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Innovative directional and position specific sampling technique

Description: The main objective of UTD`s completed contract was to demonstrate the accuracy UTD POsition LOcator (POLO) system d for penetrometer applications. The contract work was accomplished in three phases. Phase I involved sub-scale refinement of the POLO sub-systems which included the design and testing of individual components of POLO. The objectives of Phase II were to integrate a prototype POLO unit and demonstrate its accuracy through laboratory tracking experiments. Phase III objectives included manufacturing and assembly of a full-scale POLO unit and demonstration of its accuracy under field conditions. The success criterion for the entire contract was to calculate the penetrometer tip position with 0.5% accuracy or better with respect to distance traveled both in laboratory and field tests. This criterion was satisfied in Phase II laboratory tests and in Phase III field tests at two different sites. With successful completion of the contract in September, 1994, UTD has embarked on a commercialization plan in order to make commercial POLO units available to DOE contractors and penetrometer users in a timely fashion.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Foster, E.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Completion of Hanford Tanks Initiative characterization milestone T04-98-523

Description: The HTI subsurface characterization task will use the Hanford Cone Penetrometer platform (CPP) to deploy soil sensor and sampling probes into the vadose zone/soils around AX-104 during FY-99. This document provides copies of the first data collected from the HTI sensor probes during vendor field developmental tests performed at a Cold test site in the Hanford 200 East area. Conduct of the initial test also established completion of a major contractor milestone of the HTI Characterization task (MS T04-98-523: Complete preparation of the HTICP probes and transfer to Hanford/HTI. Conduct an initial MSP push using the CPP).
Date: October 23, 1998
Creator: IWATATE, D.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The HTI subsurface characterization task will use the Hanford Cone Penetrometer platform (CPP) to deploy soil sensor and sampling probes into the vadose zone/soils around AX-104 during FY-99. This report provides the data and information compiled during vendor field development tests and laboratory/bench checkout. This document is a vendor deliverable item identified in the ARA Statement of Work HNF-2881, Revision 1. This version of the DTR includes to-be-determined items and some incomplete sections. The Rev. 0 is being released to support the concurrent task of procedure preparation and Qualification Test Plan preparation. Revision 1 is planned to contain all data and information.
Date: October 26, 1998
Creator: Iwatate, D. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary numerical modeling results - cone penetrometer (CPT) tip used as an electrode

Description: Figure 1 shows the resistivity models considered in this study; log10 of the resistivity is shown. The graph on the upper left hand side shows a hypothetical resisitivity well log measured along a well in the upper layered model; 10% Gaussian noise has been added to the well log data. The lower model is identical to the upper one except for one square area located within the second deepest layer. Figure 2 shows the electrode configurations considered. The ''reference'' case (upper frame) considers point electrodes located along the surface and along a vertical borehole. The ''CPT electrode'' case (middle frame) assumes that the CPT tip serves as an electrode that is electrically connected to the push rod; the surface electrodes are used in conjuction with the moving CPT electrode. The ''isolated CPT electrode'' case assumes that the electrode at the CPT tip is electrically isolated from the pushrod. Note that the separate CPT push rods in the middle and lower frames are shown separated to clarify the figure; in reality, there is only one pushrod that is changing length as the probe advances. Figure 3 shows three pole-pole measurement schemes were considered; in all cases, the ''get lost'' electrodes were the leftmost and rightmost surface electrodes. The top frame shows the reference scheme where all surface and borehole electrodes can be used. The middle frame shows two possible configurations available when a CPT mounted electrode is used. Note that only one of the four poles can be located along the borehole at any given time; electrode combinations such as the one depicted in blue (upper frame) are not possible in this case. The bottom frame shows a sample configuration where only the surface electrodes are used. Figure 4 shows the results obtained for the various measurement schemes. The white lines ...
Date: December 19, 2006
Creator: Ramirez, A L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EM Task 13 - Cone Penetrometer for Subsurface Heavy Metals Detection

Description: Surface and subsurface contamination of soils by heavy metals, including Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn, and Cd has become an area of concern for many industrial and government organizations (1) Conventional sampling and analysis techniques for soil provide a high degree of sensitivity and selectivity for individual analytes. However, obtaining a representative sampling and analysis from a particular site using conventional techniques is time consuming and costly (2) Additionally, conventional methods are difficult to implement in the field for in situ and/or real-time applications. Therefore, there is a need for characterization and monitoring techniques for heavy metals in soils that allow cost-effective, rapid, in situ measurements. The overall objectives of this project are to evaluate potential calibration techniques for the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)-CPT instrument, to provide a preliminary evaluation of the LIBS instrument calibration using samples obtained from the field and to provide technical support to field demonstration of the LIBS-CPT instrument at a DOE facility.
Date: November 1, 1998
Creator: Grisanti, Ames A. & Crocker, Charlene R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A steerable/distance enhanced penetrometer delivery system: Phase II. Topical report

Description: This report summarizes the phase II work on the Position Location Device (POLO) for penetrometers. Phase II was carried out to generate an integrated design of a full-scale steerable/distance enhanced penetrometer delivery system. Steering provides for the controlled and directional use of the penetrometer, while vibratory thrusting can provide greater penetration ability.
Date: May 1, 1996
Creator: Amini, A.; Shenhar, J. & Lum, K.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A steerable/distance enhanced penetrometer delivery system: Phase I. Topical report, August 1994--August 1995

Description: The characterization, monitoring, and remediation of many of the nation`s highly contaminated sites are among the highest priorities of the Department of Energy (DOE). In underground contaminated sites, detection and mapping of the plume of contamination and in-situ remediation are the first steps towards clean up. The needs for these steps include a depth capability ranging from tens of feet to between 100 to 200 feet, ability to go around underground obstacles with curvatures that do not damage downhole components, and downhole access for delivery of environmental sensors. In addition, in some instances it is necessary to use light weight equipment over underground storage tanks in order to avoid collapse of the tank. Baseline technologies of {open_quotes}aim and shoot{close_quotes} well drilling do not satisfy all of these needs, are not as efficient, and can further contaminate the site by bringing underground contaminants to the surface. As a result new technologies are needed to carry out underground site clean up more efficiently. This report describes phase I of the development of a device for the control and penetration of penetrometers termed the Position Location Device (POLO). Work consisted of the design of steering components and vibratory penetration components.
Date: August 1, 1995
Creator: Amini, A. & Shenhar, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determining Contaminant Distribution and Migration by Integrating Data from Multiple Cone Penetrometer-Based Tools

Description: The cone penetrometer has been used for geologic characterization at the U.S. Department of Energy-owned Savannah River Site for the past seven years.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Rossabi, J.; Jarosch, T.R.; Riha, B.D.; Looney, B.B.; Jackson, D.G.; Eddy-Dilek, C.A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Internal Reflection Sensor for the Cone Penetrometer

Description: The objectives of this project are to design, assemble, test, and demonstrate a prototype Internal Reflection Sensor (IRS) for the cone penetrometer. The sensor will ultimately be deployed during site characterization with the goal of providing real-time, in situ detection of NonAqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) in the subsurface. In the first phase of this program, we have designed and assembled an IRS module that interfaces directly to a standard cone penetrometer system. Laboratory tests demonstrated that the sensor responds in real-time to a wide variety of free phase NAPLs without interference from natural materials such as water and soil of various types or dissolved contaminants. In a preliminary field test, the sensor was able to locate NAPLs at thin, discrete depths in a soil test pit when deployed with a cone penetrometer. Ruggedness of the device was tested with a series of penetrometer pushes to the depth of refusal at a clean location. There was no visible damage to the sensor and its performance did not change in the course of these experiments. Based on the successes of the Phase I program, it is recommended that the project proceed to full-scale demonstration in Phase II.
Date: May 29, 1998
Creator: Bello, Job
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geological Interpretation of the Structure and Stratigraphy of the A/M Area, Savannah River Site, South Carolina

Description: The geological interpretation of the structure and stratigraphy of the A/M Area was undertaken in order to evaluate the effects of deeper Cretaceous aged geological strata and structure on shallower Tertiary horizons.
Date: December 1997
Creator: Wyatt, D.; Aadland, R.K.; Cumbest, R.J.; Stephenson, D.E. & Syms, F.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interpretation of Geological Correlation Borings 1, 2, 3 in the A/M Area of the Savannah River Site, South Carolina

Description: The Geophysical Correlation Boring (GCB) Program was organized to provide a comprehensive correlation capability between geological core and advanced borehole geophysical data, surface high resolution reflection seismic information and, when available, borehole geochemical and cone penetrometer data. This report provides results and initial geological interpretations of borings one, two, and three (GCB-1, GCB-2, GCB-3) located within the Upper Three Runs Watershed (A/M Area) of the Savannah River Site.
Date: June 1997
Creator: Wyatt, D. E.; Cumbest, R. J.; Aadland, R. K.; Syms, F. H.; Stephenson, D. E. & Sherrill, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Test Plan for the Demonstration of Geophysical Techniques for Single-Shell Tank Leak Detection at the Hanford Mock Tank Site: Fiscal Year 2001

Description: As part of the Leak Detection, Monitoring and Mitigation (LDMM) program conducted by CH2M HILL 105-A during FY 2001. These tests are being conducted to assess the applicability of these methods (Electrical Resistance Tomography [ERT], High Resolution Resistivity [HRR], Cross-Borehole Seismography [XBS], Cross-Borehole Radar [XBR], and Cross-Borehole Electromagnetic Induction [CEMI]) to the detection and measurement of Single Shell Tank (SST) leaks into the vadose zone during planned sluicing operations. The testing in FY 2001 will result in the selection of up to two methods for further testing in FY 2002. In parallel with the geophysical tests, a Partitioning Interwell Tracer Test (PITT) study will be conducted simultaneously at the Mock Tank to assess the effectiveness of this technology in detecting and quantifying tank leaks in the vadose zone. Preparatory and background work using Cone Penetrometer methods (CPT) will be conducted at the Mock Tank site and an adjacent test area to derive soil properties for groundtruthing purposes for all methods.
Date: July 31, 2001
Creator: Barnett, Brent; Gee, Glendon W & Sweeney, Mark D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

System design description cone penetrometer system

Description: The system design description documents in detail the design of the cone penetrometer system. The systems includes the cone penetrometer physical package, raman spectroscopy package and moisture sensor package. Information pertinent to the system design, development, fabrication and testing is provided.
Date: August 12, 1996
Creator: Seda, R. Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cone penetrometer acceptance test report

Description: This Acceptance Test Report (ATR) documents the results of acceptance test procedure WHC-SD-WM-ATR-151. Included in this report is a summary of the tests, the results and issues, the signature and sign- off ATP pages, and a summarized table of the specification vs. ATP section that satisfied the specification.
Date: September 19, 1996
Creator: Boechler, G.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final design report for cone penetrometer platform

Description: The final design report documents the completion of the design review meetings for acceptance of the cone penetrometer from the vendor. All design comments have been dispositioned and closed. Open items dealt with completion of the safety assessment,operational procedures, operational testing and readiness review.
Date: August 13, 1996
Creator: Seda, R. Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A/M Area Metallurgical Laboratory: Summary of Phase I Characterization Well Installation, Cone Penetrometer Testing and Soil Coring for Soil Headspace Analysis

Description: This report documents the Phase I characterization of chlorinated solvent contamination in the regulatory-defined uppermost aquifer (includes the M Area, Lost Lake and middle sand aquifer zones) within the Metallurgical Laboratory (Met Lab) of the A/M Area.
Date: November 5, 1999
Creator: Van Pelt, R.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cone Penetrometer Off-Surface Sensor

Description: Cone penetrometer technology accounts for approximately 50 percent of the subsurface drilling done at the Savannah River Site. This technology provides a means of collecting data for use in the characterization of the subsurface. The cone penetrometer consists of a steel cone attached to a pipe column that is hydraulically inserted into the ground. To allow researchers to accurately measure subsurface properties, without the inherent problems of cone penetrometer equipment, the Savannah River Technology Center has developed the Cone Penetrometer Off-Surface Sensor (CPOSS). The CPOSS design consists of a knife-blade mechanism mounted along the surface of a module capable of attaching to existing cone penetrometer equipment and being deployed at depths of up to 200 feet. CPOSS development is the subject of this report.
Date: October 20, 1999
Creator: Smail, T.R.; French, p.J.; Huffman, R.K. & Hebert, P.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Over 160 acres of tree seedlings were planted during the last quarter. This quarter marked the beginning of the installation of new instrumentation and the inspection and calibration of previously installed recording devices. Sampling systems were initiated to quantify initial seedling success as well as height measurements. Nursery seedlings have been inoculated to produce mycorrhizal treated stock for 2004 spring plantings to determine the effects on carbon sequestration. All planting areas in western Kentucky have been sampled with the recording cone penetrometer and the nuclear density gauge to measure soil density.
Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Graves, Donald H.; Barton, Christopher; Sweigard, Richard & Warner, Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The first phase of development of a wireline cone penetrometer system for multiple tool usage was completed under DOE award number DE-AR26-98FT40366. Cone penetrometer technology (CPT) has received widespread interest and is becoming more commonplace as a tool for environmental site characterization activities at several Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Although CPT already offers many benefits for site characterization, the wireline system can improve CPT technology by offering greater utility and increased cost savings. Currently the use of multiple CPT tools during a site characterization (i.e. piezometric cone, chemical sensors, core sampler, grouting tool) must be accomplished by withdrawing the entire penetrometer rod string to change tools. This results in multiple penetrations being required to collect the data and samples that may be required during characterization of a site, and to subsequently seal the resulting holes with grout. The wireline CPT system allows multiple CPT tools to be interchanged during a single penetration, without withdrawing the CPT rod string from the ground. The goal of the project is to develop and demonstrate a system by which various tools can be placed at the tip of the rod string depending on the type of information or sample desired. Under the base contract, an interchangeable piezocone and grouting tool was designed, fabricated, and evaluated. The results of the evaluation indicate that success criteria for the base contract were achieved. In addition, the wireline piezocone tool was validated against ASTM standard cones, the depth capability of the system was found to compare favorably with that of conventional CPT, and the reliability and survivability of the system were demonstrated.
Date: August 1, 1999
Creator: Farrington, Stephen P.; Gildea, Martin L. & Bianchi, J. Christopher
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hanford Tanks Initiative cone penetrometer siting plan and progress report

Description: The HTI subsurface characterization task will use the Hanford Cone Penetrometer platform (CPP) to deploy soil sensor and sampling probes into the vadose zone/soils around AX-104 during FY-99. This Siting Plan describes activities and actions undertaken in support of CPP deployment: deployment goals, maps of the deployment sites/locations, pre-activity (siting-related) documentation tasks, a summary of activities that have been completed to date, and an estimated schedule of additional planned activities.
Date: October 15, 1998
Creator: IWATATE, D.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hanford tank initiative cone penetrometer stand alone grouting module

Description: The HTI subsurface characterization task will use the Hanford Cone Penetrometer platform (CPP) to deploy contaminant sensor and soil sampling probes into the vadose zone surrounding SST 241-AX-104. Closure of the resulting penetration holes may be stipulated by WAC requirements. A stand alone grouting capability deployable by the CPP has been developed. This qualification test plan defines testing of this capability to be performed at the Immobilized Low Activity Waste Disposal Complex.
Date: October 15, 1998
Creator: CALLAWAY, W.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department