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Newsmap. Monday, August 9, 1943 : week of July 29 to August 5, 204th week of the war, 86th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, Sicily, Rumania, Russia, Germany, Burma-China, Southwest Pacific. Map: Strategic air distances across the Mediterranean./ Relief shown by hachures. Photographs: Army engineers work in the Aluetians; A Tommy reads "Soldier's guide to Sicily"; Royal Artillery Detachment stationed north of Syracuse, Sicily examines damage done by Italians to a mobile anti-aircraft train; Nazis surrender to U.S. Infantrymen near Carlentini; Junkers-290 transport shot down by an RAF Marauder near the coast of Bastia, Corsica; U.S. Marines push a generator into position near Munda; Japanese interpreters of the U.S. Army decipher papers found on a wounded Japanese officer; A winch pulls a mud-splattered jeep free on Rendova; 155mm rifle sends rounds into Munda from Rendova Island. Back: [text and ill.]: The long, tough fight ahead : beyond sunny Italy!/ Back text includes quote from the President of the United States, July 28, 1943: "I confess that I myself am sometimes bewildered by conflicting statements that I see in the press ..."
Date: August 9, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relocation of Gulf of Aqaba earthquakes using the JSOP Bulletin

Description: Ground truth information (i.e. precise information about the hypocenter and origin time of aseismic event) is difficult to obtain in the Middle East and North Africa region. One source of ground truth we are attempting to exploit is data from local seismic networks. An electronic bulletin from the second phase of the Joint Seismic Observation Period (JSOP), with participating countries in the eastern Mediterranean region, provides a source of local network data not ordinarily available. I have used JSOP bulletin data for the period January 1996 through June 1996 to relocate over 100 earthquakes occurring in and around the Gulf of Aqaba. Fourteen of these earthquakes have picks in the bulletin for stations surrounding the Gulf (Egypt Saudi Arabia, Israel,and Jordan). The rest of the data involves picks for stations either in Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia (east side and north of the Gulf) or for stations in Israel, Jordan, and Egypt (west side and north of the Gulf). The VELEST code (Joint Hypocenter Determination method) was used to calculate improved locations (over what can be obtained from single event determinations--SED with poor station configurations) for the all the earthquakes in the data set. Location differences between the JHD solution and SED are discussed, along with determination of the minimum 1-Velocity model. Waveform correlation was used to validate observed event clusters in the VELEST solutions. This provided evidence that some of the VELEST solutions are more accurate than NEIC solutions. The subset of 14 events with good station coverage provides a good set of ground truth (location uncertainty {lt}5 km). The rest of the events are probably located more accurately with local data than is available from NEIC determinations, but such a conclusion needs to be supported by further study.
Date: July 3, 1997
Creator: Sweeney, J.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Strategic and Operational Debate Over Operation Anvil: the Allied Invasion of Southern France in August, 1944

Description: In August, 1944, the Allies embarked on one of the "two supreme operations of 1944," Operation Anvil/Dragoon. It is an operation that almost did not happen. Envisioned as a direct supporting operation of Overlord, Anvil soon ran into troubles. Other operations taking away resources away from Anvil in addition to opposition from the highest levels of Allied command threatened Anvil. This thesis chronicles the evolution of this debate, as well as shed light on one of the most overlooked and successful operations the Allies embarked on in World War II.
Date: May 2013
Creator: Zinsou, Cameron
Partner: UNT Libraries

High Energy Neutrinos with a Mediterranean Neutrino Telescope

Description: The high energy neutrino detection by a km{sup 3} Neutrino Telescope placed in the Mediterranean sea provides a unique tool to both determine the diffuse astrophysical neutrino flux and the neutrino nucleon cross section in the extreme kinematical region, which could unveil the presence of new physics. Here is performed a brief analysis of possible NEMO site performances.
Date: September 1, 2007
Creator: Borriello, E.; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /Valencia U., IFIC; Cuoco, A.; U., /Aarhus; Mangano, G.; /Naples U. /INFN, Naples et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of gridded versus observation data to initialize ARAC dispersion models for the Algeciras, Spain steel mill CS-137 release

Description: On May 30, 1998 scrap metal containing radioactive Cesium-137 (Cs-137) was accidentally melted in a furnace at the Acerinox steel mill in Algeciras, Spain. Cs-137 was released from the mill's smokestack, and spread across the western Mediterranean Sea to France and Italy and beyond. The first indication of the release was radiation levels up to 1000 times background reported by Swiss, French, and Italian authorities during the following two weeks. Initially no elevated radiation levels were detected over Spain. A release of hazardous material to the atmosphere is the type of situation the Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) emergency response organization was designed to address. The amount and exact time of the release were unknown, though the incident was thought to have taken place during the last week in May. Using air concentration measurements supplied by colleagues of ARAC in Spain, France, Switzerland, Italy, Sweden, Russia and the European Union, ARAC meteorologists estimated the magnitude and timing of the release (Vogt, 1999). Correctly locating the downwind footprint is the most important goal of emergency response modeling. In this study, we compare predicted results for the Algeciras event based on four wind data sources: (1) US Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) data alone, (2) surface and upper air observations alone, (3) NOGAPS data together with surface and upper air observations, and (4) forecasts from ARAC's in-house execution of the U.S. Navy Operational Regional Atmospheric Prediction System (NORAPS) (without surface or upper air observations). We compare the resulting dispersion predictions from ARAC's diagnostic dispersion modeling system to the measurements supplied by our European colleagues to determine which data source produced the best results.
Date: May 28, 1999
Creator: Aluzzi, F J; Pace, J C; Pobanz, B M & Vogt, P J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, February 8, 1943 : week of January 29 to February 5

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps: [Rostov area] ; [Tunisia coast]. Includes 8 photographs. Back: The World at War map indicates points where U.S. forces are stationed.
Date: February 8, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, August 3, 1942 : week of July 24 to July 31

Description: Text describes action on various war fronts: New Guinea -- China -- Philippines -- Siberia --Mediterranean -- Western Europe -- Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Action in New Guinea -- Drive to the Caucasas -- Vital distances in Europe, Africa, and Western Asia. Photographs: Combat photo taken through a submarine's periscope of a sinking Japanese destroyer -- U.S. aid to Russia -- Tommy goes over [method of crossing a river] -- Jap 'Belly tank' -- Stingers on the Flying Fortress.
Date: August 3, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, October 12, 1942 : week of October 2 to October 9

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Aleutians, New Guinea, Solomons, Far eastern waters, Russia, Mediterranean, Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Aleutian Islands; Southwest Pacific. Includes photographs: Nazi medium artillery field pieces, Long range patrol, Canadian paratroopers graduate, "Paratroopers train for action". Back: Convoy. 15 photographs with text describe a typical journey of a convoy of troops across an ocean.
Date: October 12, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, November 23, 1942 : week of November 13 to November 20

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Mediterranean, Tunisia, Libya, Lake Chad, Italy, Solomons, New Guinea, Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps: the Advance on Buna; North Africa. Photographs: New Guinea; Welcome to North Africa; Scene in Libya; North Africa: the march westward Back: Life saver #2 : winning friends - helping people. Text and photographs highlight the importance of training soldiers to interact successfully with local cultures.
Date: November 23, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, May 31, 1943 : week of May 20 to May 27, 194th week of the war, 76th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Aleutians, Western Europe, Mediterranean, Russia, Southwest Pacific. Map: Shows military activity in western Europe during the week of May 10 to May 27, 1943. Inset maps: Aleutians, Present fighting area in Attu. Photographs: Images of a Grumman "Wildcat" fighter plane taken from the escort carrier, U.S.S. Altamaha. Illustration: Advance on Attu. Back: You can crack that tank! Text and illustrations show how an infantryman can defend against an enemy tank.
Date: May 31, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, May 24, 1943 : week of May 13 to May 20, 193rd week of the war, 75th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Attu, Wake Island, Southwest Pacific, Russia, China-Burma, Air offensive. Large world map is keyed to text and shows United Nations Axis and Axis occupied areas, countries with Axis relations broken, and neutral countries. Additional maps: Mediterranean Sea; Areas held by Japan in the Kurile and Aleutian Islands. Inset map: Attu Island. Photographs: Mass production methods in the southwest Pacific mimic those of Detroit; Red Stars mark Soviet Air Force planes made in America; Nazis frisk Yugoslav peasants accused of guerilla activities Back: The not-so-soft underside [African victory].
Date: May 24, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary results of the comparison of ATSR measurements with in situ sea temperatures

Description: During October and November, 1991, the NATO Research Vessel Alliance sailed from Amsterdam into the western Mediterranean Sea and during this time measurements were made for the validation of ATSR data. This document reports the initial comparison between ATSR measurements and sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) taken along the ship`s track by an in situ thermometer at a depth of about 3m.
Date: March 17, 1993
Creator: Minnett, P. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Partitioned Waveform Inversion Applied to Eurasia and Northern Africa

Description: This report summarizes the data analysis achieved during Heather Bedle's eleven-week Technical Scholar internship at Lawrence Livermore National Labs during the early summer 2006. The work completed during this internship resulted in constraints on the crustal and upper mantle S-velocity structure in Northern Africa, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Europe, through the fitting of regional waveform data. This data extends current raypath coverage and will be included in a joint inversion along with data from surface wave group velocity measurements, S and P teleseismic arrival time data, and receiver function data to create an improved velocity model of the upper mantle in this region. The tectonic structure of the North African/Mediterranean/Europe/Middle Eastern study region is extremely heterogeneous. This region consists of, among others, stable cratons and platforms such as the West Africa Craton, and Baltica in Northern Europe; oceanic subduction zones throughout the Mediterranean Sea where the African and Eurasian plate collide; regions of continental collision as the Arabian Plate moves northward into the Turkish Plate; and rifting in the Red Sea, separating the Arabian and Nubian shields. With such diverse tectonic structures, many of the waveforms were difficult to fit. This is not unexpected as the waveforms are fit using an averaged structure. In many cases the raypaths encounter several tectonic features, complicating the waveform, and making it hard for the software to converge on a 1D average structure. Overall, the quality of the waveform data was average, with roughly 30% of the waveforms being discarded due to excessive noise that interfered with the frequency ranges of interest. An inversion for the 3D S-velocity structure of this region was also performed following the methodology of Partitioned Waveform Inversion (Nolet, 1990; Van der Lee and Nolet, 1997). The addition of the newly fit waveforms drastically extends the range of ...
Date: July 27, 2006
Creator: Bedle, H.; Matzel, E. & Flanagan, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Technical Report: Response of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Associated Climate Change

Description: This research incorporated an integrated hierarchical approach in space, time, and levels of biological/ecological organization to help understand and predict ecosystem response to elevated CO{sub 2} and concomitant environmental change. The research utilized a number of different approaches, and collaboration of both PER and non-PER investigators to arrive at a comprehensive, integrative understanding. Central to the work were the CO{sub 2}-controlled, ambient Lit, Temperature controlled (CO{sub 2}LT) null-balance chambers originally developed in the arctic tundra, which were re-engineered for the chaparral with treatment CO{sub 2} concentrations of from 250 to 750 ppm CO{sub 2} in 100 ppm increments, replicated twice to allow for a regression analysis. Each chamber was 2 meters on a side and 2 meters tall, which were installed over an individual shrub reprouting after a fire. This manipulation allowed study of the response of native chaparral to varying levels of CO{sub 2}, while regenerating from an experimental burn. Results from these highly-controlled manipulations were compared against Free Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment (FACE) manipulations, in an area adjacent to the CO{sub 2}LT null balance greenhouses. These relatively short-term results (5-7 years) were compared to long-term results from Mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs) surrounding natural CO{sub 2} springs in northern Italy, near Laiatico, Italy. The springs lack the controlled experimental rigor of our CO{sub 2}LT and FACE manipulation, but provide invaluable validation of our long-term predictions.
Date: August 15, 2002
Creator: Oechel, Walter C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, October 5, 1942 : week of September 25 to October 2

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, New Guinea, Solomons, Aleutians, China, Madagascar, Shipping, Mediterranean. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show South Russia, New Guinea, Target in Europe with inset of Industrial areas bombed in the Ruhr Valley. Includes photographs: WAFS report for duty, Armored "super jeep", South of Bengazi, Tank landing, "Guiding plane back home to roost". Back: Training (Action! -- Solomons -- Landing operations -- Europe). 21 photographs accompanied by descriptive and explanatory text.
Date: October 5, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, April 19, 1943 : week of April 9 to April 16, 188th week of the war, 70th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Tunisia -- Southwest Pacific -- Russia -- Mediterranean. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Allied drive in Tunisia -- Japanese controlled areas throughout the Southwest Pacific. Includes photographs: Helping Rommel's run [puppy stationed atop a Vickers machine gun] -- So he can fight (Staff Sergt. Hollers clerks at the San Angelo AAF Bombardier School in Texas) -- Blimp training. Back: Tunisia, map with inset showing location of Tunisia in the Mediterranean area.
Date: April 19, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, December 7, 1942 : week of November 27 to December 4

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Tunisia, Supply, Libya, Toulon, Russia, New Guinea, Solomons, Aleutians. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Tunisia -- Russian Front. Back: Maps and texts highlight the battleground of North Africa. Photographs: Crash landing -- Target sighted, mission completed -- Stalingrad strikes back.
Date: December 7, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, June 21, 1943 : week of June 10 to June 17, 197th week of the war, 79th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Mediterranean, Russia, Western Europe, Southwest Pacific, Submarines. Maps show the Mediterranean arena; New Guinea and northern Australia. Photographs: Thousands of gas shells at the ready in an American arsenal; Nazi Junkers 52 trimotor transports attempt to evacuate supplies to the European mainland from Tunisia. Back: Text and illustrations highlight possible diseases in the tropics and ways to avoid becoming ill. Discusses malaria, dysentery, and skin diseases.
Date: June 21, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, June 22, 1942 : week of June 12 to June 19

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Includes inset maps: Strategic distances in the North Pacific ; Attu Island ; the Rat Island group ; Jap drives [in China]. Photographs: Jungle fighting; Battle of Carriers; Planes that hit the enemy; Swimming through flames; Tomahawk takes it. Back: "These are some of the weapons which checked Hitler's armies." Includes photographs: Moving in column to the attack -- Armored train alert -- Light armored cars -- Anti-aircraft alarm -- Ready to fire -- Formation to the front -- Anti-aircraft machine gun -- Woods used for cover -- Mortar ready to fire -- Amphibian tanks on land... -- Horse-drawn anti-tank gun -- ... and on the sea.
Date: June 22, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, October 26, 1942 : week of October 16 to October 23

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Solomons -- New Guinea -- Aleutians -- Russia -- Shipping -- Mediterranean -- Yugoslavia -- Western Europe. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show Southwest Pacific -- Stalingrad. Includes photographs: Airport on Guadalcanal Island -- Somewhere in India [field artillery pieces and Gen. Stillwell's troops wearing German-type coal scuttle helmet] -- Supplies for Russia [Arctic convoy attacked by enemy torpedo planes and U boats] -- Freight cars with wings. Back: Foxholes are Lifesavers. 9 photographs show details of foxhole construction. Text describes advantages and proper use of foxholes in combat.
Date: October 26, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, August 17, 1942 : week of August 7 to August 14

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Solomon Islands, New Guinea, Aleutians, China, India, Western Europe, Yugoslavia, Mediterranean, Russia. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Map insets show Solomon Islands, Russian front. Includes photographs: view of Tulagi; German fighter; Facing the Nazis; Sniper suit; A traitor covers up; Club for U.S. forces on London. Back: British Battle Dress. Includes 6 photograhs, 4 drawings with accompanying text.
Date: August 17, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department