisions in H.R. 3590, as Passed by the Senate

Description: This report summarizes the workforce, prevention, quality, and related provisions in H.R. 3590, as passed by the Senate. It begins with some background on health care delivery reform, followed by an overview of the report’s content and organization
Date: March 1, 2010
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) and Related Non-Tariff Barriers to Agricultural Trade

Description: This report discuses sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, which are laws, regulations, standards, and procedures that governments employ as "necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health" from the risks associated with the spread of pests, diseases, or disease-carrying and causing organisms, or from additives, toxins, or contaminants in food, beverages, or feedstuffs.
Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phthalates in Plastics and Possible Human Health Effects

Description: This report provides background information about human exposure to phthalates in plastics and possible health effects. It also discusses evaluation and regulation of pthalates in the U.S. and internationally, as well as related legislative proposals.
Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo & Lee, Margaret Mikyung
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Logic of Uncertainty and Executive Discretion in Decision Making: The Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex Ebola Response

Description: This article addresses what a highly complex public health situation such as the Dallas-Fort Worth Ebola outbreak tell about the use of discretion by executive level public administrators.
Date: June 2017
Creator: Benavides, Abraham David; Keyes, Laura; McEntire, David & Carlson, Erin K.
Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service

The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), U.S. Global HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Programs: A Description of Permanent and Expiring Authorities

Description: This report explains which authorities within the Leadership and Lantos-Hyde Acts are set to expire and which are permanent. The report in the Appendix A offers a side-by-side comparison of the Leadership Act in its original form and the Lantos-Hyde Act, which amends the Leadership Act and other legislation.
Date: September 27, 2013
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Association of residential dampness and mold with respiratory tract infections and bronchitis: a meta-analysis

Description: Dampness and mold have been shown in qualitative reviews to be associated with a variety of adverse respiratory health effects, including respiratory tract infections. Several published meta-analyses have provided quantitative summaries for some of these associations, but not for respiratory infections. Demonstrating a causal relationship between dampness-related agents, which are preventable exposures, and respiratory tract infections would suggest important new public health strategies. We report the results of quantitative meta-analyses of published studies that examined the association of dampness or mold in homes with respiratory infections and bronchitis. For primary studies meeting eligibility criteria, we transformed reported odds ratios (ORs) and confidence intervals (CIs) to the log scale. Both fixed and random effects models were applied to the log ORs and their variances. Most studies contained multiple estimated ORs. Models accounted for the correlation between multiple results within the studies analyzed. One set of analyses was performed with all eligible studies, and another set restricted to studies that controlled for age, gender, smoking, and socioeconomic status. Subgroups of studies were assessed to explore heterogeneity. Funnel plots were used to assess publication bias. The resulting summary estimates of ORs from random effects models based on all studies ranged from 1.38 to 1.50, with 95% CIs excluding the null in all cases. Use of different analysis models and restricting analyses based on control of multiple confounding variables changed findings only slightly. ORs (95% CIs) from random effects models using studies adjusting for major confounding variables were, for bronchitis, 1.45 (1.32-1.59); for respiratory infections, 1.44 (1.31-1.59); for respiratory infections excluding nonspecific upper respiratory infections, 1.50 (1.32-1.70), and for respiratory infections in children or infants, 1.48 (1.33-1.65). Little effect of publication bias was evident. Estimated attributable risk proportions ranged from 8% to 20%. Residential dampness and mold are associated with substantial and statistically significant ...
Date: November 15, 2010
Creator: Fisk, William J.; Eliseeva, Ekaterina A. & Mendell, Mark J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimizing Scientific and Social Attributes of Pharmaceutical Take Back Programs to Improve Public and Environmental Health

Description: Research continues to show that pharmaceutical environmental contamination has caused adverse environmental effects, with one of the most studied effects being feminization of fish exposed to pharmaceutical endocrine disruptors. Additionally, there are also public health risks associated with pharmaceuticals because in-home reserves of medications provide opportunities for accidental poisoning and intentional medication abuse. Pharmaceutical take back programs have been seen as a remedy to these concerns; however a thorough review of peer-reviewed literature and publicly available information on these programs indicates limited research has been conducted to validate these programs as a purported solution. Furthermore, there are significant data gaps on key factors relating to take back program participants. The purpose of this dissertation was therefore to address these gaps in knowledge and ultimately determine if take back programs could actually improve public and environmental health. This was accomplished by conducting social and scientific research on a take back program called Denton Drug Disposal Day (D4). Socioeconomic, demographic, and geographic characteristics of D4 participants were investigated using surveys and geographic analysis. Impacts on public health were determined by comparing medications collected at D4 events with medications reported to the North Texas Poison Center as causing adverse drug exposures in Denton County. Impacts to environmental health were determined by monitoring hydrocodone concentrations in wastewater effluent released from Denton’s wastewater treatment plant before and after D4 events. Data collected and analyzed from the D4 events and the wastewater monitoring suggests D4 events were successful in contributing to improvements in public and environmental health; however there was insufficient evidence to prove that D4 events were exclusively responsible for these improvements. An additional interesting finding was that willingness to travel to participate in D4 events was limited to a five to six mile threshold. This geographic information, combined with other findings related to socioeconomic, ...
Date: August 2012
Creator: Stoddard, Kati Ireland
Partner: UNT Libraries

Tuberculosis: International Efforts and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the infectious disease outbreaks, such as H5N1 avian influenza and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and tuberculosis (TB). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that someone contracts TB every second and that about one-third of all people in the world carry TB; most of these cases, however, are latent
Date: May 1, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Preparedness and Hazard Mitigation: CRS Experts

Description: This report includes a table that provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to emergency preparedness and hazard mitigation. Includes a number of policy areas, such as: emergency preparedness and protection missions, functions, and structures; emergency authorities; preparedness plans; communications networks; warning systems; and state and local homeland security funding, training, and standards.
Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department