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Potential Applications of Nuclear Energy for Process and Space Heat in the United States

Description: A survey and analysis of the potential opportunity for the use of nuclear reactors to satisfy process and space heat requirements in the continental United States and Alaska has been completed. The greatest emphasis has been devoted to manufacturing industries that utilize large quantities of process heat.
Date: October 1958
Creator: Geiringer, Paul Ludwig & Goodfriend, Morton J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implementation of solar industrial process heat: summary

Description: The implementation of solar industrial process heat systems will depend not only on the successful development of reliable and efficient solar technologies, but also on the intelligent and sound application of process engineering principles. This poses an important challenge which must be given increasing attention if SIPH systems are to be adopted by industry. (MOW)
Date: November 1, 1979
Creator: Kearney, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-temperature process heat. Interim design and cost status report, FY 1981

Description: Studies conductd on HTGR systems in FY 1980 were concluded in Application Study Reports to describe the preconceptual system designs to that point and discuss possible applications for three variations of the systems; the steam cycle/cogeneration plant, the higher temperature reformer plant, and the gas turbine concept. The HTGR-Reformer Application Study was conceived and directed to evaluate the HTGR-R with a core outlet temperature of 850/sup 0/C as a near-term Lead Project and as a vehicle to long-term HTGR Program Objectives. The scope of this effort included evaluations of the HTGR-R technology, evaluation of potential HTGR-R markets, assesment of the economics of commercial HTGR-R plants, and the evaluation of the program scope and expenditures necessary to establish HTGR-R technology through the completion of the Lead Project.
Date: October 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1170-MW(t) HTGR-PS/C plant application study report: shale oil recovery application

Description: The US has large shale oil energy resources, and many companies have undertaken considerable effort to develop economical means to extract this oil within environmental constraints. The recoverable shale oil reserves in the US amount to 160 x 10/sup 9/ m/sup 3/ (1000 x 10/sup 9/ bbl) and are second in quantity only to coal. This report summarizes a study to apply an 1170-MW(t) high-temperature gas-cooled reactor - process steam/cogeneration (HTGR-PS/C) to a shale oil recovery process. Since the highest potential shale oil reserves lie in th Piceance Basin of Western Colorado, the study centers on exploiting shale oil in this region.
Date: May 1, 1981
Creator: Rao, R. & McMain, A.T. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solar production of industrial process steam ranging in temperature from 300/sup 0/F to 550/sup 0/F (Phase I). Volume 2. Appendices. Final report

Description: This volume contains the following appendices: (1) equipment requisitions, (2) instrument list, (3) mechanical subcontract requisition, (4) electrical subcontract requisition, (5) site preparation and subcontract requisition, (6) building subcontract requisition, and (7) job specifications. (MOW)
Date: June 30, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternative economic evaluation measures for solar industrial process heat

Description: The measures most commonly used to assist decision-makers in evaluating the economic merits of solar energy projects are described and compared. An example is given to illustrate the economic evaluation measures and the results are applied to a solar industrial process heat project. Four widely used economic measures are: net present value, benefit-cost ratio, internal rate of return, and payback period. (MHR)
Date: July 30, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of current IPH applications

Description: The US Department of Energy has funded a series of field tests since 1977 to gain operational experience in the application of solar energy to industrial process heat requirements. To date, 34 design studies or actual installations have been funded utilizing technologies ranging from flat plates to line-focus concentrators to central receiver industrial systems. The types of solar systems include hot air, hot water, and steam production applied to a broad spectrum of industrial processes. The program elements are identified and put in perspective relative to transport fluid, temperature level, and size of the solar field. The status of these programs ranges from design studies to operational systems. Solar enhanced oil recovery and repowering have been studied. The chronological history of each program is tabulated. (LEW)
Date: March 1, 1981
Creator: Kearney, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reducing fuel usage through applications of conservation and solar energy

Description: Solar thermal technology, coupled with aggressive conservation measures, offers the prospect of greatly reducing the dependence of industry on oil and natural gas. The near-term market for solar technology is largely in industrial processes operating at temperatures below 288/sup 0/C (550/sup 0/F). Such process heat can be supplied by the relatively unsophisticated solar equipment available today. The number and diversity of industrial plants using process heat at this temperature allows favorable matches between solar technologies and industrial processes. The problems involved with the installation and maintenance of conservation and solar equipment are similar. Both compete for scarce investment capital, and each complicates industrial operations and increases maintenance requirements. Technological innovations requiring new types of equipment and reducing the temperature requirements of industrial processes favor the introduction of solar hardware. The industrial case studies program at the Solar Energy Research Institute has examined technical, economic, and other problems facing the near-term application of solar thermal technology to provide industrial process heat. The plant engineer is in the front line of any measure to reduce energy consumption or to supplement existing fuel supplies. The conditions most favorable to the integration of solar technology are presented and illustrated with examples from actual industrial plants.
Date: April 1, 1980
Creator: May, E. K. & Hooker, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary operational results of the industrial process heat field tests

Description: There are currently six DOE-funded solar industrial process heat (IPH) field tests which have been operational for one year or longer. These are all low temperature first generation projects which supply heat at temperatures below 100/sup 0/C - three hot water and three hot air. During the 1979 calendar year, personnel from the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) visited all of these sites; the performance and cost results obtained for each project and the operational problems encountered at each site are discussed.
Date: April 1, 1980
Creator: Kutscher, C. & Davenport, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential for supplying solar thermal energy to industrial unit operations

Description: Previous studies have identified major industries deemed most appropriate for the near-term adoption of solar thermal technology to provide process heat; these studies have been based on surveys that followed standard industrial classifications. This paper presents an alternate, perhaps simpler analysis of this potential, considered in terms of the end-use of energy delivered to industrial unit operations. For example, materials, such as animal feed, can be air dried at much lower temperatures than are currently used. This situation is likely to continue while economic supplies of natural gas are readily available. However, restriction of these supplies could lead to the use of low-temperature processes, which are more easily integrated with solar thermal technology. The adoption of solar technology is also favored by other changes, such as the relative rates of increase of the costs of electricity and natural gas, and by energy conservation measures. Thus, the use of low-pressure steam to provide process heat could be replaced economically with high-temperature hot water systems, which are more compatible with solar technology. On the other hand, for certain operations such as high-temperature catalytic and distillation processes employed in petroleum refining, there is no ready alternative to presently employed fluid fuels.
Date: April 1, 1980
Creator: May, E.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Value of solar thermal industrial process heat

Description: This study estimated the value of solar thermal-generated industrial process heat (IPH) as a function of process heat temperature. The value of solar thermal energy is equal to the cost of producing energy from conventional fuels and equipment if the energy produced from either source provides an equal level of service. This requirement put the focus of this study on defining and characterizing conventional process heat equipment and fuels. Costs (values) were estimated for 17 different design points representing different combinations of conventional technologies, temperatures, and fuels. Costs were first estimated for median or representative conditions at each design point. The cost impact of capacity factor, efficiency, fuel escalation rate, and regional fuel price differences were then evaluated by varying each of these factors within credible ranges.
Date: March 1, 1986
Creator: Brown, D.R.; Fassbender, L.L. & Chockie, A.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Feasibility evaluation for solar industrial process heat applications

Description: An analytical method for assessing the feasibility of Solar Industrial Process Heat applications has been developed and implemented in a flexible, fast-calculating computer code - PROSYS/ECONMAT. The performance model PROSYS predicts long-term annual energy output for several collector types, including flat-plate, nontracking concentrator, one-axis tracking concentrator, and two-axis tracking concentrator. Solar equipment cost estimates, annual energy capacity cost, and optional net present worth analysis are provided by ECONMAT. User input consists of detailed industrial process information and optional economic parameters. Internal program data includes meteorological information for 248 US sites, characteristics of more than 20 commercially available collectors representing several generic collector types, and defaults for economic parameters. Because a fullscale conventional back-up fuel system is assumed, storage is not essential and is not included in the model.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Stadjuhar, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Second quarterly technical status report, July 1, 1978 through September 30, 1978

Description: The status of the program to draft programmatic environmental impact statements of the DOE solar agricultural and industrial process heat program is reported. The second coordination meeting, site visits to the demonstration facilities, and data collection are described. The sites visited are listed. (WHK)
Date: October 18, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Putting the sun to work in industry

Description: Industrial applications of solar energy are discussed in this illustrated brochure along with the DOE and SERI industrial process heat field test programs. The future prospects and advantages of solar industrial process heat are also discussed. (MHR)
Date: September 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operation and design of selected industrial process heat field tests

Description: The DOE program of solar industrial process heat field tests has shown solar energy to be compatible with numerous industrial needs. Both the operational projects and the detailed designs of systems that are not yet operational have resulted in valuable insights into design and hardware practice. Typical of these insights are the experiences discussed for the four projects reviewed. Future solar IPH systems should benefit greatly not only from the availability of present information, but also from the wealth of operating experience from projects due to start up in 1981.
Date: February 1, 1981
Creator: Kearney, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

10 MMBt/Hr AFBC Commercial Demonstration Cedar Lane Farms

Description: The objective of this project was to demonstrate and promote the commercialization of coal-fired atmospheric fluidized bed combustion (AFBC) systems, with limestone addition for SO2 emissions control and a baghouse for particulate emissions control. This AFBC system was targeted for small scale industrial-commercial-institutional space and process heat applications in the 4-40 MMBtu/hr size range. A cost effective and environmentally acceptable AFBC technology in this size range could displace a considerable amount of heating gas and oil with coal, while resulting in significant total cost savings to the owner/operators.
Date: October 31, 2005
Creator: Keener, Harold M.; Wicks, Mary H.; Machamer, Tom; Hoecke, Dave; Bonk, Don & Brown, Bob
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Next Generation Nuclear Plant GAP Analysis Report

Description: As a follow-up to the phenomena identification and ranking table (PIRT) studies conducted recently by NRC on next generation nuclear plant (NGNP) safety, a study was conducted to identify the significant 'gaps' between what is needed and what is already available to adequately assess NGNP safety characteristics. The PIRT studies focused on identifying important phenomena affecting NGNP plant behavior, while the gap study gives more attention to off-normal behavior, uncertainties, and event probabilities under both normal operation and postulated accident conditions. Hence, this process also involved incorporating more detailed evaluations of accident sequences and risk assessments. This study considers thermal-fluid and neutronic behavior under both normal and postulated accident conditions, fission product transport (FPT), high-temperature metals, and graphite behavior and their effects on safety. In addition, safety issues related to coupling process heat (hydrogen production) systems to the reactor are addressed, given the limited design information currently available. Recommendations for further study, including analytical methods development and experimental needs, are presented as appropriate in each of these areas.
Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Ball, Sydney J; Burchell, Timothy D; Corwin, William R; Fisher, Stephen Eugene; Forsberg, Charles W.; Morris, Robert Noel et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department