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Completion Techniques for Geothermal-Geopressured Wells. Final report

Description: Geological studies have established that geothermal-geopressured formations can be found at depths of 10,000 to 18,000 feet in the Gulf Coast area of Texas and Louisiana. Bottom hole pressures are in the range of 9,000 to 15,000 psig and temperatures 250-350 F. Test wells to tap these reservoirs can be drilled routinely, utilizing available equipment and methods. Electric logs, surveys, cores and production tests can be used to assess these resources and to evaluate their economic viability as primary sources of energy. But it will be necessary to complete the wells in such fashion that production of the high-pressured fluid can be obtained to deliver heat, mechanical energy and methane gas in economic quantities. This will require carefully considered completion techniques, involving pipe sizes and accessory equipment suitable for high volumes of fluid. Completion operations may include formation stimulation treatments and/or sand control measures to obtain optimum rates of flow with minimum sand influx. It appears that gravel-packed completions will be more feasible at this time than chemical consolidation treatments to control sand production because of high temperatures, thick producing intervals, and high-velocity flow rates. Flow rates up to 100 barrels per day per foot of perforations should be possible from consolidated formations without sand control treatments.
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Boyd, W.E.; Dorfman, M.H. & Podio, A.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elements of the world energy crisis

Description: The chain of events leading to the wonld energy crisis is followed for each industrialized country and the effects that energy shortages are presenting and optiona that are available are identified. The Soviet Union has extensive oil and gas reserves and the USA has extensive fossil fuel reserves, but needs to develop technology for coal and shale. Western Europe has been dependent upon Middle East oil, but could develop their coal resources. Japan is dependent upon oil imports, and with the advanced prices of oil, the capital on that island needs to be used internally in improving living conditions. (MCW)
Date: January 14, 1974
Creator: Werth, G.C. & Green, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department