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WELDING AND BRAZING OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE RADIATORS AND HEAT EXCHANGERS

Description: Procedures were developed for fabricating highperformance radiators and heat exchangers for the Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion (ANP) Program. These components, which contain multitudes of tube-to-tube sheet and tube-to-fin joints, are similar in design to those under consideration for a variety of space vehicle applications. In order to ensure reliability of the tube-to-tube sheet joints, techniques producing welds of extremely high quality were used and back brazing of the welds with a suitable a… more
Date: February 20, 1962
Creator: Slaughter, G.M. & Patriarca, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Examination of Uranium-2 w/o Zirconium Experimental Fuel Slugs Irradiated in EBR-I. Final Report-Program 6.1.11

Description: Six groups of U-2 wt% Zr fuel slugs were irradiated in the first core of the EBR-I to burnups of 0.080 to 0.189 at.% at calculated temperatures of 307 to 353 deg C. Two groups of cast specimens were found to be more dimensionally stable than four groups of wrought slugs. Of the wrought slungs, the as quenched group showed less tendency to grow than the three groups which had some annealing after quenching. Specimens at burnups of about 0.189 at.% and at 383 deg C showed the onset of swelling as… more
Date: February 1, 1962
Creator: Murphy, W. F.; Klank, A. C. & Paine, S. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HRT CORROSION SAMPLES--ADDITIONAL DATA ON SPECIMENS REMOVED PRIOR TO RUN NO. 20

Description: Results of the examinations of corrosion specimens exposed in the HRT are presented. Specimens examined include core screen samples, core specimen array No. 1, blanket specimen array No. 2, core solution line specimen arrays No. 103 and 103A, and blanket solution line specimen array No. 203. These data include corrosion rates, computed from specimen weight-changes, and results of chemical analyses of scales removed from the specimens or specimen holders. A summary is included of the HRT operati… more
Date: February 1, 1961
Creator: Baker, J.E.; Silverman, M.D.; Jenks, G.H. & Olsen, A.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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DEVELOPMENT OF A PROCESS FOR SODIUM BONDING OF EBR-II FUEL AND BLANKET ELEMENTS

Description: Procedures for assembling EBR-II fuel elements with annular sodium bonds between the uranium rods and the stainless steel claddings are outlined. The results of several meltdown and uranium-settling experiments are given. Bonding experiments were performed: furnace bonding, submerged canning, ultrasonic bonding, centrifuging, pressure pulsing, and vibratory bonding. Vibratory bonding was chosen for the production of the first EBR-II core. (D.L.C.)
Date: July 1, 1961
Creator: Sowa, E.S. & Kimont, E.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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BRAZING OF CERAMICS. Progress Report

Description: Brazing alloys such as 48 Ti-48 Zr-4 Be (wt%) and 49 Ti-49 Cu-2 Be (wt%) have been found to readily flow on oxide and graphite ceramics. Two demonstrati on fuel element assemblies were fabricated to illustrate the usefulness of these procedures for nuclear applications. One of these assemblies contained graphite tubes and end caps which were brazed to a molybdenum hanger. The second demonstration fuel element was composed of a compartmented aluminum oxide plate to which aluminum oxide cover pla… more
Date: November 1, 1962
Creator: Fox, C.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effects of Irradiation on Some Binary Alloys of Thorium-Plutonium and Zirconium-Plutonium

Description: A specimen of cast thorium-5 wt% plutonium and one of thorium-10 wt% plutonium were irradiated to total atom burnups of 1.9 and 2.6%, respectively, at maximum fuel temperatures of approximately 450 deg C. Both alloys displayed excellent dimensional stability with volume increases of 0.8 and 1.2% per atom per cent burnup, respectively. Three cold-rolled specimens of zirconium-5 wt% plutonium and one cold-rolled specimen of zirconium-7 wt% plutonium were also irradiated. The zirconium- plutonium … more
Date: July 1, 1962
Creator: Horak, J. A.; Kittel, J. H. & Rhude, H. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Electrical Resistivity of Molten and Solid Thorium-Magnesium Eutetic

Description: Electrical resistivity properties of polycrystalline 39 wt % thorium-- magnesium eutectic are reported for the solid from room temperature to its melting point at 589 deg C and as a liquid from its melting point to 900 deg C. The electrical resistivity of the eutectic at the melting point was 69.5 microhm- centimeters; it decreased to a value of 64.8 microhm-centimeters at 900 C. Tantalum tubing was used to contain the alloy in the molten state. (auth)
Date: May 1, 1962
Creator: Provow, D. M. & Fisher, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Study of the Kinetic and Mechanical Properties of a Stabilized Beta Phase Plutonium Alloy

Description: The elements Sn, Mg, Ti, Zr, Hf, Si, Cd, and U were alloyed with plutonium to determine their effect on stabilization of the beta phase. Zirconium was found to be the ' most effective. Kinetic studies were conducted on Pu-Zr alloys having 0.24, 0.65, and 1.7 at.% Zr contents. The beta to alpha transformation in the Pu-Zr alloys was somewhat similar to that in unalloyed plutonium. The main difference being that time, temperature, transformation curves of the alloys were shifted to the right as t… more
Date: January 1, 1962
Creator: Taylor, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Heat Flux on the Corrosion of Aluminum by Water. Part Iii. Final Report on Tests Relative to the High-Flux Isotope Reactor

Description: The effect of very high heat fluxes on the corrosion of 1100 and 6061 aluminum alloys by water was investigated. The test conditions generally simulated those expected to exist during operation of the High-Flux lsotope Reactor. At heat fluxes between 1 and 2 x l0/sup 6/ Btu/hr-ft/sup 2/ and with coolant temperatures and velocities in the ranges of 13l to 250 deg F and 3l to 51 fps, respectively, a layer of boehmite ( alpha Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/- H/sub 2/0), which has low thermal conductivity, forme… more
Date: December 20, 1961
Creator: Griess, J. C.; Savage, H. C.; Rainwater, J. G.; Mauney, T. H. & English, J. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LITERATURE SEARCH ON LEAD-BISMUTH ALLOYS

Description: BS>The use of a lead-bismuth alloy as a coolant in the removal of heat from power-generating nuclear reactors was considered with the possibility that its ternary alloy with uranium or plutonium might be of use in a reactor of the circulating-liquid-fuel type. Information collected from the literature covering phase-equilibrium studies, physicalproperty data, and reactivity of this alloy toward other substances is presented. (auth)
Date: February 14, 1950
Creator: Lee, M.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CALCULATION OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR OPERATION OF REFRACTORY-METAL COMPONENTS AT HIGH TEMPERATURE IN VACUUM

Description: Equations based on kinetic theory relate the contamination of refractory metals in vacuum to the appropriate variables. Several examples are given for which the allowable system pressures are calculated. The examples illustrate the effect of varying several parameters. The importance of the sticking factor for active gases on hot refractory metals and its effect on the system design are discussed. The data for estimating the sticking factor for O/sub 2/ on Nb are given, along with some estimate… more
Date: September 18, 1962
Creator: Clausing, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A PROGRAM OF RESEARCH ON MECHANICAL METALLURGY AS RELATED TO FUEL-ELEMENT FABRICATION. Quarterly Progress Report for the Period Ending June 30, 1961

Description: Results of crawing experiments using 3/8-in. bars to provide rod and tube test specimens are reported. In mechanical metallurgy investigations on the relation of formability to imperfection structure the peierls potentials for dislocation of Nb, Mo, Ta, and W were measured. Design and construction of a microextensometer reported. The investigations of the effects of grain size on the stored energy cold work were extended to a new lot OFHC Cu. In studies of formability relations with imperfectio… more
Date: August 31, 1961
Creator: Trozera, T Z; Koyama, K; White, J L & Chambers, R H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SOME EXPERIENCES IN THE WELD FABRICATION OF REFRACTORY METALS

Description: Discussion is given on the welding fabrication of tungsten, molybdenum, niobium, and tantalum. Properties which make the four refractory metals important are tabulatcd along with titanium which is given for comparison. Extensive evaluation was conducted using the gas, tungsten arc welding process employing both manual and machine welding. Design data were obtained exclusively from machine welded sheet materials. Flash welding, resistance spot welding and brazing, electron beam welding, and high… more
Date: February 10, 1961
Creator: Thompson, E.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Corrosion Behavior of Reactor Materials in Fluoride Salt Mixtures

Description: Molten fluoride salts, because of their radiation stability and ability to contain both Th and U, offer important advantages as high-temperature fuel solutions for nuclear reactors and as media suitable for nuclear fuel processing. Both applications have stimulated experimental and theoretical studies of the corrosion processes by which molten salt mixtures attack potential reactor materials. Corrosion experiments with fluoride salts which were conducted in support of the Molten-Salt Reactor E … more
Date: September 19, 1962
Creator: DeVan, J. H. & Evans, R. B., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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TRANSIENT RADIATION EFFECTS IN CAPACITORS AND DIELECTRIC MATERIALS

Description: Measurements of dielectric leakage, capacitance, electric strength, andd charge scattering phenomena were performed at the Kukla and Godiva III critical assemblies for tantalum and aluminum electrolytic, wax- and oilimpregnated paper, mylar, mica, and ceramic capacitors, and for mylar and Vitamin B-impregnated paper. Leakage data indicate that gamma induced conductivity in capacitor dielectric varies directly with gamma DELTA , where gamma is the gamma radiation rate and DELTA is 0.9 for mylar,… more
Date: August 15, 1961
Creator: Wicklein, H. W. & Dickhaut, R. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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OXIDATION OF GRAPHITE UNDER HIGH TEMPERATURE REACTOR CONDITIONS

Description: A kinetic study was conducted to provide information on oxidation of reactor graphites in the temperature range of 450 to 675 deg C and on the effects of reactor environment on oxidation rates. Among the parameters studied were chemical reactivity of the graphite, prior oxidation, a high intensity gamma flux during oxidation, variation of the surface-to-volume ratio of the graphite specimens, neutron bombardment prior to oxidation exposure, and gas flow rates. Rate equations showed apparent act… more
Date: July 1, 1961
Creator: Dahl, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EFFECT OF NEUTRON IRRADIATION ON MATERIALS SUBJECTED TO MULTI-AXIAL STRESS DISTRIBUTIONS. Quarterly Report for the Period Ending June 30, 1962

Description: Activities in a program to determine the effects of neutron irradiation on A-302B steel are reported. Plans are discussed concerning performance tests on tensile, notched tensile, tube, and Charpy specimens. An irradiation capsule design was finalized. A theoretical analysis of the critical conditions arising in a tube subjected to both internal pressure and axial load is included. (J.R.D.)
Date: August 13, 1962
Creator: Trozera, T A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of Subsize Izod Specimen Designs for Determining the Notch Toughness of Zircaloy-2

Description: Correlations were made on Zircaloy-2 Izod impact data and Charpy-V drop- weight data. Subsize Izod impact specimens of various geometries and notch configurations and standard ASTM Charpy-V specimens were prepared from bar and plate stock and tested. Drop-weight tests were also conducted and the NDT (nil- ductility transition) temperature was determined for 1/2 in. Zircaloy-2 plate. Results show that the impact properties of Zircaloy-2 are sensitive to hydrogen concentration, specimen and notch… more
Date: October 1, 1962
Creator: Prislinger, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Delayed Failure Hydrogen Embrittlement of Zirconium. Summary Report, September 15, 1961 to September 14, 1962

Description: The extent to which zirconium and zirconium alloys exhibit delayed failure (static fatigue) as caused by a combination of absorbed hydrogen and applied stress was investigated. Susceptibility to time-dependent fracture was evaluated for unalloyed zirconium and Zircaloy-2 with 200 and 500 ppm hydrogen as well as for an experimental Zr Al-Sn-Mo alloy and the Canadian Zr-2.5Nb cladding material. For unalloyed zirconium and Zircaloy-2 containing up to 500 ppm hydrogen, no room-temperature, timedepe… more
Date: October 10, 1962
Creator: Weinstein, D. & Holtz, F. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CASTING OF LONG AND THIN PLATES OF URANIUM-MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS

Description: The development of procedures for the vacuum induction casting of U--Mo alloys into both thin (0.010 to 0.100-in. thick) plates and long (36 in.) plates is described. Melting and casting cycles were developed, and casting techniques established, which resulted in sound, integral plates. These plates were evaluated by radiographic and metallographic examination, and by chemical analysis. The results indicated the feasibility of the process for the fabrication of fuel plates for nuclear reactors.… more
Date: November 1, 1961
Creator: Katz, N.H. & Binstock, M.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Delayed Failure Hydrogen Embrittlement of Zirconium. Quarterly Report No. 1, September 15, 1961 to December 14, 1961

Description: A research program to determine the extent to which Zr and Zircaloy-2 exhibits delayed fnilure (static fatigue) as caused by absorbed H/sub 2/ and applied stress is outlined. Dynamic tensile tests were carried out on Zr and Zircaloy-2 without and wlth 200 ppm H/sub 2/. Preliminary results of a delayed failure investigation suggest that Zr containing 200 ppm H/sub 2/ is relatively insensitive to delayed ailure at room temperature up to 900 hr. (D.L.C.)
Date: January 1, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of Temperature on Mechanical Properties of Normal Uranium Dingot

Description: Fatigue properties of normal uranium dingot for rotating beam specimens between 150 and 600 deg C are shown as S-N diagrams and are also given by an empirical equation of the form S = bN/sub m/, where S is the stress, N the number of cycIes, and b and m temperature dependent parameters. Tensile properties for temperatures ranging from 30 to 700 deg C are presented in tabular form and as stress-strain diagrams. All of the properties were found to decrease in value with increasing temperature exc… more
Date: January 1, 1962
Creator: Pederson, K. & Murphy, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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