180 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Free-spinning wind-tunnel tests of a low-wing monoplane with systematic changes in wings and tails 3: mass distributed along the wings

Description: Report presenting an investigation of 24 wing-tail combinations with the weight moved from the center of gravity toward the wing tips so that the distribution of mass along the wings was increased. Results regarding the effects of wings, effects of tail arrangement, effects of control setting, relationships between spin characteristics, and comparison with results for basic loading are provided.
Date: September 1938
Creator: Seidman, Oscar & Neihouse, A. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of mass distribution on the lateral stability and control characteristics of an airplane as determined by tests of a model in the free-flight tunnel

Description: The effects of mass distribution on lateral stability and control characteristics of an airplane have been determined by flight tests of a model in the NACA free-flight tunnel. In the investigation, the rolling and yawing moments of inertia were increased from normal values to values up to five times normal. For each moment-of-inertia condition, combinations of dihedral and vertical-tail area representing a variety of airplane configurations were tested. The results of the flight tests of the model were correlated with calculated stability and control characteristics and, in general, good agreement was obtained.
Date: July 20, 1943
Creator: Campbell, John P. & Seacord, Charles L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spin-Tunnel Tests of Airplane Models With Extreme Variations in Mass Distribution Along the Three Body Axes

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to determine the effect of extreme changes in mass distribution along each of the three body axes. The effects of individual inertia moment parameters upon spin and recovery characteristics were examined.
Date: March 1945
Creator: Kamm, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supergravity grand unification, proton decay and cosmological constraints

Description: Properties and experimental predictions of a broad class of supergravity grand unified models possessing an SU(5)-type proton decay and R parity are described. Models of this type can be described in terms of four parameters at the Gut scale in addition to those of the Standard Model i.e. m{sub 0} (universal scalar mass), m{sub 1/2} (universal gaugino mass), A{sub 0} (cubic soft breaking parameter) and tan {beta} = <H{sub 2}>/<H{sub 1}>. Thus the 32 SUSY masses can be expressed in terms of m{sub 0}, M{sub 1/2}, A{sub 0} tan {beta} and the as yet unknown t-quark mass M{sub t}. Gut thresholds are examined and a simple model leads to grand unification consistent with p-decay data when 0.114 < {alpha}{sub 3}(M{sub z}) < 0.135, in agreement with current values of {alpha}{sub 3}(M{sub Z}). Proton decay is examined for the superheavy Higgs triplet mass H{sub H3} < 10M{sub G}(M{sub G} {approx_equal} 1.5 {times} 10{sup 16} GeV) and squarks and gluinos lighter than 1 TeV. Throughout most of the parameter space chargino-neutralino scaling relations are predicted to hold: 2m{sub {anti Z}}{sub 1} {congruent} m{sub {anti W}}{sub 1} {congruent} m{sub {anti Z}}{sub 2}, m{sub {anti W}}{sub 1} {approx_equal} (1/4)m{sub {anti g}} (for {mu} > 0) or m{sub {anti W}}{sub 1} {approx_equal} (1/3)m{sub {anti g}} (for {mu} < 0), while m{sub {anti W}}{sub 2} {congruent} m{sub {anti Z}}{sub 3} {congruent} m{sub {anti Z}}{sub 4} {much_gt} m{sub {anti Z}}{sub 1}. Future proton decay experiments combined with LEP2 lead to further predictions, e.g. for the entire parameter space either proton decay should be seen at these or the {anti W}{sub 1} seen at LEP2. Relic density constraints on the {anti Z}{sub 1} further constrain the parameter space e.g. so that m{sub t} < 165 GeV, M{sub h} < 105 GeV, m{sub {anti W}}{sub 1} < 100 GeV ...
Date: May 1, 1995
Creator: Arnowitt, R. & Nath, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identification of hadronic tau decays in ATLAS

Description: Taus can be an important signature for Supersymmetry at the LHC. They can be produced copiously in the decays of supersymmetric particles. Measurement of their momentum and of the tau-tau invariant mass distribution, would provide detailed information regarding the masses of supersymmetric particles. It is demonstrated using full simulation that it will be possible for ATLAS to make a cut on the reconstructed tau invariant mass using information from the tracking and the electromagnetic calorimeter. The measured energy and momentum of tau's that pass this selection can then be used to infer information about the tau-tau invariant mass.
Date: September 1, 1998
Creator: Coadou, Y.; Hinchliffe, I.; Lozano-Bahilo, J.; Loveridge, L.C. & Shapiro, M.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Properties of the Lambda(1405) Measured at CLAS

Description: The nature of the {Lambda}(1405), and its place in the baryon spectrum has remained uncertain for decades. Theoretical studies have shown that it may possess strong dynamical components which are not seen in other well-known baryons. Using the CLAS detector system in Hall B at Jefferson Lab, we have measured the photoproduction reaction {gamma} + p {yields} K{sup +} {Lambda}(1405) with high statistics and over different {Sigma}{pi} decay channels. The reconstructed invariant mass distribution (lineshape) has been measured, as well as the differential cross sections for the {Lambda}(1405), {Sigma}(1385), and {Lambda}(1520). Our analysis method is discussed and our near-final results for the {Lambda}(1405) lineshape and differential cross section are presented.
Date: April 1, 2012
Creator: Moriya, Kei & Schumacher, Reinhard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EpiPOD : community vaccination and dispensing model user's guide.

Description: EpiPOD is a modeling system that enables local, regional, and county health departments to evaluate and refine their plans for mass distribution of antiviral and antibiotic medications and vaccines. An intuitive interface requires users to input as few or as many plan specifics as are available in order to simulate a mass treatment campaign. Behind the input interface, a system dynamics model simulates pharmaceutical supply logistics, hospital and first-responder personnel treatment, population arrival dynamics and treatment, and disease spread. When the simulation is complete, users have estimates of the number of illnesses in the population at large, the number of ill persons seeking treatment, and queuing and delays within the mass treatment system--all metrics by which the plan can be judged.
Date: January 9, 2009
Creator: Berry, M.; Samsa, M.; Walsh, D. & Sciences, Decision and Information
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identified particle distributions in pp and Au+Au collisions atsqrt sNN=200 GeV

Description: Transverse mass and rapidity distributions for charged pions, charged kaons, protons and antiprotons are reported for {radical}sNN = 200 GeV pp and Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The transverse mass distributions are rapidity independent within |y| &lt; 0.5, consistent with a boost-invariant system in this rapidity interval. Spectral shapes and relative particle yields are similar in pp and peripheral Au+Au collisions and change smoothly to central Au+Au collisions. No centrality dependence was observed in the kaon and antiproton production rates relative to the pion production rate from medium-central to central collisions. Chemical and kinetic equilibrium model fits to our data reveal strong radial flow and relatively long duration from chemical to kinetic freeze-out in central Au+Au collisions. The chemical freeze-out temperature appears to be independent of initial conditions at RHIC energies.
Date: October 6, 2003
Creator: Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supersymmetry, Naturalness, and Signatures at the LHC

Description: Weak scale supersymmetry is often said to be fine-tuned, especially if the matter content is minimal. This is not true if there is a large A term for the top squarks. We present a systematic study on fine-tuning in minimal supersymmetric theories and identify low energy spectra that do not lead to severe fine-tuning. Characteristic features of these spectra are: a large A term for the top squarks, small top squark masses, moderately large tan {beta}, and a small {mu} parameter. There are classes of theories leading to these features, which are discussed. In one class, which allows a complete elimination of fine-tuning, the Higgsinos are the lightest among all the superpartners of the standard model particles, leading to three nearly degenerate neutralino/chargino states. This gives interesting signals at the LHC--the dilepton invariant mass distribution has a very small endpoint and shows a particular shape determined by the Higgsino nature of the two lightest neutralinos. We demonstrate that these signals are indeed useful in realistic analyses by performing Monte Carlo simulations, including detector simulations and background estimations. We also present a method that allows the determination of all the relevant superparticle masses without using input from particular models, despite the limited kinematical information due to short cascades. This allows us to test various possible models, which is demonstrated in the case of a model with mixed moduli-anomaly mediation. We also give a simple derivation of special renormalization group properties associated with moduli mediated supersymmetry breaking, which are relevant in a model without fine-tuning.
Date: February 10, 2006
Creator: Kitano, Ryuichiro & Nomura, Yasunori
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Gemini Deep Planet Survey - GDPS

Description: We present the results of the Gemini Deep Planet Survey, a near-infrared adaptive optics search for giant planets and brown dwarfs around nearby young stars. The observations were obtained with the Altair adaptive optics system at the Gemini North telescope and angular differential imaging was used to suppress the speckle noise of the central star. Detection limits for the 85 stars observed are presented, along with a list of all faint point sources detected around them. Typically, the observations are sensitive to angular separations beyond 0.5-inch with 5{sigma} contrast sensitivities in magnitude difference at 1.6 {micro}m of 9.6 at 0.5-inch, 12.9 at 1-inch, 15 at 2-inch, and 16.6 at 5-inch. For the typical target of the survey, a 100 Myr old K0 star located 22 pc from the Sun, the observations are sensitive enough to detect planets more massive than 2 M{sub Jup} with a projected separation in the range 40-200 AU. Depending on the age, spectral type, and distance of the target stars, the minimum mass that could be detected with our observations can be {approx}1 M{sub Jup}. Second epoch observations of 48 stars with candidates (out of 54) have confirmed that all candidates are unrelated background stars. A detailed statistical analysis of the survey results, which provide upper limits on the fractions of stars with giant planet or low mass brown dwarf companions, is presented. Assuming a planet mass distribution dn/dm {proportional_to} m{sup -1.2} and a semi-major axis distribution dn/da {proportional_to} a{sup -1}, the upper limits on the fraction of stars with at least one planet of mass 0.5-13 M{sub Jup} are 0.29 for the range 10-25 AU, 0.13 for 25-50 AU, and 0.09 for 50-250 AU, with a 95% confidence level; this result is weakly dependent on the semi-major axis distribution power-law index. Without making any assumption ...
Date: June 1, 2007
Creator: Lafreniere, D; Doyon, R; Marois, C; Nadeau, D; Oppenheimer, B R; Roche, P F et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the branching ratios psi-prime ---> e+ e-, psi-prime ---> J/psi pi pi and psi-prime ---> J/psi eta

Description: The authors have measured several branching ratios for {psi}' decay using the data collected by FNAL E835 experiment during year 2000, obtaining {beta}({psi}' {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) = 0.0068 {+-} 0.0001 {+-} 0.0004, {beta}({psi}' {yields} J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) = 0.292 {+-} 0.005 {+-} 0.018, {beta}({psi}' {yields} J/{psi}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}) = 0.167 {+-} 0.005 {+-} 0.014 and {beta}({psi}' {yields} J/{psi}{eta}) = 0.028 {+-} 0.002 {+-} 0.002. They also present a measurement of the dipion mass distribution in the decays {psi}' {yields} J/{psi}{pi}{pi}.
Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Andreotti, M.; Bagnasco, S.; Baldini, W.; Bettoni, D.; Borreani, G.; Buzzo, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Principal Components Analysis (PCA) is a method to extract the principal components (or modes) of response from recorded or computed response data, of systems exhibiting linear and/or nonlinear response. For linear systems, the PCA mode shapes coincide with the elastic mode shapes, if the nodal mass is uniformly distributed. For nonuniform mass distributions, the PCA modes are related to the elastic modes. The PCA technique is particularly valuable when applied to systems responding nonlinearly, because it identifies the 'predominant mode' of response and the degree to which the response is in this mode. This paper illustrates the use of the PCA technique for estimating floor and interstory drifts for a 12-story moment-resistant frame responding to earthquake ground motions. Linear and nonlinear responses are considered, and the observed mode shapes and the accuracy of drift estimates are discussed. The interaction of modal amplitudes in time is considered in detail. The peak roof drift and interstory drifts are expressed as linear combinations of the PCA modes, and are represented graphically, together with the observed interaction response. A technique is described to determine peak values of these quantities by maximizing the drift functions relative to the observed modal interactions.
Date: January 1, 2001
Creator: Garcia, M. I. (M. Isabel) & Aschheim, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Z Charmoniumlike Mesons

Description: A brief review of the experimental situation concerning the electrically charged charmoniumlike meson candidates, Z{sup -}, is presented. The Belle Collaboration reported peaks in the {psi}{prime}{pi}{sup -} and {chi}{sub c1}{pi}{sup -} invariant mass distributions in B {yields} {psi}{prime}{pi}{sup -}K and B {yields} {chi}{sub c1}{pi}{sup -}K, respectively. If these peaks are meson resonances, they would have a minimal quark substructure of c{bar c}d{bar u} and be unmistakeably exotic. However, even though the Belle signals have more than 5{sigma} statistical significance, the experimental situation remains uncertain in that none of these peaks have yet been confirmed by other experiments. An analysis by the BABAR Collaboration of B {yields} {psi}{prime}{pi}{sup -}K neither confirms nor contradicts the Belle claim for the Z(4430){sup -} {yields} {psi}{prime}{pi}{sup -}. In the BABAR analysis, B {yields} J/{psi}{pi}{sup -}K decays were also studied, and no evidence for Z(4430){sup -} {yields} J/{psi}{pi}{sup -} was found. In this paper, we review and compare Belle and BABAR results on searches for charged charmonium-like states.
Date: August 12, 2011
Creator: Gabareen Mokhtar, Arafat; /SLAC; Olsen, Stephen Lars & U., /Seoul Natl.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AEGIS: The Diversity of Bright Near-IR Selected Distant RedGalaxies

Description: We use deep and wide near infrared (NIR) imaging from the Palomar telescope combined with DEEP2 spectroscopy and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and Chandra Space Telescope imaging to investigate the nature of galaxies that are red in NIR colors. We locate these 'distant red galaxies' (DRGs) through the color cut (J - K){sub vega} &gt; 2.3 over 0.7 deg{sup 2}, where we find 1010 DRG candidates down to K{sub s} = 20.5. We combine 95 high quality spectroscopic redshifts with photometric redshifts from BRIJK photometry to determine the redshift and stellar mass distributions for these systems, and morphological/structural and X-ray properties for 107 DRGs in the Extended Groth Strip. We find that many bright (J - K){sub vega} &gt; 2.3 galaxies with K{sub s} &lt; 20.5 are at redshifts z &lt; 2, with 64% between 1 &lt; z &lt; 2. The stellar mass distributions for these galaxies is broad, ranging from 10{sup 9} - 10{sup 12} M{sub {circle_dot}} , but with most z &gt; 2 systems massive with M{sub *} &gt; 10{sup 11} M{sub {circle_dot}}. HST imaging shows that the structural properties and morphologies of DRGs are also diverse, with the majority elliptical/compact (57%), and the remainder edge-on spirals (7%), and peculiar galaxies (29%). The DRGs at z &lt; 1.4 with high quality spectroscopic redshifts are generally compact, with small half-light radii, and span a range in rest-frame optical properties. The spectral energy distributions for these objects differ from higher redshift DRGs: they are bluer by one magnitude in observed (I - J) color. A pure IR color selection of high redshift populations is not sufficient to identify unique populations, and other colors, or spectroscopic redshifts are needed to produce homogeneous samples.
Date: October 13, 2006
Creator: Conselice, C.J.; Newman, J.A.; Georgakakis, A.; Almaini, O.; Coil, A.L.; Cooper, M.C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of Double Charmonium Production in$e^+e^-$ Annihilations at $\sqrt{s}=10.6$ GeV

Description: The authors study e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} J/{psi} c{bar c} by measuring the invariant mass distribution recoiling against fully reconstructed J/{psi} decays, using 124.4 fb{sup -1} of data collected with a center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV with the BABAR detector. They observe signals for {eta}{sub c}(1S), {chi}{sub c0}, and {eta}{sub c}(2S) in the recoil mass distribution, thus confirming previous measurements. The authors measure {sigma}(e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} J/{psi} + c{bar c}){Beta}(c{bar c} {yields} &gt; 2 charged) to be 17.6 {+-} 2.8(stat){sub -2.1}{sup +1.5}(syst) fb, 10.3 {+-} 2.5(stat){sub -1.8}{sup +1.4}(syst) fb, and 16.4 {+-} 3.7(stat){sub -3.0}{sup +2.4}(syst) fb with c{bar c} = {eta}{sub c}(1S), {chi}{sub c0}, and {eta}{sub c}(2S), respectively.
Date: June 29, 2005
Creator: Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiative corrections to the decays K{sub L}{sup 0} {r_arrow} e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} and K{sub L}{sup 0} {r_arrow} {mu}{sup +} {mu}{sup {minus}}

Description: The authors calculate the rates and lepton ({ell}) invariant mass distributions for decays of the form 0{sup {minus}+} {r_arrow} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup {minus}}{gamma}, which are important radiative corrections to the purely leptonic decays 0{sup {minus}+} {r_arrow} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup {minus}}. The approach uses the loop diagrams which arise by including the two photon intermediate state and they retain the imaginary parts of the loops--a radiative extension of the unitarity bound for the process. These results are compared with those obtained using a model in which the meson couples directly to the leptons.
Date: December 31, 1998
Creator: Dicus, D.A. & Repko, W.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interpreting multiplicity-gated fragment distributions from heavy-ion collisions

Description: In recent years, multifragmentation of nuclear systems has been extensively studied, and many efforts have been made to clarify the underlying physics. However, no clear consensus exists on the mechanism for multifragmentation. Is the emission of intermediate mass fragments (IMF: 3 {le} Z {le} 20) a dynamical process (brought on by the occurrence of instabilities of one form or another) or a statistical process (i.e. the decay probabilities are proportional to a suitably defined exit channel phase space)? Historically the charge (mass) distribution has played and still plays a very important role in characterizing multifragmentation. Since this subject`s inception, the near power-law shape of the charge and mass distributions was considered an indication of criticality for the hot nuclear fluid produced in light ion and heavy ion collisions. Here, the authors have studied different aspects of the charge distributions. The implications of the experimental evidence presented here are potentially far reaching. On the one hand, the thermal features observed in the n-fragment emission probabilities for the {sup 36}Ar + {sup 197}Au reaction extend consistently to the charge distributions and strengthen the hypothesis of the important role of phase space in describing multifragmentation. On the other hand, they have investigated charge correlation functions of multi-fragment decays to search for the enhanced production of nearly equal-sized fragments predicted in several theoretical works.
Date: February 1, 1997
Creator: Phair, L.; Moretto, L.G.; Rubehn, T.; Wozniak, G.J.; Beaulieu, L.; Tso, K. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

QCD tests at CDF

Description: We present results for the inclusive jet cross section and the dijet mass distribution. The inclusive cross section and dijet mass both exhibit significant deviations from the predictions of NLO QCD for jets with E{sub T}>200 GeV, or dijet masses > 400 GeV/c{sup 2}. We show that it is possible, within a global QCD analysis that includes the CDF inclusive jet data, to modify the gluon distribution at high x. The resulting increase in the jet cross-section predictions is 25-35%. Owing to the presence of k{sub T} smearing effects, the direct photon data does not provide as strong a constraint on the gluon distribution as previously thought. A comparison of the CDF and UA2 jet data, which have a common range in x, is plagued by theoretical and experimental uncertainties, and cannot at present confirm the CDF excess or the modified gluon distribution.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Kovacs, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of imbalance and geometric error on precision grinding machines

Description: To study balancing in grinding, a simple mechanical system was examined. It was essential to study such a well-defined system, as opposed to a large, complex system such as a machining center. The use of a compact, well-defined system enabled easy quantification of the imbalance force input, its phase angle to any geometric decentering, and good understanding of the machine mode shapes. It is important to understand a simple system such as the one I examined given that imbalance is so intimately coupled to machine dynamics. It is possible to extend the results presented here to industrial machines, although that is not part of this work. In addition to the empirical testing, a simple mechanical system to look at how mode shapes, balance, and geometric error interplay to yield spindle error motion was modelled. The results of this model will be presented along with the results from a more global grinding model. The global model, presented at ASPE in November 1996, allows one to examine the effects of changing global machine parameters like stiffness and damping. This geometrically abstract, one-dimensional model will be presented to demonstrate the usefulness of an abstract approach for first-order understanding but it will not be the main focus of this thesis. 19 refs., 36 figs., 10 tables.
Date: June 1, 1997
Creator: Bibler, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Brookhaven muon g-2 experiment

Description: A new experiment is being mounted at BNL to measure the anomalous magnet moment of the muon to 3 parts in 10{sup 7}. In this talk I will describe the physics issues that this precision allows us to explore, the experimental method, and an interesting new device which we will use to inject muons into our muon storage ring. The device is a 1.45T non-ferrous superconducting magnet, where all fringe field is contained by a superconducting sheet.
Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Bunce, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Large-scale structure from quantum fluctuations in the early universe

Description: A better understanding of the formation of large-scale structure in the Universe is arguably the most pressing question in cosmology. The most compelling and promising theoretical paradigm, Inflation + Cold Dark Matter, holds that the density inhomogeneities that seeded the formation of structure in the Universe originated from quantum fluctuations arising during inflation and that the bulk of the dark matter exists as slowing moving elementary particles (cold dark matter) left over from the earliest, fiery moments. Large redshift surveys (such as the SDSS and 2dF) and high-resolution measurements of CBR anisotropy (to be made by the MAP and Planck Surveyor satellites) have the potential to decisively test Inflation + Cold Dark Matter and to open a window to the very early Universe and fundamental physics.
Date: May 25, 2000
Creator: Turner, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sources and distributions of dark matter

Description: In the first section, the author tries to convey a sense of the variety of observational inputs that tell about the existence and the spatial distribution of dark matter in the universe. In the second section, he briefly reviews the four main dark matter candidates, taking note of each candidate`s status in the world of particle physics, its production in the early universe, its effect upon large scale structure formation and the means by which it may be detected. Section 3 concerns the energy spectrum of (cold) dark matter particles on earth as may be observed some day in a direct detection experiment. It is a brief account of work done in collaboration with J. Ipser and, more recently, with I. Tkachev and Y. Wang.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Sikivie, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Searches for new physics at the Tevatron

Description: This paper summarizes searches at the Fermilab Tevatron for a wide variety of signatures for physics beyond the Standard Model. These include searches for supersymmetric particles, in the two collider detectors and in one fixed target experiment. Also covered are searches for leptoquarks, dijet resonances, heavy gauge bosons, and particles from a fourth generation, as well as searches for deviations from the Standard Model predictions in dijet angular distributions, dilepton mass distributions, and trilinear gauge boson couplings.
Date: January 1997
Creator: Merritt, K. Wyatt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The distribution of matter around luminous galaxies

Description: The authors discuss the dynamical implications of a measure proposed by Jim Peebles which is the cosmic mass density of material within some fixed distance of a luminous galaxy. If all the matter in the Universe were strongly correlated with galaxies, then this measure rises rapidly to the standard cosmic mass density as expressed in the parameter{Omega}. With numerical simulations they show that in both standard and low-mass CDM models only half of the mass of the Universe lies within a megaparsec or so of a galaxy of luminosity of roughly L{sub *} or brighter. The implications of this clustering property are considerable for conventional mass measures which treat galaxies as point particles. They explore two such measures, based on the Least Action Method and the Cosmic Virial Theorem. In the former case, the method is not likely to work on scales of a typical intergalaxy spacing; however, it may perform nicely in estimating the mass of an isolated set of galaxy groups or poor clusters. In the case of the Cosmic Virial Theorem, they find that having a large fraction of the mass in the Universe located at some distance from galaxies brings in potentially severe problems of bias which can introduce large uncertainties in the estimation of {Omega}.
Date: June 1, 1996
Creator: Bromley, B.C.; Laflamme, R.; Warren, M.S. & Zurek, W.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department