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Oil Industry Profits: Analysis of Recent Performance

Description: This report analyzes the profit performance of firms in the oil industry, evaluates factors that might have affected profitability in the oil industry, and examines the use of profits by the industry and the implications for the development of the oil market.
Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

World Oil Demand and the Effect on Oil Prices

Description: Demand patterns for world oil and oil products show significant diversity by country, region, and product groupings. As a result of this diversity it is not possible to attach blame for the current level of price to any one nation, region, or product segment. The view that the oil market is international in scope and tightly interrelated is enhanced by the demand data. As a result of the integrated nature of the world oil market it is unlikely that any one nation acting on its own can implement policies that isolate its market from broader price behavior. As new major oil importers, notably China, and potentially India, expand their demand, the oil market likely will have to expand production capacity. This promises to increase the world’s dependence on the Persian Gulf members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, especially Saudi Arabia, and maintain upward pressure on price.
Date: August 18, 2004
Creator: Pirog, Robert L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline Price Surge Revisited: Crude Oil and Refingery Issues

Description: Gasoline prices have been extremely volatile for well over a year, with three significant price spikes focusing the attention of consumers and policy makers on the gas pump. This report discusses the issue of gas price fluctuations, focusing on crude oil inventory and other factors.
Date: May 17, 2004
Creator: Kumins, Lawrence & Bamberger, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coping with High Oil Prices: A Summary of Options

Description: A near tripling in the price of crude oil from March 1999 to the first months of 2000, coupled with other developments, initially brought about sharp increases in the price of home heating oil and diesel fuel, which are essentially the same product. Gasoline prices then increased. These developments brought about discussion of what might be done to mitigate price increases and possible spot shortages, and what might be done to prevent a similar situation in the future.
Date: April 19, 2000
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.; Kumins, Lawrence C. & Lazzari, Salvatore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

World Oil Demand and its Effect on Oil Prices

Description: Demand patterns for world oil and oil products show significant diversity by country, region, and product groupings. As a result of this diversity it is not possible to attach blame for the current level of price to any one nation, region, or product segment. The view that the oil market is international in scope and tightly interrelated is enhanced by the demand data. As a result of the integrated nature of the world oil market it is unlikely that any one nation acting on its own can implement policies that isolate its market from broader price behavior. As new major oil importers, notably China, and potentially India, expand their demand, the oil market likely will have to expand production capacity. This promises to increase the world’s dependence on the Persian Gulf members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, especially Saudi Arabia, and maintain upward pressure on price.
Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Pirog, Robert L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Oil Imports and Exports

Description: Oil import and export developments pose a host of policy issues. Concerns about import dependence continue to generate interest in policy options to directly discourage imports or to reduce the need for imports by increasing domestic supply and decreasing demand. Rising exports at a time of rising prices has led to calls for policies to restrict such trade. The debate around the Keystone XL pipeline involves concerns about imports, exports, and the environment. The rising cost for fuels has led to calls for release of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, meant to provide a short term policy option in case of supply disruptions. Policy options may entail various economic, fiscal, and environmental trade-offs.
Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Nerurkar, Neelesh
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

OPEC and Non-OPEC Crude Oil Production Agreement: Compliance Status

Description: This report discusses OPEC's policy and agreement with 11 non-OPEC countries to reduce oil production to stabilize the price of oil which began January 1, 2017 and is in effect until March 31, 2018. Brief descriptions of the results of the agreement on global oil stocks are provided.
Date: November 16, 2017
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Impact of the Rise in the Price of Crude Oil on the World Economy: Prognosis and Policy Options

Description: This report outlines the major effects of OPEC countries raising the effective oil prices from $3.45 a barrel to $9 a barrel in 1973. The main economic problems the author mentions are inflation, domestic demand, and acute balance-of-payments. In addition, this report outlines policy options for the United States and other industrial countries.
Date: February 10, 1974
Creator: Reifman, Alfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Independence: Would It Free the United States From Oil Price Shocks?

Description: Over the past 25-years, the U.S. economy has experienced four large oil price shocks (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-91, and 1999-2000). Each has been a catalyst for discussions about a proper national energy policy. Many analysts have suggested that energy independence should be an integral part of such a policy. Both major party candidates for president in the 2000 election expressed similar views. However, U.S. suppliers of energy participate in the world energy market. So long as prices are determined in that market, energy independence will not free the United States from oil price shocks.
Date: January 11, 2002
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department