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Brookhaven highlights for fiscal year 1991, October 1, 1990--September 30, 1991

Description: This report highlights Brookhaven National Laboratory's activities for fiscal year 1991. Topics from the four research divisions: Computing and Communications, Instrumentation, Reactors, and Safety and Environmental Protection are presented. The research programs at Brookhaven are diverse, as is reflected by the nine different scientific departments: Accelerator Development, Alternating Gradient Synchrotron, Applied Science, Biology, Chemistry, Medical, National Synchrotron Light Source, Nuclea… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Rowe, M.S.; Cohen, A.; Greenberg, D.; Seubert, L. & Kuper, J.B.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Strontium-90 Fueled Thermoelectric Generator Power Source for Five-Watt U.S. Coast Guard Light Buoy. Final Report

Description: The objectives of the SNAP 7A program were to design, manufacture, test, and deliver a five-watt electric generation system for a U. S. Coast Guard 8 x 26E light buoy. The 10-watt Sr/sup 90/ thermoelectric generator, the d-c-to-d-c converter, batteries and the method of installation in the light buoy are describcd. The SNAP 7A generator was fueled with four capsules containing a total of 40,800 curies of Sr/sup 90/ titanate. After fueling and testing, the SNAP 7A electric generating system was … more
Date: February 1, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Institutional research and development, FY 1987

Description: The Institutional Research and Development program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory fosters exploratory work to advance science and technology, disciplinary research to develop innovative solutions to problems in various scientific fields, and long-term interdisciplinary research in support of defense and energy missions. This annual report describes research funded under this program for FY87. (DWL)
Date: January 1, 1987
Creator: Struble, G. L.; Lawler, G. M.; Crawford, R. B.; Kirvel, R. D.; Peck, T. M.; Prono, J. K. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Oscillating Vertical Magnetic Dipole Above a Conducting Half-Space

Description: The electromagnetic field produced by a vertical oscillating magnetic dipole above a plane conducting earth is obtained in integral form. An exact solution in closed form is obtained for the case in which the dipole and the point of observation are both located on the surface of the earth. (auth)
Date: April 1, 1961
Creator: Wesley, J. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diffusion of Slow Electrons in Gases

Description: The properties of electrons in a gas and an external electric field, e.g., agitation velocity, free path, energy lost per collision, and collision cross sections, were determined for electrons of energy less than 2 ev in a large number of gases. The computations were made from previously measured values for Townsend's energy factor or the ratio of electron agitation energy to molecule thermal energy. Results are presented for hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, methane, ethylene, cyclopropane, … more
Date: October 24, 1961
Creator: Forester, D. W. & Cochran, L. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE FERRITE BIASING SYSTEM FOR THE RADIO FREQUENCY CAVITIES OF THE PRINCETON-PENNSYLVANIA 3 Bev PROTON SYNCHROTRON

Description: A description is given of the ferrite biasing system for the four tuned radio frequency cavities of the synchrotron. Each ferrite loaded double cavity has a single turn bias winding which is driven to a peak current of 13,500 amperes by a push-pull transformer arrangement. There is automatic tap changing of the transformer to accommodate the variable impedance load (for power considerations). The programming and frequency response of the system have to be such that each cavity can operate as th… more
Date: August 29, 1962
Creator: Rees, G.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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New Solutions of the Boltzmann Equation for Monoenergetic Neutron Transport in Spherical Geometry

Description: Solutions of the Boltzmann equation for monoenergetic neutron transport in spherical geometry are derived which are respectively singular and regular at the center of the sphere. A few specific partial singular solutions are presented. The regular solutions in spherical geometry are constructed by superposition of solutions in plane geometry which belong to the same k. Finally, the solutions are compared with their representations by a series of spherical harmonics. (D. L.C.)
Date: November 17, 1961
Creator: Kofink, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CRITICAL EXPERIMENTS FOR THE PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF THE ARGONNE HIGH FLUX REACTOR

Description: Critical experiments were performed with two assemblies simulating a cold clean, and an end-of-cycle,- Argonne High Flux Reactor, core. Data were obtained for flux distributions; cadmium ratios; temperature and void coefficients; and control rod, beam hole, and reflector worths. The data obtained furnished confirmation of theoretical predictions. The peak 2200-m/sec flux per unit power was measured as 3 x 10/sup 7/ n/(cm/sup 2/)(sec)(watt) for both cores. The two cores had internal H/sub 2/O th… more
Date: June 1, 1961
Creator: de Villiers, J.W.L. ed.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy-related doctoral scientists and engineers in the United States, 1977

Description: Information is compiled about the number and characteristics of doctoral-level engineers and scientists in primarily energy-related activities. These data are for the year 1977 and are part of the data base for a program of continuing studies on the employment and utilization of all scientists and engineers involved in energy-related activities. Data on mathematics, physics, chemistry, environmental engineering, engineering, life sciences, psychology, and social sciences doctoral degree special… more
Date: April 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lecture notes for criticality safety

Description: These lecture notes for criticality safety are prepared for the training of Department of Energy supervisory, project management, and administrative staff. Technical training and basic mathematics are assumed. The notes are designed for a two-day course, taught by two lecturers. Video tapes may be used at the options of the instructors. The notes provide all the materials that are necessary but outside reading will assist in the fullest understanding. The course begins with a nuclear physics ov… more
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Fullwood, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Emission Characteristics of Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, and Iridium in Plasma Diodes

Description: Experimental determinations of the ionic and electronic emission characteristics of Ta, W, Re, and lr cathodes in vapor thermionic converters are compared. It is shown that Ta provides superior thermal ionization qualities at high pressure compared with W, Re, and Lr. High electronic current densities may be obtained from Cs on Re and Cs on Ir at much lower Cs vapor pressures than from Ta or W. An over-all efficiency of 19% was achieved with a Re cathode at 2440 deg K. (auth)
Date: March 15, 1962
Creator: Gust, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A PROGRAM OF RESEARCH AND CALCULATIONS OF RESONANCE ABSORPTION. Final Report

Description: A direct numerical integration of the integral equation for the average collision density in the absorber was previously suggested in a discussion of resonance absorption. The implementation of this program is considered. The method of calculation, comparison with experimental data, and the computer code developed are described. The method of integration, computation of cross sections, selection of mesh size, integration interval, outside correction, the Dancoff correction, and unresolved reson… more
Date: August 28, 1961
Creator: Nordheim, L.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State of the art in semiconductor detectors

Description: The state of the art in semiconductor detectors for elementary particle physics and x-ray astronomy is briefly reviewed. Semiconductor detectors are divided into two groups; classical semiconductor diode detectors; and semiconductor memory detectors. Principles of signal formation for both groups of detectors are described and their performance is compared. New developments of silicon detectors are reported here. 13 refs., 8 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Rehak, P. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)) & Gatti, E. (Politecnico di Milano, Milan (Italy))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE THEORY AND MEASUREMENT OF CRITICALITY

Description: ABS>The measurable properties of a critical assembly (e.g.. fission, capture, and leakage rates; neutron-per-fission ratios; bare/Cd-covered reaction rate of-atios; danger eoefficients; etc.), whose judicious use completely defines tbcneutron economy in the assembly, are discussed. Require ments regarding the internal consisteney of these of:deasured quantities are reviewed. lt is concluded that theoretical analysis of the assembly must both reproduce the gross experimental results and reflect … more
Date: January 1, 1962
Creator: Kelber, C.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE RELEASE OF Kr$sup 85$ FROM UO$sub 2$ IN ORR CAPSULES

Description: In an attempt to determine the validity of the method of predicting the release of fission gases from U0/sub 2/ suggested recently by Cottrell et al., a series of calculations were made of the expected release of Kr/sup 85/ from prototype Experimental Gas-Cooled Reactor (EGCR) fuel capsule irradiated in the Oak Ridge Research Reactor (ORR). The computed values were then compared with measured values of the per cent Kr/sup 85/ released. In the calculations, the thermal conductivity of the U0/sub… more
Date: October 1, 1961
Creator: Scott, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Annotated Bibliography of Theories of the Equation of State of Ionized Gases and Strong Electrolyte Solutions

Description: This bibliography lists 297 references on the equation of state of ionized gases and electrolyte solutions, including calculations of closely related quantities such as free energy, partition functions, o smotic pre ssure, activity coefficients, and equilibrium compositions of partially ionized systems. A subject index and a supplementary list of 42 bibliographies on plasma physics and similar topics are included. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Brush, S. G. & Wensrich, C. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Physics Division Summary Report

Description: The use and operation of the 4.5-Mev Van de Graaff generator ts descrtbed. Sputtering experiments were conducted by bombarding single crystals of electrolytic copper wtth deuterons with energies of 0.8 to 2.5 Mev. The experimental results are discussed on the basis of existing sputtering theories. The kinetic-energy distribution and Boltzmann "temperatures" of most of the fragments of cyanogen under electron impact were determined. A lower limit of 0.05 ev for this temperature'' was also determ… more
Date: January 1, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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STUDIES OF THE SCINTILLATION PROCESS IN CsI(Tl)

Description: The scintillation response of CsI(Tl) crystals, having various thallium contents, was measured for excitation of the crystals by monoenergetic gamma rays, protons, and alpha particles. The investi gation was made to provide a test of some of the features of a theoretical model of the scintillation process in thallium-activated alkali iodides proposed by Murray and Meyer. In order to insure that the results obtained in this program would provide a critical test of the scintillation model, specia… more
Date: November 30, 1962
Creator: Gwin, R. & Murray, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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