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General Report of Stable Isotope Separation

Description: Abstract: "The Calutron has been successfully employed to separate the stable isotopes of twenty-one elements. The standard Beta M-2 unit modified to handle charge materials of various temperature ranges has proven adequate for a majority of separations. The problem of K life has received considerable attention but is still to be solved. Other operational problems are similar in most respects to those of uranium. The E design has, of necessity, varied greatly from the "Beta Gloria" type. A desire to keep construction simple, yet adequate for efficient collection and readily adaptable for use with many elements, has dictated the trend in E design. Water cooling on the receiver pockets was necessary with many of the elements separated. The chemical purification of the separated samples, although following a general pattern, varies with the type of pockets used and the element collected."
Date: January 20, 1947
Creator: Ketler, W. R.; Chelius, L. G. & Keim, C. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Isotopes of Neptunium and Plutonium

Description: This report describes work done that originated in an effort to identify previously unknown isotopes of neptunium and plutonium and to characterize a few that were known for extension of the nuclear energy surface. The findings of this work results in two new light plutonium isotopes and one heavy neptunium isotope that were produced by bombardment of uranium with helium and deuteron ions from a 60-inch cyclotron and a 184-inch cyclotron. The chemical and experimental methods are described as well as the results of the bombardment work for each nuclide.
Date: December 1950
Creator: Orth, Donald Alfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Reaction Al²⁷(p,3pn)Na²⁴

Description: Abstract: "The cross section for the reaction Al²⁷(p,3pn)Na²⁴ has been measured for proton energies between 30 and 350 Mev relative to the cross section for the reaction C12(p,3pn)C11, and the absolute magnitude determined by matching with data measured with a Faraday cup at 350 Mev and at 31.5 Mev."
Date: August 11, 1954
Creator: Stevenson, P. C.; Hicks, H. G. & Folger, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Isotopic Composition of Trace Quantities of Lead and Calcium

Description: The following report discusses development of new micro-chemical and micro-mas spectrometric techniques for handling trace quantities of lead. The first two sections of this report summarizes the development and trial application to mineral separates of a granite rock. The third section summarizes similar techniques developed for the determination of calcium, and gives the results of an application of the technique to the determination of the radioactive decay constants of K-40.
Date: 1951
Creator: Patterson, Claire
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Determination of the U-235 Content in Highly Impoverished Material

Description: Introduction: "The product of a special run made in XAX was submitted to the Assay Department for a determination of the residual content of the 235 isotope. The charge material on this run was impoverished, with a ratio of approximately 1:2,000. The sample was submitted in the form of purified T3O8."
Date: 1946
Creator: Cameron, A. E. & Hibbs, Roger F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Data on Fallout From the Fall 1961 USSR Test Series: Staff Report

Description: From introduction: "Following the USSR announcement of its intention to resume testing, arrangements were made for the three stations collecting individual rainfall samples to begin analyses for short-lived nuclides. Some of the data are now available and are reported here." From Data: "The available data, including samples for Houston, Texas and Louisville, Kentucky are given in the tables at the end of this report."
Date: February 27, 1962
Creator: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Health and Safety Laboratory.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strontium Program: Summary Report for November 1957

Description: Technical report was prepared by the Health and Safety Laboratory (HASL) with the objective of presenting a current picture of the Strontium Program. Abstract: Strontium 90 levels in fallout, milk, canned fish and tap water are summarized for data available up to October 30, 1957. Original data submitted during the month of October is included as an appendix. Data are presented to show the amount of Strontium 90 in fallout at sampling stations within and outside the United States.
Date: 1957
Creator: Hardy, Edward P., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Isotopic Composition of Vanadium From Organic Sources

Description: From Abstract : "The V50/V51 ratios of vanadium from the ascidians, Ciona intestinalis and Ascidia ceratodes were measured, on an absolute basis, by comparison with a reference using a CEC Model 21-220 180° mass spectrometer."
Date: 1963
Creator: Calellen, Jennings; Flesch, Gerald D. & Svec, Harry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Sequential Analysis of Ten Nuclides Occurring in Long Range Fallout Debris

Description: Abstract : Methods for the chemical separation of strontium, barium, cesium, cerium, yttrium, zirconium, niobium, and tungsten from complex matrices are described. Procedures for the radiometric determination of the longer-lived isotopes of these elements are outlined. Inert carriers are added and the sample is dissolved by fusion with sodium carbonate. The melt is leached first with water and then with hydrochloric acid. The elements are recovered from these fractions by a series of wet chemical and ion exchange procedures, and gravimetric and radiometric determinations performed.
Date: March 4, 1959
Creator: Welford, George A.; Collins, William R., Jr.; Sutton, Doris C. & Morse, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production of Xe¹³¹, Xe¹³⁵, Kr⁸⁵m and Kr⁸⁵ From Plated-Out U²³⁵ in the MTR Core

Description: This report discusses details of the release of Xe¹³¹, Xe¹³⁵, Kr⁸⁵m and Kr⁸⁵ into the process water system of the MTR along with the development of high process water radioactivity. It is suggested that this release followed the fissioning of U²³⁵. Equations that produce the rate of release of fission products is given and approximate rate of release is represented in a graph.
Date: January 14, 1955
Creator: Grimaud, Adrian V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods of Analysis of Fission Products in the Experimental Biology Section

Description: From abstract: "This report describes methods used for radiochemical analysis of fission products most used in the Experimental Biology Section. The report includes methods of analysis of Sr89, Ba140-La140, Zr95-Cb95, Ce144-Pr144, and Y91 by standard chemical procedures. In addition, a method of analysis by use of an absorption curve is described in some detail for Zr95-Cb95 mixtures. The absorption curve method makes possible rapid determination of percentage composition of a mixture of isotopes with a minimum of chemical manipulation by utilizing the differences in absorption characteristics of the emitted rays."
Date: September 26, 1946
Creator: Tompkins, Paul C.; Broido, Abraham; Wish, Leon & Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The [beta]-Spectra of Pu²³⁹, Pu²⁴⁰, Pu²⁴¹and Sm¹⁵¹

Description: The [beta] spectrum of the 10-year Pu²⁴¹ was run on a sample of radiochemically pure plutonium containing the isotopes Pu²³⁹, Pu²⁴⁰, Pu²⁴¹, isotopically enriched in Pu²⁴¹ by pile neutron irradiation. The isotopic composition was determined mass spectrographically.
Date: February 8, 1952
Creator: Wagner, F.; Freedman, Melvin S. & Engelkemeir, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Independent and Relative Yields of I¹³¹, I¹³², I¹³³, I¹³⁴, and I¹³⁵ Formed in Fission of U²³⁵ by 14-Mev and Thermal Neutrons

Description: Abstract: "The following results were derived from experiments in which iodine was quickly separated from irradiated uranium metal at a known time after irradiation. The fractional chain yields are based on the cumulative chain yields at iodine."
Date: 1954
Creator: Wahl, Arthur C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electromagnetic Research Division Quarterly Progress Report: Part I for Period Ending December 31, 1951

Description: From abstract: "Operation of the 86-inch cyclotron has been continuous except for a three-day interruption caused by a water leak inside the vacuum chamber; monthly output has averaged over 210,000 [mu]a-hr; the average continuous (168-hour week) beam power has been approximately 5.5 kw; and the energy of the beam has been determined to be ~19.4 Mev. No changes due to radiation damage have been detected in Inconel tubes containing UF4-NaF-KF eutectic which were irradited in the 96-inch cyclotron with power inputs up to ~415 watts/cc. The major components of the 63-inch cyclotron have been fabricated and are being tested as the machine is being assembled. On the 22-inch cyclotron a radius-wise examination of the fine structure of the proton beam reveals definite proton orbits. Several grams of very pure uranium 235 have been prepared; the chemical recovery for first-stage separation of U 236 has been established as 97%; and facilities for laboratory-scale separation of plutonium isotopes are being prepared."
Date: January 15, 1952
Creator: Livingston, Robert S. & Howard, F. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department