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The development of precipitated iron catalysts with improved stability

Description: The objective of this program is to identify the chemical principles governing the deactivation of precipitated iron catalysts during Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and to use these chemical principles in the design of catalysts suitable for slurry reactors. The performance targets are 88% CO+H{sub 2} conversion with less than 1% deactivation/day for 1 month and a methane and ethane selectivity of no more than 7% (based on hydrocarbons and oxygenates only) at a space velocity of at least 2 normal li… more
Date: May 6, 1992
Creator: Abrevaya, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Technology Division, Unit Operations Section Monthly Progress Report, June 1961

Description: An interfacial viseometer was built for use in an interfacial phenomena study. Installation of a 6-in.-ID foam separation column system was completed. The dispersiondrying-sintering characteristics of six low-nitrate batches of thoria sol material were studied. The average effective porosity of the CuO pellets used for reactor helium purification was determined to be 0.0545 for H/ sub 2/ transport and 0.0526 for CO transport. In continuous Zirflex dissolution studies, no H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ decomp… more
Date: January 23, 1962
Creator: Whatley, M. E.; Haas, P. A.; Horton, R. W.; Ryon, A. D.; Suddath, J. C. & Watson, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Modeling studies on the precipitation of Kr after implantation into metals

Description: A rate-theory approach is applied to interpreting observations on the precipitation of Kr injected into Ni at temperatures between 25 and 560/degree/C. At temperatures of 400/degree/C or higher, the implanted Kr precipitates evolve into a bi-modal size distribution containing small solid precipitates and an additional population of larger, faceted bubbles. The calculations explore the dependence of the observed bi-modal distribution on the maximum size of the solid Kr precipitates and the effec… more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Rest, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Theory of ordering transformations in metals and minerals

Description: This dissertation presents an investigation of ordering in FCC based systems using the pair potential approximation in the ground state and mean field limits. The theoretical approach is used to explain the occurrence of observed equilibrium phases and characteristics of thermodynamic instabilities, in particular, spinodal ordering and decomposition. It is shown that the stability of non-integer domain sizes in long period superstructures such as Al{sub 3}Ti and Ag{sub 3}Mg may result from the … more
Date: July 1, 1991
Creator: Lindsey, Timothy Francis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sodium Fluozirconate Precipitation Process for Zirconium Fuels. Part 1. Laboratory Development

Description: Precipitation, evaporation, and extraction feed preparation conditions are established for the removal of zirconium and fluoride from fuel dissolver product solutions by the addition of sodium formate. A sparingly soluble complex fluozirconate is formed. Ninety-five to 99% of the zirconium and fluoride is separated from the uranium losses of 0.1% or less. Chemical material balances, based on experimental data, were developed for two flowsheets. In one flowsheet, sufficient nitric acid is added … more
Date: May 15, 1962
Creator: Newby, B. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NQR-NMR studies of higher alcohol synthesis Cu-Co catalysts

Description: The primary objective of the project is to examine the relations between the catalytic and magnetic properties of the copper-cobalt higher alcohol synthesis catalysts. We have undertaken to investigate the magnetic character by studying the Nuclear Quadrupole resonance of copper and (Zerofield) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of cobalt in copper cobalt catalysts.
Date: December 17, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical Chemistry of the Polyphosphates

Description: Additional data were obtained on the separation of linear polymers from cyclic polymers by precipitation with barium chloride. An unexpected peak was observed in the anion-exchange chromatography of a sodium poly-phosphate of n-bar average degree of polymerization) = 6, and the compound represented by this peak was isolated. An end-group titration of this compound by microtechnique proved unequivocally that it is a cyclic phosphate. Although the identification (number of phosphorus atoms per mo… more
Date: October 17, 1961
Creator: Rieman, W., III & Rothbart, H. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HEAD-END TREATMENT OF LOW LEVEL WASTES PRIOR TO FOAM SEPARATION

Description: Calcium-magnesium precipitation apparatus was used to reduce the concentrations of these elements in ORNL tap water, used as a substitute for waste water of low level of radioactivity, prior to strontium removal by foam separation. With and without alkali and flocculator chambers and with a stirred sludge of ratio height to diameter equal to 1/1 to ~4/1, use of 5 x 10/sup -3/ M each of NaOH and Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/ and 2 ppm Fe/sup 3+/ reduced the dissolved Ca + Mg concentrations to 1 to 2 ppm as… more
Date: May 29, 1962
Creator: Schonfeld, E. & Davis, W. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Drilling fluid/formation interaction at simulated in situ geothermal conditions. Final report

Description: Interaction of drilling fluids with a geothermal reservoir formation can result in significant permeability impairment and therefore reduced well productivity. This interaction is studied under simulated in situ geothermal conditions of overburden stress, pore fluid pressure, temperature, and pore fluid chemistry. Permeability impairment of an East Mesa KGRA reservoir material is evaluated as a function of stagnation time, drilling fluid, and temperature. Results indicate that all of these para… more
Date: July 1, 1980
Creator: Enniss, D. O.; Bergosh, J. L.; Butters, S. W. & Jones, A. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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DEVELOPMENT OF PLUTONIUM BEARING FUEL MATERIALS. Progress Report for Period April 1 through June 30, 1961

Description: BS>Activities are discussed for work done in the preparation of PuO/sub 2/ using the continuous oxalate process, and continuous coprecipitation studies using a uranium-20 wt% plutonium nitrate feed solution. Characterization studies of the PuO/sub 2/ powders indicated that variations in the processing variables can affect the final product. Measurements with the B. E. T. and Innes apparatus confirmed that the specific surface area of the initial batch of the PuO/sub 2/ powder had increased appr… more
Date: October 31, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE EFFECTS OF INTERNAL HEAT GENERATION ON POT CALCINATION RATES FOR RADIOACTIVE WASTES

Description: Methods by which the radial deposition mechanism was determined in experiments with simulated waste solutions are reviewed. Based on this mechanism, an expression for the rate of solid deposition with internal heat generation was developed by a combined heat and material balance. A sample calculation for Purex waste showed that a moderate heat generation rate of 5000 Btu/hr/ft/sup 3/ would decrease the time to fill a 12-in.-dia calcination vessel from 78 to 55 hr. For the calcination stage of t… more
Date: October 23, 1961
Creator: Perona, J.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Precipitation kinetics of a continuous precipitator, with application to the precipitation of ammonium polyuranate

Description: A mathematical model describing the kinetics of continuous precipitation was developed which accounts for crystal nucleation, crystal growth, primary coagulation, and secondary coagulation. Population density distributions, average particle sizes, dominant particle sizes, and suspension density fractions of the crystallites, primary agglomerates, and secondary agglomerates leaving the continuous precipitator can be determined. This kinetic model was applied to the continuous precipitation of am… more
Date: April 1, 1978
Creator: Hoyt, R.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NQR-NMR studies of higher alcohol synthesis Cu-Co catalysts

Description: The primary objective of the project is to examine the relations between the catalytic and magnetic properties of the copper-cobalt higher alcohol synthesis catalysts. We have undertaken to investigate the magnetic character by studying the Nuclear Quadrupole resonance of copper and (Zerofield) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of cobalt in copper cobalt catalysts.
Date: January 14, 1992
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental radiation safety: source term modification by soil aerosols. Interim report

Description: The goal of this project is to provide information useful in estimating hazards related to the use of a pure refractory oxide of /sup 238/Pu as a power source in some of the space vehicles to be launched during the next few years. Although the sources are designed and built to withstand re-entry into the earth's atmosphere, and to impact with the earth's surface without releasing any plutonium, the possibility that such an event might produce aerosols composed of soil and /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ ca… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Moss, O.R.; Allen, M.D.; Rossignol, E.J. & Cannon, W.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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New computer-controlled precipitator at the Savannah River Plant

Description: A new plutonium triflouride preciptation facility was successfully started up on the first attempt May 13, 1987 at the Savannah River Plant (SRP). This new facility provided a 75% reduction in radiation exposure, a substantial improvement in process performance, and elimination of the major SRP process bottleneck. This was accomplished through sound engineering, improved process control, process automation, and extensive testing of components, assemblies, and entire system prior to ''… more
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Moore, E. N.; Robbins, C. C. & Murdock, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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DEVELOPMENT OF PLUTONIUM-BEARING FUEL MATERIALS. Progress Report for Period January 1 through March 31, 1962

Description: During this reporting period, particular effort was of aced on powder blending and pellet sintering studies prior to irradiation sample fabrication, and, subsequently, the production and characterization of the pellets slated for irradiation. Also, PuO/sub 2/ and UO/sub 2/-PuO/sub 2/ characterization studies were continued, and new techniques are being developed. Specifically, dynamic moisture pickup determinations on PuO/sub 2/ were made in moist air, N, and CO/ sub 2/ atmospheres using a reco… more
Date: October 31, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LABORATORY PROGRESS ON THE DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE BY DEEP- WELL INJECTION

Description: Results of laboratory studies on the neutralization of Purex-type wastes are reported, including the radiochemical distribution of the fission products in the precipitate and supernate and the effect of sodium and calcium neutralizations on fission-produet separation. The problem of interstitial precipitation encountered when a second incompatible liquid is injected into a formation is discussed. Results indicate a piston-iike displacement of the interstitial liquid by the injected waste with o… more
Date: March 1, 1962
Creator: Lacy, W.J.; Sealand, O.M.; Jacobs, D.G. & Struxness, E.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LABORATORY DEVELOPMENT OF A CARRIER-PRECIPITATION PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF STRONTIUM FROM PUREX WASTES

Description: Strontium recovery from Purex 1WW was investigated with simulated feeds and tracer activities. Initial experiments demonstrated recovery of over 70% of the strontium by sulfate precipitation from partially neutralized 1WW by either increasing the sulfate concentration to about 3 M or by adding carriers such as lead. Precipitation of iron was avoided by addition of one or more moles of tartrate per two moles of iron. Precipitation at elevated temperatures and addition of lead after pH adjustment… more
Date: May 1, 1961
Creator: Bray, L.A. & Van Tuyl, H.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Conditioning of geothermal brine effluents for injection: use of coagulants

Description: The use of various chemical coagulants and flocculants with spent geothermal brine for enhancing the removal of colloidal solids prior to injection was studied. Brine at 80 to 85/sup 0/C was obtained from the injection line of the SDG and E/DOE Geothermal Loop Experimental Facility during a period of operation with Magmamax No. 1 Fluid. The solids consist primarily of an iron-rich amorphous silica and heavy metal sulfides, principally lead. Standard jar testing equipment was used to carry out t… more
Date: February 1, 1978
Creator: Quong, R.; Shoepflin, F. & Stout, N.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Characterization of Oil and Gas Reservoir Heterogeneity

Description: The ultimate objective of this cooperative research project is to characterize Alaskan petroleum reservoirs in terms of their reserves, physical and chemical properties, geologic configuration in relation to lithofacies and structure, and development potential. The project has two tasks: Task 1 is a geological description of the reservoirs including petrophysical properties, i.e., porosity, permeability, permeability variation, formation depth, temperature, and net pay, facies changes and reser… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Sharma, G. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sb interactions with TaC precipitates and Cu in ion-implanted. cap alpha. -Fe

Description: The interactions of Sb with the other species implanted into Fe to form Fe-Ta-C-Sb and Fe-Cu-Sb alloys have been examined with transmission electron microscopy and Rutherford backscattering following annealing at 873/sup 0/K. Trapping of Sb at TaC precipitates is observed in the former alloy just as was previously observed in Fe-Ti-C-Sb. In Fe-Cu-Sb, Sb interactions are governed by the atomic ratio of Sb to Cu. For ratios between 0.2 to 0.4, the compound ..beta..-Cu/sub 3/Sb was observed to for… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Follstaedt, D. M. & Myers, S. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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