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Airport Privatization: Issues and Options for Congress

Description: This report discusses airport privatization, particularly the low participation in the Airport Privatization Pilot Program (APPP) and the policy changes that would be required to encourage more airports to privatize. It provides background on privatization in general, the APPP and reasons why it has not stimulated privatization, privatization in Europe and Canada, and related issues and options.
Date: February 3, 2016
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the Federal Procurement Process and Resources

Description: This report discusses the the federal government's basic procurement or acquisition process: identifying the goods and services it needs, determining the most appropriate method for purchasing these items, and carrying out the acquisition. Although this process is simple in theory, any given procurement can be complex, involving a multitude of decisions and actions. This report also describes the most common elements of the federal procurement process and resources that may be used.
Date: November 20, 2006
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Davis-Bacon Act: Issues and Legislation During the 108th Congress

Description: This report discusses the debate surrounding the Davis-Bacon Act (1931, as amended), which requires, among other things, that not less than the locally-prevailing wage be paid to workers employed in federal contract construction. Through recent decades, the Act has become a continuing source of contention, particularly regarding its impacts, whether it should be modified, strengthened, or repealed, and if it is being administered effectively.
Date: March 19, 2004
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy -- Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on the Department of Defense (DOD) by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. This policy relates to Congress's power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of DOD programs. In recent years, some DOD weapons--specifically, certain Navy ships--have not been procured in accordance with the above policy. The DOD is requesting that certain procurements take place without keeping with the above and precedented policy. The full funding policy helps keeps DOD procurements streamlined so that they can be easily followed and recorded; deviations from this policy would limit and complicate Congress's oversight of DOD procedures.
Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy -- Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on the Department of Defense (DOD) by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. A principal effect of the full funding policy is to prevent the use of incremental funding, under which the cost of a weapon is divided into two or more annual portions. Opponents believed incremental funding could make the total procurement costs of weapons and equipment more difficult for Congress to understand and track. Congress has several options for responding to recent proposals for procuring DOD ships and aircraft with funding mechanisms that do not conform to the full funding policy. These options could have the effect of terminating, modifying, maintaining, or strengthening the full funding policy.
Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

Description: The Berry Amendment requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to give preference in procurement to domestically produced, manufactured, or home grown products, notably food, clothing, fabrics, and specialty metals. In order to protect the U.S. industrial base during periods of adversity and war, Congress passed domestic source restrictions as part of the 1941 Fifth Supplemental DOD Appropriations Act; these provisions later became the Berry Amendment. This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment, legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as options for Congress.
Date: October 24, 2006
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy - Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on DOD by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. Although technical in nature, the policy relates to Congress’ power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of Department of Defense (DOD) programs. Support for the policy has been periodically reaffirmed over the years by Congress, the Government Accountability Office, and DOD.
Date: June 28, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy - Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on DOD by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. Although technical in nature, the policy relates to Congress’ power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of Department of Defense (DOD) programs. Support for the policy has been periodically reaffirmed over the years by Congress, the Government Accountability Office, and DOD.
Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

Description: The Berry Amendment requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to give preference in procurement to domestically produced, manufactured, or home grown products, notably food, clothing, fabrics, and specialty metals. This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment, legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as options for Congress.
Date: October 24, 2006
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Procurement: Full Funding Policy - Background, Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: The full funding policy is a federal budgeting rule imposed on DOD by Congress in the 1950s that requires the entire procurement cost of a weapon or piece of military equipment to be funded in the year in which the item is procured. Although technical in nature, the policy relates to Congress’ power of the purse and its responsibility for conducting oversight of Department of Defense (DOD) programs. Support for the policy has been periodically reaffirmed over the years by Congress, the Government Accountability Office, and DOD.
Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the Federal Procurement Process and Resources

Description: This report discusses the the federal government's basic procurement or acquisition process: identifying the goods and services it needs, determining the most appropriate method for purchasing these items, and carrying out the acquisition. Although this process is simple in theory, any given procurement can be complex, involving a multitude of decisions and actions. This report also describes the most common elements of the federal procurement process and resources that may be used in that process.
Date: September 11, 2012
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the Federal Procurement Process and Resources

Description: he federal government's basic procurement or acquisition process involves an agency identifying the goods and services it needs (also known as the agency's "requirements"), determining the most appropriate method for purchasing these items, and carrying out the acquisition. Although this process is simple in theory, any given procurement can be complex, involving a multitude of decisions and actions. This report describes the most common elements of the federal procurement process and resources that may be used in that process.
Date: February 23, 2011
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airport Privatization: Issues and Options for Congress

Description: This report discusses airport privatization, particularly the low participation in the Airport Privatization Pilot Program (APPP) and the policy changes that would be required to encourage more airports to privatize. It provides background on privatization in general, the APPP and reasons why it has not stimulated privatization, privatization in Europe and Canada, and related issues and options.
Date: May 12, 2014
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Timeframes and Procedures

Description: Protests of high-profile awards and reports that the number of protests is increasing have recently prompted congressional and public interest in bid protests, particularly bid protests filed with the Government Accountability Office (GAO). This report is one of two providing Congress with background on the GAO bid-protest process. It provides an overview of the timeframes and procedures in a GAO bid protest, including several issues enumerated in the report's introduction.
Date: October 4, 2010
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Schwartz, Moshe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Berry Amendment: Requiring Defense Procurement to Come from Domestic Sources

Description: This report examines the original intent and purpose of the Berry Amendment (provisions under the 1941 Fifth Supplemental Department of Defense Appropriations Act) and legislative proposals to amend the application of domestic source restrictions, as well as potential options for Congress.
Date: July 20, 2012
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unique Identification Codes for Federal Contractors: DUNS Numbers and CAGE Codes

Description: This report focuses on identification numbers for government acquisition and acquisition-related purposes that government contractors, generally, are required to have. The federal government uses a proprietary system, Dun & Bradstreet's (D&B's) Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS), to uniquely identify the entities with which it does business. It does not address taxpayer identification numbers (TINs) or other types of recipients of federal money (e.g., grant award recipients) who are required to obtain DUNS numbers.
Date: May 5, 2016
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Contracting with Inverted Domestic Corporations: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Description: Recent reports that certain entities continued to receive federal government contracts after reincorporating overseas have prompted questions about current and proposed restrictions on contracting with “inverted domestic corporations.” These questions are shaped, in part, by the broader debate over whether such corporations are to be seen as “deserters,” who change their corporate citizenship to avoid paying U.S. taxes, or as evidencing systemic problems in the U.S. tax code. This report provides the answers to 14 frequently asked questions regarding the current restrictions on contracting with inverted domestic corporations, proposed amendments thereto, and the relationship between prohibitions upon contracting with inverted domestic corporations and other provisions of law that restrict dealings with “foreign” contractors.
Date: May 11, 2015
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Lunder, Erika K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sourcing Policy: Statutes and Statutory Provisions

Description: This report discusses the federal government's sourcing policy, which dates to the 1950s with the publication of three Bureau of the Budget bulletins. Congressional interest and involvement in sourcing policy, as measured by legislation that has been enacted, has grown over the years. Recently enacted provisions have addressed, for example, protest rights for federal government employees, funding limits on competitive sourcing activities, the development of a single consistent definition of “inherently governmental,” and the development of “insourcing” guidelines.
Date: February 15, 2012
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Contracting with Inverted Domestic Corporations: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Description: Recent reports that certain entities continued to receive federal government contracts after reincorporating overseas have prompted questions about current and proposed restrictions on contracting with “inverted domestic corporations.” These questions are shaped, in part, by the broader debate over whether such corporations are to be seen as “deserters,” who change their corporate citizenship to avoid paying U.S. taxes, or as evidencing systemic problems in the U.S. tax code. This report provides the answers to 14 frequently asked questions regarding the current restrictions on contracting with inverted domestic corporations, proposed amendments thereto, and the relationship between prohibitions upon contracting with inverted domestic corporations and other provisions of law that restrict dealings with “foreign” contractors.
Date: November 7, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Lunder, Erika K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department