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The Activity Coefficient of Plutonium(IV) Salts in Acidic Solutions

Description: Summary: The activity coefficient of Pu(Cl04)4 was measured in perchloric acid solutions. The procedure used was to measure the extraction of the neutral plutonium(IV)-TTA chelate into benzene-TTA solutions at different perchloric acid concentrations. Equations are presented which show the relation of the extraction coefficients, obtained in the above manner, to the activity coefficient of plutonium(IV) per-chlorate. The activity coefficient of Pu(Cl0~)4 is similar to that of a strong acid, e.g., perchloric acid, in that its value increases rapidly when the perchloric acid concentration becomes greater than 2M. The distribution coefficient of TTA between benzene and aqueous perchloric acid solutions was found first to decrease slightly and then to increase two fold as the perchloric acid was varied from 0.01 to 6M. The activity coefficient of the uranous-TTA chelate in benzene was calculated from the results of solubility measurements. The values of the activity coefficient of UK4 are,within experimental error, identical with the values of the activity coefficient of TTA itself.
Date: November 1948
Creator: Connick, R. E. & Reas, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Potential of the Pu(III)-Pu(IV) Couple: The Hydrolysis Constant of Pu(IV)

Description: Report discussing an experiment in which the formal potentials of the Pu(III)-Pu(IV) couple in 1M perchloric acid and in 1M hydrochloric acid are determined. The potentials were measured through potentiometric titrations of Pu(III).
Date: July 18, 1950
Creator: Rabideau, Sherman W.; Lemons, Joe F. & Rollefson, G. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equilibria and Reaction Rates in the Disproportionation of Pu(IV)

Description: Abstract: "The equilibrium quotients and the specific rate constants for the disproportionation of Pu(IV) have been measured as a function of hydrogen and plutonium ion concentrations in perchloric acid solutions of unit ionic strength at 25.00 +/- 0.02. Instead of obtaining the plutonium ion concentrations spectrophotometrically as has been done by previous workers, measurements of the mean oxidation number of the solutions were combined with electromotive force measurements of the Pu(III)-Pu(IV) 'couple and the total plutonium ion concentrations. From these data it is possible to calculate the concentrations of Pu(III), Pu(IV) and Pu(VI) present in the solutions at any time. The equilibrium quotient for the disproportionation reaction has been found to be directly dependent upon the fourth power of the hydrogen ion concentration, thus supporting the existence of the plutonyl ion, PuO2++, in these solutions. A weighted mean value of 0.0089 was found for the Pu(IV) disproportionation equilibrium quotient in perchloric acid solutions of unit ionic strength at 25. The rate of the forward (disproportionation) reaction has been found to exhibit an inverse third power hydrogen ion concentration dependence and the most probable rate determining step of this reaction is PuOH++++ + Pu(OH)2++ --> Pu+++ + PuO2+ + H2O + H+."
Date: 1952
Creator: Rabideau, Sherman W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recovery of Plutonium From Slag and Crucible

Description: Report evaluating different methods of preparing nitric acid solution and different methods of separating plutonium from this nitric acid solution of slag and crucible. Methods are explained and experimental data is given.
Date: June 15, 1951
Creator: Groot, C.; Hopkins, H. H. & Schulz, W. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical procedures for the plutonium Metal Fabrication Process

Description: A report describing a the results of a fluorimetric and volumetric method for the determination of fluoride. This method was developed for the determination of ionizable fluorine in gases in the range of 1-500ppm. This method was chosen because the determination depends on the generation of a color rather than the bleaching effect or on a change of color.
Date: January 15, 1951
Creator: Kendall, L. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Development of Plutonium Electrodeposition Methods : Interim Report

Description: From introduction: "The following report presents a body of information obtained in the Health Instrument Development Laboratory from September, 1948, to the present, and is intended to be a preliminary review of [the study of electrodeposition of plutonium]. Many improvements in technique and methods and investigations along lines not explored are suggested by the present work. These will be undertaken as time permits, and reported at a later time."
Date: March 1, 1950
Creator: Schwendiman, L. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Toxicity and Metabolism of Plutonium in Laboratory Animals

Description: Introduction. The main objective of the Metallurgical Project was the preparation of large quantities of plutonium 239, an isotope of element 94, by the interaction of neutrons and uranium. At the beginning, only predictions of its chemical and biological properties could be made since it is a new element. It was predicted that it would be toxic to tissue by virtue of its high atomic weight, and in addition, that it would be toxic by virtue of its radioactivity. Thus, the preparation and use of the element on a large scale meant the manipulation of, and possible exposure to, toxic quantities. It was, therefore, of practical importance to obtain data which would elaborate on the predicted toxicity. The objectives of the work reported here were to establish the acute toxicity of plutonium in experimental animals and to study the distribution of the element in the body after the administration of a wide range of doses. In the interest of economy of what was, at that time, a rare substance, and of animals and facilities, these two objectives were frequently pursued in the same experiment. The information obtained from the separate experiments is therefore frequently incomplete in one or another respect. An attempt has been made to present the data obtained in a number of experiments as a unit serving the above objectives. Most of the studies were made with the plus 6 valance state because of its intrinsic value and because it is easier to handle at relatively high pH. it is probably quickly converted to a lower valance state by the body fluids. Because of the importance of this new element and because of the number of problems which had to be investigated, concurrently, other groups in the project have studied phases of these and related problems.
Date: May 8, 1947
Creator: Finkle, Raymond D.; Snyder, Robert H.; Jacobson, Leon O.; Kisieleski, Walter E.; Lawrence, Blanche. & Simmons, Eric L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strontium Program: Quarterly Summary Report, January 1, 1960

Description: From Abstract: "This report is one of the a sequence of quarterly reports, each designed to up-date its predecessor beginning with HASL-42, "Environmental Contamination from Weapon Tests." Herein are presented data accrued since HASL-69. Plutonium-239 and cesium-137 levels in human tissue and other biological materials are also presented."
Date: January 1, 1960
Creator: Hardy, Edward P., Jr. & Klein, Stanley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PRTR second generation shim assembly

Description: From introduction: "This document discusses the design, fabrication, assembly, and testing of a second generation shim rod assembly, and testing of a second generation shim rod assembly prototype for use in the Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor."
Date: November 1964
Creator: Rasmussen, D. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Microdetermination of Uranium by Ferric Sulfate Titration

Description: Abstract: "Following nitrate removal by means of a three-stage hydrochloric acid digestion, uranium was reduced with chromous sulfate reagent. In an inert atmosphere, the quadrivalent uranium was titrated at 80-95[degrees] with standard ferric sulfate solution. The end point was obtained with a potentiometric cell including a platinum in-titrant reference electrode and a platinum indicator electrode. Application was made to various low leverl uranium solutions. For samples containing 1 - 12 milligrams or uranium, less than one percent error may be expected. Iron and chromium do not interfere."
Date: February 16, 1949
Creator: Christopherson, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department