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NACA Zero Power Reactor Facility Hazards Summary

Description: The Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics proposes to build a zero power research reactor facility which will be located in the laboratory grounds near Clevelaurd, Ohio. The purpose of this report is to inform the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission in regard to the design of the reactor facility, the cha,acteristics of the site, and the hazards of operation at this location, The purpose of this reactor is to perform critical experiments, to measure reactivity effects, to serve as a neutron source, and to serve as a training tool. The reactor facility is described. This is followed by a discussion of the nuclear characteristics and the control system. Site characteristics are then discussed followed by a discussion of the experiments which may be conducted in the facility. The potential hazards of the facility are then considered, particularly, the maximum credible accident. Finally, the administrative procedure is discussed.
Date: June 24, 1957
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reactor Physics Primer

Description: Report that describes the reactor physics of the processes used to produce plutonium at Hanford Laboratories. This includes a basic explanation of nuclear physics and the principles of the reactor process.
Date: November 15, 1957
Creator: Lockwood, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spatial Burnout in Water Reactors with Nonuniform Startup Distributions of Uranium and Boron

Description: Spatial burnout calculations have been made of two types of water moderated cylindrical reactor using boron as a burnable poison to increase reactor life. Specific reactors studied were a version of the Submarine Advanced Reactor (sAR) and a supercritical water reactor (SCW) . Burnout characteristics such as reactivity excursion, neutron-flux and heat-generation distributions, and uranium and boron distributions have been determined for core lives corresponding to a burnup of approximately 7 kilograms of fully enriched uranium. All reactivity calculations have been based on the actual nonuniform distribution of absorbers existing during intervals of core life. Spatial burnout of uranium and boron and spatial build-up of fission products and equilibrium xenon have been- considered. Calculations were performed on the NACA nuclear reactor simulator using two-group diff'usion theory. The following reactor burnout characteristics have been demonstrated: 1. A significantly lower excursion in reactivity during core life may be obtained by nonuniform rather than uniform startup distribution of uranium. Results for SCW with uranium distributed to provide constant radial heat generation and a core life corresponding to a uranium burnup of 7 kilograms indicated a maximum excursion in reactivity of 2.5 percent. This compared to a maximum excursion of 4.2 percent obtained for the same core life when w'anium was uniformly distributed at startup. Boron was incorporated uniformly in these cores at startup. 2. It is possible to approach constant radial heat generation during the life of a cylindrical core by means of startup nonuniform radial and axial distributions of uranium and boron. Results for SCW with nonuniform radial distribution of uranium to provide constant radial heat generation at startup and with boron for longevity indicate relatively small departures from the initially constant radial heat generation distribution during core life. Results for SAR with a sinusoidal distribution rather than uniform axial distributions of ...
Date: March 23, 1955
Creator: Fox, Thomas A. & Bogart, Donald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Epithermal Capture on η

Description: The purpose of this report is to investigate the effect of neutrons being captured before they are completely slowed down and have the chance to leak out and thus correspondingly increase the multiplication factor of the lattice.
Date: 1952
Creator: Cohen, E. Richard, 1922-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction to Diffusion Theory and to Pile-Theory

Description: The following report describes and foretells the situation in medium in which neutrons are being (a)produced as fast neutrons, (b) slowed down to thermal speeds by impacts with nuclei, and (c) absorbed by nuclei in such a manner that sometimes fresh fast neutrons appear at the place where a thermal neutron has just appeared.
Date: October 5, 1944
Creator: Darrow, Karl K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron Production by High-Energy Particles

Description: Abstract: "From neutron-yield measurements made with a MnSO4 detecting solution, the average number of neutrons produced per inelastic event is determined for a series of elements from lithium to uranium for 340-Mev protons, 190-and 315-Mev deuterons, 490-Mev He3 ions, and 90- and 160-Mev neutrons. The results are analyzed in an attempt to understand the total yield measurements for thick targets and to explain the variation of yield with the atomic number of the target."
Date: September 29, 1954
Creator: Crandall, Walter E. & Millburn, George P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hadronic loops and the OZI rule

Description: Arguments based on unitarity indicate that hadronic loop diagrams should produce large violations of the OZI (Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka) rule. The mechanism by which these corrections are evaded has long been a mystery. We have found that there is an exact cancellation of all such loops in a particular (quark model) limit and that, at least for the rho-->omega system which we have studied in detail, the cancellation is maintained in a realistic calculation which takes into account departures from this limit.
Date: August 1, 1991
Creator: Isgur, Nathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Jefferson Lab High Resolution TDC Module

Description: We discuss the design of a high resolution TDC module for use in nuclear physics experiments at Jefferson Lab. Preliminary results on the performance of the prototype module are presented.
Date: November 1, 2002
Creator: Barbosa, F.J.; Jastrzembski, E.; Proffitt, J. & Wilson, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MEASUREMENT OF B(K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {nu}{bar {nu}})

Description: The experimental measurement of K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {nu}{bar {nu}} is reviewed. New results from experiment E787 at BNL are presented: with data from 1995-97 the branching ratio has been measured to be B(K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {nu}{bar {nu}}) = (1.5{sub {minus}1.2}{sup +3.4}) x 10{sup {minus}10}. The future prospects for additional data in this mode are examined.
Date: May 22, 2000
Creator: KETTELL,S.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of single-target spin asymmetries in the electroproduction of negative pions in the semi-inclusive deep inelastic reaction n{up_arrow}(e,e'{pi}{sup -})X on a transversely polarized {sup 3}He target

Description: The experiment E06010 measured the target single spin asymmetry (SSA) in the semiinclusive deep inelastic (SIDIS) n{up_arrow}(e, e'{pi}{sup -})X reaction with a transversely polarized {sup 3}He target as an e#11;ective neutron target. This is the very #12;rst independent measurement of the neutron SSA, following the measurements at HERMES and COMPASS on the proton and the deuteron. The experiment acquired data in Hall A at Je#11;erson Laboratory with a continuous electron beam of energy 5.9 GeV, probing the valence quark region, with x = 0.13 {rt_arrow} 0.41, at Q{sup 2} = 1.31 {rt_arrow} 3.1 GeV{sup 2}. The two contributing mechanisms to the measured asymmetry, viz, the Collins effect and the Sivers effect can be realized through the variation of the asymmetry as a function of the Collins and Sivers angles. The neutron Collins and Sivers moments, associated with the azimuthal angular modulations, are extracted from the measured asymmetry for the very #12;first time and are presented in this thesis. The kinematics of this experiment is comparable to the HERMES proton measurement. However, the COMPASS measurements on deuteron and proton are in the low-x region. The results of this experiment are crucial as the first step toward the extraction of quark transversity and Sivers distribution functions in SIDIS. With the existing results on proton and deuteron, these new results on neutron will provide powerful constraints on the transversity and Sivers distributions of both the u and d-quarks in the valence region.
Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Dutta, Chiranjib
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Photodisintegration of Light Nuclei with CLAS

Description: We report preliminary results of photodisintegration of deuteron and {sup 3}He measured with CLAS at Jefferson Lab. We have extracted the beam-spin asymmetry for the {vector {gamma}}d {yields} pn reaction at photon energies from 1.1 GeV to 2.3 GeV and proton center-of-mass (c.m.) angles between 35{degrees}#14; and 135{degrees}#14;. Our data show interesting evolution of the angular dependence of the observable as the photon energy increases. The energy dependence of the beam-spin asymmetry at 90#14; shows a change of slope at photon energy of 1.6 GeV. A comparison of our data with model calculations suggests that a fully non-perturbative treatment of the underlying dynamics may be able to describe the data better than a model based on hard scattering. We have observed onset of dimensional scaling in the cross section of two-body photodisintegration of {sup 3}He at remarkably low energy and momentum transfer, which suggests that partonic degrees of freedom may be relevant for the description of nuclei at energies lower than previously considered.
Date: August 1, 2013
Creator: Ilieva, Yordanka Yordanova & Zachariou, Nicholas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department