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Beyond the three-site Higgless model

Description: The three-site model has been offered as a benchmark or test case for studying the collider phenomenology of Higgs-less models. It is therefore appropriate to consider how well the three-site model performs as a general representative of Higgs-less models, and which modifications might remedy any shortcomings. We employ sum rules relating the masses and couplings of the Kaluza-Klein modes of the gauge fields in continuum and deconstructed Higgs-less models as a way to compare the different theories. These identities enable us to quantify how well a given theory performs at unitarizing the scattering of electroweak gauge bosons at a particular energy scale. We will see that the tendency of the sum rules to be saturated by contributions from the lowest-lying KK resonances provides a good measure of the extent to which a highly-deconstructed theory like the three-site model can accurately describe the low-energy physics. After comparing the three-site model to a pair of continuum models, we analyze extensions of the three-site model to a longer open linear model with an additional U(I) group and to a ring model with three sites and three links; both cases can be analyzed in the framework created by the sum rules. The hadron and lepton collider phenomenology of both extended models is discussed, with a focus on the complementary information to be gained from the different facilities.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Kurachi, Masafumi; Belyaev, Alexander S; Chivukula, R Sekhar; Christensen, Neil D; Simmon, Elizabeth H; He, Hong - Jian et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for universal extra dimensions in ppbar collisions

Description: We present a search for Kaluza-Klein (KK) particles predicted by models with universal extra dimensions (UED) using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb{sup -1}, collected by the D0 detector at a p{bar p} center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The decay chain of KK particles can lead to a final state with two muons of the same charge. This signature is used to set a lower limit on the compactification scale of R{sup -1} > 260 GeV in a minimal UED model.
Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; U., /Oklahoma; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Inst., /Tata et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Holographic Systematics of D-brane Inflation

Description: We provide a systematic treatment of possible corrections to the inflaton potential for D-brane inflation in the warped deformed conifold. We consider the D3-brane potential in the presence of the most general possible corrections to the throat geometry sourced by coupling to the bulk of a compact Calabi-Yau space. This corresponds to the potential on the Coulomb branch of the dual gauge theory, in the presence of arbitrary perturbations of the Lagrangian. The leading contributions arise from perturbations by the most relevant operators that do not destroy the throat geometry. We find a generic contribution from a non-chiral operator of dimension {Delta} = 2 associated with a global symmetry current, resulting in a negative contribution to the inflaton mass-squared. If the Calabi-Yau preserves certain discrete symmetries, this is the dominant correction to the inflaton potential, and fine-tuning of the inflaton mass is possible. In the absence of such discrete symmetries, the dominant contribution comes from a chiral operator with {Delta} = 3/2, corresponding to a {phi}{sup 3/2} term in the inflaton potential. The resulting inflationary models are phenomenologically identical to the inflection point scenarios arising from specific D7-brane embeddings, but occur under far more general circumstances. Our strategy extends immediately to other warped geometries, given sufficient knowledge of the Kaluza-Klein spectrum.
Date: November 5, 2008
Creator: Baumann, Daniel; /Harvard U., Phys. Dept. /Princeton U.; Dymarsky, Anatoly; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Kachru, Shamit; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dark Energy and the Hierarchy Problem

Description: The well-known hierarchy between the Planck scale (>> 1019GeV) and the TeV scale, namely a ratio of {approx} 10{sup 16} between the two, is coincidentally repeated in a inverted order between the TeV scale and the dark energy scale at {approx} 10{sup -3} eV implied by the observations. We argue that this is not a numerical coincidence. The same brane-world setups to address the first hierarchy problem may also in principle address this second hierarchy issue. Specifically, we consider supersymmetry in the bulk and its breaking on the brane and resort to the Casimir energy induced by the bulk graviton-gravitino mass-shift on the brane as the dark energy. For the ADD model we found that our notion is sensible only if the number of extra dimension n = 2. We extend our study to the Randall-Sundrum model. Invoking the chirality-flip on the boundaries for SUSY-breaking, the zero-mode gravitino contribution to the Casimir energy does give rise to the double hierarchy. Unfortunately since the higher Kaluza-Klein modes acquire relative mass-shifts at the TeV level, the zero-mode contribution to Casimir energy is overshadowed.
Date: December 6, 2006
Creator: Chen, Pisin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Off-the-Wall Higgs in the Universal Randall-Sundrum Model

Description: We outline a consistent Randall-Sundrum (RS) framework in which a fundamental 5-dimensional Higgs doublet induces electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB). In this framework of a warped Universal Extra Dimension, the lightest Kaluza-Klein (KK) mode of the bulk Higgs is tachyonic leading to a vacuum expectation value (vev) at the TeV scale. The consistency of this picture imposes a set of constraints on the parameters in the Higgs sector. A novel feature of our scenario is the emergence of an adjustable bulk profile for the Higgs vev. We also find a tower of nontachyonic Higgs KK modes at the weak scale. We consider an interesting implementation of this ''Off-the-Wall Higgs'' mechanism where the 5-dimensional curvature-scalar coupling alone generates the tachyonic mode responsible for EWSB. In this case, additional relations among the parameters of the Higgs and gravitational sectors are established. We discuss the experimental signatures of the bulk Higgs in general, and those of the ''Gravity-Induced'' EWSB in particular.
Date: September 9, 2005
Creator: Davoudiasl, Hooman; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Lillie, Ben; Rizzo, Thomas G. & /SLAC
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Warped Phenomenology

Description: We explore the phenomenology associated with the recently proposed localized gravity model of Randall and Sundrum where gravity propagates in a 5-dimensional non-factorizable geometry and generates the 4-dimensional weak-Planck scale hierarchy by an exponential function of the compactification radius, called a warp factor. The Kaluza-Klein tower of gravitons which emerge in this scenario have strikingly different properties than in the factorizable case with large extra dimensions. We derive the form of the graviton tower interactions with the Standard Model fields and examine their direct production in Drell-Yan and dijet events at the Tevatron and LHC as well as the KK spectrum line-shape at high-energy linear colliders. In the case where the first KK excitation is observed, we outline the procedure to uniquely determine the parameters of this scenario. We also investigate the effect of KK tower exchanges in contact interaction searches. We find that present experiments can place meaningful constraints on the parameters of this model.
Date: September 8, 1999
Creator: Hewett, Joanne l
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing the Nature of Kaluza-Klein Excitations at Future Lepton Colliders

Description: With one extra dimension, current high precision electroweak data constrain the masses of the first Kaluza-Klein excitations of the Standard Model gauge fields to lie above {approx_equal} 4 TeV. States with masses not much larger than this should be observable at the LHC. However, even for first excitation masses close to this lower bound, the second set of excitations will be too heavy to be produced thus eliminating the possibility of realizing the cleanest signature for KK scenarios. Previous studies of heavy $Z'$ and $W'$ production in this mass range at the LHC have demonstrated that very little information can be obtained about their couplings to the conventional fermions given the limited available statistics and imply that the LHC cannot distinguish an ordinary $Z'$ from the degenerate pair of the first KK excitations of the {gamma} and Z. In this paper we discuss the capability of lepton colliders with center of mass energies significantly below the excitation mass to resolve this ambiguity. In addition, we examine how direct measurements obtained on and near the top of the first excitation peak at lepton colliders can confirm these results. For more than one extra dimension we demonstrate that it is likely that the first KK excitation is too massive to be produced at the LHC.
Date: September 3, 1999
Creator: Rizzo, Thomas G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electroweak Precision Measurements and Collider Probes of the Standard Model with Large Extra Dimensions

Description: The elementary particles of the Standard Model may live in more than 3+1 dimensions. We study the consequences of large compactified dimensions on scattering and decay observables at high-energy colliders. Our analysis includes global fits to electroweak precision data, indirect tests at high-energy electron-positron colliders (LEP2 and NLC), and direct probes of the Kaluza-Klein resonances at hadron colliders (Tevatron and LHC). The present limits depend sensitively on the Higgs sector, both the mass of the Higgs boson and how many dimensions it feels. If the Higgs boson is trapped on a 3+1 dimensional wall with the fermions, large Higgs masses (up to 500 GeV) and relatively light Kaluza-Klein mass scales (less than 4 TeV) can provide a good fit to precision data. That is, a light Higgs boson is not necessary to fit the electroweak precision data, as it is in the Standard Model. If the Higgs boson propagates in higher dimensions, precision data prefer a light Higgs boson (less than 260 GeV), and a higher compactification scale (greater than 3.8 TeV). Future colliders can probe much larger scales. For example, a 1.5 TeV electron-positron linear collider can indirectly discover Kaluza-Klein excitations up to 31 TeV if 500 fb{sup {minus}1} integrated luminosity is obtained.
Date: June 3, 1999
Creator: Rizzo, Thomas G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electroweak symmetry breaking by extra dimensions

Description: Electroweak symmetry breaking may be naturally induced by the observed quark and gauge fields in extra dimensions without a fundamental Higgs field. The authors show that a composite Higgs doublet can arise as a bound state of (t,b){sub L} and a linear combination of the Kaluza-Klein states of t{sub R}, due to QCD in extra dimensions. The top quark mass depends on the number of active t{sub R} Kaluza-Klein modes, and is consistent with the experimental value.
Date: May 25, 2000
Creator: Cheng, Hsin-Chia & Hill, Bogdan A. Dobrescu and Christopher T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Low Scale Gravity via Gauge Boson Pair Production in {gamma}{gamma} Collisions

Description: Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos and Dvali have recently proposed that gravity may become strong at energies near 1 TeV thus removing the hierarchy problem. This scenario can be tested in several ways at present and future colliders. In this paper we examine the exchange of towers of Kaluza-Klein gravitons and their influence on the production of pairs of massive gauge bosons in {gamma}{gamma} collisions. These tower exchanges are shown to lead to a new dimension-8 operator that can significant alter the Standard Model expectations for these processes. The role of polarization for both the initial state photons and the final state gauge bosons in improving sensitivity to graviton exchange is emphasized. We find that the discovery reach for graviton tower exchange in the {gamma}{gamma} {r_arrow} W{sup +}W{sup {minus}} channel to be significantly greater than for any other process so far examined.
Date: April 19, 1999
Creator: Rizzo, Thomas G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hierarchies Without Symmetries from Extra Dimensions

Description: It is commonly thought that small couplings in a low-energy theory, such as those needed for the fermion mass hierarchy or proton stability, must originate from symmetries in a high-energy theory. We show that this expectation is violated in theories where the Standard Model fields are confined to a thick wall in extra dimensions, with the fermions ''stuck'' at different points in the wall. Couplings between them are then suppressed due to the exponentially small overlaps of their wave functions. This provides a framework for understanding both the fermion mass hierarchy and proton stability without imposing symmetries, but rather in terms of higher dimensional geography. A model independent prediction of this scenario is non-universal couplings of the Standard Model fermions to the ''Kaluza-Klein'' excitations of the gauge fields. This allows a measurement of the fermion locations in the extra dimensions at the LHC or NLC if the wall thickness is close to the TeV scale.
Date: March 22, 1999
Creator: Arkani-Hamed, Nima
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Using Scalars to Probe Theories of Low Scale Quantum Gravity

Description: Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos and Dvali have recently suggested that gravity may become strong at energies near 1 TeV which would remove the hierarchy problem. Such a scenario can be tested at present and future colliders since the exchange of towers of Kaluza-Klein gravitons leads to a set of new dimension-8 operators that can play important phenomenological roles. In this paper we examine how the production of pairs of scalars at e{sup +}e{sup {minus}}, {gamma}{gamma} and hadron colliders can be used to further probe the effects of graviton tower exchange. In particular we examine the tree-level production of pairs of identical Higgs fields which occurs only at the loop level in both the Standard Model and its extension to the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Cross sections for such processes are found to be potentially large at the LHC and the next generation of linear colliders. For the {gamma}{gamma} case the role of polarization in improving sensitivity to graviton exchange is emphasized.
Date: March 24, 1999
Creator: Rizzo, Thomas G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A New Lorentz Violating Nonlocal Field Theory From String-Theory

Description: A four-dimensional field theory with a qualitatively new type of nonlocality is constructed from a setting where Kaluza-Klein particles probe toroidally compactified string theory with twisted boundary conditions. In this theory fundamental particles are not pointlike and occupy a volume proportional to their R-charge. The theory breaks Lorentz invariance but appears to preserve spatial rotations. At low energies, it is approximately N=4 Super Yang-Mills theory, deformed by an operator of dimension seven. The dispersion relation of massless modes in vacuum is unchanged, but under certain conditions in this theory, particles can travel at superluminal velocities.
Date: October 4, 2007
Creator: Ganor, Ori J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collider Phenomenology with Split-UED

Description: We investigate the collider implications of Split Universal Extra Dimensions. The non-vanishing fermion mass in the bulk, which is consistent with the KK-parity, largely modifies the phenomenology of Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions. We scrutinize the behavior of couplings and study the discovery reach of the Tevatron and the LHC for level-2 Kaluza-Klein modes in the dilepton channel, which would indicates the presence of the extra dimensions. Observation of large event rates for dilepton resonances can result from a nontrivial fermion mass profile along the extra dimensions, which, in turn, may corroborate extra dimensional explanation for the observation of the positron excess in cosmic rays. The Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions scenario has received great attention. Recently non-vanishing bulk fermion masses have been introduced without spoiling the virtue of KK-parity. The fermion profiles are no longer simple sine/cosine functions and depend upon the specific values of bulk parameters. The profiles of fermions are split along the extra dimensions while the wave functions of the bosons remain the same as in UED. A simple introduction of a KK-parity conserving bulk fermion mass has significant influences on collider aspects as well as astrophysical implications of UED. For instance, the DM annihilation fraction into certain SM fermion pairs is either enhanced or reduced (compared to the MUED case) so that one can perhaps explain the PAMELA positron excess while suppressing the anti-proton flux. In this paper, we have concentrated on collider phenomenology of Split Universal Extra Dimensions. We have revisited the KK decomposition in detail and analyzed wave function overlaps to compute relevant couplings for collider studies. We have discussed general collider implication for level-1 KK modes and level-2 KK with non-zero bulk mass and have computed LHC reach for the EW level-2 KK bosons, {gamma}{sub 2} and Z{sub 2}, in the dilepton channel. The ...
Date: December 15, 2011
Creator: Kong, Kyoungchul; /SLAC; Park, Seong Chan; /Tokyo U., IPMU; Rizzo, Thomas G. & /SLAC
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: Some simple exercises are carried out which clarify the physics of a 5-dimensional world in which one dimension is curled up to a radius R. A technical problem necessary to generalize this discussion to d dimensions is considered - the determination of the sizes of spinors in higher dimensions. The origin of eigenmodes of a higher-dimensional field with exactly zero energy is explored, using as examples conventional models of field theory. General relativity is then reviewed, formulated as a gauge theory. The conditions for the appearance of zero modes in space-time geometries with compactified dimensions are discussed. The physics of these zero modes are illustrated in a series of examples ranging from the original construction of Kaluza and Klein to the superstring theory. 28 refs., 18 figs. (LEW)
Date: March 1, 1986
Creator: Peskin, M.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stable compactifications

Description: We show that compactifications of theories with extra dimensions are unstable if due to monopole configurations of an antisymmetric tensor field balanced against one-loop Casimir corrections. In the case of ten dimensional supergravity, it is possible, at least for a portion of the phase space, to achieve a stable compactification without fine-tuning by including the contribution of fermionic condensates to the monopole configurations. 23 refs., 2 figs.
Date: March 1, 1986
Creator: Accetta, F.S.; Gleiser, M.; Holman, R. & Kolb, E.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing the surrogate zeta-function method

Description: Use of the surrogate zeta-function method was crucial in calculating the Casimir energy in non-Abelian Kaluza-Klein theories. We establish the validity of this method for the case that the background metric is (Euclidean space)x(N-sphere). Our techniques do not apply to the case where the background is (Minkowski-space)x(N-sphere).
Date: October 1, 1985
Creator: Chodos, A. & Myers, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cosmologist's tour through the new particle zoo (candy shop)

Description: Recent developments in elementary particle physics have led to a renaissance in cosmology, in general, and in the study of structure formation, in particular. Already, the study of the very early (t less than or equal to 10/sup -2/ sec) history of the Universe has provided valuable hints as to the 'initial data' for the structure formation problem - the nature and origin of the primeval density inhomogeneities, the quantity and composition of matter in the Universe today, and numerous candidates for the constituents of the ubiquitious dark matter. I review the multitude of WIMP candidates for the dark matter provided by modern particle physics theories, putting them into context by briefly discussing the theories which predict them. I also review their various birth sites and birth processes in the early Universe. At present the most promising candidates seem to be a 30 or so eV neutrino, a few GeV photino, or the 'invisible axion' (weighing in at about 10/sup -5/ eV), with a planck mass monopole, quark nuggets, and shadow matter as the leading 'dark' horse candidates. I also mention some very exotic possibilities - unstable WIMPs, cosmic strings, and even the possibility of a relic cosmological term.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Turner, M.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equivalence of the degrees of freedom in a unified gravitational theory

Description: A discussion of the non uniqueness of physical laws and their invariance groups is illustrated by the construction of a physical theory in which the law of motion of structureless and spinning particles is unified in the geometry of the manifold of the De Sitter group SO(3,2). The theory has the structure of a non Abelian Kaluza-Klein theory with very special properties resulting from the topology and non compactness of the groups. The physical interpretation of the field equations is discussed. The physical requirement of equivalence of the interaction of spinning and orbiting systems, generally unconsidered in related theories, is here taken into account by the structure of the theory. The possibility of deviations from predictions of general relativity exists. Generalizations of the theoretical structure to higher dimensional groups are outlined and open the possibility for observations. 21 refs.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Halpern, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standard model and beyond

Description: The ''standard'' SU(3)/sub C/ x SU(2)/sub L/ x U(1) model of strong and electroweak interactions elegantly incorporates all the proven symmetries and successes of the quark model, quantum electrodynamics, and the Four-Fermi theory. It correctly predicted weak neutral currents as well as the existence and properties of W/sup + -/, Z and gluons. ''Only'' the predicted Higgs scalar boson remains undiscovered. At this time there are no solid experimental results that cannot be accommodated by the standard model (at the 1 or 2 sigma level). Nevertheless, we do anticipate the emergence of new physics, beyond standard model expectations, which will hopefully provide guidance for theoretical advancement. Indeed, hints of some new phenomena may already be starting to appear in the CERN anti pp collider data. Details are discussed. 65 refs.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Marciano, W.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Problems in unification and supergravity

Description: Problems in unification of the various gauge groups, quantum gravity, supersymmetry and supergravity, compact dimensions of space-time, and conditions at the beginning of the universe are discussed. Separate entries were prepared for the data base for the 15 papers presented. (WHK)
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Farrar, G. & Henyey, F. (eds.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department