High-Energy, Long-Lived Charge Separated States via Molecular Engineering of Triplet State Donor-Acceptor Systems
Description: Molecular engineering of donor-acceptor dyads and multimodular systems to control the yield and lifetime of charge separation is one of the key goals of artificial photosynthesis for harvesting sustainably solar energy. The design of the donor-acceptor systems mimic a part of green plants and bacterial photosynthetic processes. The photochemical events in natural photosynthesis involve the capturing and funneling of solar energy by a group of well-organized chromophores referred to as an ‘antenna' system causing an electron transfer into the ‘reaction center,' where an electron transfer processes occur resulting a long-lived charge separated state. Over the last two to three decades, many efforts have been directed by the scientific community designing of multi-modular systems that are capable of capturing most of the useful sunlight and generating charge separated states of prolonged lifetimes with adequate amounts of energy. In this dissertation, we report on the design and synthesis of donor–acceptor conjugates with the goal of modulating the yield and lifetime of their charge separated states and hence, improving the conversion of light energy into chemical potential. In simple donor-acceptor systems, generally, the energy and electron transfer events originate from the singlet excited state of the donor or acceptor and can store the greatest amount of energy but must be fast to out compete intersystem crossing. To address this limitation, we have designed novel donor –acceptor conjugates that use high-energy triplet sensitizers in which electron transfer is initiated from the long lived triplet state of the donor. The triplet photosensitizers used were palladium(II) porphyrin and platinum(II) porphyrin. Heavy metal effect in these porphyrins promoted intersystem crossing and the energies of their excited state was quite high. For the case of palladium (II) porphyrin the energy stored was found to 1.89 eV and that of platinum(II) porphyrin 1.84 eV. In addition to using triplet ...
Date: August 2018
Creator: Obondi, Christopher O
Partner: UNT Libraries