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A Liquid-Metal Heat-Transfer Experiment

Description: From Introduction: "The primary objective of the Boiling Liquid Metal Program in the Reactor Engineering Division at Argonne is to be obtain experimental information pertinent to the the boiling-heat transfer and fluid-flow behavior of the alkali metals, especially sodium."
Date: June 1965
Creator: Holtz, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resistance of Materials to Attack by Liquid Metals

Description: From Forward: "As their contribution, the Metallurgy Division of Argonne National Laboratory was asked to assemble all available unclassified and declassifiable data on the resistance of materials to attack by liquid metals. The resulting collation of data is contained in this report."
Date: July 1950
Creator: Kelman, LeRoy R.; Wilkinson, Walter D. & Yaggee, Frank L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Co-continuous Metal-Ceramic Nanocomposites

Description: A room temperature technique was developed to produce continuous metal nanowires embedded in random nanoporous ceramic skeletons. The synthesis involves preparation of uniform, nanoporous ceramic preforms, and subsequent electrochemical metal infiltration at room temperature, so to avoid materials incompatibilities frequently encountered in traditional high temperature liquid metal infiltration. Structure and preliminary evaluations of mechanical and electronic properties of copper/alumina nanocomposites are reported.
Date: January 31, 2005
Creator: Zhang, Xiao Feng; Harley, Gabriel & De Jonghe, Lutgard C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance Characteristics of a Liquid Metal MHD Generator

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing the performance of magnetohydrodynamic generators. As stated in the abstract, "an experimental study was made of the performance characteristics of a liquid metal MHD generator utilizing single-phase sodium-potassium and two-phase sodium-potassium-nitrogen fluids. The purpose of this study was to compare the generator performance with theory for single-phase flow and to determine the effects of the introduction of the gaseous phase on the generator output and efficiency" (p. 9). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: July 1964
Creator: Petrick, Michael & Lee, Kung-You
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Liquid metal Flow Meter - Final Report

Description: Measuring the flow of liquid metal presents serious challenges. Current commercially-available flow meters use ultrasonic, electromagnetic, and other technologies to measure flow, but are inadequate for liquid metal flow measurement because of the high temperatures required by most liquid metals. As a result of the reactivity and high temperatures of most liquid metals, corrosion and leakage become very serious safety concerns. The purpose of this project is to develop a flow meter for Lockheed Martin that measures the flow rate of molten metal in a conduit.
Date: January 30, 2007
Creator: Andersen C, Hoogendoom S, Hudson B, Prince J, Teichert K, Wood J, Chase K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MATERIALS FOR LIQUID METAL SYSTEMS

Description: Lecture presented at the Atomic Industrial Forum's Third Course on Reactor Materials, Stanford University, Stanford, California, July 9-19, 1957A review of progress in the use of liquid metals is presented. A number of liquid metals are compared, and the general problems of selecting container materials are considered. In addition. a discussion of corrosion mechanisms and corrosion testing methods commonly employed are examined as well as problems encountered with the liquid metals of greatest interest. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 28, 1957
Creator: Holman, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LITHIUM SYMPOSIUM--ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE CORROSION. Reading List

Description: ABS>A list of 222 references pertaining to corrosion by molten Li and related subjects was compiled in connection with a Lithium Symposium held at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory on August 7-8, 1957. This list is by no means exhaustive but it is thought to contain most of the information presently available on these subfects. In many cases the individual references will contain additional references. (auth)
Date: January 20, 1958
Creator: Hoffman, E.E. & Jansen, D.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multiple Input Electrode Gap Control During Vacuum Arc Remelting

Description: Accurate control of the electrode gap in a vacuum arc remelting (VAR) furnace has been a goal of melters for many years. The size of the electrode gap has a direct influence on ingot solidification structure. At the high melting currents (30 to 40 kA) typically used for VAR of segregation insensitive Ti and Zr alloys, process voltage is used as an indicator of electrode gap, whereas drip-short frequency (or period) is usually used at the lower currents (5 to 8 kA) employed during VAR of superalloys. Modem controllers adjust electrode position or drive velocity to maintain a voltage or drip-short frequency (or period) set-point. Because these responses are non-linear functions of electrode gap and melting current, these controllers have a limited range for which the feedback gains are valid. Models are available that relate process voltage and drip-short frequency to electrode gap. These relationships may be used to linearize the controller feedback signal. An estimate of electrode gap may then be obtained by forming a weighted sum of the independent gap estimates obtained from the voltage and drip-short signals. By using multiple independent measures to estimate the gap, a controller that is less susceptible to process disturbances can be developed. Such a controller was designed, built and tested. The tests were carried out at Allvac Corporation during VAR of 12Cr steel at intermediate current levels.
Date: January 14, 1999
Creator: Beaman, J.J.; Hysinger, C.L.; Melgaard, D.K. & Williamson, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A General Model for Turbulent Momentum and Heat Transport in Liquid Metals

Description: This report develops a general single-point closure scheme for calculating the local levels of turbulent fluxes of momentum and heat in liquid-metal flows. Transport effects are accounted for by way of the three scalar quantities: turbulent kinetic energy; turbulence-energy dissipation rate; and scalar energy (or half the mean temperature variance). Their values at any point in the flow are obtained from the solution of conservation equations of transport type for each of the three quantities. The turbulent momentum fluxes (Reynolds stresses) and heat-transport rates are then obtained from the algebraic formulas containing the above scalar quantities and the mean velocity and temperature fields.
Date: March 1979
Creator: Sha, William T. & Launder, Brian E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the October 5, 1979 Lithium Spill and Fire in the Lithium Processing Test Loop

Description: On October 5, 1979, the Lithium Processing Test Loop (LPTL) developed a lithium leak in the electromagnetic (EM) pump channel, which damaged the pump, its surrounding support structure, and the underlying floor pan. A thorough analysis of the causes and consequences of the pump failure was conducted by personnel from CEN and several other ANL divisions. Metallurgical analyses of the elliptical pump channel and adjacent piping revealed that there was a significant buildup of iron-rich crystallites and other solid material in the region of the current-carrying bus bars (region of high magnetic field), which may have resulted in a flow restriction that contributed to the deterioration of the channel walls. The location of the failure was in a region of high residual stress (due to cold work produced during channel fabrication); this failure is typical of other cold work/stress-related failures encountered in components operated in forced-circulation lithium loops. Another important result was the isolation of crystals of a compound characterized as Li/sub x/CrN/sub y/. Compounds of this type are believed to be responsible for much of the Fe, Cr, and Ni mass transfer encountered in lithium loops constructed of stainless steel. The importance of nitrogen in the mass-transfer mechanism has long been suspected, but the existence of stable ternary Li-M-N compounds (M = Fe, Cr, Ni) had not previously been verified.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Maroni, V. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Nucleation in Supercooled Liquid Silicon. Final Program Report

Description: The original objectives of the present program consisted of two specific nucleation-related research activities; (1) to provide a set of experimental data that will enable the quantitative examination of classical nucleation theory, and (2) to describe the phenomenon of nucleation by developing general expressions of nucleation that include both the thermal and athermal components and that correctly consider and incorporate the transient effects that arise from the nonstationary cluster distribution profile.
Date: April 29, 2004
Creator: Im, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department