389 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Solution-reactor-produced Mo-99 using activated carbon to remore I-131

Description: The production of {sup 99}Mo in a solution reactor was explored. Activated charcoal was used to filter the {sup 131}I contaminant from an irradiated fuel solution. Gamma spectroscopy confirmed that the activated carbon trapped a significant amount of {sup 131}I, as well as notable amounts of {sup 133}Xe, {sup 105}Rb, and {sup 140}Ba; the carbon trapped a diminutive amount of {sup 99}Mo. The results promote the idea of solution-reactor-produced {sup 99}Mo. Solution reactors are favorable both energetically and environmentally. A solution reactor could provide enough {sup 99}Mo/{sup 99m}Te to support both the current and future radiopharmaceutical needs of the U.S.
Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Kitten, S. & Cappiello, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safe new reactor for radionuclide production

Description: In late 1995, DOE is schedule to announce a new tritium production unit. Near the end of the last NPR (New Production Reactors) program, work was directed towards eliminating risks in current designs and reducing effects of accidents. In the Heavy Water Reactor Program at Savannah River, the coolant was changed from heavy to light water. An alternative, passively safe concept uses a heavy-water-filled, zircaloy reactor calandria near the bottom of a swimming pool; the calandria is supported on a light-water-coolant inlet plenum and has upflow through assemblies in the calandria tubes. The reactor concept eliminates or reduces significantly most design basis and severe accidents that plague other deigns. The proven, current SRS tritium cycle remains intact; production within the US of medical isotopes such as Mo-99 would also be possible.
Date: February 15, 1995
Creator: Gray, P.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary scoping safety analyses of the limiting design basis protected accidents for the Fast Flux Test Facility tritium production core

Description: The SAS4A/SASSYS-l computer code is used to perform a series of analyses for the limiting protected design basis transient events given a representative tritium and medical isotope production core design proposed for the Fast Flux Test Facility. The FFTF tritium and isotope production mission will require a different core loading which features higher enrichment fuel, tritium targets, and medical isotope production assemblies. Changes in several key core parameters, such as the Doppler coefficient and delayed neutron fraction will affect the transient response of the reactor. Both reactivity insertion and reduction of heat removal events were analyzed. The analysis methods and modeling assumptions are described. Results of the analyses and comparison against fuel pin performance criteria are presented to provide quantification that the plant protection system is adequate to maintain the necessary safety margins and assure cladding integrity.
Date: November 19, 1997
Creator: Heard, F.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Biomedical Tracer Facility. Project definition study

Description: We request a $25 million government-guaranteed, interest-free loan to be repaid over a 30-year period for construction and initial operations of a cyclotron-based National Biomedical Tracer Facility (NBTF) in North Central Texas. The NBTF will be co-located with a linear accelerator-based commercial radioisotope production facility, funded by the private sector at approximately $28 million. In addition, research radioisotope production by the NBTF will be coordinated through an association with an existing U.S. nuclear reactor center that will produce research and commercial radioisotopes through neutron reactions. The combined facilities will provide the full range of technology for radioisotope production and research: fast neutrons, thermal neutrons, and particle beams (H{sup -}, H{sup +}, and D{sup +}). The proposed NBTF facility includes an 80 MeV, 1 mA H{sup -} cyclotron that will produce proton-induced (neutron deficient) research isotopes.
Date: February 14, 1995
Creator: Schafer, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electroplating fission-recoil barriers onto LEU-metal foils for {sup 99}Mo-production targets

Description: Electroplating experiments on uranium foil have been conducted in order to develop low-enriched uranium composite targets suitable for the production of {sup 99}Mo. Preparation of the foil surface prior to plating was found to play a key role in the quality of the resultant coating. A surface preparation procedure was developed that produces both zinc and nickel coatings with the desired level of coating adherence and coverage. Modifications of the existing plating processes now need investigation to improve to uniformity of the plating thickness, especially at the foil perimeter.
Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Smaga, J.A.; Sedlet, J.; Conner, C.; Liberatore, M.W.; Walker, D.E.; Wygmans, D.G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High flux isotope reactor quarterly report, July, August, and September of 1981

Description: Routine reactor operation with four end-of-cycle shutdowns and two unscheduled shutdowns resulted in an on-stream time of 91.3% for the quarter. The outer control plates and the inner control cylinder were changed and a semi-annual core component inspection was made.
Date: April 1, 1982
Creator: Corbett, B.L. & Poteet, K.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Flux Isotope Reactor. Quarterly report, October--December 1977

Description: Routine reactor operation with four end-of-cycle shutdowns and one scheduled cycle interruption shutdown resulted in an on-stream time of 90.3 percent. A new inner control cylinder and a set of outer control plates with remotely replaced bearing brackets were installed. The semiannual core component inspection was made.
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Corbett, B. L.; McCord, R. V. & Poteet, K. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production of transplutonium elements in the high flux isotope reactor (HFIR)

Description: The techniques described have been demonstrated to be adequate to predict the contents of transplutonium element production targets which have been irradiated in the HFIR. The deviations, at least for isotopes of mass 253 or less, are generally within the usual analytical uncertainties, or else are for isiotopes which are of little overall import to the program. Work is especially needed to get a better picture of the production of /sup 250/Cm, /sup 254/Es, /sup 255/Es, and ultimately /sup 257/Fm, since researchers are frequently stating their interest in obtaining larger quantities of these rare and difficult-to-produce nuclides.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Bigelow, J.E.; Corbett, B.L.; King, L.J.; McGuire, S.C. & Sims, T.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Flux Isotope Reactor. Quarterly report, October, November, and December 1979

Description: Routine reactor operation with four end-of-cycle shutdowns and one scheduled midcycle shutdown resulted in an on-stream time of 93.6% for the quarter. This gave the HFIR an on-stream time for the year of 91.3%. The outer control plates were replaced, and the annual core components inspection was made.
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Corbett, B.L. & Poteet, K.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutronic calculations for a new high flux reactor

Description: The Oak Ridge National Laboratory has begun the design of a new high flux reactor to be used for basic research, isotope production, and material irradiation. One of the principal goals of the design is the production of a thermal flux peak in the reflector larger than 5 x 10/sup 15//cm/sup 2/sec. A theoretical analysis of the slowing-down and diffusion of neutrons produced by a spherical fission source immersed in a moderator shows that the flux per unit power is maximized by combining a very undermoderated core with a very low absorbing reflector. The theoretical model interrelates total power, power density and transport properties with the thermal flux allowing very inexpensive scoping calculations. Full scale and detailed calculations were made with a numerical model which uses the Bold Venture code system. Calculations show that a highly enriched /sup 235/U reactor with D/sub 2/O as moderator and reflector would produce the desired peak flux, and the reactor would have a reasonable core life.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Difilippo, F.C.; Worley, B.A. & Vondy, D.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Isotope Production and Distribution Program. Financial statements, September 30, 1994 and 1993

Description: The attached report presents the results of the independent certified public accountants` audit of the Isotope Production and Distribution (IP&D) Program`s financial statements as of September 30, 1994. The auditors have expressed an unqualified opinion on IP&D`s 1994 statements. Their reports on IP&D`s internal control structure and on compliance with laws,and regulations are also provided. The charter of the Isotope Program covers the production and sale of radioactive and stable isotopes, byproducts, and related isotope services. Prior to October 1, 1989, the Program was subsidized by the Department of Energy through a combination of appropriated funds and isotope sales revenue. The Fiscal Year 1990 Appropriations Act, Public Law 101-101, authorized a separate Isotope Revolving Fund account for the Program, which was to support itself solely from the proceeds of isotope sales. The initial capitalization was about $16 million plus the value of the isotope assets in inventory or on loan for research and the unexpended appropriation available at the close of FY 1989. During late FY 1994, Public Law 103--316 restructured the Program to provide for supplemental appropriations to cover costs which are impractical to incorporate into the selling price of isotopes. Additional information about the Program is provided in the notes to the financial statements.
Date: November 30, 1994
Creator: Marwick, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Irradiation tests of {sup 99}Mo isotope production targets employing uranium metal foils

Description: Most of the world`s supply of {sup 99m}Tc for medical purposes is currently produced form the decay of {sup 99}Mo derived from the fissioning of high-enriched uranium (HEU). Substitution of low-enriched uranium (LEU) metal foils for the HEU UO{sub 2} used in current target designs will allow equivalent {sup 99}Mo yields with little change in target geometries. Substitution of uranium metal for uranium alloy and aluminide in other target designs will also allow the conversion of HEU to LEU. Several uranium-metal-foil targets have been fabricated at ANL and irradiated to prototypic burnup in the Indonesian RSG-GAS reactor. Postirradiation examination of the initial test indicated that design modifications were required to allow the irradiated foil to be removed for chemical processing. The latest test has shown good irradiation behavior, satisfactory dismantling and foil removal when the U-foil is separated from its containment by metallic, fission-recoil absorbing barriers.
Date: December 1, 1996
Creator: Hofman, G.L.; Wiencek, T.C.; Wood, E.L.; Snelgrove, J.L.; Suripto, , A.; Nasution, H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Progress in chemical processing of LEU targets for {sup 99}Mo production -- 1997

Description: Presented here are recent experimental results of the continuing development activities associated with converting current processes for producing fission-product {sup 99}Mo from targets using high-enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU). Studies were focused in four areas: (1) measuring the chemical behavior of iodine, rhodium, and silver in the LEU-modified Cintichem process, (2) performing experiments and calculations to assess the suitability of zinc fission barriers for LEU metal foil targets, (3) developing an actinide separations method for measuring alpha contamination of the purified {sup 99}Mo product, and (4) developing a cooperation with Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory that will lead to approval by the US Federal Drug Administration for production of {sup 99}Mo from LEU targets. Experimental results continue to show the technical feasibility of converting current HEU processes to LEU.
Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Vandegrift, G.F.; Conner, C.; Sedlet, J.; Wygmans, D.G.; Wu, D.; Iskander, F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Isotope production potential at Sandia National Laboratories: Product, waste, packaging, and transportation

Description: The U.S. Congress directed the U.S. Department of Energy to establish a domestic source of molybdenum-99, an essential isotope used in nuclear medicine and radiopharmacology. An Environmental Impact Statement for production of {sup 99}Mo at one of four candidate sites is being prepared. As one of the candidate sites, Sandia National Laboratories is developing the Isotope Production Project. Using federally approved processes and procedures now owned by the U.S. Department of Energy, and existing facilities that would be modified to meet the production requirements, the Sandia National Laboratories` Isotope Project would manufacture up to 30 percent of the U.S. market, with the capacity to meet 100 percent of the domestic need if necessary. This paper provides a brief overview of the facility, equipment, and processes required to produce isotopes. Packaging and transportation issues affecting both product and waste are addressed, and the storage and disposal of the four low-level radioactive waste types generated by the production program are considered. Recommendations for future development are provided.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Trennel, A.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Westinghouse independent safety review of Savannah River production reactors

Description: Westinghouse Electric Corporation has performed a safety assessment of the Savannah River production reactors (K,L, and P) as requested by the US Department of Energy. This assessment was performed between November 1, 1988, and April 1, 1989, under the transition contract for the Westinghouse Savannah River Company's preparations to succeed E.I. du Pont de Nemours Company as the US Department of Energy contractor for the Savannah River Project. The reviewers were drawn from several Westinghouse nuclear energy organizations, embody a combination of commercial and government reactor experience, and have backgrounds covering the range of technologies relevant to assessing nuclear safety. The report presents the rationale from which the overall judgment was drawn and the basis for the committee's opinion on the phased restart strategy proposed by E.I. du Pont de Nemours Company, Westinghouse, and the US Department of Energy-Savannah River. The committee concluded that it could recommend restart of one reactor at partial power upon completion of a list of recommended upgrades both to systems and their supporting analyses and after demonstration that the organization had assimilated the massive changes it will have undergone.
Date: April 1, 1989
Creator: Leggett, W.D.; McShane, W.J. (Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (USA)); Liparulo, N.J.; McAdoo, J.D.; Strawbridge, L.E. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Nuclear and Advanced Technology Div.); Toto, G. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA). Nuclear Services Div.) et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operational readiness reviews for restart of L reactor

Description: The L Reactor at the Savannah River Plant is being restarted after being in a standby status since 1968. Operational Readiness Reviews (ORRs) were conducted by DOE-SR and contractor personnel concurrent with the restart activity. This paper summarizes the ORR activity.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Finley, R H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Savannah River Plant seismograph network

Description: The network consists of three field seismometer sites (SRPN, SRPW, SRPD) and one central recording station. The seismic activity at each field site is detected by a seismometer, which is a movable coil that induces a series of electric impulses when vibrated. These electrical impulses are amplified and sent over telephone lines to a central recording site, where the signals are again amplified and then recorded by a heated stylus on heat-sensitive paper. The signals from sites SRPN and SRPW are fed directly to telephone lines, but the signal for SRPD is first transmitted by radio to the D-area powerhouse and then fed into a telephone line for transmission to the recording station. The signals from seismometer site SRPN are recorded at two different gains (high and medium) to permit different resolutions for earthquakes of different magnitudes. Performance of the system is described.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Krapp, C W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building control system using redundant VAX and CAMAC technologies

Description: The plutonium facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory is installing a building environmental monitoring and control system utilizing redundancy as much as possible. The installation will monitor and control heating, ventilation, power, radiation monitors, fire sensors, and the criticality system. This paper describes the hardware environment chosen for this application, along with some of the problems encountered in developing redundant operation. A unique part of the system is the field data concentrator, which has no permanent storage media and relies on an Ethernet link for all operations, including the loading of its system at bootup.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Nelson, D.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Allowable residual contamination levels for decommissioning the 115-F and 117-F facilities at the Hanford Site

Description: This report contains the results of a study sponsored by UNC Nuclear Industries to determine Allowable Residual Contamination Levels (ARCL) for the 115-F and 117-F facilities at the Hanford Site. The purpose of this study is to provide data useful to UNC engineers in conducting safety and cost comparisons for decommissioning alternatives. The ARCL results are based on a scenario/exposure-pathway analysis and compliance with an annual dose limit for three specific modes of future use of the land and facilities. These modes of use are restricted, controlled, and unrestricted. Information on restricted and controlled use is provided to permit a full consideration of decommissioning alternatives. Procedures are presented for modifying the ARCL values to accommodate changes in the radionuclide mixture or concentrations and to determine instrument responses for various mixtures of radionuclides. Finally, a comparison is made between existing decommissioning guidance and the ARCL values calculated for unrestricted release of the 115-F and 117-F facilities. The comparison shows a good agreement.
Date: July 1, 1983
Creator: Kennedy, W.E. Jr. & Napier, B.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Omega West Reactor: Design basis and physics measurements

Description: The Omega West Reactor (OWR) has been operated by the Los Alamos National Laboratory without accident or major operational incident since August, 1956. The OWR is, perhaps, one of the few remaining US reactors that was not built to a set of standards but was designed to the experience base of several reactors that had been operated during the late 1940`s and early 1950`s. In addition, physics parameters were measured during its lifetime in somewhat unusual but innovative ways. The design approach and physics measurements are summarized in this report.
Date: February 1, 1994
Creator: Andrade, A. & Ayers, T. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department