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Final Report on Purification of Thorium Nitrate by Solvent Extraction With Tributyl Phosphate: 1. Laboratory Investigations

Description: Report discussing laboratory investigations of thorium nitrate purification. Batch equilibrium data, solubility data, viscosity data, density data, and the results seven batch countercurrent extraction tests and two selective stripping tests are included.
Date: July 31, 1952
Creator: Ewing, R. A.; Fishel, J. B.; Kiehl, S. J., Jr.; Sharpe, R. E. & Bearse, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Report on Purification of Thorium Nitrate by Solvent Extraction With Tributyl Phosphate: 2. Mixer-Settler Pilot Plant Investigations

Description: From abstract: "This report describes the construction and operation of a mixer-settler pilot plant for the purification of mantle-grade thorium nitrate. The liquid-liquid extraction process utilized 30% tributyl phosphate - 70% 'Solvesso-100' as the organic solvent and nitric acid as the salting agent. Continuous steady-state operation of the equipment was demonstrated, with very good recovery of thorium."
Date: July 31, 1952
Creator: Burkhart, C. A.; Foley, D. D.; Retzke, F. A.; Filbert, Robert B. & Clegg, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Characterization Of Jackson Blue Spring, Jackson County, Florida

Description: Jackson Blue is a first magnitude spring in the karst terrane of northeast Florida. Previous studies have identified inorganic fertilizer as the source of high nitrate levels in the spring. Agricultural land use and karst vulnerability make Jackson Blue a good model for conservation concerns. This work offers an aggregation of studies relating to the springshed, providing a valuable tool for planning and conservation efforts in the region. An analysis of nitrate levels and other water quality parameters within the springshed did not reveal significantly different values between agricultural and forested land use areas. Confounding factors include: high transmissivity in the aquifer, interspersed land use parcels, and fertilizer application in forested areas due to commercial pine stand activity.
Date: December 2011
Creator: Reiser, Cora
Partner: UNT Libraries

Plutonium Nitrate Shipping Investigation

Description: With the AEC complex there has been a long history of shipper-receiver assay differences in the transfer of plutonium nitrate solutions. Since the AEC is considering establishing plutonium nitrate as one of the chemical forms of plutonium for Commission purchase of privately produced plutonium, it is necessary that the shipper-receiver problem be resolved. The program formulated by Rocky Flats for doing this, and the results obtained to date, are discussed. (auth)
Date: September 1, 1963
Creator: Miner, F. J. & Byrne, J. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of composition on the density of multi-component molten nitrate salts.

Description: The density of molten nitrate salts was measured to determine the effects of the constituents on the density of multi-component mixtures. The molten salts consisted of various proportions of the nitrates of potassium, sodium, lithium and calcium. Density measurements ere performed using an Archimedean method and the results were compared to data reported in the literature for the individual constituent salts or simple combinations, such as the binary Solar Salt mixture of NaNO3 and KNO3. The addition of calcium nitrate generally ncreased density, relative to potassium nitrate or sodium nitrate, while lithium nitrate decreased density. The temperature dependence of density is described by a linear equation regardless of composition. The molar volume, and thereby, density of multi-component mixtures an be calculated as a function of temperature using a linear additivity rule based on the properties of the individual constituents.
Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Bradshaw, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Using Aspen simulation package to determine solubility of mixed salts in TRU waste evaporator bottoms

Description: Nitric acid from plutonium process waste is a candidate for waste minimization by recycling. Process simulation software packages, such as Aspen, are valuable tools to estimate how effective recovery processes can be, however, constants in equations of state for many ionic components are not in their data libraries. One option is to combine single salt solubility`s in the Aspen model for mixed salt system. Single salt solubilities were regressed in Aspen within 0.82 weight percent of literature values. These were combined into a single Aspen model and used in the mixed salt studies. A simulated nitric acid waste containing mixed aluminum, calcium, iron, magnesium and sodium nitrate was tested to determine points of solubility between 25 and 100 C. Only four of the modeled experimental conditions, at 50 C and 75 C, produced a saturated solution. While experimental results indicate that sodium nitrate is the first salt to crystallize out, the Aspen computer model shows that the most insoluble salt, magnesium nitrate, the first salt to crystallize. Possible double salt formation is actually taking place under experimental conditions, which is not captured by the Aspen model.
Date: March 1998
Creator: Hatchell, J. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equilibrium of the System Lanthanum Nitrate-Praseodymium Nitrate-Nitric Acid-Water-Tributyl Phosphate

Description: A study of the extraction characteristics of the three systems lanthanum nitrate--nitric acid--water--tributyl phosphate, praseodymium nitrate--nitric acid--water--tributyl phosphate, and lanthanum nitrate--praseodymium nitrate nitric acid -water--tributyl phosphate was conducted. The separation factors between praseodymium and lanthanum for the system lanthanum nitrate--praseodymium nitrate-nitric acid--water--tributyl phosphate were shown to be a function of the total nitrate concentration of an equilibrium phase and practically independent of solute composition. A method of predicting the concentrations of lanthanum nitrate, praseodymium nitrate, and nitric acid in an equilibrium phase of the system lanthanum nitrate--praseodymium nitrate--nitric acid--water--tributyl phosphate was presented. A comparison of the extraction characteristics of the system rare-earth nitrate--nitric acid--water--tributyl phosphate for the nitrates of lanthanum, praseodymium, neodymium, and samarium was made. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1960
Creator: Sharp, B. M. & Smutz, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research and Development Studies on Waste Storage Process

Description: The basic objectives of this program were the determination of the thermal stability of various fission product oxides and nitrates, and an investigation of the gas phase decomposition of ruthenium tetroxide. To accomplish these objectives, a literature survey was flrst made of available physical and chemical data for the oxides and nitrates of Cs, Sr, Ru, Zr, Nb, and Ce. The data were supplemented by a calculation of thermodynamic functions for RuO/sub 4/ vapor from the experimentally determined infrared spectrum and the theoretically calculated raman-active fundamentals. Data are presented graphically. (C.H.)
Date: May 19, 1961
Creator: Ortner, M. H.; Anderson, C. J. & Campbell, P. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A method was developed for the determination of uranium in aqueous solutions that contain aluminum and in tributyl phosphate. Uranium was separated from aluminum by an ion exchange technique and was then determined gravimetrically by the 8-hydroxyquinoline method. The coefficient of variation was O.3%. (auth)
Date: July 1, 1960
Creator: MacDonald, C.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Rates of decomposition are reported for the tributyl phosphate complexes of uranyl nitrate and nitric acid under isothermal and adiabatic conditions. These data are used to estimate conditions at which the decomposition reaction becomes self-accelerating. (auth)
Date: November 1, 1960
Creator: Nichols, G.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A colorimeter is described that can be used to monitor process solutions continuously for uranyl nitrate or plutonium nitrate concentration. The instrument was tested under plant conditions in the concentration range from 0.1 to 70 grams of uranium per liter and 0.1 to 10 grams of plutonium per liter. The instrument error was plus or minus 1% of the span, but errors of 15 to 20% can be caused by other variables such as acidity and other salts present. (auth)
Date: March 1, 1960
Creator: Colvin, D.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Densities of Ammonium Fluoride-Ammonium Nitrate-Ammonium Hexafluozirconate Solutions

Description: The densities of various Zirflex-type solutions at 25 gas-cooled C can be expressed by the equation: p calc = (0.99710 + 0.03l57 m) + (0.02046 - 0.002659 m)c -(0.0033460.000703 m)c3/2 + 0.14349x + 0.49z where m = moles liter/ sup -1/ NH/sub 4/NO/sub 3/, c = moles liter/sup -1/ NH/sub 4/F, x = moles liter/ sup -1/ (NH/sub 4/)/sub 2/ZrF/sub 6/, and z = moles liter/sup -1/ UO/sub 2/(NO/ sub 3/)/sub 2/. This eq uation fits the data with a sigma value of 0.00018 g/ml for NH/sub 4/FNH/sub 4/NO/sub 3/ solutions, 0.00024 g/ml for NH/sub 4/F-(NH/sub 4/ )/sub 2/ZrF/sub 6/ solutions, and 0.0002 g/ml for solutions containing UO/sub 2/ (NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/ and/or NH/sub 4/F-NH/sub 4/NO/sub 3/ over the range of 0.0M to 6.0M NH/sub 4/F, 0.0M to 1.6M NH/sub 4/NO/sub 3/, 0.0M to 0.5M (NH/sub 4/)/sub 2/ ZrF/sub 6/, and 0.0M to 0.0025M UO/sub 2/(NO/sub 3/)/sub 2/. (auth)
Date: October 27, 1960
Creator: Teague, J. L. & Pearson, D. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department