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"A Tale of Two Weapons": Late Holocene Hunting Technology in North Central Texas

Description: This research is an investigation of the Late Holocene technological transition from the spearthrower and dart to the bow and arrow in north central Texas. It is conducted through a theoretical approach that utilizes ethnographic research, experimental archaeology and the archaeological record to elucidate differences in the behaviors and hunting strategies of Late Archaic and Late Prehistoric groups. It first confirms that there was a transition. Second, a lithic analysis demonstrates that there are fundamental differences in the sizes of the stone dart and arrow points that relate to the propulsive requirements of the weapon systems. Third, it is shown these size differences constrain maintenance potentials and that indeed dart and arrow points exhibit stark differences in their life histories in spite of being employed for the same task. And finally, the faunal record suggests that this transition was associated with an increase in foraging efficiency.
Date: May 2009
Creator: Miller, Mickey Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries

Archaeological Investigations at Four Sites Along Potapo Creek, McGee Creek Reservoir, Atoka County, Oklahoma

Description: This volume contains the results of excavations and analyses of Prehistoric archaeological data from four sites located along Potapo Creek in the northwestern part of the McGee Creek project area in southeastern Oklahoma. Some excavations yielded archaeological records of Early Caddoan occupation. Other excavations in the project yielded few artifacts, but important geological and environmental information.
Date: 1994
Creator: Ferring, C. Reid
Partner: UNT Institute of Applied Sciences

Prehistoric Rock Structures of the Idaho National Laboratory

Description: Over the past 13,500 years, human populations have lived in and productively utilized the natural resources offered by the cold desert environment of the northeastern Snake River Plain in eastern Idaho. Within an overall framework of hunting and gathering, groups relied on an intimate familiarity with the natural world and developed a variety of technologies to extract the resources that they needed to survive. Useful items were abundant and found everywhere on the landscape. Even the basaltic terrain and the rocks, themselves, were put to productive use. This paper presents a preliminary classification scheme for rock structures built on the Idaho National Laboratory landscape by prehistoric aboriginal populations, including discussions of the overall architecture of the structures, associated artifact assemblages, and topographic placement. Adopting an ecological perspective, the paper concludes with a discussion of the possible functions of these unique resources for the desert populations that once called the INL home.
Date: April 1, 2007
Creator: Pace, Brenda R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Cultural Resource Survey of the Continental Shelf from Cape Hatteras to Key West: Final Report, Volume 2 -- Prehistoric Archaeology

Description: This study is done in order to develop a model for the prediction of the occurrence of prehistoric archaeological sites on the now submerged Outer Continental Shelf of the South Atlantic coast of the United States. This volume is on prehistoric Archaeology.
Date: June 1981
Creator: Science Applications, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

INEEL Cultural Resource Management Program Annual Report - 2004

Description: As a federal agency, the U.S. Department of Energy has been directed by Congress, the U.S. president, and the American public to provide leadership in the preservation of prehistoric, historic, and other cultural resources on the lands it administers. This mandate to preserve cultural resources in a spirit of stewardship for the future is outlined in various federal preservation laws, regulations, and guidelines such as the National Historic Preservation Act, the Archaeological Resources Protection Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Site is located in southeastern Idaho, and is home to vast numbers and a wide variety of important cultural resources representing at least 13,000-year span of human occupation in the region. These resources are nonrenewable, bear valuable physical and intangible legacies, and yield important information about the past, present, and perhaps the future. There are special challenges associated with balancing the preservation of these resources with the management and ongoing operation of an active scientific laboratory, while also cleaning up the waste left by past programs and processes. The Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office has administrative responsibility for most of the Site, excluding lands and resources managed by the Naval Reactors Facility and (in 2004) Argonne National Laboratory-West. The Department of Energy is committed to a cultural resource program that accepts these challenges in a manner reflecting both the spirit and intent of the legislative requirements. This annual report is an overview of Cultural Resource Management Program activities conducted during Fiscal Year 2004 and is intended to be both informative to external stakeholders and to serve as a planning tool for future cultural resource management work to be conducted on the Site.
Date: January 1, 2005
Creator: Marler, Clayton F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Script: Ladies day]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about famous women arriving in Dallas including Maid of Cotton Jeannine Holland, American Airlines stewardess Pug Wells, Mara Lynn, and former Miss America Jo Carroll Denison.
Date: February 16, 1951
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections