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The Activity Coefficient of Plutonium(IV) Salts in Acidic Solutions

Description: Summary: The activity coefficient of Pu(Cl04)4 was measured in perchloric acid solutions. The procedure used was to measure the extraction of the neutral plutonium(IV)-TTA chelate into benzene-TTA solutions at different perchloric acid concentrations. Equations are presented which show the relation of the extraction coefficients, obtained in the above manner, to the activity coefficient of plutonium(IV) per-chlorate. The activity coefficient of Pu(Cl0~)4 is similar to that of a strong acid, e.g., perchloric acid, in that its value increases rapidly when the perchloric acid concentration becomes greater than 2M. The distribution coefficient of TTA between benzene and aqueous perchloric acid solutions was found first to decrease slightly and then to increase two fold as the perchloric acid was varied from 0.01 to 6M. The activity coefficient of the uranous-TTA chelate in benzene was calculated from the results of solubility measurements. The values of the activity coefficient of UK4 are,within experimental error, identical with the values of the activity coefficient of TTA itself.
Date: November 1948
Creator: Connick, R. E. & Reas, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Carbide Fuel Development: Phase 1 Report, Period of May 15 to September 15, 1959

Description: From foreword: This report describes the work accomplished including the Conceptual Design task and the initial results of the tasks on Facility Design and Fabrication, Fuel Fabrication and Evaluation, and Fuel Reprocessing.
Date: October 15, 1959
Creator: Bolomey, R.; Lazerus, S.; Sapir, J.; Sofer, G.; Steinmetz, H.; Strasser, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Compounds of Plutonium With Metalloid Elements

Description: From abstract: "Experimental methods of the type employed for alloy preparation in metallurgical research have been used in attempts to prepare compounds of plutonium with four different metalloid elements: phosphorous, arsenic, selenium, and tellurium. By means of their X-ray diffraction patterns the existences of six previously unknown compounds have been established, but the composition and crystal structures of only three of the compounds have been determined."
Date: 1955
Creator: Gorum, Alvin Eugene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reduction of Plutonium Compounds to Plutonium Metal

Description: A survey was made of the literature which was published on the reduction of plutonium compounds to plutonium metal between 1950 and April 1963. This report is a summary of the information which was gathered during the survey. (auth)
Date: February 1, 1964
Creator: Conner, W. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Problems of Air-Borne Contamination in Handling of Pu F₄ Powders

Description: Abstract: Studies were made of the air-borne contamination present during the operation of reducing plutonium tetrafluoride powder to the metal. Equipment design changes were made and operation technique changes were made until the amount of contamination present during operations was well below tolerance levels.
Date: July 31, 1947
Creator: Kennedy, William R.; Dumrose, A. & Ludwig, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Crystal Structure of a KPuO₂CO₃, NH₄ PuO₂CO₃, RbAmO₂CO₃

Description: From abstract: "The preceding article describes the preparation of a number of alkali carbonates of pentavalent neptunium, plutonium, or americium. The results of x-ray diffraction studies of some of these carbonate precipitates are presented in the present paper. The preparations to be dealt with are the K-Pu(V) (at low pH), NH4-Pu(V) and Rb-Am(V) precipitates which form one iso-structural series. In the case of the other preparations discussed in the preceding article, the x-ray work did not lead to reliable conclusions as to chemical formula and crystal structure."
Date: 1953
Creator: Ellinger, F. H. & Zachariasen, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

94-1 Research and development project lead laboratory support. Status report, July 1, 1996--September 30, 1996

Description: This document reports status and technical progress for Los Alamos 94-1 Research and Development projects. Updated schedule charts are shown in the appendix. This is the fourth status report published for Los Alamos National Laboratory 94-1 Research and Development Project Support. The Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (DOE/EM) funds these projects in order to support the storage or disposal of legacy plutonium and plutonium-bearing materials resulting from weapons production throughout the DOE complex. This document also serves as an end-for-year review of projects and positions the program for FY97.
Date: March 1, 1997
Creator: Rink, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plutonium inventory characterization technical evaluation report

Description: This is a technical report on the data, gathered to date, under WHC- SD-CP-TP-086, Rev. 1, on the integrity of the food pack cans currently being used to store plutonium or plutonium compounds at the Plutonium Finishing Plant. Workplan PFP-96-VO-009, `Inspection of Special Nuclear Material Using X-ray`, was used to gather data on material and containment conditions using real time radiography. Some of those images are included herein. A matrix found in the `Plutonium Inventory Characterization Implementation Plan` was used to categorize different plutonium items based upon the type of material being stored and the life expectancy of the containers.
Date: July 10, 1996
Creator: Wittman, G. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plutonium(IV) oxalate precipitation and calcination process for plutonium nitrate to oxide conversion

Description: The Plutonium(IV) Oxalate Precipitation and Calcination Process for converting plutonium nitrate to plutonium oxide is described for a 100-kg plutonium per day (Pu/day/ throughput facility. Block flow diagrams, equipment flowsheets, and stream material balances are included. Advantages and disadvantages of the process, additional research and development necessary, and history of the process are also discussed. This report is one of a series describing various processes for converting plutonium nitrate to oxide. This information in this report should be used when comparing the various processes, and as a starting point for development of a prototype or plant-scale facility.
Date: July 26, 1978
Creator: Greintz, R.M. & Neal, D.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ab-Initio Study on Plutonium Compounds Pu3M (M=Al, Ga, In), PuNp and Elemental Neptunium

Description: Using spin-polarized relativistic density functional theory the electronic and magnetic structures for the plutonium compounds Pu{sub 3}M(M = Al; Ga; In) and PuNp have been investigated. For the first group of compounds the enhanced hybridization between Pu 5f and p-states of alloying element, as it has been found in spin-polarized calculations, is believed to be the main reason for the higher formation energies obtained in such kind of studies in comparison with the non-spin-polarized case. Also, comparative analysis of the actinides U, Np, Pu, Am, and Cm has been performed based on their electronic and magnetic structure. Some noticeable difference in the calculated magnetic structure was discovered between the actinide with local magnetic moments (Cm) and the actinides (Pu, Am) in which magnetic moments were found only in the calculations.
Date: September 7, 2005
Creator: Kutepov, A L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The multi-barrier 3013 container used to package plutonium-bearing materials is robust and thereby highly resistant to identified degradation modes that might cause failure. The only viable degradation mechanisms identified by a panel of technical experts were pressurization within and corrosion of the containers. Evaluations of the container materials and the fabrication processes and resulting residual stresses suggest that the multi-layered containers will mitigate the potential for degradation of the outer container and prevent the release of the container contents to the environment. Additionally, the ongoing surveillance programs and laboratory studies should detect any incipient degradation of containers in the 3013 storage inventory before an outer container is compromised.
Date: November 10, 2009
Creator: Dunn, K.; Louthan, M.; Rawls, G.; Sindelar, R.; Zapp, P. & Mcclard, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neptunium(V) and neptunium(VI) solubilities in synthetic brines of interest to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)

Description: The solubility of Np(V) and Np(VI) has been measured in three synthetic Na-K-Mg-Cl brines in the presence of CO{sub 2}(g). Experiments were prepared from oversaturation by adding an excess of NpO{sub 2}{sup +} or NpO{sub 2}{sup 2+} to the brines and allowing the neptunium solids to precipitate. Vessels were maintained in contact with fixed CO{sub 2}(g) partial pressures at constant pH and 24 {+-} 1 C. Dissolved Np(V) concentrations decreased several orders of magnitude within the first 100 days of the experiment, while dissolved Np(VI) concentrations decreased initially but then remained relatively constant for more than 400 days. The solid phases formed in all experiments were identified by X-ray powder diffraction as KNpO{sub 2}CO{sub 3}{center_dot}xH{sub 2}O(s). Steady state concentrations for Np(V) are similar to those observed for Pu(V) in the same brines under the same conditions, where Pu occurs predominantly as Pu(V). Similarly, steady state concentrations for Np(VI), which was not reduced over a two year period, compare well with measured Pu(VI) concentrations in the same brines before the Pu(VI) was reduced to Pu(V).
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Novak, C. F.; Nitsche, H. & Silber, H. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: for filtration of plutonium oxalate slurries. A scalpel produces a slit in the filter precoat, leading to increased filtration in this slit, and the oxalate is removed by a doctor knife; this technique results in prolonged blowback cycles and more uniform delivery of filtered oxalate to subsequent processing steps. Several types of filter media were tested, and rigid porous aluminum oxide was found to be the best one. (D.L.C.)
Date: October 19, 1959
Creator: Rey, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production Test 235-5 Plant Process Evaluation Reduction of Plutonium Tetrafluoride With Calcium and Sulfur

Description: This report discusses the production of plutonium metal through the reduction of plutonium tetra fluoride with calcium metal and sulfur. It elaborates that iodine, which was originally used instead of calcium metal, presented several practical problems, but reductions completed with calcium were unsatisfactory.
Date: February 10, 1953
Creator: Kerr, W. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical review of minimum critical mass values for selected uranium and plutonium materials

Description: Current subcritical limits for a number of uranium and plutonium materials (metals and compounds) as given in the ANSI/ANS standards for criticality safety are based on evaluations performed in the late 1970s and early 1980s. This paper presents the results of an analytical study of the minimum critical mass values for a set of materials using current codes and standard cross section sets. This work is meant to produce a consistent set of minimum critical mass values that can form the basis for adding new materials to the single-parameter tables in ANSI/ANS-8.1. Minimum critical mass results are presented for bare and water reflected full-density spheres and for full density moist (1.5 wt-% water) as calculated with KENO-Va, MCNP4A and ONEDANT. Calculations were also performed for both dry and moist materials at one-half density. Some KENO calculations were repeated using several cross section sets to examine potential bias differences. The results of the calculations were compared to the currently accepted subcritical limits. The calculated minimum critical mass values are reasonably consistent for the three codes, and differences most likely reflect differences in the cross section sets. The results are also consistent with values given in ANSI/ANS-8.1. 3 refs., 2 tabs.
Date: September 1, 1997
Creator: Morman, J. A.; Henrikson, D. J. & Garcia, A. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimization of air-sparged plutonium oxalate/hydroxide precipitators

Description: The high cost of waste management and experimental work makes numerical modeling an inexpensive and attractive tool for optimizing and understanding complex chemical processes. Multiphase {open_quotes}bubble{close_quotes} columns are used extensively at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility for a variety of different applications. No moving parts and efficient mixing characteristics allow them to be used in glovebox operations. Initially, a bubble column for oxalate precipitations is being modeled to identify the effect of various design parameters such as, draft tube location, air sparge rate and vessel geometry. Two-dimensional planar and axisymmetric models have been completed and successfully compared to literature data. Also, a preliminary three-dimensional model has been completed. These results are discussed in this report along with future work.
Date: April 1, 1997
Creator: VanderHeyden, W.B.; Yarbro, S.L. & Fife, K.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department