19,250 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Cold Vacuum Drying Facility Stack Air Sampling System Qualification Tests

Description: This report documents tests that were conducted to verify that the air monitoring system for the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility ventilation exhaust stack meets the applicable regulatory criteria regarding the placement of the air sampling probe, sample transport, and stack flow measurement accuracy.
Date: January 24, 2001
Creator: Glissmeyer, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effects of a Self-Monitoring Procedure on Sustainable Behavior

Description: Self-monitoring procedures are commonly used to assess environmentally sustainable behavior. The current experiment evaluated the effects of a self-monitoring procedure on two sustainable behaviors within a university office. A senior assistant was asked to report on light usage and energy-saver use on the copier in an office break room. Her reports were then compared with independent observations. Results showed that her reports were highly correspondent with independent observations although no change in target behaviors occurred. Changes in behavior occurred when she was asked to engage in the target behaviors. Results suggest that although self-monitoring procedures can correctly assess sustainable behaviors, they may not be suitable for behavior change.
Date: August 2011
Creator: Eni, Chinedu Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries

In-situ borehole seismic monitoring of injected CO2 at the FrioSite

Description: The U.S. Dept. of Energy funded Frio Brine Pilot provided an opportunity to test borehole seismic monitoring techniques in a saline formation in southeast Texas. A relatively small amount of CO{sub 2} was injected (about 1600 tons) into a thin injection interval (about 6 m thick at 1500 m depth). Designed tests included time-lapse vertical seismic profile (VSP) and crosswell surveys which investigated the detectability of CO{sub 2} with surface-to-borehole and borehole-to-borehole measurement.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Daley, Thomas M. & Korneev, Valeri A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Marine sediment remediation at the United Heckathorn Superfund Site was completed in April 1997. Water and mussel tissues were sampled in February 1999 from four stations near Lauritzen Canal in Richmond, California, for Year 2 of post-remediation monitoring of marine areas near the United Heckathorn Site. Dieldrin and dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane (DDT) were analyzed in water samples, tissue samples from resident mussels, and tissue samples from transplanted mussels deployed for 4 months. Mussel tissues were also analyzed for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), which were detected in sediment samples. Chlorinated pesticide concentrations in water samples were similar to preremediation levels and did not meet remediation goals. Biomonitoring results indicated that the bioavailability of chlorinated pesticides has been reduced from preremediation levels both in the dredged area and throughout Richmond Harbor. Total DDT and dieldrin concentrations in mussel tissues were lower than measured levels from preremediation surveys and also lower than Year 1 levels from post-remediation biomonitoring. Sediment analyses showed the presence of elevated DDT, dieldrin, PCB aroclor 1254, and very high levels of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in Lauritzen Channel.
Date: September 6, 2000
Creator: Antrim, Liam D. & Kohn, Nancy P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Review of Sensor Calibration Monitoring for Calibration Interval Extension in Nuclear Power Plants

Description: Currently in the United States, periodic sensor recalibration is required for all safety-related sensors, typically occurring at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration in some plants. Online monitoring can be employed to identify those sensors that require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors that need it. International application of calibration monitoring, such as at the Sizewell B plant in United Kingdom, has shown that sensors may operate for eight years, or longer, within calibration tolerances. This issue is expected to also be important as the United States looks to the next generation of reactor designs (such as small modular reactors and advanced concepts), given the anticipated longer refueling cycles, proposed advanced sensors, and digital instrumentation and control systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) accepted the general concept of online monitoring for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no U.S. plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This report presents a state-of-the-art assessment of online calibration monitoring in the nuclear power industry, including sensors, calibration practice, and online monitoring algorithms. This assessment identifies key research needs and gaps that prohibit integration of the NRC-approved online calibration monitoring system in the U.S. nuclear industry. Several needs are identified, including the quantification of uncertainty in online calibration assessment; accurate determination of calibration acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and assessment of the feasibility of using virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors in order to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity. Understanding the degradation of sensors and the impact of this degradation on signals is key to developing technical basis to support acceptance criteria and set point decisions, particularly for advanced sensors which do not ...
Date: August 31, 2012
Creator: Coble, Jamie B.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Bond, Leonard J.; Hashemian, Hash; Shumaker, Brent et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Post-Closure Groundwater Monitoring Plan for the 1324-N Surface Impoundment and 1324-NA Percolation Pond

Description: The 1324-N Surface Impoundment and the 1324-NA Percolation Pond, located in the 100-N Area of the Hanford Site, are regulated under the Resource Consevation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Surface and underground features of the facilities have been removed and laboratory analyses showed that soil met the closure performance standards. These sites have been backfilled and revegetated.
Date: April 2, 2004
Creator: Hartman, Mary J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wireless In-home Ecg Monitoring System with Remote Access

Description: The thesis work details the design and testing of a wireless electrocardiogram (ECG) system. This system includes a wireless ECG device, as well as software packages to visually display the waveform locally on a computer and remotely on a web page. The remote viewing capability also extends to using an Android phone application. The purpose of the system is to serve as a means for a doctor or physician to check up on a patient away from a hospital setting. This system allows for a patient to be in their home environment while giving health vital information, primarily being the heart’s activity through the ECG, to medical personnel.
Date: August 2012
Creator: Porter, Logan
Partner: UNT Libraries

Some ecological attributes and plutonium contents of perennial vegetation in Area 13

Description: Progress is reported on work conducted at the Nevada Test Site under the auspices of the Nevada Applied Ecology Group, Office of Effects Evaluation, USAEC Nevada Operations Office, Las Vegas. Nevada. Included are data on some ecological attributes of the vegetation within thc fenced portion of the Project 57 fallout pattern in Area 13. Also included are some preliminary data on the / sup 239/-240/Pu and /sup 241/Am in samples of vegetation collected in conjunction with the soil sampling program. Prominent shrub and grass species in the fallout pattern of Area 13 include Artemisia spinescens, Atriplex canescens, Atriplex confertifolia, Eurotia lanata, Grayia spinosa, Kochia americana, Lycium andersonii, and Oryzopsis hymenoides. Individual or co-dominant species distinguished local association pattarns of varied size within the fenced study area. Vegetation cover estimates in sample study plots ranged from 12.8 to 25.3 percent. Shrub densities ranged from 11.2 x 10/sup 3/ to 17.9 x 10/sup 3/ plants per hectare, and the standing shrub biomass ranged from 1592 to 4255 kilograms per hectare (0.7 to 1.9 tons per acre). Preliminary results showed rather uniform distributions of /sup 239-240/Pu and /sup 241/Am among indiividual samples of the same plant species collected within an intensive study plot. However, there was considerable variation in the contamination levels between different species, presumably from superficial entrapment of resuspended particulate material. Concentrations in Eurotia lanata were three to five times higher than in other species sampled from the same study site. The /sup 239-240/ Pu and /sup 241/Am generally tended to decrease in samples of vegetation collected at increasing distances from ground zero, but there were poor correlations between vegetation and soil /sup 239-240/Pu concertrations in isopleth strat within the fenced grazing area. Results showed inconsistencies in the Pu/Am ratios for vegettion and soil. Lower ratios found in vegetation samples indicate ...
Date: November 1, 1973
Creator: Romney, E.M.; Wallace, A.; Gilbert, R.O.; Bamberg, S.A.; Childress, J.D.; Kinnear, J.E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental status of the Hanford reservation for January--June 1969

Description: Data are presented on the radioactivity in environmental samples collected within the Hanford plant boundaries during the first six months of 1969. Data are included on the total BETA activity and content of /sup 90/Sr and tritium in samples of Columbia River water; the total BETA activity in samples of drinking water; the total alpha and BETA activity and content of /sup 137/ Cs, /sup 51/Cr, and /sup 65/Zn in samples of su rface waters; the content of /sup 32/P, /sup 40/K, /sup 134/Cs, /sup 137/Cs, and /sup 65/Zn in the tissues of game birds feeding on the area; the total BETA activity and content of /sup 131/I in samples of surface air; the total alpha , total BETA , and total gamma activity and content of /sup 95/Zr-Nb, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 131/I, /sup 137/Cs, /su p 140/Ba, and /sup 144/Ce in samples of air filters; the total alpha and total BETA activity and content of /sup 137/Cs and /sup 144/Ce in samples of vegetation; and results of aerial surveys of gamma activity conducted at an altitude of 500 feet. Estimates were made of the average external gamma exposure rates of personnel. Increased BETA activity in the atmosphere was due to fallout. (CH)
Date: April 1, 1970
Creator: Wilson, C.B. & Essig, T.H. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY-2010 Process Monitoring Technology Final Report

Description: During FY 2010, work under the Spectroscopy-Based Process Monitoring task included ordering and receiving four fluid flow meters and four flow visible-near infrared spectrometer cells to be instrumented within the centrifugal contactor system at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Initial demonstrations of real-time spectroscopic measurements on cold-stream simulants were conducted using plutonium (Pu)/uranium (U) (PUREX) solvent extraction process conditions. The specific test case examined the extraction of neodymium nitrate (Nd(NO3)3) from an aqueous nitric acid (HNO3) feed into a tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP)/ n-dodecane solvent. Demonstration testing of this system included diverting a sample from the aqueous feed meanwhile monitoring the process in every phase using the on-line spectroscopic process monitoring system. The purpose of this demonstration was to test whether spectroscopic monitoring is capable of determining the mass balance of metal nitrate species involved in a cross-current solvent extraction scheme while also diverting a sample from the system. The diversion scenario involved diverting a portion of the feed from a counter-current extraction system while a continuous extraction experiment was underway. A successful test would demonstrate the ability of the process monitoring system to detect and quantify the diversion of material from the system during a real-time continuous solvent extraction experiment. The system was designed to mimic a PUREX-type extraction process with a bank of four centrifugal contactors. The aqueous feed contained Nd(NO3)3 in HNO3, and the organic phase was composed of TBP/n-dodecane. The amount of sample observed to be diverted by on-line spectroscopic process monitoring was measured to be 3 mmol (3 x 10-3 mol) Nd3+. This value was in excellent agreement with the 2.9 mmol Nd3+ value based on the known mass of sample taken (i.e., diverted) directly from the system feed solution.
Date: January 1, 2011
Creator: Orton, Christopher R.; Bryan, Samuel A.; Casella, Amanda J.; Hines, Wes; Levitskaia, Tatiana G.; henkell, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uncertainty Quantification Techniques for Sensor Calibration Monitoring in Nuclear Power Plants

Description: This report describes the status of ongoing research towards the development of advanced algorithms for online calibration monitoring. The objective of this research is to develop the next generation of online monitoring technologies for sensor calibration interval extension and signal validation in operating and new reactors. These advances are expected to improve the safety and reliability of current and planned nuclear power systems as a result of higher accuracies and increased reliability of sensors used to monitor key parameters. The focus of this report is on documenting the outcomes of the first phase of R&D under this project, which addressed approaches to uncertainty quantification (UQ) in online monitoring that are data-driven, and can therefore adjust estimates of uncertainty as measurement conditions change. Such data-driven approaches to UQ are necessary to address changing plant conditions, for example, as nuclear power plants experience transients, or as next-generation small modular reactors (SMR) operate in load-following conditions.
Date: September 1, 2013
Creator: Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Lin, Guang; Crawford, Susan L.; Konomi, Bledar A.; Braatz, Brett G.; Coble, Jamie B. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Idaho National Laboratory Cultural Resource Monitoring Report for 2013

Description: This report describes the cultural resource monitoring activities of the Idaho National Laboratory’s (INL) Cultural Resource Management (CRM) Office during 2013. Throughout the year, thirty-eight cultural resource localities were revisited including: two locations with Native American human remains, one of which is also a cave; fourteen additional caves; seven prehistoric archaeological sites ; four historic archaeological sites; one historic trail; one nuclear resource (Experimental Breeder Reactor-I, a designated National Historic Landmark); and nine historic structures located at the Central Facilities Area. Of the monitored resources, thirty-three were routinely monitored, and five were monitored to assess project compliance with cultural resource recommendations along with the effects of ongoing project activities. On six occasions, ground disturbing activities within the boundaries of the Power Burst Facility/Critical Infrastructure Test Range Complex (PBF/CITRC) were observed by INL CRM staff prepared to respond to any additional finds of Native American human remains. In addition, two resources were visited more than once as part of the routine monitoring schedule or to monitor for additional damage. Throughout the year, most of the cultural resources monitored had no visual adverse changes resulting in Type 1determinations. However, Type 2 impacts were noted at eight sites, indicating that although impacts were noted or that a project was operating outside of culturally cleared limitations, cultural resources retained integrity and noted impacts did not threaten National Register eligibility. No new Type 3 or any Type 4 impacts that adversely impacted cultural resources and threatened National Register eligibility were observed at cultural resources monitored in 2013.
Date: October 1, 2013
Creator: Williams, Julie B. & Pace, Brenda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Natural iodine and iodine-129 in mammalian thyroids and environmental samples taken from locations in the United States

Description: From symposium on enviromnental surveillance around nuclear installation; Warsaw, Poland (5 Nov 1973). Bovine and other mammalian thyroids, air, precipitation, water, grass, and milk samples from selected locations were analyzed for their natural iodine and iodine-129 content. Particle filters and activated charcoal beds were used to collect the particulate and gaseous iodine fractions from the air. Anion exchange was used for the separation of iodine from liquid samples. Cumbustion methods were used for iodine separation from solid samples, anlon exchange resins, and air filters. Iodine-129 and natural iodine concentrations were determined by neutron activation analysis with a detection limit of about 10/sup 8/ atoms of iodine-129 per sample. Analytical results of both /sup 129/I concentrations and ratios of atoms of /sup 129/I per atom of /sup 127/I for these samples are summarized. The small radiation doses to human thyroids projected from these low /sup 129/I concentrations are also discussed. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1973
Creator: Brauer, F.P.; Soldat, J.K.; Tenny, H. & Strebin, R.S. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Innovative technology summary report: ResonantSonic{reg_sign} drilling

Description: ResonantSonic{trademark} drilling has been demonstrated and deployed as an innovative tool to access the subsurface for installation of monitoring and/or remediation wells and for collection of subsurface materials for environmental restoration applications. The technology has been developed by industry with assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development to ensure it meets the needs of the environmental restoration market.
Date: April 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of temperature and humidity profiles with elastic-backscatter lidar data

Description: This contribution analyzes elastic-backscatter lidar data and temperature and humidity profiles from radiosondes acquired in Barcelona in July 1992. Elastic-backscatter lidar data reveal the distribution of aerosols within the volume of atmosphere scanned. By comparing this information with temperature and humidity profiles of the atmosphere at a similar time, we are able to asses de relationship among aerosol distribution and atmospheric stability or water content, respectively. Comparisons have shown how lidar`s revealed layers of aerosols correspond to atmospheric layers with different stability condition and water content.
Date: April 1995
Creator: Soriano, C.; Buttler, W. T. & Baldasano, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Continuous monitoring of crosswell seismic travel time

Description: In two separate shallow field experiments, at two distancescales, we have used continuous monitoring to estimate the effect ofbarometric pressure on crosswell travel time and thereby calibrated thestress sensitivity of the rock volume between the wells. In a 3 mexperiment we found a stress sensitivity of 10-6/Pa while in a 30 mexperiment the sensitivity was 5 x 10-8 /Pa. Results from a deeper (1km), 2 month experiment at the San Andreas fault observation boreholeswill be presented if analysis is completed.
Date: April 14, 2006
Creator: Daley, Thomas M.; Silver, Paul G.; Niu, Fenglin & Majer, Ernest L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

First Quarter Hanford Seismic Report for Fiscal Year 2001

Description: Hanford Seismic Monitoring provides an uninterrupted collection of high-quality raw and processed seismic data from the Hanford Seismic Network (HSN) for the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors. Hanford Seismic Monitoring also locates and identifies sources of seismic activity and monitors changes in the historical pattern of seismic activity at the Hanford Site. The data are compiled, archived, and published for use by the Hanford Site for waste management, Natural Phenomena Hazards assessments, and engineering design and construction. In addition, the seismic monitoring organization works with the Hanford Site Emergency Services Organization to provide assistance in the event of a significant earthquake on the Hanford Site. The HSN and the Eastern Washington Regional Network (EWRN) consist of 41 individual sensor sites and 15 radio relay sites maintained by the Hanford Seismic Monitoring staff. For the HSN, there were 477 triggers during the first quarter of fiscal year (FY) 2001 on the data acquisition system. Of these triggers, 176 were earthquakes. Forty-five earthquakes were located in the HSN area; 1 earthquake occurred in the Columbia River Basalt Group, 43 were earthquakes in the pre-basalt sediments, and 1 was earthquakes in the crystalline basement. Geographically, 44 earthquakes occurred in swarm areas, 1 earthquake was on a major structure, and no earthquakes were classified as random occurrences. The Horse Heaven Hills earthquake swarm area recorded all but one event during the first quarter of FY 2001. The peak of the activity occurred over December 12th, 13th, and 14th when 35 events occurred. No earthquakes triggered the Hanford Strong Motion Accelerometers during the first quarter of FY 2001.
Date: February 27, 2001
Creator: Hartshorn, Donald C.; Reidel, Stephen P.; Rohay, Alan C. & Valenta, Michelle M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental status of the Hanford reservation for July--December 1969

Description: Data are reported on the radioactivity of environmental samples collected from locations within the Hanford plant boundaries during the last six months of 1969. Data are included on: the total alpha activity and content of / sup 90/Sr and tritium in samples of Columbia River water; the total BETA activity of samples of drinking water; the total alpha , BETA , and gamma activity of samples of surface wnters; the total BETA activity and /sup 131/I content of samples of surface air; and the total alpha , BETA , and gamma activity and content of /sup 95/Zr, /sup 106/Ru, /sup 134/Cs, /sup 137/Cs, /sup 140/Ba, /sup 144/Ce, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu of air filter samples. Est imates were made of the average external gamma - radiation exposure rates of personnel. (CH)
Date: May 26, 1970
Creator: Wilson, C.B. & Essig, T.H. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monitoring Survey : Richland to Arco, Period May 9-11, 1952

Description: This report follows an investigation of a cargo truck found contaminated by various radioactive material on a routine trip from Arco, Idaho to the Hanford plant on May 8, 1952. The report analyzes the truck's route in an attempt to find the location of the contaminating region.
Date: June 20, 1952
Creator: Honstead, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Report - "UCM-Grid Service for User-Centric Monitoring"

Description: The User Centric Monitoring (UCM) project was aimed at developing a toolkit that provides the Virtual Organization (VO) with tools to build systems that serve a rich set of intuitive job and application monitoring information to the VO's scientists so that they can be more productive. The tools help collect and serve the status and error information through a Web interface. The proposed UCM toolkit is composed of a set of library functions, a database schema, and a Web portal that will collect and filter available job monitoring information from various resources and present it to users in a user-centric view rather than and administrative-centric point of view.
Date: November 12, 2009
Creator: Alexander, David A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department