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Structure and Properties of Nanoparticles Formed by Ion Implantation

Description: This chapter broadly describes the formation, basic microstructure, and fundamental optoelectronic properties of nanocomposites synthesized by ion implantation. It is not meant as a complete literature survey and by no means includes all references on a subject that has seen a considerable amount of research effort in the past 15 years. However, it should be a good starting point for those new to the field and in a concise way summarize the main lines of research by discussing the optical, magnetic, and smart properties of these nanoparticles and the dependence of these properties on the overall microstructure. The chapter concludes with an outlook for the future.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Meldrum, A.; Lopez, R.; Magruder, R H; Boatner, Lynn A & White, Clark W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Direct to Digital Holography

Description: In this CRADA, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) assisted nLine Corporation of Austin, TX in the development of prototype semiconductor wafer inspection tools based on the direct-to-digital holographic (DDH) techniques invented at ORNL. Key components of this work included, development of the first prototype named the Visible Alpha Tool (VAT) that uses visible spectrum illumination of 532 nm, assist in design of second prototype tool named the DUV Alpha Tool (DAT) using deep UV (266 nm) illumination, and continuing support of nLine in the development of higher throughput commercial tools.
Date: June 15, 2003
Creator: Bingham, P.R. & Tobin, K.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing of the Semikron Validation AIPM Unit at Oak Ridge National Laboratory -- October 2004

Description: This report documents the electrical tests performed on the Semikron high-voltage automotive integrated power module (AIPM) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Testing was performed in the 100-hp dynamometer test cell at the National Transportation Research Center.
Date: November 12, 2004
Creator: Nelson, S.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing of the Semikron Validation AIPM Unit at Oak Ridge National Laboratory: January 2005

Description: This report documents the electrical tests performed on the Semikron high-voltage automotive integrated power module (AIPM) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Testing was performed with an inductive/resistive load and with a motor load at the National Transportation Research Center (NTRC) during the second quarter of FY 2005.
Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Nelson, S.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ORR OPERATIONS FOR PERIOD APRIL 1958 TO APRIL 1959

Description: It has been the custom to report the operating experience at the ORR along with other activities in the reports of the ORNL Operations Division. It was decided to combine the sections of the Operations Division reports appropriate to ORR operation covering the year from April 1958 through March 1959. (W.D.M)
Date: September 10, 1959
Creator: Cox, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foothills Parkway Section 8B Final Environmental Report, Volume 1

Description: In 1994, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was tasked by the National Park Service (NPS) to prepare an Environmental Report (ER) for Section 8B of the Foothills Parkway in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GSMNP). Section 8B represents 27.7 km (14.2 miles) of a total of 115 km (72 miles) of the planned Foothills Parkway and would connect the Cosby community on the east to the incorporated town of Pittman Center to the west.
Date: July 1, 1999
Creator: Blasing, T.J.; Cada, G.F.; Carer, M.; Chin, S.M.; Dickerman, J.A.; Etnier, D.A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computation of Confidence Limits for Linear Functions of the Normal Mean and Variance

Description: A program is described that calculates exact and optimal (uniformly most accurate unbiased) confidence limits for linear functions of the normal mean and variance. The program can therefore also be used to calculate confidence limits for monotone transformations of such functions (e.g., lognormal means). The accuracy of the program has been thoroughly evaluated in terms of coverage probabilities for a wide range of parameter values.
Date: September 1, 1999
Creator: Land, C.E. & Lyon, B.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bigfoot Field Manual, Version 2.1

Description: The BigFoot Project is funded by the Earth Science Enterprise to collect and organize data to be used in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Earth Observing System (EOS) Validation Program. The data collected by the BigFoot Project are unique in being ground-based observations coincident with satellite overpasses. In addition to collecting data, the BigFoot project will develop and test new algorithms for scaling point measurements to the same spatial scales as the EOS satellite products. This BigFoot Field Manual will be used to achieve completeness and consistency of data collected at four initial BigFoot sites and at future sites that may collect similar validation data. Therefore, validation datasets submitted to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center that have been compiled in a manner consistent with the field manual will be especially valuable in the validation program.
Date: September 1, 1999
Creator: Campbell, J.L.; Burrows, S.; Gower, S.T. & Cohen, W.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bibliography on Biomass Feedstock Research: 1978-2002

Description: This report provides bibliographic citations for more than 1400 reports on biomass feedstock development published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and its collaborators from 1978 through 2002. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is engaged in analysis of biomass resource supplies, research on the sustainability of feedstock resources, and research on feedstock engineering and infrastructure. From 1978 until 2002, Oak Ridge National Laboratory also provided technical leadership for the U.S. Department of Energy's Bioenergy Feedstock Development Program (BFDP), which supported research to identify and develop promising energy crops. This bibliography lists reports published by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and by its collaborators in the BFDP, including graduate student theses and dissertations.
Date: May 1, 2003
Creator: Cushman, J.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Structure and Transport in Magnetic Multilayers

Description: ORNL assisted Seagate Recording Heads Operations in the development of CIPS pin Valves for application as read sensors in hard disk drives. Personnel at ORNL were W. H. Butler and Xiaoguang Zhang. Dr. Olle Heinonen from Seagate RHO also participated. ORNL provided codes and materials parameters that were used by Seagate to model CIP GMR in their heads. The objectives were to: (1) develop a linearized Boltzmann transport code for describing CIP GMR based on realistic models of the band structure and interfaces in materials in CIP spin valves in disk drive heads; (2) calculate the materials parameters needed as inputs to the Boltzmann code; and (3) transfer the technology to Seagate Recording Heads.
Date: February 18, 2008
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technology and Cost of the Model Year (MY) 2007 Toyota Camry HEV Final Report

Description: The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides research and development (R&D) support to the Department of Energy on issues related to the cost and performance of hybrid vehicles. ORNL frequently benchmarks its own research against commercially available hybrid components currently used in the market. In 2005 we completed a detailed review of the cost of the second generation Prius hybrid. This study examines the new 2007 Camry hybrid model for changes in technology and cost relative to the Prius. The work effort involved a detailed review of the Camry hybrid and the system control strategy to identify the hybrid components used in the drive train. Section 2 provides this review while Section 3 presents our detailed evaluation of the specific drive train components and their cost estimates. Section 3 also provides a summary of the total electrical drive train cost for the Camry hybrid vehicle and contrasts these estimates to the costs for the second generation Prius that we estimated in 2005. Most of the information on cost and performance were derived from meetings with the technical staff of Toyota, Nissan, and some key Tier I suppliers like Hitachi and Panasonic Electric Vehicle Energy (PEVE) and we thank these companies for their kind cooperation.
Date: September 30, 2007
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SAFETY AND OPERABILITY REVIEW OF EXPERIMENTS TO BE OPERATED IN NUCLEAR REACTORS AT ORNL

Description: The operation of the tests and experiments conducted in the ORR, the LITR, and the ORNL Graphite Reactor is discussed. In order to minimize the possibility of any hazardous conditions developing into an incident involving the safety of personnel, the reactor, and other equipment, any experiment design and installation should be checked or reviewed to ensure that all conceivable dangers are recognized and that appropriate safeguards have been incorporated into the design. (W.D.M.)
Date: December 1, 1958
Creator: Cagle, C.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Demand Response For Power System Reliability: FAQ

Description: Demand response is the most underutilized power system reliability resource in North America. Technological advances now make it possible to tap this resource to both reduce costs and improve. Misconceptions concerning response capabilities tend to force loads to provide responses that they are less able to provide and often prohibit them from providing the most valuable reliability services. Fortunately this is beginning to change with some ISOs making more extensive use of load response. This report is structured as a series of short questions and answers that address load response capabilities and power system reliability needs. Its objective is to further the use of responsive load as a bulk power system reliability resource in providing the fastest and most valuable ancillary services.
Date: December 1, 2006
Creator: Kirby, Brendan J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ITER TCWS Conceptual Design Chit Resolution Report

Description: Design Chits resulted from the External Conceptual Design Review (CDR) held at Cadarache on July 21-23, 2009 (Reference [5.1.3]). Those Chits were categorized into 3 categories in accordance with the following rules: Category 1 - Chits to be resolved before proceeding with preliminary design; Category 2 - Chits to be resolved during preliminary design; and Category 3 - Chits already resolved or covered by higher category Chits such that no further action is required. Prior to the preliminary design, all the category 1 chits were resolved and the category chit 1 resolution report was approved (Reference [5.1.4]). However, as the design has been evolving, one of the category 1 chits needs to be re-addressed. The purpose of this report is to present the resolutions to one CDR Category 1 Chit (Cat 1 Chit No.5) and twenty-three CDR Category 2 Chits. The Category 2 Chit resolutions presented are listed in order from item number one to item number twenty-three.
Date: February 1, 2012
Creator: Berry, Jan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Integrated Assessment of Geochemical and Community Structure Determinants of Metal Reduction Rates in Subsurface Sediments

Description: Our current research represents a joint effort between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the University of Tennessee (UT), and Florida State University (FSU). ORNL serves as the lead institution with Dr. A.V. Palumbo responsible for project coordination, integration, and deliverables. This project is in its second year. The overall goal of our project is to provide an improved understanding of the relationships between microbial community structure, geochemistry, and metal reduction rates.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Palumbo, Anthony V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department