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Investigation of hydrocarbon ignition

Description: From Summary: "Accurate spotaneous ignition temperatures have been determined for some 50 pure organic compounds. The effects of a wide variety of additives and of eight selected metals on the spontaneous-ignition-temperature values of representatives of this group also have been observed. Results are correlated with chemical structure and with antiknock characteristics where known; more fundamental aspects of the possible chain-breaking and chain-branching reactions involved are also considered."
Date: January 1952
Creator: Frank, Charles E. & Blackham, Angus U.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds. 2. Combustion and Sublimation Enthalpies of 2,4,6-Trimethylbenzonitrile N-Oxide

Description: Article discussing thermodynamic properties of organic compounds and combustion and sublimation enthalpies of 2,4,6-trimethylbenzonitrile N-oxide.
Date: January 1992
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Simirsky, Vladimir V.; Kozyro, Alexander A.; Krasulin, Alexander P.; Kabo, Gennady J. & Frenkel, Michael L.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Ferrous Sulfamate Stability in the RA System

Description: Objective: "The observations summarized in the present report were made to determine the stability of ferrous and sulfamate ions and sulfamic acid in RA Column scrub solution (RAS) and in aqueous solution comparable to the RA Column feed tee composition (RAFS). Knowledge of the stability of the reducing agent (ferrous iron) is necessary to properly plan the method of preparation and introduction of this component into the RA system and to assure dependable and reproducible performance."
Date: April 20, 1950
Creator: Clagett, Fred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds. 3. Sublimation Enthalpy and Heat Capacities of 2,4,6-Trimethylbenzonitrile N-oxide

Description: Article discussing thermodynamic properties of organic compounds and sublimation enthalpy and heat capacities of 2,4,6-trimethylbenzonitrile N-oxide.
Date: January 1993
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Sevruk, Viktor M.; Kozyro, Alexander A.; Krasulin, Alexander P.; Kabo, Gennady J. & Frenkel, Michael L.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Supporting Material for: Enthalpy of Solvation Correlations for Gaseous Solutes Dissolved in Water and in 1-Octanol Based on the Abraham Model

Description: This document includes supporting material for an article titled, "Enthalpy of solvation correlations for gaseous solutes dissolved in water and in 1-octanol based on the Abraham model," published in the Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling.
Date: December 15, 2007
Creator: Mintz, Christina; Clark, Michael; Acree, William E. (William Eugene) & Abraham, M. H. (Michael H.)
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Silenes and Silenoids in the Chemistry of Cyclopentadienylsilanes

Description: Evidence is presented that apparent silene products obtained from the metalation of cyclopentadienyldimethyl - chlorosilane either with tert-butyl1ithium or with methylenetriphenylphosphorane actually arise from the metalated starting material, a silenoid, rather than from a silafulvene intermediate. Trimethylmethoxysi1ane is shown to be an effective trap for dimethylsilafulvene. A new dimethylsilafulvene precursor, bis(dimethylmethoxysi1yl) cyclopentadiene, which gives high yields of dimethyldimethoxysi1ane and the silafulvene at temperatures as low as 240°C is reported.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Rozell, James M. (James Morris)
Partner: UNT Libraries

A General Treatment of Solubility. 1. The QSPR Correlation of Solvation Free Energies of Single Solutes in Series of Solvents

Description: Article on a general treatment of solubility and the quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) correlation of solvation free energies of single solutes in series of solvents.
Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Katritzky, Alan R.; Oliferenko, Alexander A.; Oliferenko, Polina V.; Petrukhin, Ruslan; Tatham, Douglas B.; Maran, Uko, 1966- et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Partition Coefficients of Organic Compounds in Four New Tetraalkylammonium Bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide Ionic Liquids Using Inverse Gas Chromatography

Description: This article discusses partition coefficients of organic compounds in four new tetraalkylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquids using inverse gas chromatography.
Date: August 18, 2011
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Baker, Gary A.; Mutelet, Fabrice & Moïse, Jean-Charles
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Partition Coefficients of Organic Compounds in New Imidazolium and Tetralkylammonium Based Ionic Liquids Using Inverse Gas Chromatography

Description: This article discusses partition coefficients of organic compounds in new imidazolium and tetralkylammonium based ionic liquids using inverse gas chromatography.
Date: September 11, 2009
Creator: Mutelet, Fabrice; Revelli, Anne-Laure; Jaubert, Jean-Noël; Sprunger, Laura M.; Baker, Gary A. & Acree, William E. (William Eugene)
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Syntheses of a New C₂₂H₂₈ Cage Hydrocarbon System and 2,2- Tetramethylene-1 /4-Dibromobutane

Description: (1). An improved method for synthesizing bicyclo (2,2,1) hepta-2,5-diene-7-spiro-1'-cyclopentane (5) has been developed. Thermal reaction of compound (5) with neat iron pentacarbonyl under nitrogen atmosphere affords the corresponding cage dimer (6). Some aspects of the syntheses, spectra, and chemistry of compound (5) and (6) are discussed. (2). A structure isomer of decamethyldodecahedrane (C₃₀H₄₀), molecule (11), is expected to be synthesized via thermal reaction of iron carbonyl complexes with compound (10). An intermediate in this synthesis, 2,2- tetramethylene-1,4-dibromobutane (9) was efficiently synthesized starting from cyclopentanone. Some aspects of the syntheses, spectra, and chemistry of compound (1) to (9) will be discussed.
Date: December 1984
Creator: Wu, An-hsiang
Partner: UNT Libraries

Synthesis of Anthracyclines Related to Adriamycin

Description: This dissertation reports the preparation of several types of anthraquinones structurally related to adriamycin. It describes the synthesis of two types of 2-aminoquinizarin compounds. It also presents two new syntheses of a heterocyclic tetracyclic ring system, similar to the aglicone ring system of adriamycin. A series of 2-aminoquinizarins was prepared by adding several primary amines to quinizarin. Quinizarin was shown to be essentially inert toward secondary amines. Several secondary amine adducts with quinizarin have been prepared, however, by treating the bis-boroacetate ester of quinizarin with the amines. Both types of 2-aminoquinizarin compounds exhibit outstanding potential for possessing antineoplastic activity, and several have been submitted to the National Cancer Institute for testing in their screening program for antineoplastic agents.
Date: May 1981
Creator: White, Roger J.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Synthesis and Reactivity of Bis(silyl)acetylenes

Description: Six bis(silyl)acetylenes with the following varied silicon substituents were prepared: I (Me, Me); II (H, H); III (Cl, H); IV (Cl, Cl); V (OMe, H); VI (OMe, OMe). While I and II may be prepared by the reaction of dilithio- or bis(bromomagnesium)-acetylide with appropriate chlorosilane, similar reactions designed to give III - VI give oligomers, YMe_2Si(C≡C-SiMe_2)_nY, VII, Y = Cl, OMe, as the major products indicating that the acetylenic functionality on silicon activates the chlorosilane toward nucleophilic substitution. Compounds III and IV were prepared by free radical chlorination of II. Methanolysis of III and IV gave quantitative yields of V and VI, respectively. In the presence of mineral acid, VI readily cyclized to give high yields of the cyclic siloxane octamethyl-4,9-dioxa-3,5,8,10-tetrasila-cyclodeca-1,6-diyne, VIII, and the analogous triyne, IX. It was determined that V and VI could be prepared directly from II in high yield by methanolysis with palladium catalyst. Vaska's complex also accomplished the conversion. I attempted to prepare bis(ethoxydimethylsilyl)acetylene by using of Wilkinson 's catalyst for hydrosilylation with acetaldehyde. The principal product of this reaction was 1-(dimethylsilyl)-3,5,5-trimethyl-4-oxa-3-silacyclopent-1-ene, XI.
Date: May 1987
Creator: Albanesi, Todd E. (Todd Edward)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Synthesis of trimethylsilyl-substituted pentacyclo(5.4.0.0²,⁶.0³,¹º.0⁵,⁹)undecanes and chloro-substituted pentacyclo(5.4.0.0²,⁶.0³,¹º.0⁵,⁹)undecane

Description: As part of a continuing study of the synthesis and chemistry of new, substituted pentacyclo(5.4.0.0²,⁶.0³,¹º.0⁵,⁹)undecanes, the following compounds have been synthesized: 1: X=O, Y=SiMe_3; 2: X=CH_2, Y=SiMe_3; 3: X=O, Y=Cl; 6: X=OAc, Y=H; 8: X=OC(O)Ph, Y=H; 9: X=OSO_2Ph, Y=H; 11: X=OH, Y=H; 12: X=OMe, Y=H; 14: X=CHSiMe_3, Y=SiMe_3; 15: X=OH, Y=Cl; 16: X=OAc, Y=Cl; 17: X=OMe, Y=Cl. An important objective of this work is to prepare new polycyclic cage compounds which can be utilized as intermediates for the synthesis of new, substituted tricyclopentanoid natural products (triquinanes) and related systems. Compounds 1-4 were identified as target molecules in this connection.
Date: August 1984
Creator: Huang, Chunmin
Partner: UNT Libraries

Transition metal catalysts for the ambient temperature destruction of organic wastes using peroxydisulfate

Description: Direct Chemical Oxidation (DCO) is a non-thermal, ambient pressure, aqueous-based technology for the oxidative destruction of the organic components of hazardous or mixed waste streams. The process has been developed for applications in waste treatment and chemical demilitarization and decontamination at LLNL since 1992, and is applicable to the destruction of virtually all solid or liquid organics, including: chlorosolvents, oils and greases, detergents, organic-contaminated soils or sludges, explosives, chemical and biological warfare agents, and PCB� s.
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Balazs, G B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Natural biodegradation of organic contaminants in groundwater

Description: There has recently been a growing awareness that natural processes are degrading contaminants of concern, and that the contribution these natural processes make to achieving cleanup goals needs to be formally considered during site-specific cleanup. Historical case data from a large number of releases has been used to evaluate the expectation for natural attenuation to contribute to the cleanup of petroleum hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents. The use of historical case data has several advantages, among them: 1) sites can reduce characterization costs by sharing information on key hydrogeologic parameters controlling contaminant fate and transport, and 2) standard reference frameworks can be developed that individual sites can use as a basis of comparison regarding plume behavior. Definition of cleanup times must take into account basic constraints imposed by natural laws governing the transport and natural degradation process of petroleum hydrocarbons. The actual time to reach groundwater cleanup goals is determined by these laws and the limitations on residual subsurface contamination attenuation rates, through either active or natural biological processes. These limitations will practically constrain the time to achieve low concentration cleanup goals. Recognition is needed that sites will need to be transitioned to remediation by natural processes at some point following implementation of active remediation options. The results of an analysis of approximately 1800 California and 600 Texas fuel hydrocarbon (FHC) releases and 2.50 chlorinated volatile organic compound (CVOC) plumes will be summarized. Plume lengths and natural biodegradation potential were evaluated. For FHC releases, 90% of benzene groundwater plumes were less than 280 feet in length and evidence of natural biodegradation was found to be present at all sites studied in detail. For CVOC releases, source strength and groundwater flow velocity are dominant factors controlling groundwater plume lengths. After adjusting for these factors, biodegradation also appears to limit the length of ...
Date: September 23, 1998
Creator: McNab, W W & Rice, D W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resolution of tank C-106 organic fuel-related concerns in support of retrieval and resolution of the high-heat safety issue at the Hanford site

Description: Single-shell W C-106 is on an accelerated schedule for partial retrieval of its softer, high-he-at sludge. The sludge is being transferred to a double-shell tank because they have the capacity to handle more heat-bearing materials than do single-shell tanks. Also, unlike single-shell tanks, they have not shown any tendency to leak. This transfer will eliminate the need to add water to C-106, thus lowering the risk of waste leaching to the environment. The transfer also will allow obligations to the Washington State Department of Ecology regarding removal of drainable liquid from all single-shell tanks to be met. Current schedules show the soft-sludge retrieval starting in September 1997. To prepare for retrieval, issues related to the risk from potential propagating reactions caused by the organic chemistry of tank C-106 were evaluated.
Date: January 29, 1997
Creator: Schreiber, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effective Use of Molecular Recognition in Gas Sensing: Results from Acoustic Wave and In-Situ FTIR Measurements

Description: To probe directly the analyte/film interactions that characterize molecular recognition in gas sensors, we recorded changes to the in-situ surface vibrational spectra of specifically fictionalized surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices concurrently with analyte exposure and SAW measurement of the extent of sorption. Fourier-lmnsform infrared external- reflectance spectra (FTIR-ERS) were collected from operating 97-MH2 SAW delay lines during exposure to a range of analytes as they interacted with thin-film coatings previously shown to be selective: cyclodextrins for chiral recognition, Ni-camphorates for Lewis bases such as pyridine and organophosphonates, and phthalocyanines for aromatic compounds. In most cases where specific chemical interactions-metal coordination, "cage" compound inclusion, or z stacking-were expected, analyte dosing caused distinctive changes in the IR spectr~ together with anomalously large SAW sensor responses. In contrast, control experiments involving the physisorption of the same analytes by conventional organic polymers did not cause similar changes in the IR spectra, and the SAW responses were smaller. For a given conventional polymer, the partition coefficients (or SAW sensor signals) roughly followed the analyte fraction of saturation vapor pressure. These SAW/FTIR results support earlier conclusions derived from thickness-shear mode resonator data.
Date: December 9, 1998
Creator: Bodenhofer, K,; Gopel, W.; Hierlemann, A. & Ricco, A.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department