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Development of a low intensity current monitor system

Description: This report documents the development of a current transformer system used to measure pulsed ion beam currents with a wide dynamic intensity range (nA to mA, and factor of 10{sup 6}). Peak beam currents at the LAMPF accelerator typically range from 100 to nA to 40 mA with pulse widths varying from 30 to 1000 {mu}s. Signal conditioning of the peak current output provides an average current readout with a range of 1 nA to 2 mA, noise of approximately {plus minus}0.5 nA, and accuracy of {plus minu… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Gallegos, F.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Innovative approach to asbestos removal

Description: The most common asbestos materials used at the Savannah River site include: steam pipe insulation; powerhouse boiler insulation; wallboards; roofing materials; and cement products. Asbestos was also found in a number of other materials: aprons; gaskets; laboratory hot pads; and talcum powder used for gloves. Techniques for removal; personnel training; mechanical ventilation; and personnel isolation techniques are described for completing asbestos removal safely and without boiler downtime. (PSB) more
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Kahal, E J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of proposed designs for streamflow monitoring structures at waste disposal sites

Description: Design of small surface water monitoring stations associated with waste sites requires an approach that balances several problems. The monitoring site must have a capacity for a wide range of flows, allow accurate measurements over the full performance range, minimize effects from accumulation of contaminated sediments, and minimize costs of construction and operation. Selecting a station design that takes these factors into consideration can be done systematically through use of formal decisio… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Clapp, R. B.; Borders, D. M.; Tardiff, M. F. & Huff, D. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Milliwatt Generator Project

Description: This report covers progress on the Milliwatt Generator Project from April 1986 through March 1988. Activities included fuel processing and characterization, production of heat sources, fabrication of pressure-burst test units, compatibility studies, impact testing, and examination of surveillance units. The major task of the Los Alamos Milliwatt Generator Project is to fabricate MC2893A heat sources (4.0 W) for MC2730A radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGS) and MC3599 heat sources (4.5 W… more
Date: May 1, 1992
Creator: Latimer, T.W. & Rinehart, G.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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X-ray, soft x-ray, and vuv beam position monitor

Description: An x-ray beam position monitor has been developed and is currently operational at the NIST beamline X-24A of the National Synchrotron Light Source, Upton, NY. It was developed to accurately measure the vertical position of the synchrotron beam and to allow precise positioning of beamline optics. It is an area type monitor positioned 5.6 meters from the Tangent Point and precedes all beamline instrumentation. Vertical beam position is given by the differential photoemission current from two grid… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Karlin, B.A. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Cowan, P.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)) & Woicik, J.C. (National Inst. of Standards and Technology (IMSE), Gaithersburg, MD (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Prototype photon position monitors for undulator beams at the Advanced Light Source

Description: Design criteria are described, and test results are presented, for prototype ALS undulator beam position monitors. The design is based on monitors presently in use at NSLS, with modifications to account for the widely varying and large K values of the undulators to be installed at the ALS. In particular, we have modified the design to simplify the thermal engineering and we have explored techniques to suppress the response of the monitors to soft photons, so that the beam position can be determ… more
Date: October 17, 1990
Creator: Warwick, T.; Shu, D. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Rodricks, B. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)) & Johnson, E.D. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Stack and area tritium monitoring systems for the tokamak fusion test reactor (TFTR)

Description: TFTR Tritium Stack and Area Monitoring Systems have been developed to provide the required level of reliability in a cost effective manner consistent with the mission of the Tritium Handling System on TFTR. Personnel protection, environmental responsibility, and tritium containing system integrity have been the considerations in system design. During the Deuterium-Tritium (D-T) experiments on TFTR, tritium will be used for the first time as one of the fuels. All of the tritium bearing systems w… more
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Pearson, G.G.; Meixler, L.D. & Sissingh, R.A.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A guide to writing procurement specifications for new and existing CHAWS sites

Description: Turn-key Chemical Hazard Warning Systems (CHAWS) have been designed by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and installed at a number of US Army sites. This document is intended to be used as a guide by those charged with writing procurement specification for both new and existing CHAWS sites. It discusses issues of system design and the functional requirements for both hardware and software. Suggestions are made for those interested in updating the computer platform and/or operati… more
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Martins, S.A. & Fry, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PEP instrumentation and control system

Description: This paper describes the operating characteristics of the primary components that form the PEP Instrumentation and Control System. Descriptions are provided for the computer control system, beam monitors, and other support systems.
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Melen, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental surveillance at Los Alamos during 1987

Description: This report describes the environmental surveillance program conducted by Los Alamos National Laboratory during 1987. Routine monitoring for radiation and radioactive or chemical materials is conducted on the Laboratory site as well as in the surrounding region. Monitoring results are used to determine compliance with appropriate standards and to permit early identification of potentially undesirable trends. Results and interpretation of data for 1987 cover: external penetrating radiation; quan… more
Date: May 1, 1988
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Resource book: Decommissioning of contaminated facilities at Hanford

Description: In 1942 Hanford was commissioned as a site for the production of weapons-grade plutonium. The years since have seen the construction and operation of several generations of plutonium-producing reactors, plants for the chemical processing of irradiated fuel elements, plutonium and uranium processing and fabrication plants, and other facilities. There has also been a diversification of the Hanford site with the building of new laboratories, a fission product encapsulation plant, improved high-lev… more
Date: September 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Potential application of a single-particle aerosol spectrometer for monitoring aerosol size at the DOE filter test facilities

Description: At each of the three Department of Energy (DOE) filter test facilities (FTF), a commercial single particle aerosol spectrometer, the LAS-X, was used to demonstrate that the test aerosol produced by each of the Q107 high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter test systems was polydisperse with a geometric standard deviation greater than 1.35, and a geometric mean diameter less than 0.2 ..mu..m. These results confirm the work of others that the OWL (mechanical analyzer) is inadequate for assuri… more
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Salzman, G.C.; Ettinger, H.J.; Tillery, M.I.; Wheat, L.D. & Grace, W.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transport of radon and thoron at the earth's surface

Description: This report covers progress under the current funding period 1 Jan 1992 to 1 Jan 1993 and presents the continuation proposal for 1 Jan 1993 to 1 Jan 1994. The previous progress report was submitted in June 1991, so activities during the last half of 1991 will also be included. Our major activities over the last year have continued to focus on measurements and modeling of the disequilibrium of radon and thoron progeny outdoors, and analysis of data on indoor thoron and thoron progeny.
Date: July 1, 1992
Creator: Schery, S.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Precision fiducialization of transport components

Description: The Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB) is a transport line designed to test both concept and advanced technology for application to future linear colliders. It is currently under construction at SLAC in the central beam line. Most of the quadrupoles of the FFTB have ab initio alignment tolerances of less than 30 microns, if the planned for beam based alignment tuning procedure is to converge. For such placement tolerances to have any meaning requires that the coordinates of the effective centers, see… more
Date: March 1, 1992
Creator: Fischer, G. E.; Bressler, V. E.; Cobb, J. K.; Jensen, D. R.; Ruland, R. E.; Walz, H. V. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A beam profile monitor for small electron beams

Description: Measurement of beam properties at the foci of high energy linacs is difficult due to the small size of the waists in proposed and existing accelerators (1 nm {minus} 2 {mu}). This paper considers the use of bremsstrahlung radiation from thin foils to measure the size and phase space density these beams using nonimaging optics. The components of the system are described, and the ultimate resolution, evaluated theoretically for the case of the Final Focus Test Beam at Stanford Linear Accelerator … more
Date: January 23, 1991
Creator: Norem, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quantification of surface contamination: principles and applications

Description: The applications discussed in this paper underscore the usefulness and versatility of molecular luminescence spectroscopy as an efficient surface detection technique. The technique can be used not only as a qualitative characterization method, but also as a quantitative analytical tool to detect trace contaminants on surfaces. Recent advances in instrumentation and methodology have expanded the applicability of surface luminescence into many new problem areas. Trace organics are emphasized here. more
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Vo-Dinh, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Kesterson crisis: Sorting out the facts

Description: The Kesterson Reservoir was planned as a regulating facility to control drainage water discharges into the San Joaquin-Scaramento River Delta from the San Luis Drain'' which was to dispose of salt-ladin agricultural water. Anticipated environmental impacts of the Kesterson operations focused almost exclusively on problems related to seepage and water-logging of nearby lands. Reuse of drainage water for wetlands focused on excessive salinity. Drainage water entered the reservoir in 1978. By 1983… more
Date: July 1, 1990
Creator: Benson, S.M. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Delamore, M. & Hoffman, S. (Bureau of Reclamation, Sacramento, CA (United States). Mid-Pacific Region)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Resource book: Decommissioning of contaminated facilities at Hanford

Description: In 1942 Hanford was commissioned as a site for the production of weapons-grade plutonium. The years since have seen the construction and operation of several generations of plutonium-producing reactors, plants for the chemical processing of irradiated fuel elements, plutonium and uranium processing and fabrication plants, and other facilities. There has also been a diversification of the Hanford site with the building of new laboratories, a fission product encapsulation plant, improved high-lev… more
Date: September 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design and operation of a passive neutron monitor for assaying the TRU content of solid wastes

Description: A passive neutron monitor has been designed and built for determining the residual transuranic (TRU) and plutonium content of chopped leached fuel hulls and other solid wastes from spent Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) fuel. The system was designed to measure as little as 8 g of plutonium or 88 mg of TRU in a waste package as large as a 208-l drum which could be emitting up to 220,000 R/hr of gamma radiation. For practical purposes, maximum assay times were chosen to be 10,000 sec. The monitor c… more
Date: February 1, 1984
Creator: Brodzinski, R.L.; Brown, D.P.; Rieck, H.G. Jr. & Rogers, L.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Determination of the beta energy (E/sub max/) using thin window instruments

Description: The use of simple survey instruments for beta-energy analysis is complicated by large differences that exist in the beta spectra shapes. These spectral shapes are often complex and change continuously as the betas are absorbed in air. Changes are also caused by absorbing material between the source and the detector. One may frequently encounter a combination of beta energies, either from multiple emissions from a single isotope or from several isotopes in the sample being evaluated. There may a… more
Date: August 12, 1983
Creator: Hankins, D.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Artificial Intelligence for Safeguarding Fuel Reprocessing Plants

Description: Recorded process data from the ''Minirun'' campaigns conducted at the Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant (BNFP) in Barnwell, South Carolina during 1980 to 1981 have been utilized to study the suitability of computer-based Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods for process monitoring for safeguards purposes. The techniques of knowledge engineering were used to formulate the decision-making software which operates on the process data customarily used for process operations. The OPS5 AI language was used t… more
Date: January 1, 1987
Creator: Wachter, J. W. & Forgy, C. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The response of survey meters to pulsed radiation fields

Description: The response of most survey meters to steady radiation fields is fairly well known and documented. However, hardly any data is available in the literature regarding the response of these instruments to pulsed radiation. Pulsed radiation fields are encountered, e.g., in the vicinity of linear electron accelerators or klystrons. An instrument that ordinarily responds well to the average dose rate spread out evenly in time may not be able to cope with such a high dose rate. Instruments which have … more
Date: November 1, 1987
Creator: McCall, R.C. & Ipe, N.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermal and structural analysis of high precision beamline position monitors for synchrotron x-ray beams

Description: The photon beam position monitors (PBPM) on the front end of the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source (APS) synchrotron facility under construction at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) are precision devices that measure spatial as well as angular positions of the x-ray beams. There exist two such devices on each APS front end, and they are set approximately 4 m apart. The required spatial resolution of these devices is of the order of a few microns; the required angular resolution is less than a micro-… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Wang, Z.; Shu, D.; Khounsary, A.M. & Kuzay, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pulse-by-pulse energy measurement at the Stanford Linear Collider

Description: The stanford Linear Collider (SLC) collides a beam of electrons and positrons at 92 GeV. It is the first colliding linac, and produces Z{sup 0} particles for High-Energy Physics measurements. The energy of each beam must be measured to one part in 10{sup 4} on every collision (120 Hz). An Energy Spectrometer in each beam line after collision produces two stripes of high-energy synchrotron radiation with critical energy of a few MeV. The distance between these two stripes at an imaging plane mea… more
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Blaylock, G. (California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA (United States)); Briggs, D.; Collins, B. & Petree, M. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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