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Palau's fall would weaken Japs.

Description: Black & white map of the southern Pacific Ocean, showing the north of Australia, parts of China, Korea, and French-Indo-China, New Guinea, the Philippines, Japan, and several small islands. An inset text box in the lower left corner titled "Pacific Progress" describes the completed and future goals of the U.S. armed forces toward defeating Japan. In the upper right corner is an inset map of Palau.
Date: 1944
Creator: O'Donohoe, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oral History Interview with Jerome D. Fox, August 21, 2003

Description: Interview with Jerome D. Fox, an OS2U Kingfisher gunner aboard the cruiser USS Detroit in the Pacific Theater during World War II. The interview includes Fox's personal experiences about childhood on a ranch in West Texas, enlisting in the Navy, boot camp at San Diego, California, aerial gunner school at Naval Air Station, Modesto, California, his assignment to the OS2U crew aboard the USS Detroit, patrol duty in the Aleutian Islands, bombardment of the Kurile Islands, South American patrol, his assignment to the Central Pacific Theater as an escort for the Tanker Division in refueling carrier battle groups, kamikaze attacks, operations off Iwo Jima and Okinawa, the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay, and his postwar activities.
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Date: August 21, 2003
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Fox, Jerome D.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William J. Bates, February 7, 2001

Description: Interview with Navy veteran William J. Bates. The interview includes Bates' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education, the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, flight training, leaving naval aviation and attending Midshipman's School, being assigned to APc-21, operations off the coast of New Guinea with the VII Amphibious Force, providing escort duty for LCTs during assaults along the coast of New Guinea, the sinking of APc-21 by Japanese planes off New Britain Island, recuperating in New Guinea, returning to the States and being assigned to ATR-22, transferring to fleet tug ARA-182 as commanding officer, having convoy duty in the South Pacific, riding out a typhoon, disposing of Navy equipment after the war, and returning to the States.
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Date: February 7, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bates, William J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Melvin R. Baird, 1998

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Melvin R. "Pancho" Baird. It includes a combination of interviewing and reading from Baird's personal correspondence about his pre-World War II experiences with the U.S. Asiatic Fleet and his later experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Baird talks about his stationing aboard the destroyer USS Alden as a radioman, the grounding of the SS President Hoover off of Hoishito Island, the Sino-Japanese War, liberty ashore various Asian port cities, events on the South China Patrol, civilian activities after his discharge, activities as a radio technician on Blue Beach during the Okinawan Campaign, kamikaze actions on Okinawa, and typical shipboard routine.
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Date: August 18, 1998
Creator: Baird, James & Baird, Melvin R.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Hugh W. Calvert, September 10, 2003

Description: Interview with Army veteran Hugh W. Calvert. The interview includes Calvert's personal experiences about the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II, youth during the Great Depression, his assignment to the 1st Reconnaissance Squadron, tank school at Fort Knox, transferring to Service Troop, his assignment to New Caledonia and to Woodlark Island, operation on Arawe, the Driniumor River Campaign, and his rotation back to the States.
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Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Calvert, Hugh W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Alan A. Fouts, December 6, 2001

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Alan A. Fouts. The interview includes Fouts' personal experiences while assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and his subsequent service aboard the submarine USS Pogy in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
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Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Fouts, Alan A.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Charles C. Brabham, Jr., September 9, 2003

Description: Interview with Army veteran Charles C. Brabham Jr. The interview includes Brabham's personal experiences about the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II, his youth in Dallas during the Great Depression, joining the 112th Cavalry at age 16, his mobilization and various assignments, and his medical evacuation die to malaria, dysentery, and hookworm.
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Date: September 9, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Brabham, Charles C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

"Keep that lumber coming!"

Description: Soldiers carry a beam of wood down to a river where a bridge is being built. The soldier on the right side of the picture is looking back and shouting toward the viewer. In the background is tropical scenery, an explosion, and artillery.
Date: 1943
Creator: Winslow, Earle, 1884-1969.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Robert H. Flatley, October 27, 1999

Description: Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran Robert H. Flatley. The interview includes Flatley's personal experiences about being a P-38 pilot in the Pacific Theater during the World War II, basic training, flight training, P-38 training, various assignments and missions, and the destruction of forty-seven locomotives. Flatley also talks about various missions to targets in the Philippines, activities between combat missions, postwar military activities in the Philippines, and postwar adjustments to civilian life.
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Date: October 27, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Flatley, Robert H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Braden, February 4, 2005

Description: Interview with David Braden, architect and Army Air Forces veteran. In the interview, Braden speaks about his impressions of General Curtis LeMay in the Pacific Theater during World War II, his assignment to Saipan, Mariana Islands, for bombing operations against the Japanese homeland, LeMay's arrival in the Marianas and changes in bombing techniques, the thirty-five mission limitation and improvement in aircrew morale, his functions as a B-29 navigator, LeMay's decision to conduct incendiary night rights at 5,000 feet, the strategic importance of Iwo Jima for bomber crews, and his assessment of how LeMay's policies made a decided difference in ending the war.
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Date: February 4, 2005
Creator: Hurley, Alfred F. & Braden, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William E. Cooper, September 7, 1999

Description: Interview with business executive and Army Air Forces veteran William E. Cooper. The interview includes Cooper's personal experiences about being a B-29 pilot in the Pacific Theater, pre-flight and flight training, various assignments, and dropping supplies by parachute to prisoners-of-war. Cooper also talks about living on Guam, mechanical weaknesses of the B-29, his descriptions of Nagasaki and Hiroshima from the air after the dropping of the atomic bombs, his disappointment with not being able to fly combat missions, postwar duty as a test pilot on Guam, and his postwar civilian activities.
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Date: September 7, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Cooper, William E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Murray Daniel, March 1, 2000

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Murray Daniel. The interview includes Daniel's personal experiences about the light cruiser USS Helena, the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor, the antiaircraft cruiser Reno in the Pacific Theater during World War II, boot camp, the peacetime Navy, the immediate aftermath of the Japanese attack, various naval engagements around the Solomon Islands, the sinking of the Helena in the Kula Gulf, a kamikaze hit and torpedoing to the Reno, and postwar effects of his experiences in World War II.
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Date: March 1, 2000
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Daniel, Murray
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William Garbo, Sr., 2003-2004

Description: Interview with landscape architect and Army veteran William Garbo Sr. The interview includes Garbo's personal experiences about the G Troop, 112th Cavalry, in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World-War II, growing up in an Italian-American family in Mississippi during the Great Depression, volunteering for the draft and processing at Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Mississippi, basic training at Camp Lee, Petersburg, Virginia, being assigned to the 26th War Dog Platoon and to New Guinea in 1944, the Battle of the Driniumor River and his attachment to elements of the 32nd Infantry Division, jungle patrols on New Guinea with his dog, his transfer to Troop, 112th Cavalry and the invasion of Layte, Philippines, and the living condition in the Philippine jungles. Additionally, Garbo speaks about the fighting prowess of his comrades in the 112th Cavalry, jungle patrols on Leyte and Luzon, the 112th's activities around Marungko and Antipolo, Luzon, descriptions of cannibalism by Japanese soldiers, his wounds from artillery shrapnel and evacuation by helicopter, his return to the 112th Cavalry and preparations for the invasion of Japan, witnessing the Japanese surrender in Tokyo Bay, occupation duty at Tateyama, Honshu, relations between Japanese civilians and American occupation troops, the destruction of Japanese defensive fortifications and weapons on Honshu, his return to the States, and mustering out of the service. The interview includes an appendix with photographs.
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Date: November 24, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Garbo, William, Sr.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James Driver, March 21, 1999

Description: Interview with Navy veteran James Driver. The interview includes Driver's personal experiences about being a dive-bomber and fighter pilot during the Pacific Theater during World War II, various phases of training, dive-bomber training, having convoy escort duty off New Hebrides, the neutralization of Rabaul, transferring to fighter planes, flying combat air patrol off the carrier USS Hancock, providing cover for the Marine landings on Okinawa, combat against kamikazes, engagements against enemy fighters and kamikazes on the last day of the war, locating and dropping supplies to prisoner-of-war camps in Japan, and returning to the States. The interview includes an appendix with a letter written by Driver.
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Date: March 21, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Driver, James
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Billy Drawe, June 13, 2000

Description: Interview with dairyman and Marine Corps veteran Billy Drawe. The interview includes Drawe's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, enlistment and boot camp, tank training, invading Guam, coming under Japanese mortar fire on Guam, invading Iwo Jima, hauling supplies ashore to the infantry on Iwo Jima, and returning to the states for training in the V-12 Program.
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Date: June 13, 2000
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Drawe, Billy
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Donald Boots, May 17, 2001

Description: Interview with building contractor and Marine Corps veteran Donald Boots. The interview includes Boots' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, childhood, boot camp, camouflage school, training in beachhead organization with the 4th Pioneer Battalion, mopping-up operations on Kwajalein, rest and retraining on Maui, being assigned as a BAR man, invading Saipan, and assaulting enemy caves on Saipan. Boots also talks about the stress of battle, returning to Maui for rest and retraining, the invasion of Iwo Jima, Japanese resistance on the Iwo Jima beaches, the rescue of his friend, his role in organizing the beach operation at Iwo Jima, establishing beach defenses on Iwo Jima, evacuating and returning to Maui, retraining and refitting for the invasion of the Japanese home islands, and the dropping of the atomic bombs.
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Date: May 17, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Boots, Donald
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with James Riley Chennault, August 6, 2003

Description: Interview with Army veteran James Riley Chennault. The interview includes Chennault's personal experiences about the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II, childhood in Mississippi, moving to Texas in 1939, joining the 112th Cavalry, training, combat, and the Battle of Driniumor River. Chennault also talks about the mobilization of the Texas National Guard, Louisiana Maneuvers as part of the 3rd Army, rotation to the states, his assignment to a pack mule outfit, his discharge from the Army, and the daily routine of life in the horse cavalry. The interview includes an appendix with photographs.
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Date: August 6, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Chennault, James Riley
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Bennie G. Snider, June 10, 2002

Description: Interview with banker and Navy veteran Bennie G. Snider. The interview includes Snider's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education in Denton, Texas, joining the Navy, and boot training and electrical engineering school. Snider talks about duties aboard the USS Hancock, his assignment to Task Group 58 and the invasion of the Philippines, as well as the invasions of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, kamikaze attacks and the Hancock being hit by a kamikaze, burials at sea, and his postwar duties aboard the Hancock as part of Operation MAGIC CARPET.
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Date: June 10, 2002
Creator: Lane, Peter B. & Snider, Bennie, G.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Melvin Fenoglio, July 19, 2000

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Melvin Fenoglio, educator and farmer-rancher. The interview includes Fenoglio's personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, and the Iwo Jima and Okinawa Campaigns. Fenoglio also talks about early family history, his pre-war education, his acceptance in the V-7 Program, failing out of the Midshipman School and transferring to the U.S. Naval Training Center, yeoman training, gunnery practice off the Hawaiian Islands, his personal observations of the flag-raisings on Mount Suribachi, the USS Little's assignment to radar picket duty at Station Ten, his ship being hit by four kamikazes and sinking on May 3, 1945, rescue in the water by his shipmates, survival in the water for three hours before being picked up by LCS(L)-25, and the lasting effects of his World War II experiences. The interview also includes an appendix with a map.
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Date: July 19, 2000
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Fenoglio, Melvin
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Ralph L. Cerny, September 18, 2000

Description: Interview with Army veteran Ralph L. Cerny. The interview includes Cerny's personal experiences about being a combat infantryman in the Southwest Pacific Theater during World War II, joining the Illinois National Guard, federalization of the Illinois National Guard, training at Camp Forrest, Tennessee, shipping to Camp Darwin, Australia, and combat around Mount Austen on Guadalcanal. Additionally, Cerny talks about the formation of the American Division and landings at New Caledonia, transferring of the division to Guadalcanal, the fate of Japanese prisoners-of-war, evacuation to the Fiji islands for rest and recuperation, landings on Bougainville, patrol and reconnaissance activities on Bougainville, his rotation back to the States, stateside duty as a drill instructor at Fort McClellan, and his postwar career.
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Date: September 18, 2000
Creator: Lane, Peter B. & Cerny, Ralph L.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Extermination Warfare? The Conduct of the Second Marine Division at Saipan

Description: Historians John W. Dower, Craig Cameron, and Ronald Takaki argue that the Pacific War was a war of extermination fueled by race hate. Therefore, the clash between the military forces of the Japanese Empire and United States of America yielded a "kill or be killed" environment across the battlefields of the Pacific. This work examines the conduct of the Second Marine Division during its campaign of conquest against the Japanese held island of Saipan from June 15, 1944-July 9, 1944. It is based upon traditional military history sources to test their theories in context of the conduct of Marines toward Japanese soldiers and civilians during the Saipan campaign. Did Marines practice a war of extermination or conduct themselves in a humane manner?
Date: May 2008
Creator: Hegi, Benjamin P.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Oral History Interview with Robert W. Wilson, June 6, 2001

Description: Interview with airline pilot and Army Air Forces veteran Robert W. Wilson. The interview includes Wilson's personal experiences about being B-25 pilot in the Pacific Theater during World War II, basic training, college preparatory courses, flight training, and various missions. Wilson talks about his pre-war job experiences, flying conditions over the Owen Stanley Mountains, Operation OBOE, leave time in Sydney, Australia, the move to Palawan, Philippines, missions to French Indo-China, attitudes and feelings towards the deaths of comrades, and postwar adjustments. The interview includes an appendix with supplementary documents.
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Date: June 6, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Wilson, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program