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Final Technical Report

Description: The research project focuses on the following topics: a) removal of artifacts in the Doppler spectra from the ARM cloud radars, b) development of the second generation Active Remote Sensing of Cloud Layers (ARSCL) cloud data products, and c) evaluation of ARM cloud property retrievals within the framework of the EarthCARE simulator. We continue to pursue research on areas related to radiative transfer, atmospheric heating rates and related dynamics (topics of interest to the ARM science community at this time) and to contribute on an ad-hoc basis to the science of other ARM-supported principal investigators.
Date: February 22, 2010
Creator: Eugene Clothiaux, Johannes Verlinde, Jerry Harrington
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Caustic rings of dark matter

Description: It is shown that the infall of collisionless dark matter onto isolated galaxies produce a series of caustic rings in the halo dark matter distribution. The properties of these caustics are investigated. It is found in particular that the density profile of the caustic behaves as the inverse distance to the ring. Bumps in the rotation curve of NGC 3198 are interpreted as due to caustic rings of dark matter.
Date: May 6, 1997
Creator: Sikivie, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improved Efficiency of Miscible C02 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for C02 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs

Description: Surfactant and foam properties have been evaluated at high pressure using the foam durability apparatus. For a number of surfactant solutions the interfacial tension with cense CO2, critical micelle concentrations, foaming ability, and foam stability were determined. Preliminary results show that these tests correlate well to predict surfactant properties and mobility in cores. Work has also restarted in the parallel-dual permeability system.
Date: October 10, 1996
Creator: Guo, Boyn (Gordon); Schechter, David S.; Tsau, Jyun-Syung; Grigg, Reid B. & Chang, Shih-Hsien (Eric)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Top properties at the Tevatron

Description: We present the latest results associated with top properties at the Tevatron. The large data set collected in four years of running has allowed, after top discovery, the study of various top properties. The results presented here include the measurement of the CKM matrix element {vert_bar}V{sub if}{vert_bar}, the search for top FCNC, the study of properties of W in t decays and the search for heavy states decaying to tt pairs. Future measurements in top physics at the Tevatron are briefly discussed.
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Chiarelli, G. & Collaboration, The CDF
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Negative Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries

Description: Graphitized carbons have played a key role in the successful commercialization of Li-ion batteries. The physicochemical properties of carbon cover a wide range; therefore identifying the optimum active electrode material can be time consuming. The significant physical properties of negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries are summarized, and the relationship of these properties to their electrochemical performance in nonaqueous electrolytes, are discussed in this paper.
Date: October 1, 2001
Creator: Kinoshita, Kim & Zaghib, Karim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nanostructured block copolymers.

Description: Block copolymers are well known to undergo micro-phase separation. Typical domain sizes range from a few to about 100 nanometers. With use of OPV{sub n-}PEG{sub m} diblock copolymers, long nanofiber, short nanorod, and lamella morphologies have been observed. OPV is oligo(phenylenevinylene) and PEG is poly(ethyleneglycol). The OPV segment is photoluminescent as well as electroluminescent. The micrometer long OPV{sub 13-}PEG{sub 45} nanofiber consists of OPV{sub 13} inner core with radius of 5.2 nm, and PEG{sub 45} outer shell with overall fiber radius of 7.9 nm. The nanorod has similar core-shell composition but with much shorter length of {approx}100 nm. Lamella morphology consists of alternating OPV and PEG layers. The structural characterization and physical properties of these nanostructured materials and their implication are summarized.
Date: July 9, 2002
Creator: Wang, H. H.; Wang, H.; Yu, L.; Han, C. Y.; Csencsits, R.; Willing, G. A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geotechnical Analysis of Five Shelby Tube Samples from H-Area Retention Basin

Description: Geotechnical and geochemical analyses were performed on five Shelby tube samples collected in the H-Area Retention Basin (HRB) during July and August of 1998. The samples were collected as part of the HRB characterization study. The test results, which are documented in this report, will be used to support the HRB contaminant fate and transport modeling/analysis and to evaluate remedial options. The results will also be used as a base line for future treatability studies.
Date: June 2, 1999
Creator: Langton, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermodynamics of coherent open systems with applications to hydrides: The physical origin of hysteresis in absorption-desorption isotherms. [Final report]

Description: Purpose was to study the physical origin of a strong hysteresis on the pressure-composition isotherms of metal hydrides (plateau pressure during hydrogen absorption is several times higher than during reverse desorption). The research ended up studying the behavior of open coherent systems and the thermodynamics of an elastically coherent two-phase open system consisting of an interstitial solid solution in equilibrium with a gas reservoir of solute atoms.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Khachaturyan, A. & Schwarz, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Response and Physical Reoperties of NTA* Personnel NeutronDosimeter Nuclear Track Film

Description: This paper reports the chemical and physical properties of the NTA film packet. It correlates with these properties the response of this packet to neutrons of various energies. In this correlation the concept of the track unit is introduced as a basic unit for reporting film-packet response.
Date: March 13, 1961
Creator: Lehman, Richard L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elastic and transport properties in polycrystals of crackedgrains: Cross-property relations and microstructure

Description: Some arguments of Bristow (1960) concerning the effects of cracks on elastic and transport (i.e., electrical or thermal conduction) properties of cold-worked metals are reexamined. The discussion is posed in terms of a modern understanding of bounds and estimates for physical properties of polycrystals--in contrast to Bristow's approach using simple mixture theory. One type of specialized result emphasized here is the cross-property estimates and bounds that can be obtained using the methods presented. Our results ultimately agree with those of Bristow, i.e., confirming that microcracking is not likely to be the main cause of the observed elastic behavior of cold-worked metals. However, it also becomes clear that the mixture theory approach to the analysis is too simple and that crack-crack interactions are necessary for proper quantitative study of Bristow's problem.
Date: October 2, 2007
Creator: Berryman, J.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement techniques for evaluating encapsulant thermophysical properties during cure

Description: Sandia now has the capability to evaluate stresses during cure of epoxies with finite element codes. Numerous material parameters are needed as input to these codes. I present a relatively quick set of tests which enable evaluation of the required thermophysical properties. Ease and accuracy of the tests improve as the reaction rate of the thermoset slows. Material parameters for common encapsulants at Sandia are presented in tables.
Date: June 1, 1996
Creator: Adolf, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of sludge from K East basin floor and weasel pit

Description: Sludge samples from the floor of the Hanford K East Basin fuel storage pool have been retrieved and analyzed. Both chemical and physical properties have been determined. The results are to be used to determine the disposition of the bulk of the sludge and possibly assess the impact of residual sludge on dry storage of the associated intact metallic uranium fuel elements.
Date: May 4, 1996
Creator: Makenas, B.J., Westinghouse Hanford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of Surface Chemistry on the Porous Structure of Coal

Description: In this report, 129 Xe nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of xenon gas adsorbed in coal is used to describe some poorly understood features of coal microporous structure, particularly in establishing that a connected network exists, the type of connectivity, and its changes with the rank of coal. Micropore size scale and distribution are also considered. Two methods are developed which are new and versatile tools for the investigation of porous structure. Both utilize xenon gas that is in motion, while undergoing diffusion or exchange in coal, to describe the connectivity of the micropore structure of coal. Time tracking of the adsorption process by NMR, selective saturation, and saturation transfer techniques were used to obtain new information on the coal rank dependence of porous structure. In addition, an existing 129 Xe chemical shift-pore diameter model was used to calculate micropore diameters for coals, as well as for a microporous carbon, before and after pore-size alteration. In the initial study performed, straightforward 129 Xe NMR spectra at equilibrium xenon adsorption at a series of pressures were acquired for a rank-varied set of six coals. Acquisition of the NMR signal as an echo was tested and found to improve spectral quality. The spectra were used to calculate micropore diameters for the six coals. These range from 5.6 to 7.5 � and exhibit a minimum value for the intermediate coal rank. The smallest pores occur in coals of about 82-85% carbon; at both lower and higher coal ranks, the average micropore size tends to be larger. The changes in the spectra with coal rank and surface area were explored. Signal linewidths were found to decrease with increasing coal rank and were interpreted in terms of increasing chemical or physical homogeneity of the coal as rank increases. The packing density of powdered coal was found ...
Date: May 1, 1997
Creator: Radovic, Ljubisa R. & Hatcher, Patrick G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Materials Compatibility and Migration in Polymer Systems

Description: This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The purpose of this project to study the effects of materials migration by direct measurement of the diffusion and convective migration processes in complex polymeric materials and to develop appropriate predictive models. The use of isotopically tagged probe molecules to measure in-situ the diffusion of water in estane was demonstrated. A special environmental cell with a thin window was fabricated to enable real time measurements to be made under realistic conditions simulating actual operating parameters. Depth profiles were measured quantitatively using ion beam methods available at the Los Alamos Ion Beam Materials Laboratory. The Williams-Landau-Ferry model was adopted as a general expression for diffusion of a volatile material in a polymer. This model contains both thermal activation and free-volume change effects to account for the changes in polymeric structure with temperature and physical properties as embodied in the glass-transition temperature. A theoretical simulation of water migration in polyurethane was performed and compared to the ideal 1-D, constant temperature, constant-boundary concentration test problem, for which an analytical solution is known. The transport code works properly and indicates that time steps on the order of 10 minutes are permissible, which is the order of the time required to collect data for one measurement in the ion beam.
Date: July 10, 1999
Creator: Maggiore, C.J. & Valone, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Diagnostic study on retrieving bulk microphysical properties of low-level stratiform clouds and its implication on climate research

Description: The importance of low-level stratiform clouds to the planetary radiation balance is due to their persistence and coverage, and their effect on the planetary albedo. The vertical distribution of liquid water in these clouds is pertinent to many applications in atmospheric research. As a result, some cloud retrieval techniques have been developed with the assumptions, such as an adiabatic condition, no loss of liquid water via drizzle and/or a large liquid water path.
Date: March 1, 1998
Creator: Chin, H.-N.S.; Rodriguez, D.J.; Cederwall, R.T.; Chuang, C.C.; Grossman, A.S.; Yio, J.J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A collection of wood properties. Version 1.1

Description: Reference books are the primary source of wood property data for use in research, school, or business. it has been our experience that obtaining the needed data from several references can be a cumbersome and time-consuming ordeal. These spreadsheets are a compilation of data from several well-known references. Version 1.1 includes the most recent update of commercial woods of the United States and the world. It is intended that they be used for quick summaries, comparisons, and calculations to increase the efficiency of the professional user in report preparation.
Date: September 1, 1992
Creator: Toennisson, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Esperanzaite, NaCa(2)Al(2)(As(5+)O(4))[As(5+)O(3)(OH)](OH)(2)F(4)(H(2)O), A New Mineral From Mina La Esperanza, Mexico: Descriptive Mineralogy and Atomic Arrangement

Description: Esperanzaite, ideally NaCazA12(As5+0.i)[As5+03 (OH)] (OH)2FJH20), Z =2, is a new mineral from the Mina h Esperarq Durango State, Mexico. The mineral occurs as blue-green botryoidal crystalline masses on rhyolite, with separate spheres up to 1.5 mm Y Deceased in diameter. Mobs hardness is 4.5, specific gravity 3.240h, and 3.36( 3)C.IC. Optical properties were measured in 589 nm light. Esperanzaite is biaxial (-), .Y= Y = Z= colorless, a 1.580(1), ~ 1.588( 1), and y 1.593(1 ); 2V0hs is 74(1 ~ and 2 }'CUIC is 76.3". Dispersion is medium, r < v, and optic axes are oriented as a A Z = +50.5o, b = Y, c P. X = +35". The five strongest X-ray diffraction maxima in the powder pattern are (~ /, hk~: 2.966,100, 13 i, 31 i, 031 ; 3.527,90, 220; 2.700,90,221,002, 040; 5.364>80, 001, 020; 4.796,80,011. Esperanzaite is monoclinic, u 9.687(5), b 10.7379(6), c 5.5523(7)& ~ 105.32( 1 )", space group P21/nz. The atomic arrangement of esperanzaite was solved by Direct Methods and Fourier analysis (R= 0.03 1). The Fundamental Building Block is formed of stacks of heteropolyhedral tetramers; the tetramers are formed of two arsenate tetrahedral and two Al octahedra, comer-linked in 4-member rings. The Fundamental Building Blocks are linked by irregular lda~j and Ca@ polyhedra.
Date: November 9, 1998
Creator: Cureton, F.; Falster, A.U.; Foord, E.E.; Hlava, P.F.; Hughes, J.M. & Maxwell, C.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solid state physics program. Final report

Description: During the 17 year period of this research, experimental and theoretical investigations were completed in many aspects of cohesive properties of metals and alloys and dielectric properties of various crystals and glasses together with the temperature and pressure derivatives of both properties. Studies of the magnetization and magnetic anisotropy indicate superparamagnetism is common in oligatomic condensed films and any decreased magnetic moment must be associated with surface atoms. Large intrinsic stresses are associated with growth morphology and impurities at grain boundaries. Transport properties in normal metals have been investigated theoretically. A number of basic theorems for disordered systems were derived. (204 references) (auth)
Date: June 1, 1975
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statistical Analysis and Geologic Evaluation of Laboratory-Derived Physical Property Data for Selected Nevada Test Site Core Samples of Non-Zeolitized Tuffs

Description: A statistical analysis and geologic evaluation of recently acquired laboratory-derived physical property data are being performed to better understand and more precisely correlate physical properties with specific geologic parameters associated with non-zeolitized tuffs at the Nevada Test Site. Physical property data include wet and dry bulk density, grain density (i.e., specific gravity), total porosity, and effective porosity. Geologic parameters utilized include degree of welding, lithology, stratigraphy, geographic area, and matrix mineralogy (i.e., vitric versus devitrified). Initial results indicate a very good correlation between physical properties and geologic parameters such as degree of welding, lithology, and matrix mineralogy. However, physical properties appear to be independent of stratigraphy and geographic area, suggesting that the data are transferrable with regards to these two geologic parameters. Statistical analyses also indicate that the assumed grain density of 2.65 grams per cubic centimeter used to calculate porosity in some samples is too high. This results in corresponding calculated porosity values approximately 5 percent too high (e.g., 45 percent versus 40 percent), which can be significant in the lower porosity rocks. Similar analyses and evaluations of zeolitic tuffs and carbonate rock physical properties data are ongoing as well as comparisons to geophysical log values.
Date: April 20, 2009
Creator: Restoration, NSTec Environmental
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transparent Conducting Oxides: Status and Opportunities in Basic Research

Description: In this paper, we begin by discussing the historical background of transparent conducting oxides and then make some general remarks about their typical properties. This is followed by a short discussion of the desired properties for future applications (particularly photovoltaic devices). These are ambitious objectives but they provide targets for future basic research and development. Although it may be possible to obtain these properties in the laboratory, it is vital to ensure that account is taken of industrial perceptions to the development of the next generation of materials. Hence, we spend some time discussing industrial criteria. Next, we discuss key physical properties that determine the macroscopic physical properties that, in turn, affect the performance of devices. Finally, we select several key topics that ought to be included in future basic research programs.
Date: August 1, 1999
Creator: Coutts, T. J.; Perkins, J. D.; Ginley, D.S. & Mason, T. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Progress Report for THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS AND FLUID MIXTURES

Description: The DOE supported research is a theoretical statistical-mechanical based study of the thermophysical properties of fluids and fluid mixtures. It focuses upon thermodynamic and transport properties in particular. In addition the study covers the development of new ways for predicting the microscopic structure of fluids in a wide range of thermodynamic state parameters, including the critical point.
Date: January 28, 2009
Creator: Stell, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department