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Mass and charge distributions in Fe-induced reactions

Description: The charge and mass of the projectile-like fragments produced in the 12-MeV/nucleon {sup 56}Fe + {sup 165}Ho reaction were measured at a laboratory scattering angle of 16 degrees. The mass and charge distributions of the projectile-like fragments were generated as a function of total kinetic energy loss (TKEL), and characterized by their neutron and proton centroids and variances, and correlation factors. A weak drift of the system towards mass asymmetry, opposite to the direction which minimizes the potential energy of the composite system, was observed. The increase in the variances with energy loss is consistent with a nucleon exchange mechanism as a means for energy dissipation. Predictions of two nucleon exchange models, Randrup`s and, Tassan-Got`s models, are compared to the experimental results of the 672-MeV {sup 56}Fe + {sup 165}Ho reaction and to other Fe-induced reactions. The proton and neutron centroids were found to be generally better reproduced by Tassan-Got`s model than by Randrup`s model. The variances and correlation factor are well reproduced for asymmetric systems by both models.
Date: February 21, 1995
Creator: Madani, H.; Mignerey, A.C.; Marchetti, A.A.; Weston-Dawkes, A.P.; Kehoe, W.L. & Obenshain, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Lattice for the 50-50 GeV Muon Collider

Description: The lattice design of the 50-50 Gev muon collider is presented. Due to the short lifetime of the 50 GeV muons, the ring needs to be as small as possible. The 4 cm low betas in both planes lead to high betatron functions at the focusing quadrupoles and hence large chromaticities, which must be corrected locally. In order to maintain a low rf voltage of around 10 MV, the momentum-compaction factor must be kept to less than 10{sup -2} , and therefore the flexible momentum-compaction modules are used in the arcs. The dynamical aperture is larger than 6 to 7 rms beam size for {+-}5 rms momentum offset. Comments are given and modifications are suggested.
Date: February 1, 1998
Creator: Ng, K.-Y., Trbojevic, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements of the {sup 235}U(n,f) cross section in the 3 to 30 MeV neutron energy region

Description: To improve the accuracy of the {sup 235}U(n,f) cross section, measurements have been made of this standard cross section at the target 4 facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The data were obtained at the 20-meter flight path of that facility. The fission reaction rate was determined with a fast parallel plate ionization chamber and the neutron fluence was measured with an annular proton recoil telescope. The measurements provide the shape of the {sup 235}U(n,f) cross section relative to the hydrogen scattering cross section for neutron energies from about 3 to 30 MeV neutron energy. The data have been normalized to the very accurately known value near 14 MeV. The results are in good agreement with the ENDF/B-VI evaluation up to about 15 MeV neutron energy. Above this energy differences as large as 5% are observed.
Date: December 31, 1991
Creator: Carlson, A.D.; Wasson, O.A. & Lisowski, P.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emittance measurements at the A0 photo-injector

Description: The A0 photo-injector produces electron bunches of 1--14 nC charge with an energy of 18 MeV. Detailed measurements and optimization of emittance have been carried out for a number of gun and laser operating conditions, beam line optics conditions, and at a number of beam line locations. Results are compared with the predictions of simulations using HOMDYN.
Date: October 10, 2000
Creator: al., Jean-Paul Carneiro et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron scattering and models : molybdenum.

Description: A comprehensive interpretation of the fast-neutron interaction with elemental and isotopic molybdenum at energies of {le} 30 MeV is given. New experimental elemental-scattering information over the incident energy range 4.5 {r_arrow} 10 MeV is presented. Spherical, vibrational and dispersive models are deduced and discussed, including isospin, energy-dependent and mass effects. The vibrational models are consistent with the ''Lane potential''. The importance of dispersion effects is noted. Dichotomies that exist in the literature are removed. The models are vehicles for fundamental physical investigations and for the provision of data for applied purposes. A ''regional'' molybdenum model is proposed. Finally, recommendations for future work are made.
Date: May 26, 1999
Creator: Smith, A.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Modulating the Neutron Flux from a Mirror Neutron Source

Description: A 14-MeV neutron source based on a Gas-Dynamic Trap will provide a high flux of 14 MeV neutrons for fusion materials and sub-component testing. In addition to its main goal, the source has potential applications in condensed matter physics and biophysics. In this report, the author considers adding one more capability to the GDT-based neutron source, the modulation of the neutron flux with a desired frequency. The modulation may be an enabling tool for the assessment of the role of non-steady-state effects in fusion devices as well as for high-precision, low-signal basic science experiments favoring the use of the synchronous detection technique. A conclusion is drawn that modulation frequency of up to 1 kHz and modulation amplitude of a few percent is achievable. Limitations on the amplitude of modulations at higher frequencies are discussed.
Date: September 1, 2011
Creator: Ryutov, D D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conceptual design for a neutron imaging system for thick target analysis operating in the 10-15 MeV energy range

Description: Fast neutron imaging offers the potential to be a powerful non- destructive inspection tool for evaluating the integrity of thick sealed targets. This is particularly true in cases where one is interested in detecting voids, cracks or other defects in low-Z materials (e.g. plastics, ceramics, salts, etc.) which are shielded by thick, high-Z parts. In this paper we present the conceptual design for a neutron imaging system for use in the 10 - 15 MeV energy range and discuss potential applications in the area of nuclear stockpile steward- ship. The background of this project, currently under development at LLNL, will be outlined and computer simulations will be presented which predict system performance. Efforts to assess technical risks involved in the development of the system will be discussed and the results of a recent experiment designed to evaluate background radiation levels will also be presented.
Date: September 11, 1996
Creator: Dietrich, F.; Hall, J. & Logan, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Recent results from the Energetic Gamma-Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) aboard the Compton Observatory have generated strong interest in space based high-energy (E{sub {gamma}} > 10 MeV) gamma ray astronomy. This science has wetted the authors` curiosity of what might be observed with an instrument having considerably more capability than EGRET, if such a device were practical in these fiscally difficult times. Advances in silicon technology over the past decade, and the resulting rapid drop in costs, encourage the development of a dramatically new type of high-energy gamma ray space telescope based on silicon strip technology. The GLAST team (GLAST stands for Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope) has been working for the past two years on the design of such an instrument, and the development of the silicon strip hardware and readout electronics needed to realize this design. As in previous high-energy instruments, GLAST is a pair spectrometer backed by a total absorption electro-magnetic shower counter. Measurement of the energy and direction of the induced electro-magnetic shower provides information about the energy and direction of the incident gamma-ray. However, due to the flexibility and relatively low cost of the silicon strip technology, the telescope has about a factor of 10 increase in effective area over EGRET, and about a factor of 5 increase in field of view. At the same time, the GLAST design is calculated to have much better point source sensitivity, and to have an energy range of 10 MeV < E{sub {gamma}} < 300 GeV. Due to the economics of silicon technology, along with weight, and size savings compared to gas based detector technology, the authors estimate that this instrument can be built and flown as a Delta II mission. Thus, GLAST would easily fit into the NASA intermediate category with an estimated total cost of about $200 ...
Date: March 1995
Creator: Bloom, E. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operation and improvements of the Fermilab 400 MeV Linac

Description: The 400 MeV Fermilab Linac Upgrade commissioning began August 28, 1993. High energy physics collider operation (run 1b) began in November 1993 and ended March 1, 1996. The Linac, operating at 98% reliability, provided 400 MeV H{sup -} beam to the Booster and 66 MeV H{sup -} beam to the Neutron Therapy Facility. During this time, the beam intensity, which initially was administratively set to 35 MA, rose to a peak of 50 mA while losses decreased significantly. This paper discusses the Linac operation and reliability since the Upgrade.
Date: September 1, 1996
Creator: Allen, L.J.; Popovic, M. & Schmidt, C.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The ANL 50 MeV H{sup {minus}} Injector: 35 year anniversary

Description: The H{sup -} Injector at ANL consists of a 750 keV Cockcroft-Walton preaccelerator and an Alvarez type 50 MeV Linac. The accelerator was originally constructed as the source of protons for the Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS). The first proton beam was extracted from the preaccelerator in 1961. The accelerator is presently used as the injector for the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS), a 500 MeV rapid cycling synchrotron with a spallation-neutron target. During most of the time since turn-on over 15 years ago, the IPNS facility availability has rarely dropped below 90% and has averaged 95% over the last ten years. During the same period, the 50 MeV injector availability has averaged 99%. Performance and improvements over the 35 year period is discussed.
Date: October 1, 1996
Creator: Stipp, V.; Brumwell, F. & McMichael, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department