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Final Safety Analysis Report--SNAP 1A Radioisotope Fueled Thermoelectric Generator

Description: The safety aspects involved in utilizing the Task 2 radioisotope-powered thermoelectric generator in a terrestrial satellite are described. It is based upon a generalized satellite mission having a 600-day orbital lifetime. A description of the basic design of the generator is presented in order to establish the analytical model. This includes the generator design, radiocerium fuel properties, and the fuel core. The transport of the generator to the launch site is examined, including the shipping cask, shipping procedures, and shipping hazards. A description of ground handling and vehicle integration is presented including preparation for fuel transfer, transfer, mating of generators to final stage, mating final stage to booster, and auxiliary support equipment. The flight vehicle is presented to complete the analytical model. Contained in this chapter are descriptions of the booster-sustainer, final stage, propellants, and built-in safety systems. The typical missile range is examined with respect to the launch complex and range safety characteristics. The shielding of the fuel is discussed and includes both dose rates and shield thicknesses required. The bare core, shielded generator, fuel transfer operation and dose rates for accidental conditions are treated. mechanism of re-entry from the successful mission is covered. Radiocerium inventories with respect to time and the chronology of re-entry are specifically treated. The multiplicity of conditions for aborted missions is set forth. The definition of aborted missions is treated first in order to present the initial conditions. Following this, a definition of the forces imposed upon the generator is presented. The aborted missions is presented. A large number of initial vehicle failure cases is narrowed down into categories of consequences. Since stratospheric injection of fuel results in cases where the fuel is not contained after re-entry, an extensive discussion of the fall-out mechanism is presented. (auth)
Date: June 30, 1960
Creator: Dix, G. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermoelectric Development at Hi-Z Technology

Description: An improved Thermoelectric Generator (TEG) for the Heavy Duty Class Eight Diesel Trucks is under development at Hi-Z Technology. The current TEG is equipped with the improved HZ-14 Thermoelectric module, which features better mechanical properties as well as higher electric power output. Also, the modules are held in place more securely. The TEG is comprised of 72 TE modules, which are capable of producing 1kW of electrical power at 30 V DC during nominal engine operation. Currently the upgraded generator has completed testing in a test cell and starting from August 2001 will be tested on a Diesel truck under typical road and environmental conditions. It is expected that the TEG will be able to supplement the existing shaft driven alternator, resulting in significant fuel saving, generating additional power required by the truck�s accessories. The electronic and thermal properties of bulk materials are altered when they are incorporated into quantum wells. Two-dimensional quantum wells have been synthesized by alternating layers of B4C and B9C in one system and alternating layers of Si and Si0.8Ge0.2 in another system. Such nanostructures are being investigated as candidate thermoelectric materials with high figures of merit (Z). The predicted enhancement is attributed to the confined motion of charge carriers and phonons in the two dimensions and separating them from the ion scattering centers. Multilayer quantum well materials development continues with the fabrication of thicker films, evaluation of various substrates to minimize bypass heat loss, and bonding techniques to minimize high contact resistance. Quantum well thermoelectric devices with N-type Si/Si0.8Ge0.2 and P-type B4C/B9C have been fabricated from these films. The test results generated continue to indicate that much higher thermoelectric efficiencies can be achieved in the quantum wells compared to the bulk materials.
Date: August 5, 2001
Creator: Kushch, Aleksandr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermocouple Development for Project Rover

Description: Thermocouples are used for the control and diagnostic measurement of the thermal behavior of cores in the Kiwi and Nerva reactors of Project Rover. The predominant hostile environmental conditions are those of hot hydrogen, hot graphite, and intense nuclear radiation. W/W Re thermocouples, insulated by BeO and encased in Mo or Ta sheaths, seem to show the most promise. Some aspects of thermocouple development, principally shunt effects and sheath integrity, are discussed.
Date: July 28, 1965
Creator: Brown, E A; Goodier, B G; Perry, Jr, J E; Petty, R L; Prince, W R & Tallman, C R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fabrication and Properties of Copper-Boron Carbide Control Materials for Phoebus II Reactor

Description: The Phoebus II Reactor required a neutron absorber material for criticality control and a neutron poison material for reducing the flux peak at the forward end of the fuel element. Normal B{sub 4}C was chosen for the neutron absorbing material, and Cu was employed as the matrix.A feasibility study developed procedures for producijg uniform, dense, stable sheet material of Cu-20, 40, and 50 v/o normal B{sub 4}C. The procedures were, with only slight modifications, translated to production operation to yield sheet from which Phoebus II control plates and end poison plates were made.
Date: June 1, 1964
Creator: Sheinberg, H. & Keil, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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