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Plant-Scale Concentration of Am and Pu III Using Tributyl Phosphate

Description: Am III and Pu III have been recovered on a plant scale by extraction with tributyl phosphate from slag and crucible and other recovery solutions. Process losses were 0.03% Am and 0.01% Pu. The product stream contained 0.08 gram Am per liter and 0.15 gram Pu per liter. The final solution cleanup to allow discard (total alpha activity equivalent to less than 10(-4) gram Pu per liter) was accomplished by tributyl phosphate extraction of Pu III under conditions of low acidity and high nitrate.
Date: August 2, 1954
Creator: Maraman, W. J.; Beaumont, A. J. & Day, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Program Study Report Plutonium Fuel Cycle

Description: From introduction: "The development and demonstration of the natural uranium reprocessed plutonium cycle in power reactors is an important phase of the peaceful applications of nuclear energy."
Date: July 30, 1956
Creator: Albaugh, F. W. & Fryar, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fuel Cycle Costs for a Plutonium Recycle System

Description: Report containing the estimated costs of the chemical and metallurgical steps in plutonium recycling for large desalination reactors.
Date: January 20, 1964
Creator: Harrington, F. E.; Arnold, E. D.; Brater, D. C.; Douglas, D. A.; Smiley, S. H.; Stockdale, W. G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Autoradiographic Technique for Rapid Inventory of Plutonium-Containing Fast Critical Assembly Fuel

Description: A nondestructive autoradiographic technique is described which can provide a verification of the piece count and the plutonium content of plutonium-containing fuel elements. This technique uses the spontaneously emitted gamma rays from plutonium to form images of fuel elements on photographic film. Autoradiography has the advantage of providing an inventory verification without the opening of containers or the handling of fuel elements. Missing fuel elements, substitution of nonradioactive material, and substitution of elements of different size are detectable. Results are presented for fuel elements in various storage configurations and for fuel elements contained in a fast critical assembly.
Date: October 1977
Creator: Brumbach, S. B. & Perry, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Facility for the Production of Pu238

Description: Abstract: A pilot plant facility for recovering Pu238 and unconverted neptunium from irradiated neptunium target elements was operated for 17 months at the Savannah River Laboratory. The process required that the irradiated target elements be dissolved and the solution be processed through three anion exchange cycles for removal of undesirable fission products and cations, recovery of unconverted neptunium, and concentration of Pu238 solution. The process equipment was enclosed in three stainless steel boxes that were installed in two general-purpose cells of a ten-cell complex. The basic cells were not modified. The two cells were not separated from from the adjacent 8 cells. Containment of the high-specific-activity alpha emitters was accomplished by ventilation, development of handling techniques, use of procedures, and close Radiation Control coverage. The facility was dismantled, and the cells were decontaminated and returned to normal use. With the exception of an accidental overexposure, all personnel exposures were kept below the administrative level of 3 R/yr. None of the personnel assimilated detectable amounts of he material handled.
Date: September 1963
Creator: Tetzlaff, R. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Calculated Costs of Fabrication of Plutonium-Enriched Fuel Elements

Description: Report regarding the study of the calculated costs of fabricating plutonium-enriched fuel elements for Hanford Laboratories' Plutonium Recycle Program. Topics include descriptions of the process, design study of plants that use U235 and plutonium enriched fuel, and estimates of costs.
Date: August 1962
Creator: Hanthorn, H. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Specifications for Vibrationally Compacted, Mixed Oxide (UO2-PuO2), Fuel Elements for the Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (MARK I-L)

Description: Report describing the dimensions, materials, and fabrication of vibrationally compacted, mixed oxide (UO2-PuO2) fuel elements for the Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (MARK I-L). Appendix begins on page 38.
Date: October 1, 1963
Creator: Hanford Atomic Products Operation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Program for the Development of Plutonium Recycle for Use in Light Water Moderated Reactors Quarterly Progress Report: January 1 - March 31, 1963.

Description: A research program is being conducted to obtain experimental data in the irradiation of plutonium-enriched fuel to confirm a theoretical model for predicting isotopic composition and reactivity changes in plutonium-enriched, light-water-moderated reactors. All program efforts have been temporarily deferred except for those associated with the irradiation of the program fuel element in the VBWR. The program fuel element was exposed to a burnup of 465 MWD/T during the quarter which brings the total to 2334 MWD/T. On the basis of the computed isotopic composition, the burnup obtained was 1450 MWD/T.
Date: April 8, 1963
Creator: Robkin, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Program for the Development of Plutonium Recycle for Use in Light Water Moderated Reactors Quarterly Progress Report: April 1 - June 30, 1963

Description: A research program is being conducted to obtain experimental data in the irradiation of plutonium-enriched fuel to confirm a theoretical model for predicting isotopic composition and reactivity changes in plutonium-enriched, light-water-moderated reactors. All program efforts have been temporarily deferred except for those associated with the irradiation of the program fuel element in the VBWR. The program fuel element was exposed to a burnup of 831 MWD/T during the quarter which brings the total to 3165 MWD/T. Applying the same scale factor between logged exposure and Ce-Cs analysis of the first fuel sample gives a corrected exposure of 3774 MWD/T.
Date: July 15, 1963
Creator: Robkin, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Staffing Experience for Operation of the Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor

Description: The Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor is a research and development tool supporting the Plutonium Recycle Program and the research activities at Hanford. The present organization directly associated with the PRTR is composed of Operating, Technical Assistance, Maintenance, and Engineering Groups. Liaison with research groups utilizing PRTR facilities is accomplished through the Technical Assistance Group. the other three groups serve the PRTR in the manner suggest by the group name. This paper limits its interest to the staffing experience of the Operating Group.
Date: September 23, 1963
Creator: Koberg, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reactivity Control Problems in the Plutonium-Fueled EBR-1 Reactor

Description: In contrast with previous EBR-1 reactor cores which were fueled with enriched uranium, the current Mark IV core is a 7 x 8-in. cylinder made of delta-stabilized plutonium alloyed with 1 1/4 w/o aluminum. The reactivity of the reactor is largely controlled by the movement of the entire outer blanket mounted on a hydraulic elevator with a travel of 80 inches. Partial meltdown occurred in November, 1955 during the last experiment scheduled for the core which was directed toward identifying the time constants associated with the components of the over-all reactivity coefficients. The incident is reported elsewhere. The changes in reactivity apparently come about as a result of changing from operation on the high temperature system to the low temperature system or vice versa. Continuous operation from day to day on either system does not effect any significant change in reactivity. Reactivity is not dependent on the duration of a run, but rather on the maximum power attained during that run.
Date: October 1963
Creator: Haroldsen, R. O. (Ray Ottley), 1928-; McGinnis, F. D. & Smith, R. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced Designs and Special Applications for Fast Breeders

Description: The purpose of this paper is to describe a few of the suggested advanced concepts for fast breeder reactors and to compare these with the standard approach as to their potential advantage. I have attempted to estimate the economic effect of full technical success with each of the proposed concepts. The proposed concepts include: (1) single sodium system, (2) steam-cooled core concept, (3) direct cycle reactor using potassium as reactor coolant and working fluid, (4) molten plutonium-fuel alloy circulated and cooled by a jet of sodium, (5) settled-bed core, (6) molten salt concept, and (7) paste-fuel system.
Date: November 11, 1963
Creator: Hammond, R. Philip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Program for the Development of Plutonium Recycle for Use in Light Water Moderated Reactors Quarterly Progress Report: October 1 - December 31, 1963

Description: A research program is being conducted to obtain experimental data in the irradiation of plutonium-enriched fuel to confirm a theoretical model for predicting isotopic composition and reactivity changes in plutonium-enriched, light-water-moderated reactors. Quarterly progress: Forty-six fuel pellet faces have been auto-radiographed. These faces have been prepared from twenty-three pellets by making an exposure before and after the removal of an additional ten mils of fuel. A substantial number of large "hot spots" continue to appear. The largest spot so far observed was 44 mils long, 20 mils wide, and of the order of 20 mils thick. This spot has a PuO2 concentration which varied from 70% on the periphery to 100% at then center. There is some evidence that the segregated regions are elongated with their long axes perpendicular to the direction of the pressing of the green pellet. Determination of the size and concentration distribution is continuing. The EPITHERMOS code now seems to be operating correctly. A test problem for a typical water lattice converged in eleven iterations. The computation of the spectrum for a pure water medium gave results which agreed very well with the expected 1/E spectrum. At the end of the quarter, the program fuel element had received a cumulative total of 4449 MWD/T exposure. This total is as logged by VBWR operating personnel. Applying the same scale factor, between logged exposure and Ce-Ca analysis of the first fuel sample, gives a corrected exposure of 5306 MWD/T. Three sets of flux wires were successfully irradiated at three thimble locations in the project fuel element. Counting is in progress and the data will be reduced in the next quarter. The program fuel element was removed from the VBWR during the November shutdown at the end of run 165 after a cumulative exposure of about 5000 MWD/T. Fuel …
Date: January 15, 1964
Creator: Robkin, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Program for the Development of Plutonium Recycle for Use in Light Water Moderated Reactors Quarterly Progress Report: January 1 - March 31, 1964

Description: A research program is being conducted to obtain experimental data in the irradiation of plutonium-enriched fuel to confirm a theoretical model for predicting isotopic composition and reactivity changes in plutonium-enriched, light-water-moderated reactors. Quarterly progress: Work has begun in the Radioactive Materials Laboratory to sample the project fuel from the pins irradiated to 1800 and 5000 MWT/T. Some delay has been experienced due to preemption of the hot cells by priority work. Examination of the autoradiographs of the un-irradiated project fuel showed that in a volume of fuel approximately equivalent to a pellet there were 13 hot spots larger than 15 mils. Evaluation of these spots with the fuel analyzer showed that they contained about 14 mg of PuO2 or about 9% of the total present. The EPITHERMOS code is being modified to automatically normalize the epithermal scattering to the correct value for all moderators. Calibration of the flux wires has been made and the reduction of the data from the VBWR irradiation is nearly complete. A similar resonance activation was made in the water reflector of the Stanford Pool Reactor to obtain the relative activity in a well-defined pure water spectrum. Reduction of these data is also in progress.
Date: April 15, 1964
Creator: Robkin, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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