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Pike event - EG&G report

Description: Pre event data and post event data are provided for aerial radiological monitoring associated with the Pike Event, which was reported to have resulted in an immediate venting.
Date: June 22, 1964
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of eddy current measurement (1986-1987)

Description: A study was conducted in 1986 to evaluate a modified eddy current system for measuring copper thickness on Kapton. Results showed a measurement error of 0.42 {mu}in. for a thickness range of 165 to 170 {mu}in. and a measurement variability of 3.2 {mu}in.
Date: June 22, 1989
Creator: Ramachandran, R.S. & Armstrong, K.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conceptual design plans for the FY 1993 line items

Description: This Facilities Capability Assurance Program (FCAP) project provides for the design and construction of a reconfigured production facility(ies) for Mound`s non-nuclear weapons components. Existing buildings would be rehabilitated in order to locate final production/assembly areas within close proximity and in a facility suitable to operations of this nature. Ancillary operations will be located in nearby buildings, also rehabilitated, in order to provide support to final production with minimal handling and travel-time. Benefits of this reconfiguration include: reduced labor, space requirements, and product cycle time; maximum flexibility to accommodate new mission assignments without new buildings; restores existing manufacturing facilities to a condition that is conducive to state-of-the-art operations. This project is mound`s top priority project for FY93.
Date: December 22, 1988
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shrapnel impact probability and diagnostic port failure analysis for LLNL`s explosives testing contained firing facility (CFF)

Description: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory` s (LLNL) Contained Firing Facility (CFF) is a facility to be constructed for explosives testing of up to 60 kg of explosives at LLNL` s Site 300 Explosives Test Site. The CFF will be a large, rectangular, reinforced concrete firing chamber, lined with steel for shrapnel protection. The CFF will contain several glass ports for cameras, lasers, and other diagnostic equipment to be used for data collection during planned explosives detonations. Glass is used due to the need for the greatest possible optical clarity. This study was performed during the CFF final design stage to determine probabilities and consequences (bounding and best estimate) of impact of shrapnel, due to concerns about the possible effects of rebounding shrapnel on these glass diagnostic ports. We developed a customized version of the Persistence of Vision{trademark} Ray-Tracer (POV-Ray{trademark}) version 3.02 code for the Macintosh TM Operating System (MacOS{trademark}). POV-Ray creates three- dimensional, very high quality (photo-realistic) images with realistic reflections, shading, textures, perspective, and other effects using a rendering technique called ray-tracing. It reads a text file that describes the objects and lighting in a scene and generates an image of that scene from the viewpoint of a camera, also described in the text file. The customized code (POV-Ray Shrapnel Tracker, V3.02 - Custom Build) generates fragment trajectory paths at user designated angle intervals in three dimensions, tracks these trajectory paths through any complex three-dimensional space, and outputs detailed data for each ray as requested by the user, including trajectory source location, initial direction of each trajectory, vector data for each surface/trajectory interaction, and any impacts with designated model target surfaces during any trajectory segment (direct path or reflected paths). This allows determination of the three-dimensional trajectory of each simulated particle, as well as overall and individual fragment probabilities of ...
Date: May 22, 1998
Creator: Price, D. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tory II-C off-design performance

Description: This memorandum reports the performance of TORY II-C at off-design altitudes and Mach numbers. Inlet pressure recovery has been varied with Mach number, reasonable values for a real inlet having been chosen. Nozzle throat area and exit area have been fixed at the design values. Hence this study can be used, in conjunction with missile drag data, to construct a flight envelope.
Date: April 22, 1963
Creator: Moyer, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of contact resistance across pressed lead and aluminum

Description: In the proposed production of Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) blanket module, lead will be encased in aluminum cladding. Energy transfer rate from the lead to the cooling water will be a function of the contact resistance between lead and aluminum. No data for contact resistance for this application exists in the literature. An experimental investigation has been conducted to determine thermal contact resistance between lead and aluminum in vacuum environment and also investigate the effect of pressure, surface roughness, and interface temperature on the contact resistance. The contact resistance decreases with the increase in contact pressure. Interface temperature and surface roughness do not affect the contact resistance significantly. There is slight increase in contact conductance with increasing temperature. The experimental results are generally well within acceptable accuracy and the data should be a good reference for the APT model.
Date: March 22, 2000
Creator: Smith, A.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multiphase treatment of ODTX in HMX spheres

Description: What will be discussed in this report represents a framework upon which multiphase and other real physical effects can be built. Chemical models of increasing complexity are envisioned and this methodology can provide a tool for evaluating new ideas against known experimental data. The recent work to be reported here addresses the multiphase issue of temperature deviation between phases undergoing chemical and heat transport processes. Modeling of the LLNL ODTX experiment will be performed with FLUENT, a commercially available computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. FLUENT solves flows in 2D or 3D in Cartesian, cylindrical, or general curvilinear coordinates, with steady-state of fully time-dependent analysis. Multiphase flows in which two or more continuous phases are present can be solved with arbitrary volumetric sources of heat, mass, momentum, and chemical species applied through user-defined FORTRAN subroutines. FLUENT models these of phenomena by solving the conservation equations for mass, momentum, energy, phasic volume fraction, and chemical species for each phase using a control volume based finite difference method. The equations are solved using SIMPLE-like algorithms with an iterative line-by-line matrix solver and multigrid acceleration. Before considering the temperature deviation issue and its dependence upon gaseous bubble diameter in a multiphase system, the author discusses the use of FLUENT for modeling the basic constant and uniform density LLNL ODTX problem. Following the discussion of the temperature deviation in the multiphase treatment, the author discusses possible extensions of this work to include more advanced multiphase effects such as surface reactions within bubbles and gas phase transport out of the HE sample.
Date: December 22, 1997
Creator: Zerkle, D.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2008 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for International Affairs

Description: This report analyzes the international affairs portion of the request and tracks related legislative activity. The White House had submitted emergency supplemental requests to Congress for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, and international affairs programs totaling $196.5 billion
Date: April 22, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda & Tarnoff, Curt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of microclad thickness variation (1987)

Description: A study was conducted to investigate the thickness variation of microclad material used in fabricating 1E38 bridges. For the role sampled (nine reels), standard deviations within reels ranged from 6.11 to 12.07 {mu}in. Thickness variations within reels ranged from 16.2 to 40.9 {mu}in., with the average thickness between 142.90 and 161.28 {mu}in.
Date: June 22, 1989
Creator: Ramachandran, R.S. & Armstrong, K.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The solution chemistry of polonium (Ad Interim Report)

Description: This document is a March 1949 Ad Interim Report from the Mound Laboratory on the solution chemistry of polonium. A consideration of the valences of the elements of the Group VI-A would indicate that the oxidation states of -2, 2, 4, and 6 might be expected for polonium. From the decrease in stability of the hydrides of these elements with increase in atomic number, one would expect that the compound H{sub 2} Po would be very unstable and that the oxidation state of -2 would not occur in solution. Furthermore, the stability of the oxidation state +6 as well as the stability of the highest oxidation state of a given element decreases as the atomic number increases in Group VI-A and Period VI respectively. For these reasons, the oxidation state +6 for polonium would be expected to occur only in a strongly oxidizing medium. The +4 state would be expected to be stable. The work discussed herein indicates that polonium exists as PoO{sup ++} in a nonoxidizing or reducing medium.
Date: March 22, 1949
Creator: Haring, M.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computational Modeling of Heterogeneous Reactive Materials at the Mesoscale

Description: The mesoscopic processes of consolidation, deformation and reaction of shocked porous energetic materials are studied using shock physics analysis of impact on a collection of discrete ''crystals.'' Highly resolved three-dimensional CTH simulations indicate that rapid deformation occurs at material contact points causing large amplitude fluctuations of stress states with wavelengths of the order of several particle diameters. Localization of energy produces ''hot-spots'' due to shock focusing and plastic work near internal boundaries as material flows into interstitial regions. Numerical experiments indicate that ''hot-spots'' are strongly influenced by multiple crystal interactions. Chemical reaction processes also produce multiple wave structures associated with particle distribution effects. This study provides new insights into the micromechanical behavior of heterogeneous energetic materials strongly suggesting that initiation and sustained reaction of shocked heterogeneous materials involves states distinctly different from single jump state descriptions.
Date: September 22, 1999
Creator: BAER, MARVIN R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of laseruler accuracy and precision (1986-1987)

Description: A study was conducted to investigate Laserruler accuracy and precision. Tests were performed on 0.050 in., 0.100 in., and 0.120 in. gauge block standards. Results showed and accuracy of 3.7 {mu}in. for the 0.12 in. standard, with higher accuracies for the two thinner blocks. The Laserruler precision was 4.83 {mu}in. for the 0.120 in. standard, 3.83 {mu}in. for the 0.100 in. standard, and 4.2 {mu}in. for the 0.050 in. standard.
Date: June 22, 1989
Creator: Ramachandran, R.S. & Armstrong, K.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phase I Rinal Report: Ultra-Low Background Alpha Activity Counter

Description: In certain important physics experiments that search for rare-events, such as neutrino or double beta decay detections, it is critical to minimize the number of background events that arise from alpha particle emitted by the natural radioactivity in the materials used to construct the experiment. Similarly, the natural radioactivity in materials used to connect and package silicon microcircuits must also be minimized in order to eliminate ''soft errors'' caused by alpha particles depositing charges within the microcircuits and thereby changing their logic states. For these, and related reasons in the areas of environmental cleanup and nuclear materials tracking, there is a need that is important from commercial, scientific, and national security perspectives to develop an ultra-low background alpha counter that would be capable of measuring materials' alpha particle emissivity at rates well below 0.00001 alpha/cm{sup 2}/hour. This rate, which corresponds to 24 alpha particles per square meter per day, is essentially impossible to achieve with existing commercial instruments because the natural radioactivity of the materials used to construct even the best of these counters produces background rates at the 0.005 alpha/cm{sup 2}/hr level. Our company (XIA) had previously developed an instrument that uses electronic background suppression to operate at the 0.0005 0.005 alpha/cm{sup 2}/hr level. This patented technology sets up an electric field between a large planar sample and a large planar anode, and fills the gap with pure Nitrogen. An alpha particle entering the chamber ionizes the Nitrogen, producing a ''track'' of electrons, which drift to the anode in the electric field. Tracks close to the anode take less than 10 microseconds (us) to be collected, giving a preamplifier signal with a 10 us risetime. Tracks from the sample have to drift across the full anode-sample gap and produce a 35 us risetime signal. By analyzing the preamplifier signals ...
Date: July 22, 2005
Creator: Warburton, W.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 410: Waste Disposal Trenches, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada: Revision No. 0

Description: This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report (CADD/CR) has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 410: Waste Disposal Trenches, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. Corrective Action Unit 410 consists of five Corrective Action Sites (CASs): TA-21-003-TANL; 09-21-001-TA09; TA-19-002-TAB2; TA-21-002-TAAL; and 03-19-001. The CADD and CR have been combined into one report because no further action is recommended for this CAU. The corrective action alternative recommended for CAU 410 is Clean Closure; therefore, no corrective action or corrective action plan is required. No use restrictions are required to be placed on this CAU because the investigation showed no evidence of remaining soil contamination or remaining debris/waste upon completion of all investigation activities.
Date: December 22, 2003
Creator: U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Comparison of Staggered-Mesh Lagrange Plus Remap and Cell-Centered Direct Eulerian Godunov Schemes for Rulerian Shock Hydrodynamics

Description: We present a comparison of two algorithms for solving the equations of unsteady inviscid compressible flow in a Eulerian frame. The first algorithm is a staggered grid Lagrange plus remap scheme. The Lagrange step in this method is a time-centered version of the scheme due to Tipton, while the remap step employs a variant of the corner transport upwind scheme due to Colella. The second algorithm is a spatially operator-split version of the higher-order Godunov scheme for gas dynamics due to Colella. They use the two methods to compute solutions to a number of one- and two-dimensional problems. The results show the accuracy and performance of the two schemes to be generally equivalent. In a 1984 survey paper by Woodward and Colella, staggered grid, Lagrange plus remap, artificial viscosity schemes did not compare favorably with cell-centered direct Eulerian higher-order Godunov methods. They examine, therefore, how certain features of the staggered grid scheme discussed here contribute to its improved accuracy. They show in particular that the improved accuracy of the present scheme is due in part to the use of a monotonic artificial viscosity in the Lagrange step and the use of an improved upwind method in the remap step.
Date: November 22, 2000
Creator: Pember, R.B. & Anderson, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Detection of Special Operations Forces Using Night Vision Devices

Description: Night vision devices, such image intensifiers and infrared imagers, are readily available to a host of nations, organizations, and individuals through international commerce. Once the trademark of special operations units, these devices are widely advertised to ''turn night into day''. In truth, they cannot accomplish this formidable task, but they do offer impressive enhancement of vision in limited light scenarios through electronically generated images. Image intensifiers and infrared imagers are both electronic devices for enhancing vision in the dark. However, each is based upon a totally different physical phenomenon. Image intensifiers amplify the available light energy whereas infrared imagers detect the thermal energy radiated from all objects. Because of this, each device operates from energy which is present in a different portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. This leads to differences in the ability of each device to detect and/or identify objects. This report is a compilation of the available information on both state-of-the-art image intensifiers and infrared imagers. Image intensifiers developed in the United States, as well as some foreign made image intensifiers, are discussed. Image intensifiers are categorized according to their spectral response and sensitivity using the nomenclature of GEN I, GEN II, and GEN III. As the first generation of image intensifiers, GEN I, were large and of limited performance, this report will deal with only GEN II and GEN III equipment. Infrared imagers are generally categorized according to their spectral response, sensor materials, and related sensor operating temperature using the nomenclature Medium Wavelength Infrared (MWIR) Cooled and Long Wavelength Infrared (LWIR) Uncooled. MWIR Cooled refers to infrared imagers which operate in the 3 to 5 {micro}m wavelength electromagnetic spectral region and require either mechanical or thermoelectric coolers to keep the sensors operating at 77 K. LWIR Uncooled refers to infrared imagers which operate in the 8 to ...
Date: October 22, 2001
Creator: Smith, C.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homeland Security Research and Development Funding, Organization, and Oversight

Description: The Homeland Security Act consolidated some research and development (R&D) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), whose FY2007 R&D budget (excluding management/procurement) was requested at $1.1 billion, about 10% less than FY2006, and represents the first decline in DHS's R&D funding since the agency started funding R&D in 2002. DHS is mandated to coordinate all federal agency homeland security R&D, which was requested at about $5.1 billion. This report lists related legislation and policy issues relating to DHS's R&D programs.
Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

United States Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management Technology Development Report Fiscal Year 2010

Description: The mission of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is to clean up the environmental legacy of nuclear weapons research and production during the Cold War. That mission includes cleaning up nuclear waste, contaminated groundwater and soil, nuclear materials, and contaminated facilities covering two million acres of land in thirty-five states. EM's principal program goals include timely completion of tank waste treatment facilities, reduction of the life-cycle costs and acceleration of the cleanup of the Cold War legacy, and reduction of the EM footprint. The mission of the EM Technology Innovation and Development program is to transform science and innovation into practical solutions to achieve the EM mission. During fiscal year 2010 (October 2009-September 2010), EM focused upon accelerating environmental cleanup by expeditiously filling identified gaps in available knowledge and technology in the EM program areas. This report describes some of the approaches and transformational technologies in tank waste processing, groundwater and soil remediation, nuclear materials disposition, and facility deactivation and decommissioning developed during fiscal year 2010 that will enable EM to meet its most pressing program goals.
Date: October 22, 2010
Creator: Bush, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of the LLL tandem-shaped charge designs

Description: Lawrence Livermore Laboratory has been engaged in the design of tandem or multistage shaped charges for several years. Analytical and experimental work that focuses on how several aspects of tandem designs affect the jet characteristics is described. The work demonstrates the effectiveness of analytical methodology to specify liner geometries to achieve jets with controlled velocity gradients and high overall efficiency. It also shows that jet clippers and other ancillary components, along with controlled liner thickness, help make clean breaks between the jet and the slug and facilitate insertion of a second jet. Second-stage initiation and interjet time delays are discussed.
Date: February 22, 1979
Creator: Godfrey, C.S. & Jandrisevits, R.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Explosive reaction of cased charges generated by impacts of. 30 calibre bullets

Description: Several high explosive formulations have recently been compared in a series of impact tests where samples of each composition were encased in a test fixture designed in flat geometry mocking an HE loaded artillery projectile. The purpose of the ongoing test series is to determine the relative rate of chemical energy release or explosiveness of several standard and research insensitive high explosive (IHE) main charge compositions. The triggering stimulus is the impact of .30 calibre ball bullets fired at normal muzzle velocity.
Date: July 22, 1981
Creator: Honodel, C A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Operations: Background Screenings of Contractor Employees Supporting Deployed Forces May Lack Critical Information, but U.S. Forces Take Steps to Mitigate the Risk Contractors May Pose

Description: Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The U.S. military has long relied on contractors to provide a variety of goods and services to U.S. forces around the world, including those located in Iraq and Afghanistan. These services range from maintaining advanced weapon systems and setting up and operating communications networks to providing gate and perimeter security, interpreting foreign languages, preparing meals and doing laundry for the troops. The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) uses contractors for a variety of reasons, including a lack of skilled and qualified military personnel and the need to conserve scarce skills to ensure that they will be available for future deployments. DOD estimates that it has more than 50,000 contractor employees in support of operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Depending on the types of services being offered, contractor employees may be U.S. citizens, or third country nationals, and contractors are often encouraged to hire host country nationals to help rebuild local economies and get local nationals back to work. While contractor employees can provide significant benefits to U.S. forces, contractor employees can also pose a risk to U.S. troops. For example, the terrorists who attacked the U.S.S. Cole were suspected to be contractor employees associated with its refueling operations. This attack led military officials to realize the risk that contractors could pose to the safety and security of U.S. installations and military personnel. The risk is increased when U.S. forces are involved in a military operation against an insurgency, as they are in Iraq. Background screenings of contractor employees can provide some insight into the likelihood that the employee may cause harm to U.S. troops and may deter some criminals and terrorists from working at U.S. installations. Although DOD is not required to screen contractor employees, in some situations, ...
Date: September 22, 2006
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Army Working Capital Fund: Army Faces Challenges in Managing Working Capital Fund Cash Balance during Wartime Environment

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Army Working Capital Fund (AWCF) collected over $16 billion for goods and services provided to customers in fiscal year 2009. Cash generated from sales is used by AWCF to cover its expenses such as paying employees. In light of the Army's changing role in the Middle East, GAO was asked to determine whether (1) AWCF's monthly cash balances fell within the Department of Defense's (DOD) cash requirements for fiscal years 2000 through 2009, (2) the cash transfers resulted in AWCF's monthly cash balances falling below the minimum amount required by DOD, and (3) the AWCF's projected monthly cash balances are expected to fall below DOD's minimum cash requirement for fiscal years 2010 and 2011 and actions the Army can take to manage those balances. To address these objectives, GAO (1) reviewed relevant DOD guidance, (2) obtained and analyzed AWCF budget and accounting reports containing cash information, and (3) interviewed DOD and Army officials."
Date: June 22, 2010
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department