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WELDING AND BRAZING OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE RADIATORS AND HEAT EXCHANGERS

Description: Procedures were developed for fabricating highperformance radiators and heat exchangers for the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion (ANP) Program. These components, which contain multitudes of tube-to-tube sheet and tube-to-fin joints, are similar in design to those under consideration for a variety of space vehicle applications. In order to ensure reliability of the tube-to-tube sheet joints, techniques producing welds of extremely high quality were used and back brazing of the welds with a suitable a… more
Date: February 20, 1962
Creator: Slaughter, G.M. & Patriarca, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State of the art of pressurized fluidized bed combustion systems

Description: This report was prepared at the request of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to clarify the development status of the pressurized fluidized bed combustor (PFBC) and to place in perspective the problems which are yet to be solved before commercialization of the concept is practical. This report, in essence, supersedes the interim report published in 1979, Assessment of the State of the Art of Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion Systems. A brief overview of the PFBC concept is included citing… more
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Graves, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Redox reactions involving chromium, plutonium, and manganese in soils

Description: Plutonium speciation in soils is discussed. Chromium was selected as a model for studying soil Pu. Similarities between Cr and Pu are pointed out, and a hypotheses concerning Pu speciation in soils is presented. Findings from Cr oxidation studies that may be relevant to the problem of Pu oxidation in soils are discussed. (JGB)
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Amacher, M.C. & Baker, D.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Methane oxidation over dual redox catalysts

Description: Review and analysis of the literature data on electron transfer itself and electron transfer oxidation of alkyl radicals was done in order to understand the mechanism by which methyl radical can be oxidized to CH{sub 3}{sup +} and further substituted by OH{sup {minus}} to form methanol. This allowed to compare and classify the various possible reaction patterns, understand the mechanism and circumstances of operation of each of them and select those which can be involved in oxidation of methyl … more
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Klier, Kamil; Herman, Richard G. & Sojka, Zvigniew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Final Report of Modeling of CWM Droplet Combustion

Description: The objective of the present study was to develop a one-dimensional, unsteady state model for coal-water mixture droplet combustion, and to compare the characteristic times for the various processes, such as water vaporization, devolatilization and char oxidation with available experimental data. A water film surrounding a spherical coal particle is considered to undergo vaporization by heat transfer from the hot air. After the water vaporization is complete, devolatilization begins. This proce… more
Date: October 1, 1983
Creator: Pandalai, Krish; Aggarwal, Suresh & Sirignano, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy Program annual report

Description: The national economy is particularly dependent on efficient electrical generation and transportation. Electrical demand continues to grow and will increasingly rely on coal and nuclear fuels. The nuclear power industry still has not found a solution to the problem of disposing of the waste produced by nuclear reactors. Although coal is in ample supply and the infrastructure is in place for its utilization, environmental problems and improved conversion processes remain technical challenges. In … more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Borg, I.Y. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Optical properties of flyash

Description: The general aims of this research are to provide a fundamental scientific basis for the physical understanding and reliable calculation of heat transfer in coal combustion systems, particularly as it is influenced by the presence of inorganic constituents deriving from mineral matter in coal. (VC)
Date: April 1, 1992
Creator: Self, S.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Enhanced durability and reactivity for zinc ferrite desulfurization sorbent

Description: AMAX Research Development Center (AMAX R D) has been investigating methods for enhancing the reactivity and durability of the zinc ferrite desulfurization sorbent. Zinc ferrite sorbents are intended for use in desulfurization of hot coal gas in integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) or molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) applications. For the present program, the reactivity of the sorbent may be defined as its sulfur sorption capacity at the breakthrough point and at saturation in a bench-… more
Date: November 14, 1988
Creator: Jha, Mahesh C. & Berggren, Mark H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Utilization of coal-water fuels in fire-tube boilers

Description: This project is a demonstration for firing coal-water slurry in a fire-tube boiler. It includes design, installation, and demonstration of the slurry firing equipment in a fire-tube boiler at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. The project will be funded by the US Department of Energy with cost sharing from Jim Walter Resources and the University of Alabama. Energy and Environmental Research Corporation is the prime contractor responsible for all respects of the project. The specific objec… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Sommer, T. & Melick, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration-Plant Program. Pretreatment unit options (Deliverable No. 41)

Description: Three approaches to pretreatment for the Industrial Fuel Gas Demonstration Plant project in the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) Pilot Plant have been examined. Analyses of these approaches, selection of the best alternative among the three, and detailed design and evaluation of cost and schedule impacts were made. The best approach available to pretreatment demonstration is an integrated pretreater - an ash agglomerating gasifier (AAG) that uses the existing AAG system, a new pretreater press… more
Date: December 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Bodcau In Situ Combustion Project. Third annual report, July 1, 1978-August 31, 1979

Description: This project is a cooperative venture between Cities Service Company and the US Department of Energy. The main objective is to demonstrate the operation and economics of a successful commercial scale In Situ Combustion Project in a heavy oil reservoir. This Third Annual Report deals primarily with performance, development and economics of the project in the third year of operation, with pertinent information from the First and Second Annual Report included for background information. The five e… more
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Garvey, J.; Pusch, W. H. & Fulford, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Enhancing the use of coals by gas reburning-sorbent injection

Description: The objective of this project is to evaluate and demonstrate a cost effective emission control technology for acid rain precursors, oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}) and sulfur (SO{sub x}), on three coal fired utility boilers in Illinois. The units selected are representative of pre-NSPS design practices; tangential, wall, and cyclone fired. The specific objectives are to demonstrate reductions of 60 percent in NO{sub x} and 50 percent in SO{sub x} emissions, by a combination of two developed tech… more
Date: December 22, 1988
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SOME EXPERIENCES IN THE WELD FABRICATION OF REFRACTORY METALS

Description: Discussion is given on the welding fabrication of tungsten, molybdenum, niobium, and tantalum. Properties which make the four refractory metals important are tabulatcd along with titanium which is given for comparison. Extensive evaluation was conducted using the gas, tungsten arc welding process employing both manual and machine welding. Design data were obtained exclusively from machine welded sheet materials. Flash welding, resistance spot welding and brazing, electron beam welding, and high… more
Date: February 10, 1961
Creator: Thompson, E.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electrolytic Dissolution of Power Reactor Fuels in Nitric Acid

Description: The electrolytic oxidation in nitric acid of stainless steel, zirconium, Zircaloy-2, zirconium- uranium alloy, aluminum, and uranium - molybdenum alloy was demonstrated on a laboratory scale. The rate of chemical dissolution of UO/ sub 2/ in nitric acid was measured. Corrosion of stainless steel by these dissolver solutions was measured and found to be negligible. Electrolytic dissolution was demonstrated to be a practical technique for the first step in processing fuel elements of several type… more
Date: October 1, 1961
Creator: Clark, A. T., Jr.; Meyer, L. H.; Owen, J. H. & Rust, F. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Oxidation/gasification of carbon residue on retorted oil shale. Final report

Description: Studies of the oxidation and gasification of oil shale char were extended to an investigation of the effects of mineral catalysis. Six shales with differing mineral compositions were studied, including samples from the saline zone in the Western Colorado and from the Antrim shales of Michigan. Oxidation kinetics data, corrected for mass transfer effects, were compared for all six samples. A high assay shale from Utah and a sample from the saline zone were found to have the highest oxidation rat… more
Date: January 16, 1984
Creator: Thomson, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LIMB Demonstration Project Extension

Description: The basic goal of the Limestone Injection Multistage Burner (LIMB) demonstration is to extend LIMB technology development to a full- scale application on a representative wall-fired utility boiler. The successful retrofit of LIMB to an existing boiler is expected to demonstrate that (a) reductions of 50 percent or greater in SO{sub x} and NO{sub x} emissions can be achieved at a fraction of the cost of add-on FGD systems, (b) boiler reliability, operability, and steam production can be maintain… more
Date: March 15, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CHEMICAL ENGINEERING DIVISION SUMMARY REPORT, JULY, AUGUST, SEPTEMBER, 1961

Description: Development activities are reported on pyrometallurgical processes including melt refining and those using liquid metal solvents. Development of processing facilities for EBR II is also reported. In other work, laboratory- and engineering-scale investigations on fluoride volatility processes were condueted, and conversion of UF/sub 6/ to UO/sub 2/ was studied. Investigations are also reported concerning the kinetics of metal ignition and oxidation, and metalwater reactions. In work associated w… more
Date: October 31, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Control of pyrite surface chemistry in physical coal cleaning

Description: The successful separation of pyrite from coal by flotation is dependent to a large extent upon the selectivity of the process, and the use of a pyrite depressant is one of the most important and cost-effective techniques for achieving this. This report evaluates the effects of three factors on the floatability of pyrite. These are (1) the superficial oxidation of pyrite, (2) the contamination of pyrite surfaces by carbonaceous matter, and (3) pulp redox potentials. XPS (x-ray photoelectron spec… more
Date: June 24, 1992
Creator: Luttrell, G. H.; Yoon, R. H. & Ou, Z. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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(Pulsed atmospheric fluidized bed combustion (PAFBC)). [Comparing PAFBC vs. AFBC]

Description: The fourth Quarterly Technical Progress Report presents the results of work accomplished during the period February 6 through April 30, 1989. the overall objective of the program is the development of a pulsed atmospheric, fluidized bed combustion (PAFBC) technology to burn coal and to provide heat and steam to commercial, institutional, and small industrial applications at a reasonable price in an environmentally acceptable manner. During this past quarter, a baseline for comparing PAFBC vs. A… more
Date: May 1, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Conversion rates in power plant plumes based on filter pack data. Part I. Coal-fired Cumberland plume

Description: The TVA Cumberland Steam Plant plume was monitored during the August 1978 Tennessee Plume Study of Project STATE. Samples were obtained by employing a triple screen high-volume assembly which contained: (1) a quartz filter for collecting particulate SO/sub 4//sup 2 -/, NO/sub 3//sup -/ and NH/sub 4//sup +/, (2) two NaCl-impregnated cellulose filters for collecting gaseous nitrate, and (3) two K/sub 2/CO/sub 3/-impregnated cellulose filters for collecting SO/sub 2/. Formation rates of sulfate an… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Forrest, J; Garber, R W & Newman, L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PHYSICO-CHEMICAL STUDIES OF CLAD UO$sub 2$ IN POTENTIAL MELTDOWN ENVIRONMENTS.

Description: Behavior of zirconium alloy clad UO{sub 2} fuel elements in steam and air at 100 deg C to the melting point of UO{sub 2} was studied. Heating tests of Zircaloy-4 tubes with internal pressure show that steam oxidation of the metal results in lower deformation rates, less deformation, and higher failure temperature. Air oxidation of Zircaloy-4 is erratic and occurs at a greater rate than in steam due to the reaction with N in the air. Rate-controlling mechanism for UO{sub 2} oxidation by steam is… more
Date: October 31, 1969
Creator: White, J.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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