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Revision of the energy conservation requirements in the manufactured home construction and safety standards

Description: Thermal requirements were developed for manufactured (mobile) homes in response to legislation requiring the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to revise its thermal standards for manufactured homes. A life-cycle cost minimization from the home owner's perspecetive was used to establish an optimum in a large number of cities for several prototype homes. The development of the economic, financial, and energy conservation measure parameters input into the life-cycle cost an… more
Date: February 1, 1992
Creator: Conner, C. C.; Lee, A. D.; Lucas, R. G. & Taylor, Z. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Final Project Report for ER15351 “A Study of New Actinide Zintl Ion Materials”

Description: The structural chemistry of actinide main-group metal materials provides the fundamental basis for the understanding of structural coordination chemistry and the formation of materials with desired or predicted structural features. The main-group metal building blocks, comprising sulfur-group, phosphorous-group, or silicon-group elements, have shown versatility in oxidation state, coordination, and bonding preferences. These building blocks have allowed us to elucidate a series of structures th… more
Date: November 12, 2007
Creator: Dorhout, Peter K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Marketing manufactured housing under the ''Super Good Cents'' Program

Description: The objective of this study is to propose a strategy for including manufactured housing (MH) in Bonneville Power Administration's Super Good Cents (SGC) Program. This report presents information on the site-built SGC program, the characterization of MH consumers, the options for including MH in the SGC program, and the recommendations for including MHs in the SGC program. The purposed strategy for including MHs in the SGC program is designed to reduce risks to manufacturers and dealers, stimula… more
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Mohler, B. L. & Smith, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Role of the DAPIA in the manufactured housing process

Description: This paper describes the function of Design Approval Primary Inspection Agencies (DAPIAs) and provides some insights into the design approval process for manufacturing housing units. DAPIAs play a key role in assuring that the designs for manufactured housing units are in compliance with HUD's Manufactured Housing Constructing and Safety Standards. There are five DAPIAs performing plan checks and design reviews for the manufacturing operating in the Pacific Northwest region. The costs to a manu… more
Date: February 1, 1986
Creator: Balistocky, S.; Lee, A. D. & Onisko, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Study of thermosiphon and radiant panel passive heating systems for metal buildings

Description: A study of passive-heating systems appropriate for use on metal buildings is being conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory for the Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory, Port Hueneme, California. The systems selected for study were chosen on the basis of their appropriateness for retrofit applications, although they are also suitable for new construction: simple radiant panels that communicate directly with the building interior and a backflow thermosiphon that provides heat indirectly.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Biehl, F.A.; Schnurr, N.M. & Wray, W.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Technical support document: Survey data used in revising the energy conservation requirements in the manufactured home construction and safety standards

Description: This report documents data used in the development of revised energy conservation standards for manufactured housing. The approach used in developing the proposed standard revision is a cost-benefit analysis in which the costs of energy conservation measures (ECM) are balanced against the benefits of energy savings. The analysis used to develop the recommendations for revision of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) energy conservation standards for manufactured housing requ… more
Date: February 1, 1992
Creator: Lee, A. D. & Conner, C. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Poligon Phase 1. Final report

Description: After a brief description of W.H. Porter, Inc., the development of a passive solar, vandal resistant building for a northern climate with much cloud cover is described. Six concepts are illustrated, five of which involved water walls and were rejected, and the sixth, which was selected, consisting of an insulated mass wall which is insulated to the outside and uses a thermosiphon collector. The design of the Thermosiphon Solar Wall and of a Michigan nature center of hexagonal form employing the… more
Date: January 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Review of the thermal energy standards for manufactured housing proposed by the Manufactured Housing Institute Consensus Committee

Description: Congress passed legislation that requires the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to revise the energy efficiency standards for manufactured housing contained in the Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards (MHCSS). The Manufactured Housing Institute's Consensus Committee (MHICC) proposed revised standards to HUD based on an analysis contained in a 1989 report by E. Levy. This document is primarily a review of the Levy report, including the methods and inputs to… more
Date: February 1, 1992
Creator: Conner, C.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Innovation in manufactured housing energy-efficiency programs

Description: The manufactured housing industry has undergone some major changes in the Pacific Northwest. Drafty mobile homes with a reputation for low quality and energy efficiency performance may become a thing of the past thanks to some innovative programs to upgrade manufactured housing sponsored by Northwest utilities and the Bonneville Power Administration. Utilities started paying attention to manufactured housing in the mid 1980s when they learned that up to 50% of new houses sited in their areas we… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Onisko, S.A. (USDOE Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)) & Lee, A.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Impacts of alternative residential energy standards - Rural Housing Amendments Study, Phase 1

Description: This report has examined the role of manufactured housing in the housing market, the energy impacts of three manufactured housing standards and three site-built standards in 13 cities, and the economic impacts of those standards in 6 cities. The three standards applied to manufactured housing are the HUD Title VI standard (Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards, or MHCSS), the Hud Title II-E standard, and the existing FmHA Title V standard. Those applied to site-built homes are … more
Date: November 1, 1985
Creator: Balistocky, S.; Bohn, A. A.; Heidell, J. A.; Hendrickson, P. L.; Lee, A. D.; Pratt, R. G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cost data collection for manufactured homes in RCDP (Residential Construction Demonstration Project)

Description: In the Pacific Northwest, a major effort has been made to improve the energy efficiency of new buildings. In the residential building sector, energy-efficient standards for new construction, called Model Conservation Standards (MCS), have been proposed; and demonstration projects are under way to implement MCS features and to explore new conservation possibilities. Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) administers a Pacific Northwest program to promote the construction and marketing of e… more
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Weakley, S. A.; Eckert, R. L. & Lee, A. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Structural foam-core panels in Northwest HUD-code manufactured housing: A preliminary assessment of opportunities and obstacles

Description: This investigation of structural foam-core panels (foam panels) in manufactured housing was initiated during the Super Good Cents (SGC) program. The SGC program limited allowable glazing area because of the relatively high thermal losses associated with most windows. Due to their superior thermal performance, foam panels appeared to be a viable option to allow increased glazing area without compromising the thermal integrity of the wall. With the inception of the Manufactured-Housing Acquisitio… more
Date: July 1, 1993
Creator: Durfee, D. L.; Lee, A. D. & Onisko, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Economics and utility energy-efficiency programs: Energy-efficient manufactured housing

Description: As utilities investigate ways to implement conservation programs, the differences between customer and utility economic perspectives become more important. Because utilities bear the cost of new energy sources, energy efficiency investments that are cost-effective to them may not be cost-effective to their customers who pay average energy prices and have different economic parameters. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and other parties in the Pacific Northwest have initiated an innovati… more
Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Lee, A. D. & Onisko, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Estimated costs of ventilation systems complying with the HUD ventilation standard for manufactured homes

Description: At the request of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the Pacific Northwest Laboratory estimated the material, labor, and operating costs for ventilation equipment needed for compliance with HUD`s proposed revision to the ventilation standard for manufactured housing. This was intended to bound the financial impacts of the ventilation standard revision. Researchers evaluated five possible prototype ventilation systems that met the proposed ventilation requirements. Of thos… more
Date: November 1, 1993
Creator: Miller, J. D. & Conner, C. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Impacts of electric demand-side management programs on fuel choice: A case study

Description: Information, rebates, and technical assistance associated with utility demand-side management (DSM) programs can alter consumer behavior. Such programs may unintentionally affect consumer fuel choices. This study addresses fuel choice effects of a unique Pacific Northwest DSM program: (1) it is directed at new manufactured homes only, (2) it is an acquisition program -- utilities make $2,500 payments directly to manufacturers for each electrically heated, energy-efficient home built, (3) it has… more
Date: April 1, 1994
Creator: Lee, A. D.; Kavanaugh, D. C.; Sandahl, L. J. & Vinnard, A. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Affordability and other factors affecting the purchase of energy-efficient manufactured homes

Description: The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) conducted this study to evaluate the manufactured home owner`s purchase decision process and to provide Bonneville with a better understanding of how consumers view a manufactured home`s affordability and energy efficiency. This study addresses manufactured homes built under the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) standards; these homes are sometimes referred to as HUD-code homes or mobi… more
Date: June 1, 1993
Creator: Hattrup, M. P.; Lee, A. D.; Sandahl, L. J. & Onisko, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The 1992 Pacific Northwest Residential Energy Survey - Phase 1. Book 10: Selected Crosstabulations for States Served by Bonneville, Volumes Z-AC

Description: This book constitutes a portion of the primary documentation for the 1992 Pacific Northwest Residential Energy Survey, Phase I. The complete 33-volume set of primary documentation provides information needed by energy analysts and interpreters with respect to planning, execution, data collection, and data management of the PNWRES92-I process. Thirty of these volumes are devoted to different ``views`` of the data themselves, with each view having a special purpose or interest as its focus. Analy… more
Date: June 1, 1993
Creator: United States. Bonneville Power Administration. End-Use Research Section.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Manufactured Homes Simulated Thermal Analysis and Cost Effectiveness Report.

Description: In 1988 and 1989, 150 manufactured homes were built to comply with Super Good Cents (SGC) specifications adapted from the existing specifications for site-built homes under the Residential Construction Demonstration Project (RCDP). Engineering calculations and computer simulations were used to estimate the effects of the SGC specifications on the thermal performance of the homes. These results were compared with consumer costs to establish the cost-effectiveness of individual measures. Heat los… more
Date: May 17, 1990
Creator: Baylon, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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End-use load and consumer assessment program: Heat loss characteristics of the residential sample

Description: The End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP) conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration by Pacific Northwest Laboratory was initiated to support both conservation assessment and load forecasting missions. This report documents a study of the heat loss characteristics of the ELCAP residential buildings. The basic objectives of this analysis are to: calculate theoretical residential heat loss rate based on the onsite inspection data for use in support of subsequent analyses, de… more
Date: June 1, 1990
Creator: Connor, C. C.; Lortz, V. B. & Pratt, R. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Economics and utility energy-efficiency programs: Energy-efficient manufactured housing

Description: As utilities investigate ways to implement conservation programs, the differences between customer and utility economic perspectives become more important. Because utilities bear the cost of new energy sources, energy efficiency investments that are cost-effective to them may not be cost-effective to their customers who pay average energy prices and have different economic parameters. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and other parties in the Pacific Northwest have initiated an innovati… more
Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Lee, A. D. & Onisko, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Technical support document: Survey data used in revising the energy conservation requirements in the manufactured home construction and safety standards

Description: This report documents data used in the development of revised energy conservation standards for manufactured housing. The approach used in developing the proposed standard revision is a cost-benefit analysis in which the costs of energy conservation measures (ECM) are balanced against the benefits of energy savings. The analysis used to develop the recommendations for revision of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) energy conservation standards for manufactured housing requ… more
Date: February 1, 1992
Creator: Lee, A. D. & Conner, C. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Impacts of Alternative Residential Energy Standards - Rural Housing Amendments Study, Phase I. Executive summary

Description: The results of a preliminary study on the impacts of several national energy conservation standards that apply to manufactured housing (mobile homes) and conventional site-built housing are presented. The housing market and how these standards affect the overall energy economics of these two housing types are briefly discussed. (BCS)
Date: November 1, 1985
Creator: Balistocky, S.; Bohn, A. A.; Heidell, J. A.; Hendrickson, P. L.; Lee, A. D.; Pratt, R. G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Conducting successful programs to increase the energy efficiency of manufactured housing

Description: Since 1985, Bonneville has conducted a multilayer program to promote higher efficiency in manufactured homes. Recently, manufactured housing was included in Bonneville's Residential Construction Demonstration Project (RCDP) Cycle II. The demonstration was a success: 8 out of 17 regional plants participated; 150 manufactured homes were built to the Northwest Power Planning Council's regional energy-efficiency Model Conservation Standards (MCS); and all 17 plants have indicated they will particip… more
Date: August 1, 1990
Creator: Lee, A. D.; Volke, S. M. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)) & Reiwer, S. M. (USDOE Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Air exchange rates in new energy-efficient manufactured housing

Description: During the 1989--1990 heating season, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, for the Bonneville Power Administration, measured the ventilation characteristics of 139 newly constructed energy-efficient manufactured homes and a control sample of 35 newer manufactured homes. A standard door fan pressurization technique was used to estimate shell leakiness, and a passive perfluorocarbon tracer technique was used to estimate overall air exchange rates. A measurement of the designated whole-house exhaust syst… more
Date: October 1, 1990
Creator: Hadley, D. & Bailey, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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