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Aeronautic Instruments Section 4: Direction Instruments

Description: Part one points out the adequacy of a consideration of the steady state gyroscopic motion as a basis for the discussion of displacements of the gyroscope mounted on an airplane, and develops a simple theory on this basis. Part two describes a new type of stabilizing gyro mounted on top of a spindle by means of a universal joint, the spindle being kept in a vertical position by supporting it as a pendulum of which the bob is the driving motor. Methods of tests and the difficulties in designing a satisfactory and reliable compass for aircraft use in considered in part three. Part four contains a brief general treatment of the important features of construction of aircraft compasses and description of the principal types used.
Date: 1923?~
Creator: Franklin, W. S.; Stillman, M. H.; Sanford, R. L.; Warner, John A. C.; Sylvander, R. C. & Rounds, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic Instruments Section 6: Oxygen Instruments

Description: This report contains statements as to amount of oxygen required at different altitudes and the methods of storing oxygen. The two types of control apparatus - the compressed oxygen type and the liquid oxygen type - are described. Ten different instruments of the compressed type are described, as well as the foreign instruments of the liquid types. The performance and specifications and the results of laboratory tests on all representative types conclude this report.
Date: 1923?~
Creator: Hunt, F. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accelerometer design

Description: In connection with the development of an accelerometer for measuring the loads on airplanes in free flight a study of the theory of such instruments has been made, and the results of this study are summarized in this report. A portion of the analysis deals particularly with the sources of error and with the limitations placed on the location of the instrument in the airplane. The discussion of the dynamics of the accelerometer includes a study of its theoretical motions and of the way in which they are affected by the natural period of vibration and by the damping, together with a report of some experiments on the effect of forced vibrations on the record.
Date: 1921?~
Creator: Norton, F. H. & Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aircraft rate-of-climb indicators

Description: From Summary: "The theory of the rate-of-climb indicator is developed in a form adapted for application to the instrument in its present-day form. Certain dynamic effects, including instrument lag, and the use of the rate-of-climb indicator as a statoscope are also considered. Modern instruments are described. A laboratory test procedure is outlined and test results are given."
Date: 1939
Creator: Johnson, Daniel P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Pulse Ammeter

Description: A quantizing pulse ammeter has been designed which brackets an input pulse current peak between two preset current levels. These levels are easily selected by calibration circuits contained on the chassis. Readout is presented in the form of a Nixie visual display as well as an output which is suitable for automatic data recording.
Date: August 1961
Creator: Newman, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geotechnical Applications of the Self-Potential Method, Report 3: Development of Self-Potential Interpretation Techniques for Seepage Detection

Description: This report consists of four distinct but complementary parts: (a) a laboratory/field study of environmental effects on self-potential (SP) electrodes and long-term stability of the electrodes; (b) field investigations at Beaver Dam, Arkansas; (c) development of a computer program for interpretation of seepage-related SP field survey data; (d) development of an extensive bibliography and data base for acquisition and interpretation of seepage-related SP data.
Date: February 1989
Creator: Corwin, Robert W. & Butler, Dwain K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Cascade Impactor Operating at Low Volumetric Flow Rates

Description: Report describing a five-stage cascade impactor, which has four impactor stages in which round jets are used and a filter stage. The method of calibrating the device is described. The significance of the collection efficiency and wall losses with respect to sampling for mass distributions is discussed.
Date: December 1962
Creator: Mercer, T. T.; Tillery, M. I. & Ballew, C. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Kamanche

Description: The instrument, made of wood and metal, is Persian.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: July 1960 to December 1962

Description: Report presenting 700 additional references to the field of temperature measurement as a supplement to NBS Monograph 27, "Bibliography of Temperature Measurement, January 1953 to June 1960" issued April 6, 1961. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. The period covered is from July 1960 to December 1962 with some earlier references which were found later. The arrangement of material is the same as in Monograph 27.
Date: September 13, 1936
Creator: Halpern, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: July 1960 to December 1965

Description: Report combining National Bureau of Standards Monograph 27 with the references given in Supplement 1 (May 13, 1963) and issued as a single publication to assist users of this material. References concern the field of temperature measurement. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. References are divided into a number of categories based on the type of instrument used. Some references to calibration of instruments and to scientific theories upon which temperature measurement is based are also presented.
Date: April 28, 1967
Creator: Olsen, Lief O. & Halpern, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The NBS Standard Hygrometer

Description: Report describing a gravimetric hygrometer that serves as the NBS standard instrument for the measurement of the moisture content of gases on an absolute basis in terms of mixing ratio (mass water vapor/ unit mass of dry gas). The National Bureau of Standards and other laboratory reference and working instruments are compared and calibrated with this instrument. The measuring operation involves the absorption of the water vapor from a water vapor-gas mixture by a solid desiccant and the determination of the mass of this water vapor by precision weighing; it also involves the determination of the volume of the associated gas of known density by counting the fillings of two calibrated stainless steel cylinders. The construction and operation of the instrument is described. Discussions of the tests and calibrations of component parts, and of the sources of errors also are included. There is also an analysis of the random and systematic errors effecting the overall accuracy in the determination of mixing ratio.
Date: May 1, 1964
Creator: Wexler, Arnold & Hyland, Richard W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bibliography of Temperature Measurement: January 1953 to June 1960

Description: Report presenting more than 500 references to the field of temperature measurement. These references were collected from two general sources: Scientific and technical literature and government reports. The period covered is from 1953 to June 1960, with some from earlier dates. References are divided into a number of categories based on the type of instrument used. Some references to calibration of instruments and to scientific theories upon which temperature measurement is based are also presented.
Date: April 6, 1961
Creator: Halpern, Carl & Moffat, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Determination of the Constants of Instrument Transformers

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over studies on instrument transformers. As stated in the first paragraph, "the principle of the method here described is the same for both current and potential transformers, being an application of the potentiometer method" (p. 281). The methods and equipment studied are presented and discussed.
Date: 1911
Creator: Agnew, P. G. & Fitch, T. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Density and Thermal Expansion of Ethyl Alcohol and of its Mixtures with Water

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over the thermal expansion of ethyl alcohol. As stated in the introduction, "the scope of the present work includes the preparation of pure anhydrous ethyl alcohol, the determination of the density and thermal expansion of this alcohol and its mixtures with water, and the construction from these data of tables for convenient use" (p. 328). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: 1913
Creator: Osborne, N. S.; McKelvy, E. C. & Bearce, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plating Thickness Tester

Description: An electromagnetic eddy current instrument is described that is capable of measuring copper and nickel plating 1 to 8 mils thick plated on bismuth mandrils of various sizes and shapes.
Date: November 15, 1957
Creator: Fitch, C. E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

N.A.C.A. Flight-Path Angle and Air-Speed Recorder

Description: "A new trailing bomb-type instrument for photographically recording the flight-path angle and air speed of aircraft in unaccelerated flight is described. The instrument consists essentially of an inclinometer, air-speed meter and a film-drum case. The inclinometer carries an oil-damped pendulum which records optically the flight-path angle upon a rotating motor-driven film drum. The air-speed meter consists of a taut metal diaphragm of high natural frequency which is acted upon by the pressure difference of a Prandtl type Pitot-static tube" (p. 1).
Date: April 1926
Creator: Coleman, Donald G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Simplified Instrument for Recording and Indicating Frequency and Intensity of Icing Conditions Encountered in Flight

Description: Memorandum presenting an instrument for recording and indicating the frequency and intensity of aircraft icing conditions to obtain statistical icing data over worldwide air routes during routine airline operations. Data of this type is needed to provide pertinent meteorological information necessary for the optimum design of ice-protection systems. The features that make this particular instrument desirable include the simplicity of operation, freedom from maintenance and operating problems, automatic operation upon encountering an icing condition, visual indications of icing intensity available to the pilot, total weight of 18 pounds, and continuous recorded data.
Date: July 3, 1951
Creator: Perkins, Porter J.; McCullough, Stuart & Lewis, Ralph D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turn Indicator

Description: This report presents a study of an instrument that can warn the pilot of the turning of his airplane. This instrument must satisfy three conditions: 1) It must give useful indication immediately from take-off; 2) The indications must be instantaneous and require no exertion by the pilot; 3) The indicator must be sensitive only to changes of orientation in the horizontal plane. Different solutions are presented such as a gyroscope driven by the suction of a Venturi tube.
Date: August 1922
Creator: de Guiche, A. de Gramont
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Synchronization of NACA Flight Records

Description: "A method is described for synchronizing the different instrument records taken during flight testing. This method has been in use for sometime at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory and has proved very valuable in connection with the study of controllability and other complicated problems of flight" (p. 1).
Date: October 1922
Creator: Brown, W. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department