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Adiabatic Injection

Description: From introduction comments: The present analysis is intended to examine the relations for "adiabatic" injection in general from a different point of view.
Date: September 22, 1955
Creator: Linlor, William I., 1915-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Continuous injection processing

Description: From introduction: "In this report we consider a few non-adiabatic processes. The types to be discussed will be limited because of two reasons: first, complete descriptions are available for some processes; second, as time goes on alternative injection methods undoubtedly will be discovered, so this list must necessarily be incomplete."
Date: September 23, 1955
Creator: Linlor, William I., 1915-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Aspects of the Radial Stability in a Magnetic Mirror Machine

Description: Abstract: "The radial motion of an ion in an axially symmetric magnetic field is discussed. It is pointed out that particles of constant velocity have clearly defined upper limits to their radial motion. This is a result of the other constant of the motion, the canonical angular momentum. These limits are independent of the number of times an ion is reflected from the mirrors, providing the field is truly axially symmetric."
Date: March 19, 1954
Creator: Henrich, Louis R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energetic Neutral Injection into Thermonuclear Machines

Description: Abstract: "A scheme is discussed in which D+ ions would be accelerated to about 100 kev in a conventional accelerator, then be sent through a gas target frmo which about half the ions would emerge neutral with very little scattering or energy loss; the neutral beam would then cross into a magnetic field and part of the atoms would be ionized and trapped by colliding with the already trapped ions. The smallest mirror machine with a central field of 30-40 kilogauss, 2;1 mirror ratio and β = 01 to 0.5 that would trap most of the neutral beam in the steady state, would be about a meter in diameter and require the order of hundreds of amperes of D+ ions into the neutralizer. The smallest stellerator with a field of 30 kilogauss and β = 0.1 that would trap most of the neutral beam would be about a meter long and require about 10 amperes of D+ ions. A preliminary mirror machine experiment that might be done using the 1/2-ampere, 100-kev D+ beam from the UCRL spare MTA injector is discussed. A method of starting these machine is discussed."
Date: August 10, 1955
Creator: Lauer, Eugene J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Enhanced Magnetic Mirror Machine

Description: Abstract: "A dc magnetic mirror machine has been built and tested by the ARC Research Group. Radiofrequency enhancement has been included in the design through the use of rf plates in the vacuum chamber of the machine. For the proton beams of the order of 1[mu]a, the mirror action has been observed as a function of both the rf voltage and the magnitude of the mirror field relative to the main magnetic field. Current measurements were performed with the aid of a Faraday cup with suitable bias grids."
Date: July 15, 1954
Creator: Ford, Franklin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A High Speed Rotating Mirror Frame Camera

Description: The following report describes a high speed framing camera that was developed at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. It contains a rotating mirror and 170 framing lenses working at f/26 to produce frame pictures 1.2 x 1.4 centimeters in size.
Date: 1952
Creator: Brixner, Berlyn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Table Top 1 Circuitry

Description: Abstract: "This is a detailed report on the circuitry, the electrical components, and the electrical engineering problems of Table Top I, the 140-kilojoule experimental model of a magnetic mirror machine being developed at the University of California Radiation Laboratory, Livermore."
Date: July 21, 1954
Creator: Cummings, David B. & Wharton, Charles B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Design of a Pulsed Magnetic Field Coil for Table Top 1

Description: Abstract: "A cylindrical coil has been designed for pulsed field operation suitable for use in a model thermonuclear reactor. The coil has an eight-inch inside diameter and a length of fifty-one inches. Magnetic mirrors at the ends consist of double-layer solenoids six and one-half inches long designed to slip over the main coil. Subsequent models of this coil have been fabricated which improved the electrical insulation provided by the bonding materials and the mechanical rigidity of the coil. Peak central fields of fifteen kilogauss and mirror fields of thirty kilogauss have been obtained."
Date: May 4, 1955
Creator: Ford, Franklin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Design of Large Cryogenic Magnet Coils : Paper No. 2

Description: Abstract: "Preliminary design and experimental work aimed toward fabrication of large magnet coils with encapsulated sodium conductors is outlined. Aspects of cooling cycles are discussed along with heat transfer, thermal stability, and the mechanical reinforcement of such coils."
Date: October 30, 1959
Creator: Post, Richard F. & Taylor, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Note on Table Top Injection : High Energy Injection Inside the Mirrors

Description: "High energy injection into Table Top is discussed for the case in which the ion sources are to be located inside the mirrors in the mirror region. Two typical ion source geometries are considered. maximum time intervals available for injection indicated are on the order of 7 to 25 microseconds."
Date: August 26, 1955
Creator: Hiskes, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Particle Trajectories in Homogeneous Magnetic Field with Linear Time Dependence

Description: Abstract: "Formulas are derived for the trajectory of a charged particle in a magnetic field which is a linear function of time. Graphs of certain functions are presented, by means of which a trajectory with given initial position and velocity may be plotted."
Date: August 9, 1955
Creator: Gardner, Clifford S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Injection of Electrons into the Astron Reactor

Description: "The injection of the E-layer electrons into the Astron reactor is described by following the electrons as they emerge from the anode of the 1-Mev electron gun through the various steps up to their injection in the reactor volume. Several problems are imposed by this injection process and their solutions are discussed briefly. The detailed mathematical theory and calculations will be presented in a separate paper now in preparation."
Date: January 27, 1958
Creator: Christofilos, Nicholas C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutral H Atom and Molecular Ion (H₂⁺) Injection into the Mirror Machine at Energies About One Mev

Description: This report presents the best estimate possible on the basis of the available information as to how high an energy would be necessary in order that the gas pressure which could be tolerated would be attainable with present techniques (say 10-(-7) mm Hg.)
Date: May 11, 1956
Creator: Lauer, Eugene J. & Gibson, Gordon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effects of Mirror Confrontation on Body Image Ratings

Description: There are conflicting data in the literature regarding the effects of mirror exposure on subjective body-image evaluation. Much of the objective self-awareness research by Duval and Wicklund concluded that the presence of a mirror leads people to evaluate themselves negatively, while other studies have reported contrary findings. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effects of mirror confrontation on individuals' body image ratings. Subjects were 88 childless, female university students. Using the Eating Disorders Inventory-Body Dissatisfaction subscale (BDS) as a screener, subjects were assigned to either a High Satisfaction group or a Low Satisfaction group. The subjects then completed the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) in either a Mirror or No Mirror condition. Results suggest that the presence of the mirror had no measurable effect on the subjects' ratings of themselves on the MBSRQ. There was a main effect for satisfaction level, and no interaction was found between the satisfaction level and the mirror condition. Possible explanations for these findings are offered.
Date: August 1995
Creator: Dell'Era, Maria Elena
Partner: UNT Libraries

Pyrotron Plasma-Heating Experiments

Description: Report discussing experiments on particle density, plasma compression, electron heating, and electron energy distribution of plasma in a pyrotron. Past experiments that led to this investigation are discussed as well.
Date: May 6, 1958
Creator: Coensgen, F. H.; Ford, F. C. & Ellis, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pyrotron High-Energy Experiments

Description: "In these studies ions of several-kilovolts energy were extracted from an ion source located inside one of the peaks of the mirror field...The extraction slot of the source is located near the field injection plane, about midway between the mirror peak and the center, and ions are injected perpendicularly to magnetic field lines. In their traversal of the distance between the mirrors, the ions are in an inhomogeneous magnetic field and have a component of velocity along curved field lines. This gives rise to a to a 'guiding center' drift in the azimuthal direction and prevents the particle trajectory from intersecting the ion source after the first reflection. The magnetic field is increased during the injection period by an amount sufficient to move the reflection surface inside the ion source region by the time the ions have precessed completely about the symmetry axis."
Date: April 11, 1958
Creator: Damm, Charles C. & Eby, F. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integrated optical MEMS using through-wafer vias and bump-bonding.

Description: This LDRD began as a three year program to integrate through-wafer vias, micro-mirrors and control electronics with high-voltage capability to yield a 64 by 64 array of individually controllable micro-mirrors on 125 or 250 micron pitch with piston, tip and tilt movement. The effort was a mix of R&D and application. Care was taken to create SUMMiT{trademark} (Sandia's ultraplanar, multilevel MEMS technology) compatible via and mirror processes, and the ultimate goal was to mate this MEMS fabrication product to a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) electronics substrate. Significant progress was made on the via and mirror fabrication and design, the attach process development as well as the electronics high voltage (30 volt) and control designs. After approximately 22 months, the program was ready to proceed with fabrication and integration of the electronics, final mirror array, and through wafer vias to create a high resolution OMEMS array with individual mirror electronic control. At this point, however, mission alignment and budget constraints reduced the last year program funding and redirected the program to help support the through-silicon via work in the Hyper-Temporal Sensors (HTS) Grand Challenge (GC) LDRD. Several months of investigation and discussion with the HTS team resulted in a revised plan for the remaining 10 months of the program. We planned to build a capability in finer-pitched via fabrication on thinned substrates along with metallization schemes and bonding techniques for very large arrays of high density interconnects (up to 2000 x 2000 vias). Through this program, Sandia was able to build capability in several different conductive through wafer via processes using internal and external resources, MEMS mirror design and fabrication, various bonding techniques for arrayed substrates, and arrayed electronics control design with high voltage capability.
Date: January 1, 2008
Creator: McCormick, Frederick Bossert & Frederick, Scott K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Little Twin Higgs Model

Description: We present a twin Higgs model based on left-right symmetry with a tree level quartic. This is made possible by extending the symmetry of the model to include two Z_2 parities, each of which is sufficient to protect the Higgs from getting a quadratically divergent mass squared. Although both parities are brokenexplicitly, the symmetries that protect the Higgs from getting a quadratically divergent mass are broken only collectively. The quadratic divergences of the Higgs mass are thus still protected at one loop. We find that the fine-tuning in this model is reduced substantially compared to the original left-right twin Higgs model. This mechanism can also be applied to the mirror twin Higgs model to get a significant reduction of the fine-tuning, while keeping the mirror photon massless.
Date: July 25, 2007
Creator: Goh, Hock-Seng; Goh, Hock-Seng & Krenke, Christopher A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department