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The Sequential Analysis of Ten Nuclides Occurring in Long Range Fallout Debris

Description: Abstract : Methods for the chemical separation of strontium, barium, cesium, cerium, yttrium, zirconium, niobium, and tungsten from complex matrices are described. Procedures for the radiometric determination of the longer-lived isotopes of these elements are outlined. Inert carriers are added and the sample is dissolved by fusion with sodium carbonate. The melt is leached first with water and then with hydrochloric acid. The elements are recovered from these fractions by a series of wet chemical and ion exchange procedures, and gravimetric and radiometric determinations performed.
Date: March 4, 1959
Creator: Welford, George A.; Collins, William R., Jr.; Sutton, Doris C. & Morse, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation and compilation of fission product yields 1993

Description: This document is the latest in a series of compilations of fission yield data. Fission yield measurements reported in the open literature and calculated charge distributions have been used to produce a recommended set of yields for the fission products. The original data with reference sources, and the recommended yields axe presented in tabular form. These include many nuclides which fission by neutrons at several energies. These energies include thermal energies (T), fission spectrum energies (F), 14 meV High Energy (H or HE), and spontaneous fission (S), in six sets of ten each. Set A includes U235T, U235F, U235HE, U238F, U238HE, Pu239T, Pu239F, Pu241T, U233T, Th232F. Set B includes U233F, U233HE, U236F, Pu239H, Pu240F, Pu241F, Pu242F, Th232H, Np237F, Cf252S. Set C includes U234F, U237F, Pu240H, U234HE, U236HE, Pu238F, Am241F, Am243F, Np238F, Cm242F. Set D includes Th227T, Th229T, Pa231F, Am241T, Am241H, Am242MT, Cm245T, Cf249T, Cf251T, Es254T. Set E includes Cf250S, Cm244S, Cm248S, Es253S, Fm254S, Fm255T, Fm256S, Np237H, U232T, U238S. Set F includes Cm243T, Cm246S, Cm243F, Cm244F, Cm246F, Cm248F, Pu242H, Np237T, Pu240T, and Pu242T to complete fission product yield evaluations for 60 fissioning systems in all. This report also serves as the primary documentation for the second evaluation of yields in ENDF/B-VI released in 1993.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: England, T. R. & Rider, B. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Isotope separations section progress report for quarter ending December 31, 1975

Description: Isotopic separations of Hg, Tl, Sn, and Yb were continued throughout the quarter, using the twenty-four 180/sup 0/ electromagnetic separators. Results of the separations are reported. A study of the characteristics of the 255/sup 0/ separators has been made using SnS, SnCl/sub 4/, PbCl/sub 2/, CCl/sub 4/, and BCl/sub 3/ as charge materials. Developmental efforts are continuing to enhance the capability of the 180/sup 0/ sector isotope separator to prepare highly enriched isotopic targets directly for all isotopes without the need to use preenriched charge materials. The following elements were in chemical processing during the quarter: Hg, Te, Tl, Sn, and Yb. The isotopic materials that were released or made available to Sales during the quarter are shown in tabular form. In addition to the eight new lots of isotopes released to Sales, 15 loan-return samples were processed and returned to inventory. (TFD)
Date: April 1, 1976
Creator: Newman, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Safety analysis report for packaging: neutron shipping cask, model 4T

Description: This Safety Analysis Report for Packaging demonstrates that the neutron shipping cask can safely transport, in solid or powder form, all isotopes of uranium, plutonium, americium, curium, berkelium, californium, einsteinium, and fermium. The cask and its contents are described. It also evaluates transport conditions, structural parameters (e.g., load resistance, pressure and impact effects, lifting and tiedown devices), and shielding. Finally, it discusses compliance with Chapter 0529 of the Energy Research and Development Administration Manual, Safety Standards for the Packaging of Fissile and Other Radioactive Materials.
Date: March 4, 1977
Creator: Peterson, R. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Stable isotope sales: Mound Laboratory customer and shipment summaries, FY 1976 and FY 1976A

Description: A listing is given of Mound Laboratory's sales of stable isotopes of noble gases, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine, and sulfur for fiscal years 1976 and 1976A (the period July 1, 1975 through September 30, 1976). Purchasers are listed alphabetically and are divided into domestic and foreign groups. A cross-reference index by location is included for domestic customers. Cross-reference listings by isotope purchased are included for all customers.
Date: June 6, 1977
Creator: Ruwe, A. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Structure from Radioactive Decay. Annual Progress Report

Description: This report discusses nuclear structure from radioactive decay of the following: Neutron-Deficient Iridium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Platinum Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Gold Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Mercury Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Thallium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Lead Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Samarium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Promethium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Neodymium Isotopes; and Neutron-Deficient Praseodymium Isotopes. Also discussed are Nuclear Systematics and Models.
Date: September 30, 1991
Creator: Wood, J. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The medical applications of radioactive tracers

Description: This report provides a broad yet in depth overview of the use of radioactive materials as tracers in medicine and biology for the period of 1935--1947. Particular attention is paid to is of radio-sodium, radio-iodine, radio-iron, radio-phosphorus, radio-strontium, and fission products. The main thrust of this paper is human rather than animal work and focuses in work that has been published.
Date: December 31, 1947
Creator: Hamilton, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Structure From Radioactive Decay

Description: This report discusses the nuclear structure of the following isotopes as a result of radioactive decays: neutron-deficient iridium isotopes; neutron-deficient platinum isotopes; neutron-deficient gold isotopes; neutron-deficient mercury isotopes; neutron-deficient thallium isotopes; neutron-deficient lead isotopes; neutron-deficient promethium isotopes; and neutron-deficient samarium isotopes.
Date: September 30, 1990
Creator: Wood, J. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Structure from Radioactive Decay

Description: This report discusses nuclear structure from radioactive decay of the following: Neutron-Deficient Iridium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Platinum Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Gold Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Mercury Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Thallium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Lead Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Samarium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Promethium Isotopes; Neutron-Deficient Neodymium Isotopes; and Neutron-Deficient Praseodymium Isotopes. Also discussed are Nuclear Systematics and Models.
Date: September 30, 1991
Creator: Wood, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Stable Isotope Research and Production Division Quarterly Progress Report: October 1, 1951 to December 31, 1951

Description: From introduction: "During the second quarter of fiscal year 1952, the Isotope Production and Process Development Department placed primary emphasis on the collection of lithium, iron and calcium isotopes."
Date: January 2, 1952
Creator: Keim, C. P. & Walton, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Methods of Analysis of Fission Products in the Experimental Biology Section

Description: From abstract: "This report describes methods used for radiochemical analysis of fission products most used in the Experimental Biology Section. The report includes methods of analysis of Sr89, Ba140-La140, Zr95-Cb95, Ce144-Pr144, and Y91 by standard chemical procedures. In addition, a method of analysis by use of an absorption curve is described in some detail for Zr95-Cb95 mixtures. The absorption curve method makes possible rapid determination of percentage composition of a mixture of isotopes with a minimum of chemical manipulation by utilizing the differences in absorption characteristics of the emitted rays."
Date: September 26, 1946
Creator: Tompkins, Paul C.; Broido, Abraham; Wish, Leon & Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Data Review and Compilation for ATW Systems

Description: In order to solve the problem of nuclear power waste transmutation in neutron flux it is necessary to know the characteristics of neutron interaction for a great number of nuclei in the energy range from 0 to hundreds of MeV. The authors distinguished the most important aspect of this problem that one of nuclear data for actinides, (from Th to Cm isotopes) They have given the overview of evaluations of characteristic of interaction between neutrons and these nuclei leading to transformation from target-nucleus to neighboring actinide-nucleus or fission fragments in the limited energy range from 0 to 14 MeV. The review was carried out by comparison of mentioned characteristics from the modern versions of ENDL-82, JENDL-3, ENDF/B-6 and BROND-2 neutron evaluated data among themselves and with recommended data of previous publications and, in some cases, with the measurement results. ENDL-82 and ENDF/B-6 versions were made in USA laboratories, JENDL-3 was made in the laboratories of Japan and BROND-2 version was made in the laboratories of former USSR. The comparison of nuclear data from various libraries was carried out by the most economic method permitting, nevertheless, fully judge of available uncertainties in the knowledge of competitive nuclear data which are important from the point of view of problem of transmutation in various energies neutron flux. The following characteristics were considered: (a) fission and capture cross-sections at thermal point (E{sub n}=0.0253 eV); (b) infinitely dilute resonance integrals of fission and capture designated by I{sub f} and I{sub {gamma}} (c) averaged on {sup 252}Cf spontaneous fission neutron spectrum cross-sections of fission, capture and the (n,2n) reactions; (d) cross-sections of fission and the (n,2n), (n,3n) reactions at the point En = 14 MeV; (e) fission and capture resonance integrals for a interval of sets with the increasing upper (E {sub max}) and lower (E …
Date: October 1, 1994
Creator: Guzhovskii, B.; Gorelov, V.; Il`in, V.; Farafontov, G. & Grebennikov, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Stable and Vibrational Octupole Modes in Mo, Xe, Ba, La, Ce and Nd

Description: Evidence is presented for stable octupole deformation in neutron-rich nuclei, bounded by Z = 54-58 and N = 85-92. To either side of this region negative parity bands built on more vibrational type octupole modes are observed in {sup 140}Ba and {sup 152,154}Nd. The largest stable octupole deformation ({beta}{sub s} {approximately} 0.1) is found in {sup 144}Ba{sub as}. The theoretically predicted quenching ({beta}{sub s} {approximately} 0) of stable octupole deformation at higher spins is found in {sup 140}Ba. There is good agreement between theory and experiment for the strongly varying electric dipole moments as a function of mass for {sup 142-141}Ba. In odd-A {sup 142}Ba and odd-Z {sup 140}La, we observe parity doublets, two pairs of positive and negative parity bands with opposite spins. In {sup 145}La a strong coupled ground band with symmetric shape coexists with the asymmetric octupole shape which stabilizes above about spin 19/2. In {sup 145,147}La a strong reduction in E2 strength around 25/2 from band crossing is observed. The isotope {sup 109}Mo was identified and a new region of stable uctpole deformation is identified in {sup 107,108}Mo centered around N = 64-66 as earlier predicted. This is the first case of stable uctpole deformation involving only one pair of orbitals.
Date: May 18, 1998
Creator: Gore, P. M.; Hamilton, J. H.; Hwang, J. K.; Jones, E. F.; Peker, L. K.; Ramayya, A. V. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Neutron flow between nuclei as the principal enhancement mechanism in heavy-ion subbarrier fusion

Description: The observed enhanced cross sections for heavy-ion fusion are interpreted with a model in which the near barrier cross sections are dominated by neck formation initiated by neutron flow between the colliding nuclei. The collective properties of the colliding nuclei are then interpreted as a modulation of the thresholds for neck formation and dominate the cross sections in the region far below the barrier. 12 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Stelson, P.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preparation of U233

Description: Technical report. The object of the research is to determine the procedure and equipment for the preparation of U233 on a semi-works scale. The general proposed procedure is that thorium carbonate in aluminum cans will be irradiated with pile neutrons. The Pa233 resulting from neutron absorption the Th232 and the decay of Th233 will be extraction from 99% of the thorium and the natural U in thorium by MnO2 precipitations. The Pa233 will then be allowed to decay to U233 which in turn will be isolated from the remaining Th and partially decayed Pa233 by ether extraction.
Date: May 16, 1944
Creator: Apple, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Selection of Actinide Chemical Analogues for WIPP Tests: Potential Nonradioactive Sorbing and Nonsorbing Tracers for Study of Ion Transport in the Environment

Description: Chemical characteristics of the actinides (Th, U, Np, Pu, Am) have been studied relative to nonradioactive chemical elements that have similar characteristics in an attempt to identify a group of actinide chemical analogues that are nonradioactive. In general, the chemistries of the actinides, especially U, Np, Pu, and Am, are very complex and attempts to identify a single chemical analogue for each oxidation state were not successful. However, the rationale for selecting a group of chemical analogues that would mimic the actinides as a group is provided. The categorization of possible chemical analogues (tracers) with similar chemical properties was based on the following criteria. Categorization was studied according.
Date: August 1, 1998
Creator: Spall, Dale & Villarreal, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Table of radioactive elements

Description: As has been the custom in the past, the Commission publishes a table of relative atomic masses and halflives of selected radionuclides. The information contained in this table will enable the user to calculate the atomic weight for radioactive materials with a variety of isotopic compositions. The atomic masses have been taken from the 1984 Atomic Mass Table. Some of the halflives have already been documented.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Holden, Norman E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hazard categorization of 100K east and 100K west in-basin fuel characterization program activities

Description: This report documents the determination that the in-basin activities at 105 K East (KE) and 105 K West (KW) on the Hanford Reservation associated with the fuel characterization program are classified as Hazard Category 3 (hazard analysis shows the potential for only significant localized consequences). Potential accident consequences, a description of significant activities around the site, and hazard identification and management were explored.
Date: November 16, 1994
Creator: Alwardt, L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Leach rate characterization of solid radioactive waste forms

Description: Leach rates were measured using distilled water on four types of waste forms: spray calcined waste mixed with silica and borosilicate glass and sintered, the same pulverized, the same in a lead matrix, and waste glass containing U. Twenty isotopes ranging from /sup 22/Na to /sup 239/Np were measured using activation analysis. Leach rates were also measured for a variety of matrix materials (Zircaloy, Al, Pb, glass, Pb/sub 3/RE/sub 6/(SiO/sub 4/)/sub 6/), using one isotope each. 2 tables. (DLC)
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Flynn, K.F.; Barletta, R.E.; Jardine, L.J. & Steindler, M.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proton Radioactivity Measurements at HRIBF: Ho, Lu, and Tm Isotopes

Description: Two new isotopes, {sup 145}Tm and {sup 140}Ho and three isomers in previously known isotopes, {sup 141m}Ho, {sup 150m}Lu and {sup 151m}Lu have been discovered and studied via their decay by proton emission. These proton emitters were produced at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) by heavy-ion fusion-evaporation reactions, separated in A/Q with a recoil mass spectrometer (RMS), and detected in a double-sided silicon strip detector (DSSD). The decay energy and half-life was measured for each new emitter. An analysis in terms of a spherical shell model is applied to the Tm and Lu nuclei, but Ho is considerably deformed and requires a collective model interpretation.
Date: November 13, 1998
Creator: Akovali, Y.; Batchelder, J. C.; Bingham, C. R.; Davinson, T.; Ginter, T. N.; Gross, C. J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Octupole effects in the lanthanides

Description: Arrays of Anti-Compton Spectrometer enabled systematic investigations of octupole correlations in the neutron-rich lanthanides. The studies mostly confirm the theoretical expectations of moderate octupole deformation at medium spins in nuclei from this region but in some cases predictions deviate from the experiment. In cesium isotopes strong octupole effects are predicted but not observed and new measurements for {sup 139}Xe suggest octupole effects stronger than expected. Systematics of excitation energy of the 31 states excitations, updated in the present work for Xe isotopes, indicates the N=85 and Z=54 lines as borders for strong octupole correlations. Systematic of electric dipole moment, upgraded in the present work for Ca and Ce isotopes confirms the Z=54 limit and adds new information about local canceling of electric dipole moment at the N=90 neutron number.
Date: October 22, 1999
Creator: Urban, W.; Rzaca-Urban, T.; Phillips, W. R.; Durell, J. L.; Leddy, M. J.; Smith, A. G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sorption--desorption studies of Nevada Test Site alluvium and leaching studies of nuclear test debris

Description: Distribution coefficients were determined for sorption-desorption of radioactive tracers between Nevada Test Site alluvium and alluvial ground water. The order of increasing distribution coefficient by element is: Sb, Sr, U(VI), I, Ru, Nb, Ba, Cs, Co, Y, Ce, and Eu. Some distribution data were also obtained for bentonite. Volatile and refractory debris samples from nuclear tests in tuff, alluvium, and rhyolite were leached with ground water. Most leachable are the volatile species I, Mo, and Sb, which have condensed on chimney rubble. Comparison of the laboratory data with field measurements indicates that leaching is the main process responsible for the presence of radionuclides in water from the site of the underground nuclear test Cambric.
Date: April 1, 1978
Creator: Wolfsberg, Kurt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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