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The Temperature Dependence of Magnetic Susceptibility of Galvinoxyl

Description: The twofold purpose of this investigation was to design and construct an apparatus for direct magnetic susceptibility measurements as a function of temperature and to provide the complete susceptibility characterization of the free radical galvinoxyl in the room temperature-liquid nitrogen range.
Date: January 1968
Creator: Martin, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Magnetic Survey of the Florida Peninsula

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines over magnetic surveys conducted on the Florida peninsula. Measurements, methods, and instrumentation used for the survey are presented. Tables and maps are included in this report.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Lee, Frederick William; Swartz, J. H. & Hemberger, S. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetism of NiMn2O4-Fe3O4 spinel interfaces

Description: We investigate the magnetic properties of the isostructural spinel-spinel interface of NiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}(NMO)-Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}. Although the magnetic transition temperature of the NMO film is preserved, both bulk and interface sensitive measurements demonstrate that the interface exhibits strong interfacial magnetic coupling up to room temperature. While NMO thin films have a ferrimagnetic transition temperature of 60 K, both NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} are ferrimagnetic at room temperature. Our experimental results suggest that these magnetic properties arise from a thin interdiffused region of (Fe,Mn,Ni){sub 3}O{sub 4} at the interface, leading to Mn and Ni magnetic properties similar to those of MnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} and NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}.
Date: September 13, 2007
Creator: Arenholz, Elke; Nelson-Cheeseman, B. B.; Chopdekar, R. V.; Bettinger, J. S.; Arenholz, E. & Suzuki, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Probing the evolution of antiferromagnetism in multiferroics

Description: This study delineates the evolution of magnetic order in epitaxial films of the room-temperature multiferroic BiFeO3 system. Using angle- and temperature-dependent dichroic measurements and spectromicroscopy, we have observed that the antiferromagnetic order in the model multiferroic BiFeO3 evolves systematically as a function of thickness and strain. Lattice-mismatch-induced strain is found to break the easy-plane magnetic symmetry of the bulk and leads to an easy axis of magnetization which can be controlled through strain. Understanding the evolution of magnetic structure and how to manipulate the magnetism in this model multiferroic has significant implications for utilization of such magnetoelectric materials in future applications.
Date: June 9, 2010
Creator: Holcomb, M.; Martin, L.; Scholl, A.; He, Q.; Yu, P.; Yang, C.-H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetic Properties of Oxovanadium(IV) Complexes of Substituted N-(Hydroxylalkyl) Salicylideneimines

Description: A series of oxovanadium(IV) complexes of Schiff bases derived from substituted salicylaldehyde and aminoalcohols has been prepared and characterized. The Schiff bases coordinate through 0, N, and 0 as tridentate bivalent ligands. The primary purpose of the investigation is to describe the structure and bonding in these complexes. The subnormal magnetic properties of the complexes provide much information about both the structure and the bonding in the complexes.
Date: May 1972
Creator: Carey, Elbert Franklin
Partner: UNT Libraries

Comparative Study of Magnetic Surveys of Worcester County, Maryland: Made on the Ground and From Airplane Observations

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on magnetic surveys conducted on Worcester County, Maryland. The results of observations obtained on the ground and from the air are presented. This report includes tables, graphs, and maps.
Date: May 1947
Creator: Kuehn, Hugo E. & Dent, Guy E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Many-body Interactions in Magnetic Films and Nanostructures

Description: We describe results supported by DOE grant DE-FG02-04ER46158, which focused on magnetic interaction at surfaces, in thin films, and in metallic nanostructures. We report on three general topics: 1) The Rashba spin splitting at magnetic surfaces of rare earth metals, 2) magnetic nanowires self-assembled on stepped tungsten single crystals, and 3) magnetic interaction in graphene films doped with hydrogen atoms.
Date: December 12, 2012
Creator: Kevan, Stephen D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exchange anisotropy, engineered coercivity and spintronics in atomically engineered L1{sub 0} heterostructures

Description: We identified and investigated some of the scientific and technically most challenging issues in thin film magnetism focusing on epitaxially grown layers of specific L1{sub 0} ordered, intermetallic, heterostructures with well-controlled crystallography and interface structures. Specifically, we addressed antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic heterostructures, exhibiting exchange bias (EB) in both in-plane (MnPd/Fe) and perpendicular (IrMn/(Co/Pt){sub n}) geometries, and ferromagnetic/ferrimagnetic (Co/Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12}) bilayers with strong interlayer exchange coupling and exhibiting spin reorientation transitions. In the former case, the work included experimental and theoretical studies to gain more fundamental insight into the origin and magnitude of EB, as well as to address important aspects of EB such as the asymmetry in the magnetic reversal mechanism, the role of interfacial structure, including compensated or uncompensated spins, AF domains, competing anisotropies and the angular dependence of the magnetization reversal process. Exchange bias is central to many magnetic technologies and driven by the fast development of nanotechnology, there is much interest in understanding the phenomenon of exchange bias on the nanoscale. By patterning, as the FM domain size reaches a lateral scale comparable to the AF domain size (~100nm), each nano-element can be treated as a separate and isolated exchange bias system that behaves independently. Therefore, the non-averaged, intrinsic, exchange bias, in all its complexity, can be studied. Such size and dimensionality effects, particularly in structures with lateral dimension of the order of their domain sizes, were studied by developing and implementing a novel Nano-imprint as well as convention optical lithography/patterning. However, one limitation of the NIL method is that after imprinting the material-deposition or -evaporation has to be done at around room temperature in order to keep the resists structure undisturbed. As a result, the method is unsuitable for epitaxial growth, since the latter often involves growth at elevated temperatures higher than the glass transition temperature ...
Date: August 30, 2011
Creator: Krishnan, Kannan M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Contribution of Eu 4f states to the magnetic anisotropy of EuO

Description: Anisotropic x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (AXMLD) provides a novel element-, site-, shell-, and symmetry-selective techniques to study the magnetic anisotropy induced by a crystalline electric field. The weak Eu2+ M4,5 AXMLD observed in EuO(001) indicates that the Eu 4f states are not rotationally invariant and hence contribute weakly to the magnetic anisotropy of EuO. The results are contrasted with those obtained for 3d transition metal oxides.
Date: September 11, 2008
Creator: Arenholz, E.; Schmehl, A.; Schlom, D.G. & van der Laan, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Studying Nanoscale Magnetism and its Dynamics with Soft X-ray Microscopy

Description: Magnetic soft X-ray microscopy allows for imaging magnetic structures at a spatial resolution down to 15nm and a time resolution in the sub-100ps regime. Inherent elemental specificity can be used to image the magnetic response of individual components such as layers in multilayered systems. This review highlights current achievements and discusses the future potential of magnetic soft X-ray microscopy at fsec X-ray sources where snapshot images of ultrafast spin dynamics with a spatial resolution below 10nm will become feasible.
Date: May 1, 2008
Creator: Mccall, Monnikue M & Fischer, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interparticle magnetic correlations in dense Co nanoparticle assemblies

Description: Resonant magnetic x-ray scattering from dense self-assemblies of 9-nm diameter epsilon-Co and hcp-Co particles is reported. For lower anisotropy epsilon-Co we find remanent magnetic scattering that is significantly enhanced, indicating preferred inter-particle moment orientations of both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic character. This interaction-mediated collective behavior is consistent with dipolar fields and exists well above the isolated particles blocking temperature where thermal activation is operative, suggesting that magnetostatic super-spin waves exist in such systems.
Date: January 16, 2004
Creator: Kortright, Jeffrey B.; Hellwig, Olav; Sun, Shouheng & Fullerton, Eric E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Syntheses, Structure, Magnetism, and Optical Properties of Lutetium-based Interlanthanide Selenides

Description: Ln{sub 3}LuSe{sub 6} (Ln = La, Ce), {beta}-LnLuSe{sub 3} (Ln = Pr, Nd), and Ln{sub x}Lu{sub 4-x}Se{sub 6} (Ln = Sm, Gd; x = 1.82, 1.87) have been synthesized using a Sb{sub 2}Se{sub 3} flux at 1000 C. Ln{sub 3}LuSe{sub 6} (Ln = La, Ce) adopt the U{sub 3}ScS{sub 6}-type three-dimensional structure, which is constructed from two-dimensional {infinity}{sup 2} [Ln{sub 3}Se{sub 6}]{sup 3-} slabs with the gaps between these slabs filled by octahedrally coordinated Lu{sup 3+} ions. The series of {beta}-LnLuSe{sub 3} (Ln = Pr, Nd) are isotypic with UFeS{sub 3}. Their structures include layers formed from LuSe6 octahedra that are separated by eight-coordinate larger Ln{sup 3+} ions in bicapped trigonal prismatic environments. Sm{sub 1.82}Lu{sub 2.18}Se{sub 6} and Gd{sub 1.87}Lu{sub 2.13}Se{sub 6} crystallize in the disordered F-Ln{sub 2}S{sub 3} type structure with the eight-coordinate bicapped trigonal prismatic Ln(1) ions residing in the one-dimensional channels formed by three different double chains via edge and corner sharing. These double chains are constructed from Ln(2)Se{sub 7} monocapped trigonal prisms, Ln(3)Se{sub 6} octahedra, and Ln(4)S{sub 6} octahedra, respectively. The magnetic susceptibilities of {beta}-PrLuSe{sub 3} and {beta}-NdLuSe{sub 3} follow the Curie-Weiss law. Sm{sub 1.82}Lu{sub 2.18}Se{sub 6} shows van Vleck paramagnetism. Magnetic measurements show that Gd{sub 1.87}Lu{sub 2.13}Se{sub 6} undergoes an antiferromagnetic transition around 4 K. Ce{sub 3}LuSe{sub 6} exhibits ferromagnetic ordering below 5 K. The optical band gaps for La{sub 3}LuSe{sub 6}, Ce{sub 3}LuSe{sub 6}, {beta}- PrLuSe{sub 3}, {beta}-NdLuSe{sub 3}, Sm{sub 1.82}Lu{sub 2.18}Se{sub 6}, and Gd{sub 1.87}Lu{sub 2.13}Se{sub 6} are 1.26, 1.10, 1.56, 1.61, 1.51, and 1.56 eV, respectively.
Date: October 1, 2007
Creator: Booth, Corwin H; Jin, Geng Bang; Choi, Eun Sang; Guertin, Robert P.; Brooks, James S.; Booth, Corwin H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculational Study on the Compounds Np3M, Am3M, and on the System Pu-Am

Description: Spin-polarized relativistic density functional theory has been employed for the study of the electronic and magnetic structures for the compounds Np{sub 3}M and Am{sub 3}M (M = Al; Ga; In) and their comparison with plutonium's alloys Pu{sub 3}M has been made. It has been found that of the three actinides (Np, Pu, Am) only plutonium has its FCC structure essentially more stable after alloying with aforementioned elements. Apart from that, the electronic and magnetic structures for the system Pu-Am presented by three different compounds: Pu{sub 3}Am, PuAm, and PuAm{sub 3} have been investigated. Their magnetic structures have been found to be too robust in comparison with the experimental fact that magnetism in Pu-Am system depends strongly on the percentage of the americium in the alloy. One possible explanation consists in the overestimation of the spin splitting and in the disregarding of orbital dependence of the exchange-correlation potential.
Date: September 7, 2005
Creator: Kutepov, A L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evidence of half-metallic interface magnetism via local moment formation in Co based Heusler alloys

Description: In this work we use a combination of x-ray magnetic circular and linear dichroism (XMCD and XMLD) techniques to examine the formation of local moments in Heusler alloys of the composition Co{sub 2}MnX (where X=Si or Al). The existence of local moments in a half-metallic system is reliant upon the band gap in the minority-spin states. By utilizing the element-specific nature of x-ray techniques we are able to explore the origin of the minority-spin band gap in the partial density of states (PDOS), via the degree of localization of moments on Co and Mn atoms. We observe a crucial difference in the localization of the Co moment when comparing Co{sub 2}MnSi (CMS) and Co{sub 2}MnAl (CMA) films that is consistent with the predicted larger minority-spin gap in the Co PDOS for CMS. These results provide important evidence for the dominant role of the Co minority-spin states in realizing half-metallic ferromagnetism (HMF) in these Heusler alloys. They also demonstrate a direct method for measuring the degree of interfacial HMF in the raw materials without the need for fabricating spin-transport devices.
Date: August 18, 2008
Creator: Telling, N. D.; Keatley, P.S.; van der Laan, G.; Hicken, R.J.; Arenholz, E.; Sakuraba, Y. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hybrid magnetic tunnel junction/spin filter device

Description: Surfaces and interfaces of complex oxides materials provide a rich playground for the exploration of novel magnetic properties not found in the bulk but also the development of functional interfaces to be incorporated into applications. We have recently been able to demonstrate a new type of hybrid spin filter/ magnetic tunnel junction. Our hybrid spin-filter/magnetic-tunnel junction devices are epitaxial oxide junctions of La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} and Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} electrodes with magnetic NiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} barrier layers. Depending on whether the barrier is in a paramagnetic or ferromagnetic state, the junction exhibits magnetic tunnel junction behavior where the spin polarized conduction is dominated by the electrode-barrier interface or spin filter behavior where conduction is dominated by barrier layer magnetism.
Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Suzuki, Y.; Nelson-Cheeseman, B.; Wong, F.; Chopdekar, R.; Arenholz, E.; Chi, Miaofang et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Enhanced Magnetism in Epitaxial SrRuO3 Thin Films

Description: We have observed enhanced magnetization in epitaxial SrRuO{sub 3} thin films compared to previously reported bulk and thin film values of 1.1-1.6 {mu}{sub B}/Ru ion. The degree of enhancement is strongly dependent on the lattice distortions imposed on the SrRuO{sub 3} films by SrTiO{sub 3}, (LaAlO{sub 3}){sub 0.3}(SrTaO{sub 3}){sub 0.7} (LSAT), and LaAlO{sub 3} substrates. A larger enhancement of magnetization for coherently strained SrRuO{sub 3} films on SrTiO{sub 3} and LSAT compared to fully relaxed films on LaAlO{sub 3} confirms the importance of the strain state in determining the magnetic ground state of the Ru ion. In particular, SrRuO{sub 3} films on (111) SrTiO{sub 3} exhibit exhanced moments as high as 3.8 {mu}{sub B}/Ru ion, thus suggesting the stabilization of a high-spin Ru{sup 4+} state.
Date: November 20, 2009
Creator: Grutter, A.J.; Wong, F.; Arenholz, E.; Liberati, M.; Vailionis, A. & Suzuki, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strain Induced Magnetism in SrRuO3 Epitaxial Thin Films

Description: Epitaxial SrRuO{sub 3} thin films were grown on SrTiO{sub 3}, (LaAlO{sub 3}){sub 0.3}(SrAlO{sub 3}){sub 0.7} and LaAlO{sub 3} substrates inducing different biaxial compressive strains. Coherently strained SrRuO{sub 3} films exhibit enhanced magnetization compared to previously reported bulk and thin film values of 1.1-1.6 {micro}{sub B} per formula unit. A comparison of (001) and (110) SrRuO{sub 3} films on each substrate indicates that films on (110) oriented have consistently higher saturated moments than corresponding (001) films. These observations indicate the importance of lattice distortions in controlling the magnetic ground state in this transitional metal oxide.
Date: January 10, 2010
Creator: Grutter, A.; Wong, F.; Arenholz, E.; Liberati, M. & Suzuki, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetism in metal-organic capsules

Description: Nickel and cobalt seamed metal-organic capsules have been isolated and studied using structural, magnetic and computational approaches. Antiferromagnetic exchange in the Ni capsule results from coordination environments enforced by the capsule framework.
Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Atwood, Jerry L.; Brechin, Euan K; Dalgarno, Scott J.; Inglis, Ross; Jones, Leigh F.; Mossine, Andrew et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Carbon contamination of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask and its effect on imaging

Description: Carbon contamination of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) masks and its effect on imaging is a significant issue due to lowered throughput and potential effects on imaging performance. In this work, a series of carbon contamination experiments were performed on a patterned EUV mask. Contaminated features were then inspected with a reticle scanning electron microscope (SEM) and printed with the SEMA TECH Berkeley Microfield-Exposure tool (MET) [1]. In addition, the mask was analyzed using the SEMA TECH Berkeley Actinic-Inspection tool (AIT) [2] to determine the effect of carbon contamination on the absorbing features and printing performance. To understand the contamination topography, simulations were performed based on calculated aerial images and resist parameters. With the knowledge of the topography, simulations were then used to predict the effect of other thicknesses of the contamination layer, as well as the imaging performance on printed features.
Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Fan, Yu-Jen; Yankulin, Leonid; Antohe, Alin; Garg, Rashi; Thomas, Petros; Mbanaso, Chimaobi et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department