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Automatic Isotope Mass Spectrometer : Job Specification JS-741, Rev. 2

Description: The following document analyzes the Automatic Isotope Mass Spectrometer that consists of a Laboratory Isotope Mass Spectrometer, covered by Union Carbide Nuclear Company Job Specification "JS-747", which has been modified to meet Union Carbide Nuclear Company Job Specification "JS-741", as well as the instrument's samples collected and analyzed.
Date: September 16, 1955
Creator: Union Carbide Nuclear Company
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Direct Current Emission Regulator

Description: The following report describes a current beam modulation designed to replace the standard regulator and to achieve an ion beam free from amplitude modulation.
Date: August 4, 1945
Creator: White, J. R. & Cameron, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Ion Velocitron

Description: This report analyzes the separation of ions using the velocity of the ion measured through a long evacuated drift tube.
Date: January 27, 1947
Creator: Cameron, A. E. & Eggers, D. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY DIVISION ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR PERIOD ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1962

Description: The report is divided into 4 major parts with several sections in each part. Separate abstracts were prepared for all sections in Parts I and II except 8 and 9 (containing information on mass spectrometry and microscopy). A summary of service analyses is given in Part III, and information concerning the ORNL master analytical manual is presented in Part IV; abstracts were not prepared for these. (J.R.D.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Instrumentation for mass spectrometry: 1997

Description: All mass spectrometry experiments involve the manipulation of material, an interface with the mass spectrometer, ionization, ion manipulation/analysis, detection and data collection/reduction. Each of these elements involve instrumentation. The wide range of species now amenable to mass spectrometry and the diverse areas of physical science in which it plays a role have led to a seemingly unlimited array of instrumental combinations. However, only a limited number of mass analyzers, and their combinations, dominate. The dominant analyzers include time-of-flight, Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance, the Paul trap, the mass filter, and the sector mass spectrometer. Why there are so few (or so many, depending upon one`s point of view) can be understood upon consideration of a set of mass analyzer figures of merit. These include mass resolution, mass accuracy, mass range, dynamic range, abundance sensitivity, precision, efficiency, speed, MS{sup n} capability, compatibility with the ionizer, cost, and size. The most appropriate form of mass spectrometry is determined by the priorities of the particular measurement placed on the various mass analyzer characteristics and the relative strengths of the analyzers in meeting the requirements. Each of the analyzer types has a unique set of figures of merit that makes it optimally suited for particular applications. This paper discusses these figures of merit, provides data illustrating recent developments for each analyzer type, and gives the figures of merit of each type of analyzer as they stand in 1997. 101 refs., 24 figs.
Date: August 1997
Creator: McLuckey, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PHYSICS DIVISION SUMMARY REPORT. June 1960

Description: Informal reports are presented on experimental nuclear physics, mass spectroscopy, and crystallography. Each individual project reports about once in 3 months. Those not reported in a particular issue are listed separately in the table of contents with a reference to the last issue in which each appeared. (For preceding period see ANL6164.) (W.D.M.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mass Spectrometer Studies of Ion Sources for One Shot AcceleratorTube

Description: A simple mass spectrometer using 60 degree focusing was set up to study the (illegible) of the ions produced by various types of sources. A schematic diagram of the apparatus is shown in Fig. 1, which is to a large extent self-explanatory. The isolation transformer was simply a piece of RG (illegible) cable about three feet long and was used in order to operate the source at high accelerating voltage allowing the collector to be at essentially ground potential. The collimating slits were 0.05 (illegible) wide and were space 4 (illegible-cm?) apart. The coarse slit immediately preceding the collector cup was 0.3 (illegible) wide. The electrometer was the integrating type which indicated the potential due to the charge collected on known capacitance. The vacuum tube voltmeter indicated the potential of the 0.5 (illegible) capacitor due to the total charge reaching the slit system. It thus served as a monitor of the source output for each firing. The neon lamp was a protection for the condenser against breakdown discharges of the tube.
Date: December 12, 1951
Creator: Brumbaugh, R.; Pon, W.; Seaman, W. & Wiegand, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ISOTOPIC MASS SPECTROMETRY OF THE ELEMENTS

Description: The Analytical Mass Spectrometry Section at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has, for many years, been determining relative isotopic abundances from solid samples. Thus, useful analytical mass spectrometer experience with every pertinent element has been obtained. These include the 55 polyisotopic elements as well as products of irradiation and fission. The techniques used are summarized in this report. A separate page for each element lists preferred compound, loading of sample, manner of obtaining a stable ion beam, and solutions of special problems. (auth)
Date: December 17, 1963
Creator: Spitzer, E.J. & Sites, J.R., comps.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Electron Multiplier as a Detector for a Surface Ionization Mass Spectrometer--Design

Description: A description of a 14-stage electron multiplier for use amplifying the detector signals in a surface ionization mass spectrometer is given. The system can either measure the multiplier anode current or count the anode pulses. Pulse counting may be used for- signal currents in the range from lO/sup -13/ to 10/sup -18/ amp. The range of the normal electrometer circuit is extended by the electron multiplier so that it measures currents from l0/sup -10/ to 10/sup -15/ amp with a fast response. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1960
Creator: Cathey, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HIGH-TEMPERATURE KNUDSEN EFFUSION CELL ASSEMBLY

Description: >A Knudsen effusion cell assembly is described which was designed For study of high-temperature vaporizatibn processes with a time-of-flight mass spectrometer. The cell is heated by electron bombardment, and temperatures up to 3100 deg K were reached. (J.R.D.)
Date: April 1, 1962
Creator: Rauh, E.G.; Sadler, R.C. & Thorn, R.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improved High Voltage Supply and Control Panel for the Nier Mass Spectrometer

Description: Abstract: "The recurrent difficulties experienced in routine operation of the high voltage supplies and main control panels of the standard assay instruments are indicated. New supply and distribution units, which were designed to avoid these difficulties, have been constructed and tested. This report briefly describes these units and presents a more detailed description of a high current power supply and main control panel."
Date: 1956
Creator: White, J. R. & Cameron, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implantation and Release of Krypton with Copper Foils

Description: A system and a method providing high-efficiency implantation and release of Kr ions in metal foils have been developed. Implantation and release measurements were performed with a static mass spectrometer. Efficient implantation/retention of rare-gas isotopic ions in a target and their subsequent efficient volatilization from the target is the first of two central requirements for developing an ultrasensitive (10 parts per trillion) method to determine the isotopic content of rare gases. In a number of initial Kr ion implantation runs in Cu, with subsequent volatilization of the implanted Kr by heating, implantation/release efficiencies averaging about 52% were observed. This low value was determined to be due to only partial interception of the Kr ion beam by the target. With modifications to the target assembly, mass spectrometer, and target size, the efficiencies for implantation/release of Kr in Cu were raised to essentially 100%. These efficiencies meet the first requirement for developing this method.
Date: September 24, 2001
Creator: Oliver, Brian M; Eiden, Greg C. & Ballou, Nathan E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department