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Experience base for Radioactive Waste Thermal Processing Systems: A preliminary survey

Description: In the process of considering thermal technologies for potential treatment of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory mixed transuranic contaminated wastes, a preliminary survey of the experience base available from Radioactive Waste Thermal Processing Systems is reported. A list of known commercial radioactive waste facilities in the United States and some international thermal treatment facilities are provided. Survey focus is upon the US Department of Energy thermal treatment facilities. A… more
Date: April 1, 1992
Creator: Mayberry, J.; Geimer, R.; Gillins, R.; Steverson, E.M.; Dalton, D. (Science Applications International Corp., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)) & Anderson, G.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operating experience and procedures at the tritium systems test assembly

Description: Operating procedures are important for the safe and efficient operation of the Tritium Systems Test Assembly (TSTA). TSTA has been operating for four years with tritium in a safe and efficient manner. The inventory of tritium in the process loop is 100 grams and several milestone runs have been completed. This paper describes the methods used to operate TSTA. 3 refs., 1 fig.
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Carlson, R.V.; Binning, K.E.; Cole, S. P.; Jenkins, E. M.; Wilhelm, R. C. & Cole, S. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy-related doctoral scientists and engineers in the United States, 1977

Description: Information is compiled about the number and characteristics of doctoral-level engineers and scientists in primarily energy-related activities. These data are for the year 1977 and are part of the data base for a program of continuing studies on the employment and utilization of all scientists and engineers involved in energy-related activities. Data on mathematics, physics, chemistry, environmental engineering, engineering, life sciences, psychology, and social sciences doctoral degree special… more
Date: April 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Westinghouse Hanford Company waste minimization and pollution prevention awareness program plan

Description: The purpose of this plan is to establish the Westinghouse Hanford Company's Waste Minimization Program. The plan specifies activities and methods that will be employed to reduce the quantity and toxicity of waste generated at Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford). It is designed to satisfy the US Department of Energy (DOE) and other legal requirements that are discussed in Subsection C of the section. The Pollution Prevention Awareness Program is included with the Waste Minimizati… more
Date: August 1, 1991
Creator: Craig, P.A.; Nichols, D.H. & Lindsey, D.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The safety record at the tritium systems test assembly

Description: This work addresses an important objective of the TSTA-demonstrating that the large tritium inventories required for fusion reactors can be routinely handled, without radiation exposure to operating personnel and without significant environemtnal releases. The techniques by which TSTA has achieved low releases and personnel exposures include high-integrity primary piping systems that exclude contact between tritium and organic materials, a secondary containment system that encloses all primary … more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Coffin, D.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Source-term development for commercial low-level radioactive waste

Description: Generic source terms base don historical data have been developed for commerical low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) from fuel-cycle and non-fuel-cycle facilities. These source terms are used in DOE's Integrated Data Base (IDB) Program to estimate historical and projected volumes, radioactivity, and thermal power (from radioactive decay) of LLRW to the year 2020. Periodically, the source terms are updated as new waste is generated and as information on older waste is reviewed, redefined, and upg… more
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Godbee, H. W.; Kibbey, A. H.; Forsberg, C. W.; Storch, S. N. & Clower, T. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Tritium in fusion reactor components

Description: When tritium is used in a fusion energy experiment or reactor, several implications affect and usually restrict the design and operation of the system and involve questions of containment, inventory, and radiation damage. Containment is expected to be particularly important both for high-temperature components and for those components that are prone to require frequent maintenance. Inventory is currently of major significance in cases where safety and environmental considerations limit the expe… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Watson, J S; Fisher, P W & Talbot, J B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transport and deposition of activation products in a helium cooled fusion power plant

Description: The transport and deposition of neutron activation products in a helium cooled tokamak fusion power plant are investigated. Stainless steel is used as coolant channel material for a helium/steam system. The important gamma emitting nuclides /sup 56/Mn, /sup 54/Mn, /sup 57/Co, /sup 58/Co, /sup 60/Co, /sup 51/Cr, and /sup 99/Mo are considered. The dominant release mechanism identified is direct daughter recoil emission from (n,x) type reactions. Corrosion and evaporation are discussed. The radion… more
Date: September 1, 1980
Creator: Bickford, W.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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National hydroelectric power resources study. Preliminary inventory of hydropower resources. Volume 6. Northeast region

Description: In the Northeast region, the physical potential for all sites exceeds 33,000 MW of capacity with an estimated average annual energy of some 153,000 GWH. By comparison, the available data represent about 6% of the total capacity and 11% of the hydroelectric energy potential estimated for the entire US. Of the total capacity estimated for the region, 6100 MW has been installed. The remainder (27,200 MW, excluding the undeveloped capacity in the New England States) is the maximum which could be de… more
Date: July 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluating late detection capability against diverse insider adversaries

Description: This paper describes a model for evaluating the late (after-the-fact) detection capability of material control and accountability (MCandA) systems against insider theft or diversion of special nuclear material. Potential insider cover-up strategies to defeat activities providing detection (e.g., inventories) are addressed by the model in a tractable manner. For each potential adversary and detection activity, two probabilities are assessed and used to fit the model. The model then computes the … more
Date: December 3, 1987
Creator: Sicherman, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Semi-annual report on strategic special nuclear material inventory differences

Description: This periodic report of Inventory Differences covers the period October 1, 1976, through March 31, 1977 for Department of Energy (DOE) and DOE contractor facilities possessing significant quantities of Strategic Special Nuclear Material (SSNM). Included in this report are the low enriched uranium inventory differences for DOE's gaseous diffusion plant cascades. (LK)
Date: January 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The IGAC activity for the development of global emissions inventories: Description and initial results

Description: Modeling assessments of the atmospheric chemistry, air quality and climatic conditions of the past, present and future require as input inventories of emissions of the appropriate chemical species constructed on appropriate spatial and temporal scales. The task of the Global Emissions Inventories Activity (GEIA) of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project (IGAC) is the production of global inventories suitable for a range of research applications. Current GEIA programs are general… more
Date: February 1, 1992
Creator: Benkovitz, C.M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)) & Graedel, T.E. (AT and T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operation of the TSTA (Tritium Systems Test Assembly) with 100 gram tritium

Description: In March of 1988 full operation of the 4-column isotope separation system (ISS) was realized in runs that approximated the design load of tritium. Previous operations had been fraught with operating difficulties principally due to external systems. This report will examine the recent highly successful 6-day period of operation. During this time the system was cooled from room temperature, loaded with hydrogen isotopes including 109 grams of tritium, integrated with the transfer pumping, impurit… more
Date: 1988~
Creator: Sherman, R.H. & Bartlit, J.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Remeasurement of permanent vegetation plots in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, USA, and the implications of climatic changes on vegetation. Environmental Sciences Division publication No. 1111

Description: This report summarizes field work over two summers (1976 and 1977) to relocate, monument and reinventory permanent vegetation plots in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. These plots were first established by the senior author and R.H. Whittaker in 1959-62. The inventory results are discussed in terms of vegetation changes in high-altitudinal forest ecosystems, in particular the spruce-fir forests, and the factors, climate shift and biotic and abiotic agents, bringing about vegetation chan… more
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Becking, R. W. & Olson, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tips for the fabrication of temporary tritium experiments

Description: The Tritium System Test Assembly (TSTA) is a facility built for the demonstration of tritium handling systems necessary for tritium-burning fusion reactors. The facility has been in operation handling tritium for four years. The current inventory of tritium is approximately one hundred grams with DOE approval exists for a maximum inventory of two hundred grams. Not all experiments performed at TSTA require the operation of the main process loop. During the last four years, many small scale expe… more
Date: January 1, 1988
Creator: Binning, K.E. & Jenkins, E.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tank farm surveillance and waste status report for June 1991

Description: This report is Westinghouse Hanford Company's official inventory for radioactive stored in underground tanks in the 200 Areas at the Hanford Site. Data that depict the status of stored radioactive waste and tank vessel integrity are contained within the report. The intent of the report is to provide data on each of the existing 177 large underground waste storage tanks and 49 smaller catch tanks and special surveillance facilities, and to provide supplemental information regarding tank surveill… more
Date: September 1, 1991
Creator: Hanlon, B. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radionuclide daughter inventory generator code: DIG

Description: The Daughter Inventory Generator (DIG) code accepts a tabulation of radionuclide initially present in a waste stream, specified as amounts present either by mass or by activity, and produces a tabulation of radionuclides present after a user-specified elapsed time. This resultant radionuclide inventory characterizes wastes that have undergone daughter ingrowth during subsequent processes, such as leaching and transport, and includes daughter radionuclides that should be considered in these subs… more
Date: September 1, 1985
Creator: Fields, D.E. & Sharp, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Applications of Kalman Filtering to nuclear material control. [Kalman filtering and linear smoothing for detecting nuclear material losses]

Description: The feasibility of using modern state estimation techniques (specifically Kalman Filtering and Linear Smoothing) to detect losses of material from material balance areas is evaluated. It is shown that state estimation techniques are not only feasible but in most situations are superior to existing methods of analysis. The various techniques compared include Kalman Filtering, linear smoothing, standard control charts, and average cumulative summation (CUSUM) charts. Analysis results indicated th… more
Date: October 1, 1977
Creator: Pike, D.H.; Morrison, G.W. & Westley, G.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of process inventory uncertainties

Description: This paper discusses the determination of some of the process inventory uncertainties in the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) process line at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) Plutonium Processing Facility (TA-55). A brief description of the FFTF process is given, along with a more detailed look at the peroxide precipitation and re-dissolution (PR) process. Emphasis is placed on the identification of the product and sidestreams from the unit processes, as they have application to the ac… more
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Roberts, N.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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WASTES: Waste System Transportation and Economic Simulation--Version 2: Technical Reference Manual

Description: The Waste System Transportation and Economic Simulation (WASTES) Technical Reference Manual was written to describe and document the algorithms used within the WASTES model as implemented in Version 2.23. The manual will serve as a reference for users of the WASTES system. The intended audience for this manual are knowledgeable users of WASTES who have an interest in the underlying principles and algorithms used within the WASTES model. Each algorithm is described in nonprogrammers terminology,… more
Date: February 1, 1988
Creator: Sovers, R. A.; Shay, M. R.; Ouderkirk, S. J.; McNair, G. W. & Eagle, B. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Scintillator spent fuel monitor

Description: A monitor for rapidly measuring the gross gamma-ray flux immediately above spent fuel assemblies in underwater storage racks has been developed. It consists of a plastic scintillator, photomultiplier, collimator, and a small battery-powered electronics package. The crosstalk from an isolated fuel assembly to an adjacent void is only about 2%. The mean difference between the measured gamma-ray flux and the flux estimated from the declared burnup and cooling time with a simple formula is 22%.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Moss, C. E.; Nixon, K. V. & Bernard, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Division 1137 property control system

Description: An automated data processing property control system was developed by Mobile and Remote Range Division 1137. This report describes the operation of the system and examines ways of using it in operational planning and control.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Pastor, D. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recovery of cesium, technetium, rhodium and palladium from stored waste supernates

Description: The results of our assessment of the processing methods and costs for the recovery of cesium, techneium, rhodium, and palladium from aged waste supernates are presented. Guidelines for the assessment of costs are given. Cesium can be readily absorbed from alkaline waste supernates without prior treatment using Linde AW-500, a synthetic zolite. Technetium, present in the supernate as the pertechnetate anion, together with rhodium and palladium, probably present as anionic nitrite complexes, can … more
Date: June 22, 1966
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radwaste inventories and projections: an overview. [Integrated Data Base]

Description: The Integrated Data Base program was set up to provide fully integrated and reconciled inventories, characteristics, and projections for spent nuclear fuel and all categories of radioactive waste. Eight summary papers, six of which were presented at an ANS special session in Los Angeles in June 1982, are included in this report: data base needs and functions: national planning; integrated data base for spent fuel and radwaste: inventories; integrated data base projections; RAWSYM: radioactive w… more
Date: July 1, 1982
Creator: Notz, K.J. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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