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From Linear Mechanics to Nonlinear Mechanics

Description: Consideration is given to the techniques used in telecommunication where a nonlinear system (the modulator) results in a linear transposition of a signal. It is then shown that a similar method permits linearization of electromechanical devices or nonlinear mechanical devices. A sweep function plays the same role as the carrier wave in radio-electricity. The linearizations of certain nonlinear functionals are presented.
Date: October 1955
Creator: Loeb, Julien
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Mechanics of Pneumatic Tires

Description: From Abstract: "This treatise is an attempt to provide a rational descriptive and analytical basis for tire mechanics. Chapters of this book are contributed by active research workers in the fields of rubber and textile properties, friction, material properties, tire stress problems, tire design and construction, vehicle skid and handling, and tire mechanical properties."
Date: November 1971
Creator: Clark, Samuel K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dealing with quantum weirdness: Holism and related issues

Description: Various issues are discussed in interpretation of quantum mechanics. All these explorations point toward the same conclusion, that some systems are holistically connected, i.e., some composite systems have properties that cannot, even in principle, be reduced to the properties of its subsystems. This is argued to be the central metaphysical lesson of quantum theory; this will remain pertinent even if quantum mechanics gets replaced by a superior theory. Chap. 2 discusses nonlocality and rules out hidden-variable theories that approximately reproduce the perfect correlations of quantum mechanics, as well as theories that obey locality conditions weaker than those needed to derive Bell`s inequality. Chap. 3 shows that SQUID experiments can rule out non-invasive measurability if not macrorealism. Chap. 4 looks at interpretational issues surrounding decoherence, the dissipative interaction between a system and its environment. Decoherence klcan help ``modal`` interpretations pick out the desired ``preferred`` basis. Chap. 5 explores what varieties of causation can and cannot ``explain`` EPR correlations. Instead of relying on ``watered down`` causal explanations, we should instead develop new, holistic explanatory frameworks.
Date: December 1, 1995
Creator: Elby, A.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unstable Capillary Waves on Surface of Separation of Two Viscous Fluids

Description: "The study of the breakup of a liquid jet moving in another medium, for example, a jet of fuel from a nozzle, shows that for sufficiently large outflow velocities the jet breaks up into a certain number of drops of different diameters. At still larger outflow velocities, the continuous part of the jet practically vanishes and the jet immediately breaks up at the nozzle into a large number of droplets of varying diameters (the case of "atomization"). The breakup mechanism in this case has a very complicated character and is quite irregular, with the droplets near the nozzle forming a divergent cone" (p. 1).
Date: April 1951
Creator: Borodin, V. A. & Dityakin, Y. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Relationships Between the Various Systems of Reference Axes Employed in Flight Mechanics

Description: "The different possibilities of orientation of the systems of axes currently employed in flight mechanics are compiled and described. Of the three possible couplings between the wind and aircraft axes, the most suitable coupling is that in which the y axis is made the principal axis of rotation for one of the two coupling angles (angles of attack). In connection with this coupling, an experimental system of axes is introduced, whose axes x(sub e) and z(sub e) are situated in the plane of symmetry of the airplane and rotate about the airplane lateral axis y = y(sub e)" (p. 1).
Date: November 1940
Creator: Rautenberg, H. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Differential Equations in Airplane Mechanics

Description: In the following report, we will first draw some conclusions of purely theoretical interest, from the general equations of motion. At the end, we will consider the motion of an airplane, with the engine dead and with the assumption that the angle of attack remains constant. Thus we arrive at a simple result, which can be rendered practically utilizable for determining the trajectory of an airplane descending at a constant steering angle.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Carleman, M. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Method for Determining Cloud-Droplet Impingement on Swept Wings

Description: From Summary: "The general effect of wing sweep on cloud-droplet trajectories about swept wings of high aspect ratio moving at subsonic speeds is discussed. A method of computing droplet trajectories about yawed cylinders and swept wings is presented, and illustrative droplet trajectories are computed. A method of extending two-dimensional calculations of droplet impingement on nonswept wings to swept wings is presented."
Date: April 1953
Creator: Dorsch, Robert G. & Brun, Rinaldo J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on the prediction of shock-induced boundary-layer separation

Description: The present status of available information relative to the prediction of shock-induced boundary-layer separation is discussed. Experimental results showing the effects of Reynolds number and Mach number on the separation of both laminar and turbulent boundary layer are given and compared with available methods for predicting separation. The flow phenomena associated with separation caused by forward-facing steps, wedges, and incident shock waves are discussed. Applications of the flat-plate data to problems of separation on spoilers, diffusers, and scoop inlets are indicated for turbulent boundary layers.
Date: September 16, 1953
Creator: Lange, Roy H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Penetration of Air Jets Issuing from Circular, Square, and Elliptical Orifices Directed Perpendicularly to an Air Stream

Description: From Summary: "An experimental investigation was conducted to determine the penetration of air jets directed perpendicularly to an air stream. Jets issuing from circular, square, and elliptical orifices were investigated and the jet penetration at a position downstream of the orifice was determined- as a function of jet density, jet velocity, air-stream density, air-stream velocity, effective jet diameter, and orifice flow coeffIcient. The jet penetrations were determined for nearly constant values of air-stream density at three tunnel-air velocities arid for a large range of jet velocities and densities."
Date: February 1950
Creator: Ruggeri, Robert S.; Callaghan, Edmund E. & Bowden, Dean T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the Vibrations of a Hollow Thin-Walled Rectangular Beam

Description: Experimental modes and frequencies of an unstiffened hollow beam of rectangular cross section are presented, and comparisons are made between experimental and theoretical frequencies. Theories based on rigid cross sections were found to be sufficiently accurate to predict the frequencies of only the lowest three bending modes. For the higher bending modes and all the torsional modes it was necessary to include the effects of cross-sectional distortions in the calculations.
Date: October 1955
Creator: Kordes, Eldon E. & Kruszewski, Edwin T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compatibility of Metals with Liquid Fluorine at High Pressures and Flow Velocities

Description: Report presenting testing of specimens of various metals in selected geometric configurations exposed to liquid fluorine under controlled conditions of flow and pressure. None of the samples eroded, decomposed, or exhibited any measurable physical or chemical changes.
Date: April 17, 1958
Creator: Schmidt, Harold W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Dimensional Potential Flows

Description: Contents include the following: Characteristic differential equations - initial and boundary conditions. Integration of the second characteristic differential equations. Direct application of Meyer's characteristic hodograph table for construction of two-dimensional potential flows. Prandtl-Busemann method. Development of the pressure variation for small deflection angles. Numerical table: relation between deflection, pressure, velocity, mach number and mach angle for isentropic changes of state according to Prandtl-Meyer for air (k = 1.405). References.
Date: November 1949
Creator: Schäefer, Manfred & Tollmien, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development and Evaluation of Soil Bearing Capacity Foundations of Structures, Report 1: Field Vibratory Tests Data

Description: This report is the first in a series and provides the methods and data obtained from field tests to compare soil types to evaluate highly-compacted soils in foundations that are subjected to dynamic loads. "The specific purpose was to determine the effect of load contact area and static contact pressure on the elastic properties of foundations as determined by means of a small-scale vibratory tests" (p. vii).
Date: July 1963
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correlation of Soil Properties with Geologic Information: Report Number 1, Simplification of the Liquid Limit Test Procedure

Description: Introduction: The general project of correlating soil properties with geologic information, one phase of which is described in this report, consists in comparing soil properties with soil types and with their geologic history and environment in order to determine what correlations are possible.
Date: June 1949
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Tests in the NACA Tank to Investigate the Fundamental Characteristics of Hydrofoils

Description: Report discusses an investigation into the hydrodynamic properties and general behavior of simple hydrofoils. The experimental results are presented as curves of the lift and drag coefficients plotted against speed for angles of attack and depths. Properly designed hydrofoil sections were determined to have excellent characteristics and a significant reduction in the speed of cavitation.
Date: September 1940
Creator: Ward, Kenneth E. & Land, Norman S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stability of Plates and Shells Beyond the Proportional Limit

Description: In the present paper is examined the method of investigating the stability of plates and shells beyond the elastic limit, that proceeds from the generalization of the Hencky-Mises theory of elastico-plastic deformations given in the works of Smirnov-Alyayev, Schmidt, and in our papers.
Date: October 1947
Creator: Ilyushin, A. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rough-Water Tests of Models of the Vosper and Plum Planing Boats

Description: Models of two types of high-speed surface craft were tested in Langley tank no. 1 to obtain rough-water data for an evaluation by the David Taylor .Model Basin of the relative merits of the designs. Time-history records were obtained of trim, rise, and normal acceleration at two points in the hulls for various speeds and two sizes of waves.
Date: April 27, 1950
Creator: Chambliss, Derrill B. & Blanchard, Ulysse J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Restraint Provided a Flat Rectangular Plate by a Sturdy Stiffener Along an Edge of the Plate, Special Report

Description: A sturdy stiffener is defined as a stiffener of such proportions that it does not suffer cross-sectional distortion when moments are applied to some part of the cross section. When such a stiffener is attached to one edge of a plate, it will resist rotation of that edge of the plate by means of its torsional properties. A formula is given for the restraint coefficient provided the plate by such a stiffener. This coefficient is required for the calculation of the critical compressive stress of the plate.
Date: May 1941
Creator: Lundquist, Eugene E. & Stowell, Elbridge Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Characteristics Method Applied to Stationary Two-Dimensional and Rotationally Symmetrical Gas Flows

Description: "By means of characteristics theory, formulas for the numerical treatment of stationary compressible supersonic flows for the two-dimensional and rotationally symmetrical cases have been obtained from their differential equations" (p. 1).
Date: March 1949
Creator: Pfeiffer, F. & Meyer-König, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department