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Chemical Cleavage of Human Phosphoglucose Isomerase at Cysteine

Description: The present study has resulted in the development of a procedure for the specific chemical fragmentation of human phosphoglucose isomerase into a minimal number of peptides. A two-cycle procedure for cleaving the protein with 2-nitro-5- thiocyanobenzoic acid results in four primary peptides and three overlap peptides. The peptides can be readily separated on the basis of their size by using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Preliminary peptide alignments have been considered, and amino acid analyses have been performed. End-terminal analyses of the enzyme revealed a carboxyl terminal sequence of Asp-Val-Gln and a blocked amino terminus. The cysteine cleavage procedure provides an excellent method for the identification and location of specific genetic mutations of human phosphoglucose isomerase.
Date: December 1975
Creator: Conn, Worth R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Human phosphoglucose isomerase: isolation and characterization of wild type and the Singh allozyme

Description: A procedure was developed for the rapid isolation of human phosphoglucose isomerase by substrate-induced elution from cellulose phosphate. The high degree of selectivity of the elution provided homogenous enzyme from erythrocytes after a purification of approximately 30,000-fold with a recovery of approximately 70%. The enzyme was also isolated from other human tissues by a similar procedure.
Date: August 1974
Creator: Tilley, Bill E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Quantitative Radioimmunoassay for Phosphoglucose Isomerase and Its Utilization in Detecting Cross-Reactive Material in Variant Forms of Phosphoglucose Isomerase and in Human Tissues

Description: A method for purification and radiolabelling phosphoglucose isomerase was devised in order to develop a sensitive quantitative radioimmunoassay for the detection of the enzyme irrespective of its catalytic activity. For four genetic variants of PGI no difference in the molecular specific activity was observed. In one variant (PGI-Denton), liver and heart tissue extracts, and in mature erythrocytes (as compared to normal erythrocytes), a decreased molecular specific activity was observed which initially may imply that these samples contain cross-reactive material which is not catalytically active.
Date: May 1979
Creator: Purdy, Kimberly L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Denaturation, Renaturation and Other Structural Studies on Phosphoglucose Isomerases

Description: Structural properties of phosphoglucose isomerases isolated from a variety of species have been compared by peptide fingerprinting, predicted amino acid sequence homologies and by denaturation and renaturation studies. The enzymes are more readily denatured in guanidinium chloride than in urea, and the isomerase isolated from yeast is more stable toward acid pH than the rabbit muscle enzyme. The rates of guanidinium chloride-induced denaturation are markedly increased by ionic strength and decreased by substrates, competitive inhibitors or glycerol. The enzyme can be renatured, but only in the presence of glycerol. The renaturation process is dependent on protein concentration and temperature and provides a method for the formation of mixed species heterodimers.
Date: December 1975
Creator: Young, Clint D.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Separation and Characterization of Variant Forms of Phosphoglucose Isomerase: Purification and Structural Analysis of Active Site Peptides from Human and Rabbit Phosphoglucose Isomerase

Description: A method has been developed for the rapid, quantitative separation of normal and abnormal phosphoglucose isoemrase allozymes from individuals heterozygous for genetic variant forms of the enzyme. The method utilizes a substrate gradient elution of the enzyme from carboxymethyl Biogel and is far superior in terms of resolution and recovery to methods based on electrophoresis and isoelectric focusing. Four different genetic variant forms of the enzyme were isolated and subjected to a systematic comparison of their physical, catalytic and stability properties. The physical and catalytic properties of the variants were similar; however, clear differences in the stability of the allozymes were apparent.
Date: May 1980
Creator: Gibson, David R.
Partner: UNT Libraries