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SRNL Engineering Development Laboratory Pulse Jet Testing Capabilities

Description: The Engineering Development Laboratory recently performed pulse jet mixer development studies related to Hanford's Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) Concentrate Receipt Vessel. These were performed on a wide variety of pulse jet arrangements, pulse jet sizes, nozzle diameters, nozzle configurations, nozzle velocities, pulse jet firing orders, and waste simulant rheologies. This paper describes the EDL Pulse Jet Mixing Test Stand capabilities, experimental methods and data acquisition.
Date: October 21, 2004
Creator: GUERRERO, HECTOR
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Real-time data reorganizer for the D0 central fiber tracker trigger system at Fermilab

Description: A custom digital data Mixer system has been designed to reorganize, in real time, the data produced by the Fermilab D0 Scintillating Fiber Detector. The data is used for the Level 1 and Level 2 trigger generation. The Mixer System receives the data from the front-end digitization electronics over 320 Low Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS) links running at 371 MHz. The input data is de-serialized down to 53 MHz by the LVDS receivers, clock/frame re-synchronized and multiplexed in Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). The data is then reserialized at 371 MHz by LVDS transmitters over 320 LVDS output links and sent to the electronics responsible for Level 1 and Level 2 trigger decisions. The Mixer System processes 311 Gigabits per second of data with an input to output delay of 200 nanoseconds.
Date: December 13, 2002
Creator: Stefano Marco Rapisarda, Jamieson T Olsen and Neal George Wilcer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of gas release events detected by hydrogen monitoring

Description: This paper summarizes the results of monitoring tank headspace for flammable gas release events. In over 40 tank years of monitoring the largest detected release in a single-shell tank is 2.4 cubic meters of Hydrogen. In the double-shell tanks the largest release is 19.3 cubic meters except in SY-101 pre mixer pump installation condition.
Date: May 18, 1999
Creator: MCCAIN, D.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of an Eductor to Reliably Dilute a Plutonium Solution

Description: Savannah River Site (SRS) in South Carolina is dissolving Pu239 scrap, which is a legacy from the production of nuclear weapons materials, and will later convert it into oxide form to stabilize it. An eductor has been used to both dilute and transfer a plutonium containing solution between tanks. Eductors have the advantages of simplicity and no moving parts. Reliable control of dilution is important because the geometry of the receiving tank could potentially allow a nuclear criticality. Dilution factor was to have been controlled by the appropriate choice of flow restrictor in the line between the plutonium solution tank and the eductor. However, dilution factors measured for liquid transfers with different flow restrictors showed unexpected trends, causing concern that the process was not well understood. As a result, the performance of the eductor and associated piping were analyzed using a mathematical model. The one dimensional, two phase model accounted for eductor performance and for air and vapor coming out of solution at low pressures. The unexpected trends were shown to be the result of variations in viscosities and densities of both the plutonium solution and the nitric acid solution used as both the motive fluid and diluent. The model agreed well with existing data and was then used to make pre-test predictions of flows for four solution transfers with good agreement. This provided confidence that the eductor system was a reliable method for obtaining specified dilution factors. Based on model results, recommendations were made and implemented for the operation of the eductor transfer system. One unexpected result of the analysis was the observation that slow corrosion inside the eductor is increasing the dilution factor, which is a conservative trend.
Date: March 23, 1999
Creator: Steimke, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FINAL REPORT - HYBRID-MIXING TESTS SUPPORTING THE CONCENTRATE RECEIPT VESSEL (CRV-VSL-00002A/2B) CONFIGURATION

Description: The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has performed scaled physical modeling of Pulse Jet Mixing Systems applicable to the Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV) of Hanford's Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) as part of the overall effort to validate pulse jet mixer (PJM) mixing in WTP vessels containing non-Newtonian fluids. The strategy developed by the Pulse Jet Mixing Task Team was to construct a quarter-scale model of the CRV, use a clear simulant to understand PJM mixing behavior, and down-select from a number of PJM configurations to a ''best design'' configuration. This ''best design'' would undergo final validation testing using a particulate simulant that has rheological properties closely similar to WTP waste streams. The scaled PJM mixing tests were to provide information on the operating parameters critical for the uniform movement (total mobilization) of these non-Newtonian slurries. Overall, 107 tests were performed during Phase I and Phase II testing.
Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: GUERRERO, HECTORN.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unreviewed Disposal Question Evaluation: Disposal of 0.2 Curie/gallon MAVRC Project Equipment in Vault 1

Description: The Saltstone Facility 0.2 Curie/gallon MAVRC (Mixer At Vault Roof Concept) Project will utilize various pieces of process equipment that have not been analyzed from a Performance Assessment perspective for future disposal. The proposed activity will involve the disposal of Saltstone process equipment in an empty Vault 1 cell and encasing the equipment in clean (nonradioactive) grout. An examination of this activity indicates that the disposal of up to 20 pieces of each specified component should not affect the assumptions, results, and conclusions of the approved Performance Assessment (PA) and Special Analyses (SA) for Saltstone, and that the activity is within the bounds of the Disposal Authorization Statement (DAS).
Date: July 7, 2005
Creator: Millings, Margaret R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quantitative study of rectangular waveguide behavior in the THz.

Description: This report describes our efforts to quantify the behavior of micro-fabricated THz rectangular waveguides on a configurable, robust semiconductor-based platform. These waveguides are an enabling technology for coupling THz radiation directly from or to lasers, mixers, detectors, antennas, and other devices. Traditional waveguides fabricated on semiconductor platforms such as dielectric guides in the infrared or co-planar waveguides in the microwave regions, suffer high absorption and radiative losses in the THz. The former leads to very short propagation lengths, while the latter will lead to unwanted radiation modes and/or crosstalk in integrated devices. This project exploited the initial developments of THz micro-machined rectangular waveguides developed under the THz Grand Challenge Program, but instead of focusing on THz transceiver integration, this project focused on exploring the propagation loss and far-field radiation patterns of the waveguides. During the 9 month duration of this project we were able to reproduce the waveguide loss per unit of length in the waveguides and started to explore how the loss depended on wavelength. We also explored the far-field beam patterns emitted by H-plane horn antennas attached to the waveguides. In the process we learned that the method of measuring the beam patterns has a significant impact on what is actually measured, and this may have an effect on most of the beam patterns of THz that have been reported to date. The beam pattern measurements improved significantly throughout the project, but more refinements of the measurement are required before a definitive determination of the beam-pattern can be made.
Date: October 1, 2009
Creator: Rowen, Adam M.; Nordquist, Christopher Daniel & Wanke, Michael Clement
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

53 MHZ Feedforward beam loading compensation in the Fermilab main injector

Description: 53 MHz feedforward beam loading compensation is crucial to all operations of the Main Injector. Recently a system using a fundamental frequency down converter mixer, a digital bucket delay module and a fundamental frequency up converter mixer were used to produce a one-turn-delay feedforward signal. This signal was then combined with the low level RF signal to the cavities to cancel the transient beam induced voltage. During operation they have shown consistently over 20 dB reduction in side-band voltage around the fundamental frequency during Proton coalescing and over 14 dB in multi-batch antiproton coalescing.
Date: May 19, 2003
Creator: al., Joseph E Dey et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Tank 43H Samples at the Conclusion of Uranyl Carbonate Addition

Description: Tank 43H serves as the feed Tank to the 2H evaporator. In the months of July and August 2001, about 21,000 gallons of a depleted uranyl carbonate solution were added to Tank 43H and agitated with two Flygt mixers. The depleted uranium addition served to decrease the U-235 enrichment in the Tank 43H supernate so that the supernate could be evaporated with no risk of accumulating enriched uranium.
Date: October 15, 2002
Creator: Oji, L.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long-term safety issues associated with mixer pump operation

Description: In this report, we examine several long-term issues: the effect of pump operation on future gas release events (GREs), uncontrolled chemical reactions, chronic toxic gas releases, foaming, and erosion and corrosion. Heat load in excess of the design limit, uncontrolled chemical reactions, chronic toxic gas releases, foaming, and erosion and corrosion have been shown not to be safety concerns. The effect of pump operation on future GREs could not be quantified. The problem with evaluating the long-term effects of pump operation on GREs is a lack of knowledge and uncertainty. In particular, the phenomena governing gas retention, particle size distribution, and settling are not well understood, nor are the interactions among these factors understood. There is a possibility that changes in these factors could increase the size of future GREs. Bounding estimates of the potential increase in size of GREs are not possible because of a lack of engineering data. Proper management of the hazards can reduce, but not eliminate, the possibility of undesirable changes. Maintaining temperature within the historical limits can reduce the possibility of undesirable changes. A monitoring program to detect changes in the gas composition and crust thickness will help detect slowly occurring changes. Because pump operation has be shown to eliminate GREs, continued pump operation can eliminate the hazards associated with future GREs.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Kubic, W.L. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multiple Shaker Random Vibration Control--An Update

Description: The theory of the control of multiple shakers driving a single test item is reviewed. Several improvements that have been introduced since the original papers on the subject will be discussed. The improvements include: (1) specification of the control spectra; (2) the control of non-square systems (the number of shakers does not have to be equal to the number of control points); (3) the connection between sine testing, waveform control, and random control; (4) improvements in feedback control; (5) overlap-add versus time domain randomization; and (6) reproduction of non-Gaussian waveforms.
Date: February 18, 1999
Creator: Smallwood, D.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Acceptance test report: Field test of mixer pump for 241-AN-107 caustic addition project

Description: The field acceptance test of a 75 HP mixer pump (Hazleton serial number N-20801) installed in Tank 241-AN-107 was conducted from October 1995 thru February 1996. The objectives defined in the acceptance test were successfully met, with two exceptions recorded. The acceptance test encompassed field verification of mixer pump turntable rotation set-up and operation, verification that the pump instrumentation functions within established limits, facilitation of baseline data collection from the mixer pump mounted ultrasonic instrumentation, verification of mixer pump water flush system operation and validation of a procedure for its operation, and several brief test runs (bump) of the mixer pump.
Date: May 16, 1997
Creator: Leshikar, G.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternatives generation and analysis for the Phase I intermediate waste feed staging system design requirements

Description: This alternatives generation and analysis (AGA) addresses the question: What is the design basis for the facilities required to stage low-level waste (LLW) feed to the Phase I private contractors? Alternative designs for the intermediate waste feed staging system were developed, analyzed, and compared. Based on these analyses, this document recommends installing mixer pumps in the central pump pit of double-shell tanks 241-AP-102 and 241-AP-104. Also recommended is installing decant/transfer pumps at these tanks. These recommendations have clear advantages in that they provide a low shedule impact/risk and the highest operability of all the alternatives investigated. This revision incorporates comments from the decision board.
Date: February 6, 1997
Creator: Claghorn, R.D., Fluor Daniel Hanford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

241-SY-101 mixer pump lifetime expectancy. Final report

Description: The purpose of WHC-SD-WM-TI-726, Rev. 0 241-SY-101 Mixer Pump Lifetime Expectancy is to determine a best estimate of the mean lifetime of non-repairable (located in the waste) essential features of the hydrogen mitigation mixer pump presently installed in 101-SY. The estimated mean lifetime is 9.1 years. This report does not demonstrate operation of the entire pump assembly within the Tank Farm ``safety envelope``. It was recognized by the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) this test pump was not specifically designed for long term service in tank 101-SY. In June 95 the DNFSB visited Hanford and ask the question, ``how long will this test pump last and how will the essential features fail?`` During the 2 day meeting with the DNFSB it was discussed and defined within the meeting just exactly what essential features of the pump must operate. These essential features would allow the pump to operate for the purpose of extending the window for replacement. Operating with only essential features would definitely be outside the operating safety envelope and would require a waiver. There are three essential features: 1. The pump itself (i.e. the impeller and motor) must operate 2. Nozzles and discharges leg must remain unplugged 3. The pump can be re-aimed, new waste targeted, even if manually.
Date: December 8, 1995
Creator: Shaw, C. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CSER 96-014: criticality safety of project W-151, 241-AZ-101 retrieval system process test

Description: This Criticality Safety Evaluation Report (CSER) documents a review of the criticality safety implications of a process test to be performed in tank 241-AZ-101 (101-AZ). The process test will determine the effectiveness of the retrieval system for mobilization of solids and the practicality of the system for future use in the underground storage tanks at Hanford. The scope of the CSER extends only to the testing and operation of the mixer pumps and does not include the transfer of waste from the tank. Justification is provided that a nuclear criticality is extremely unlikely, if not impossible, in this tank.
Date: February 6, 1997
Creator: Vail, T.S., Fluor Daniel Hanford
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

POC-scale testing of oil agglomeration techniques and equipment for fine coal processing

Description: This report covers the technical progress achieved from April 1, 1998 to June 30, 1998 on the POC-Scale Testing of Oil Agglomeration Techniques and Equipment for Fine Coal Processing. Continuous bench-scale runs were carried out with Luscar Mine coal. The main objectives were to optimize process conditions for a proposed jet processor and to compare its performance with a standard high-shear mixer. A total of three runs consisted of 15 testing periods was carried out. Both conditioning devices performed very well with combustible matter recovery exceeding 96%. Slightly higher coal recovery was observed for high-shear mixer, while lower ash contents were achieved when jet processor was used for coal conditioning. During the current reporting period work has been continued and completed on the engineering and design package of a 3 t/h POC-scale agglomeration unit. Preliminary design package prepared by Thermo Design Engineering, a subcontractor to this project, was submitted to DOE for revision and approval.
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Pawlak, W. & Szymocha, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Visual Observations of Mixing Quality in a Prototype Canyon Tank

Description: A series of mixing tests were performed to identify the range of liquid levels and overall dispersed (organic) concentrations where a constant agitator speed representative of plant operations could eliminate a separate organic layer on the liquid surface. The test runs were made in a transparent, baffled, paddle-agitated, Plexiglas vessel which was fitted with three concentric cooling coils. A visual observation method was used without taking any samples to determine the quality of mixing in the agitated vessel as a function of the total liquid level in the vessel at a given dispersed phase concentration (8 vol %) and various organic phase concentrations at a constant water content. The observations have determined that gross uniform dispersion throughout a canyon tank can be achieved with the current plant impeller speed when the total liquid level is near the vicinity of the second (top) impeller. These observations were recorded in a video tape.
Date: March 7, 1995
Creator: Hassan, N.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Agitation tests

Description: This report, from the Hanford Plant, May 22, 1956, describes the need, design, and testing plans for an agitator to aid in dissolution.
Date: August 18, 1946
Creator: Work, J.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dynamics of Crust Dissolution and Gas Release in Tank 241-SY-101

Description: Due primarily to an increase in floating crust layer thickness, the waste level in Hanford Tank 241-SY-101 (SY-101) has grown appreciably, and the flammable gas volume stored in the crust has become a potential hazard. To remediate gas retention in the crust and the potential for buoyant displacement gas releases from the nonconnective layer at the bottom of the tank, SY-101 will be diluted to dissolve a large fraction of the solids that allow the waste to retain gas. In this work we develop understanding of the state of the tank waste and some of its physical properties, investigate how added water will be distributed in the tank and affect the waste, and use the information to evaluate mechanisms and rates of waste solids dissolution and gas release. This work was completed to address these questions and in support of planning and development of controls for the SY-101 Surface Level Rise Remediation Project. Particular emphasis is given to dissolution of and gas release from the crust, although the effects of back-dilution on all waste layers are addressed. The magnitude and rates of plausible gas release scenarios are investigated, and it is demonstrated that none of the identified mechanisms of continuous (dissolution-driven) or sudden gas release, even with conservative assumptions, lead to domespace hydrogen concentrations exceeding the lower flammability limit. This report documents the results of studies performed in 1999 to address the issues of the dynamics, of crust dissolution and gas release in SY-101. It contains a brief introduction to the issues at hand; a summary of our knowledge of the SY-101 crust and other waste properties, including gas fractions, strength and volubility; a description of the buoyancy and dissolution models that are applied to predict the crust response to waste transfers and back dilution; and a discussion of the ...
Date: January 26, 2000
Creator: Rassat, SD; Stewart, CW; Wells, BE; Kuhn, WL; Antoniak, ZI; Cuta, JM et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of potential processing techniques for the encapsulation of wastes in thermoplastic polymers

Description: Thermoplastic encapsulation has been extensively studied at Brookhaven National Laboratory`s (BNL) Environmental and Waste Technology Center (EWTC) as a waste encapsulation technology applicable to a wide range of waste types including radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes. Encapsulation involves processing thermoplastic and waste materials into a waste form product by heating and mixing both materials into a homogeneous molten mixture. Cooling of the melt results in a solid monolithic waste form in which contaminants have been completely surrounded by a polymer matrix. Heating and mixing requirements for successful waste encapsulation can be met using proven technologies available in various types of commercial equipment. Processing techniques for thermoplastic materials, such as low density polyethylene (LDPE), are well established within the plastics industry. The majority of commercial polymer processing is accomplished using extruders, mixers or a combination of these technologies. Extruders and mixers are available in a broad range of designs and are used during the manufacture of consumer and commercial products as well as for compounding applications. Compounding which refers to mixing additives such as stabilizers and/or colorants with polymers, is analogous to thermoplastic encapsulation. Several processing technologies were investigated for their potential application in encapsulating residual sorbent waste in selected thermoplastic polymers, including single-screw extruders, twin-screw extruders, continuous mixers, batch mixers as well as other less conventional devices. Each was evaluated based on operational ease, quality control, waste handling capabilities as well as degree of waste pretreatment required. Based on literature review, this report provides a description of polymer processing technologies, a discussion of the merits and limitations of each and an evaluation of their applicability to the encapsulation of sorbent wastes.
Date: August 1, 1995
Creator: Patel, B.R.; Lageraaen, P.R. & Kalb, P.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department