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Techniques for Handling and Processing Emulsion Stacks

Description: The techniques for assembling, processing and handling large nuclear-emulsion stacks are discussed. Results of experiments varying the development procedure are presented.
Date: September 8, 1954
Creator: Birge, Robert W.; Kerth, Leroy T.; Richman, Chaim; Stork, DonaldH. & Whetstone, Stanley L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FREIGHT CONTAINER LIFTING STANDARD

Description: This standard details the correct methods of lifting and handling Series 1 freight containers following ISO-3874 and ISO-1496. The changes within RPP-40736 will allow better reading comprehension, as well as correcting editorial errors.
Date: January 13, 2010
Creator: DJ, POWERS; MA, SCOTT & TC, MACKEY
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conceptual design report, plutonium stabilization and handling,project W-460

Description: Project W-460, Plutonium Stabilization and Handling, encompasses procurement and installation of a Stabilization and Packaging System (SPS) to oxidize and package for long term storage remaining plutonium-bearing special nuclear materials currently in inventory at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP), and modification of vault equipment to allow storage of resulting packages of stabilized SNM for up to fifty years. This Conceptual Design Report (CDR) provides conceptual design details for the vault modification, site preparation and site interface with the purchased SPS. Two concepts are described for vault configuration; acceleration of this phase of the project did not allow completion of analysis which would clearly identify a preferred approach.
Date: March 6, 1997
Creator: Weiss, E.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Robots Working with Hazardous Materials

Description: While many research and development activities take place at Sandia National Laboratories' Intelligent Systems and Robotics Center (ISRC), where the "rubber meets the road" is in the ISRC'S delivered systems. The ISRC has delivered several systems over the last few years that handle hazardous materials on a daily basis, and allow human workers to move to a safer, supervisory role than the "hands-on" operations that they used to perform. The ISRC at Sandia performs a large range of research and development activities, including development and delivery of one-of-a-kind robotic systems for use with hazardous materials. Our mission is to create systems for operations where people can't or don't want to perform the operations by hand, and the systems described in this article are several of our first-of-a-kind deliveries to achieve that mission.
Date: January 6, 1999
Creator: Amai, W. & Fahrenholtz, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plutonium stabilization and handling (PuSH)

Description: This Functional Design Criteria (FDC) addresses construction of a Stabilization and Packaging System (SPS) to oxidize and package for long term storage remaining plutonium-bearing special nuclear materials currently in inventory at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP), and modification of vault equipment to allow storage of resulting packages of stabilized SNM for up to fifty years. The major sections of the project are: site preparation; SPS Procurement, Installation, and Testing; storage vault modification; and characterization equipment additions. The SPS will be procured as part of a Department of Energy nationwide common procurement. Specific design crit1460eria for the SPS have been extracted from that contract and are contained in an appendix to this document.
Date: January 23, 1997
Creator: Weiss, E. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift truck safety review

Description: This report presents safety information about powered industrial trucks. The basic lift truck, the counterbalanced sit down rider truck, is the primary focus of the report. Lift truck engineering is briefly described, then a hazard analysis is performed on the lift truck. Case histories and accident statistics are also given. Rules and regulations about lift trucks, such as the US Occupational Safety an Health Administration laws and the Underwriter`s Laboratories standards, are discussed. Safety issues with lift trucks are reviewed, and lift truck safety and reliability are discussed. Some quantitative reliability values are given.
Date: March 1, 1997
Creator: Cadwallader, L. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Challenges in the Packaging of MEMS

Description: The packaging of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) is a field of great importance to anyone using or manufacturing sensors, consumer products, or military applications. Currently much work has been done in the design and fabrication of MEMS devices but insufficient research and few publications have been completed on the packaging of these devices. This is despite the fact that packaging is a very large percentage of the total cost of MEMS devices. The main difference between IC packaging and MEMS packaging is that MEMS packaging is almost always application specific and greatly affected by its environment and packaging techniques such as die handling, die attach processes, and lid sealing. Many of these aspects are directly related to the materials used in the packaging processes. MEMS devices that are functional in wafer form can be rendered inoperable after packaging. MEMS dies must be handled only from the chip sides so features on the top surface are not damaged. This eliminates most current die pick-and-place fixtures. Die attach materials are key to MEMS packaging. Using hard die attach solders can create high stresses in the MEMS devices, which can affect their operation greatly. Low-stress epoxies can be high-outgassing, which can also affect device performance. Also, a low modulus die attach can allow the die to move during ultrasonic wirebonding resulting to low wirebond strength. Another source of residual stress is the lid sealing process. Most MEMS based sensors and devices require a hermetically sealed package. This can be done by parallel seam welding the package lid, but at the cost of further induced stress on the die. Another issue of MEMS packaging is the media compatibility of the packaged device. MEMS unlike ICS often interface with their environment, which could be high pressure or corrosive. The main conclusion we can draw about MEMS ...
Date: March 26, 1999
Creator: Malshe, A.P.; Singh, S.B.; Eaton, W.P.; O'Neal, C.; Brown, W.D. & Miller, W.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CRADA Final Report-Dual Manifold System for Arraying Biomolecules

Description: The objective of this CRADA is to establish a new approach to fluid transfer and array construction. This new approach will involve a high-speed, multiplexed fluid distribution valve and ink jet valves. It will enable the parallel handling of multiple reagents for a system that will have multiple applications in addition to the high-speed construction of microarrays. The primary tasks involve proof of principle experiments aimed at establishing key components of the technology and evaluating various optional configurations. The basic platform for evaluating the technology will be set-up by the Contractor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and will employ custom valving prepared by Rheodyne. The test platform will consist of a motion controller, 3-axes of motion, software, and pneumatic control; and will be used to evaluate the hybrid valve.
Date: May 8, 2001
Creator: Doktycz, M.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zone 4 Study: Shielded Lift Truck Refurbishment/Replacement

Description: The Zone 4 Stage Right Shielded Lift Trucks (SLT's) will likely need refurbishment or replacement within the next two to five years, due to wear. This document discusses the options to provide a long term and reliable means of satisfying Zone 4 material movement and inventory requirements.
Date: September 2002
Creator: Amai, Wendy A.; Jones, James F.; Lennox, R. Charleene & Simon, Ronald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of tank waste transfers at 241-AW tank farm

Description: A number of waste transfers are needed to process and feed waste to the private contractors in support of Phase 1 Privatization. Other waste transfers are needed to support the 242-A Evaporator, saltwell pumping, and other ongoing Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) operations. The purpose of this evaluation is to determine if existing or planned equipment and systems are capable of supporting the Privatization Mission of the Tank Farms and continuing operations through the end of Phase 1B Privatization Mission. Projects W-211 and W-314 have been established and will support the privatization effort. Equipment and system upgrades provided by these projects (W-211 and W-314) will also support other ongoing operations in the tank farms. It is recognized that these projects do not support the entire transfer schedule represented in the Tank Waste Remediation system Operation and Utilization Plan. Additionally, transfers surrounding the 241-AW farm must be considered. This evaluation is provided as information, which will help to define transfer paths required to complete the Waste Feed Delivery (WFD) mission. This document is not focused on changing a particular project, but it is realized that new project work in the 241-AW Tank Farm is required.
Date: May 27, 1998
Creator: Willis, W. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Engineering task plan HTI [Hanford Tank Initiative] cone penetrometer

Description: The Hanford Cone Penetrometer Platform (CPP) will be used to insert instrumented and soil sampling probes into the soil adjacent to Tank AX-104 to assist in characterizing the waste plume. The scope, deliverables, roles and responsibilities, safety, and environmental considerations are presented in the task plan.
Date: March 19, 1998
Creator: Krieg, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method and apparatus for sizing and separating warp yarns

Description: A slashing process for preparing warp yarns for weaving operations includes the steps of sizing and/or desizing the yarns in an acoustic resonance box and separating the yarns with a leasing apparatus comprised of a set of acoustically agitated lease rods. The sizing step includes immersing the yarns in a size solution contained in an acoustic resonance box. Acoustic transducers are positioned against the exterior of the box for generating an acoustic pressure field within the size solution. Ultrasonic waves that result from the acoustic pressure field continuously agitate the size solution to effect greater mixing and more uniform application and penetration of the size onto the yarns. The sized yarns are then separated by passing the warp yarns over and under lease rods. Electroacoustic transducers generate acoustic waves along the longitudinal axis of the lease rods, creating a shearing motion on the surface of the rods for splitting the yarns.
Date: December 1, 1997
Creator: Sheen, Shuh-Haw; Chien, Hual-Te; Raptis, Apostolos C. & Kupperman, David S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Crusader solid propellant best technical approach

Description: The goal of the Solid Propellant Resupply Team is to develop Crusader system concepts capable of automatically handling 155mm projectiles and Modular Artillery Charges (MACs) based on system requirements. The system encompasses all aspects of handling from initial input into a resupply vehicle (RSV) to the final loading into the breech of the self-propelled howitzer (SPH). The team, comprised of persons from military and other government organizations, developed concepts for the overall vehicles as well as their interior handling components. An intermediate review was conducted on those components, and revised concepts were completed in May 1995. A concept evaluation was conducted on the finalized concepts, from both a systems level and a component level. The team`s Best Technical Approach (BTA) concept was selected from that evaluation. Both vehicles in the BTA have a front-engine configuration with the crew situated behind the engine-low in the vehicles. The SPH concept utilizes an automated reload port at the rear of the vehicle, centered high. The RSV transfer boom will dock with this port to allow automated ammunition transfer. The SPH rearm system utilizes fully redundant dual loaders. Active magazines are used for both projectiles and MACs. The SPH also uses a nonconventional tilted ring turret configuration to maximize the available interior volume in the vehicle. This configuration can be rearmed at any elevation angle but only at 0{degree} azimuth. The RSV configuration is similar to that of the SPH. The RSV utilizes passive storage racks with a pick-and-place manipulator for handling the projectiles and active magazines for the MACs. A telescoping transfer boom extends out the front of the vehicle over the crew and engine.
Date: December 1, 1995
Creator: Graves, V.; Bader, G.; Dolecki, M.; Krupski, S. & Zangrando, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Procedure for stacking Tile-Cal submodules using the Argonne designed stacking fixture

Description: The purpose of this fixture is to provide a general purpose tool that is simple to construct, simple to use, and flexible enough to adapt to different Tile-Cal Hadron Calorimeter submodule heights and configurations. It is also adaptable for modules that are shorter in radius, if two different lengths are necessary to accommodate the support of the liquid argon cryostat. With minor changes, this fixture can also be used to stack the proposed modules for the ``Crack Filler``. It is expected that minor modifications may be necessary to adapt this fixture to different facilities and working conditions. It is not presumed that this procedure will be satisfactory for every institution that will use it, and suggestions for changes to this procedure will be accepted as constructive and useful information.
Date: July 21, 1995
Creator: Hill, N.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

University Research Programs in Robotics annual technical progress report, June 1, 1994--May 31, 1995

Description: The University of Florida supported three technical areas within the US Department of Energy`s Robotics Technology Development Program (RTDP) during this project period: Tank Waste Retrieval (TWR) Analysis Automation (CAA), and Cross-Cutting and Advanced Technology (CC&AT). This reports the technical progress made on the tasks for each of these areas. Detailed reports will be sent to the RTDP coordinator and the project area coordinators at the end of the project period.
Date: June 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of an automated ammunition processing system for battlefield use

Description: The Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (FARV) will be the companion ammunition resupply vehicle to the Advanced Field Artillery System (AFAS). These systems are currently being investigated by the US Army for future acquisition. The FARV will sustain the AFAS with ammunition and fuel and will significantly increase capabilities over current resupply vehicles. Currently ammunition is transferred to field artillery almost entirely by hand. The level of automation to be included into the FARV is still under consideration. At the request of the US Army`s Project Manager, AFAS/FARV, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) identified and evaluated various concepts for the automated upload, processing, storage, and delivery equipment for the FARV. ORNL, working with the sponsor, established basic requirements and assumptions for concept development and the methodology for concept selection. A preliminary concept has been selected, and the associated critical technologies have been identified. ORNL has provided technology demonstrations of many of these critical technologies. A technology demonstrator which incorporates all individual components into a total process demonstration is planned for late FY 1995.
Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Speaks, D.M.; Chesser, J.B.; Lloyd, P.D.; Miller, E.D.; Ray, T.L. & Weil, B.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department