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Typical Methods and Devices for Handling Oil-Contaminated Water from Ships and Industrial Plants

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over oil-contaminated water. As stated in the introduction, this paper discusses "the development of suitable apparatus for handling and disposing of oil wastes in order to prevent the pollution of navigable waters" (p. 1). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: 1926
Creator: Lane, F. W.; Bauer, A. D.; Fisher, H. F. & Harding, P. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A logic model approach to conceptual design of a scientific/industrial complex.

Description: The development of a large-scale scientific/industrial complex is a difficult undertaking. At the conceptual design stage a number of issues must be carefully resolved for the project to be successful. A few of these questions include: What is the purpose of the complex? What capabilities are needed to express this purpose? How should the facilities that contain these capabilities be arranged and in what order should they be constructed? Which capabilities are most important in fulfilling the complex' mission and therefore what redundancy is needed? Answers to these questions are needed whether the complex under consideration is planned or already exists and is undergoing a major restructuring. In the latter case additional constraints such as the need to maintain production, accommodate new missions and possible requirements to continue to use certain facilities may exist. The sheer size of the complexes under consideration here means that there will be many shareholders with a stake in the decision process and that the potential consequences of a poor decision could be severe. Different design options will exist in terms of scope and possibly in terms of schedule. Shareholders will value these options differently. Therefore a mechanism is needed to takc into account the varying perspectives of the shareholders and to prioritize the options.
Date: January 1, 2001
Creator: Bott, T. F. (Terrence F.) & Eisenhawer, S. W. (Stephen W.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Industrial Energy Audit Guidebook: Guidelines for Conducting an Energy Audit in Industrial Facilities

Description: Various studies in different countries have shown that significant energy-efficiency improvement opportunities exist in the industrial sector, many of which are cost-effective. These energy-efficiency options include both cross-cutting as well as sector-specific measures. However, industrial plants are not always aware of energy-efficiency improvement potentials. Conducting an energy audit is one of the first steps in identifying these potentials. Even so, many plants do not have the capacity to conduct an effective energy audit. In some countries, government policies and programs aim to assist industry to improve competitiveness through increased energy efficiency. However, usually only limited technical and financial resources for improving energy efficiency are available, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises. Information on energy auditing and practices should, therefore, be prepared and disseminated to industrial plants. This guidebook provides guidelines for energy auditors regarding the key elements for preparing for an energy audit, conducting an inventory and measuring energy use, analyzing energy bills, benchmarking, analyzing energy use patterns, identifying energy-efficiency opportunities, conducting cost-benefit analysis, preparing energy audit reports, and undertaking post-audit activities. The purpose of this guidebook is to assist energy auditors and engineers in the plant to conduct a well-structured and effective energy audit.
Date: October 7, 2010
Creator: Hasanbeigi, Ali & Price, Lynn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

OCAW local presidents respond to occupational safety and health compliance survey

Description: From national safety congress and exposition meeting; Chicago, Illinois, USA (29 Oct 1973). Results are reported from a survey of the local presidents of US Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union of the extent to which employees of research and development organizations are complying with Federal occupational safety and health standards. (CH)
Date: October 29, 1973
Creator: Collins, S.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rotary Burner Demonstration

Description: The subject technology, the Calcpos Rotary Burner (CRB), is a burner that is proposed to reduce energy consumption and emission levels in comparison to currently available technology. burners are used throughout industry to produce the heat that is required during the refining process. Refineries seek to minimize the use of energy in refining while still meeting EPA regulations for emissions.
Date: April 30, 2003
Creator: Flanagan, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The January 17, 1994 Northridge Earthquake: Effects on selected industrial facilities and lifelines

Description: Revision 0 of this report is being published in February 1995 to closely mark the one-year anniversary of the Northridge Earthquake. A September 1994 Draft version of the report was reviewed by DOE and NRC, and many of the review comments are incorporated into Revision 0. While this revision of the report is not entirely complete, it is being made available for comment, review, and evaluation. Since the report was written by several authors, sections of the report have slightly different styles. Several sections of Revision 0 are not complete, but are planned to be completed in Revision 1. The primary unfinished section is Section 3.3 on Electric Power Transmission. Other sections of Revision 0, such as Section 4.5.2 on the Energy Technology Engineering Center and 3.2 on Electric Power Generation, will be enhanced with further detailed information as it becomes available. In addition, further data, including processed response spectra for investigated facilities and cataloging of relay performance, will be added to Revision 1 depending upon investigation support. While Revision 0 of this report is being published by LLNL, Revision 1 is planned to be published by EPRI. The anticipated release date for Revision 1 is December 1995. Unfortunately, the one-year anniversary of the Northridge Earthquake was also marked by the devastating Hyogo-Ken Nanbu (or Hanshin-Awaji) Earthquake in Kobe, Japan. As compared to the Northridge Earthquake, there were many more deaths, collapsed structures, destroyed lifelines, and fires following the Kobe Earthquake. Lessons from the Kobe Earthquake will both reemphasize topics discussed in this report and provide further issues to be addressed when designing and retrofitting structures, systems, and components for seismic strong motion.
Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Eli, M.W.; Sommer, S.C.; Roche, T.R. & Merz, K.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of buildings-related energy use in manufacturing

Description: This report presents research by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop improved estimates of buildings-related energy use in US manufacturing facilities. The research was supported by the Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), US Department of Energy (DOE). The research scope includes only space conditioning and lighting end uses. In addition, this study also estimates the energy savings potential for application of selected commercial buildings technologies being developed by the BTS office to manufacturing and other industrial process facilities. 17 refs., 2 figs., 19 tabs.
Date: April 1, 1997
Creator: Niefer, M.J. & Ashton, W.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Industrial ecology analysis - final report

Description: This work is intended to contribute to the foundations for formalizing industrial ecology analyses of energy systems (systems for energy generation, transfer. or transformation) and to examine how the tools for performing these analyses can also enhance the field of industrial ecology in other applications. We discuss requirements for studying materials and energy , cycling in industrial processes. with particular emphasis on energy generating systems, through explicit inclusion of entropy concepts in industrial ecology considerations. This perspective is intended to contribute to the theoretical basis for industrial ecology, to the development of tools for comparing the ecological (human and environmental health. and institutional) impacts of energy generating and other industrial processes, and to possible changes in engineering curricula with emphasis on design.
Date: October 19, 1998
Creator: Kastenberg, W.E. & Lowenthal, M.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CFCC working group meeting: Proceedings

Description: This report is a compilation of the vugraphs presented at this meeting. Presentations covered are: CFCC Working Group; Overview of study on applications for advanced ceramics in industries for the future; Design codes and data bases: The CFCC program and its involvement in ASTM, ISO, ASME, and military handbook 17 activities; CFCC Working Group meeting (McDermott Technology); CFCC Working Group meeting (Textron); CFCC program for DMO materials; Developments in PIP-derived CFCCs; Toughened Silcomp (SiC-Si) composites for gas turbine engine applications; CFCC program for CVI materials; Self-lubricating CFCCs for diesel engine applications; Overview of the CFCC program`s supporting technologies task; Life prediction methodologies for CFCC components; Environmental testing of CFCCs in combustion gas environments; High-temperature particle filtration ORNL/DCC CRADA; HSCT CMC combustor; and Case study -- CFCC shroud for industrial gas turbines.
Date: December 31, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Industrial operations and maintenance energy measures: A review

Description: Industry consumes a significant percentage of the total electric energy consumption both nationally and in the Pacific Northwest. However, industrial demand-side management (DSM) activities in this sector are underdeveloped and typically concentrate on new technologies and new equipment. An overlooked opportunity for electric resource development is through operations and maintenance (O and M) activities. The purpose of this project is to determine the industrial DSM potential that may be achieved through O and M practices both in the US and the Pacific Northwest. The overall goal of the project is to identify, quantify, confirm, and develop conservation resources that can be achieved from the industrial sector through O and M practices and energy measures. The results of the study identify a significant electric resource potential available through improved O and M activities in industry. Several O and M type energy-saving measures that increase efficiencies and reduce loads are identified and estimates of potential energy savings associated with each measure are presented. Systems identified with the most potential include compressed-air systems; motors and motor drives; lighting; heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC); and control systems. The results of the research show that industrial electric energy consumption can be notably reduced by implementing key O and M type energy measures. Specifically, the results of industrial energy audits, case studies, and other published sources indicate that reductions in energy consumption from improved O and M activities can average between 8% and 12.5%.
Date: December 1, 1994
Creator: Parker, S.A.; Gaustad, K.L. & Winiarski, D.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Doing business with business: Municipal utility energy audits

Description: This article is a review of the ways in which municipal utilities can use energy audits to identify the energy efficiency measures that are most effective for themselves and their customers. Two examples, Osage Municipal Utilities in Iowa and Sacramento Municipal Utility District in California, are used to illustrate the strategies that are most cost effective.
Date: December 1, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy efficiency in the US economy technical report four: Analysis of energy-efficiency investment decisions by small and medium-sized manufacturers

Description: This report highlights the results of a comprehensive analysis of investment decisions regarding energy-efficiency measures at small and medium-sized manufacturing plants. The analysis is based primarily on the experiences of companies participating in the US Department of Energy`s Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program.
Date: March 1, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building business from technology: The Sandia experience

Description: This paper describes New Ventures, a new initiative at Sandia National Laboratories that encourages the creation of new businesses based on laboratory technology as a timely, efficient means of technology transfer. Sandia`s New Ventures program has shown that a dedicated effort can produce significant results. In the three years prior to this program`s launch, just two ventures per year on average were created based on laboratory technology. By comparison, the New Ventures program has enabled 20 new ventures in its first nine months of full operation.
Date: July 1, 1995
Creator: Traylor, L.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Research Brief: Pollution prevention assessment for a manufacturer of rebuilt industrial crankshafts

Description: The Waste Minimization Assessment Center at Colorado State University performed an assessment at a plant that refurbishes large industrial crankshafts. The team report indicated that the waste stream generated in the greatest quantity is spent cutting fluid from the grinding of crankshafts and that significant cost savings could be achieved by implementing a formal cutting fluid management program. This research brief discusses the process, existing waste management practices, pollution prevention opportunities, and gives additional recommendations. Tables summarize current waste generation and recommended pollution prevention opportunities.
Date: August 1, 1995
Creator: Edwards, H.W.; Kostrzewa, M.F. & Looby, G.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Real Time Air Monitoring Using Open-Path FTIR

Description: Over the last several years there has been renewed interest in the use of open-path Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy for a variety of air monitoring applications. The intersect has been motivated by the need for new technology to address the regulator requirements of the Clean Air Act Amendment of 1990. Interest has been expressed in exploring the applications of this technology to locate fugitive-source emissions and measuring total emissions from industrial facilities.
Date: September 23, 1998
Creator: Gamiles, D.S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimation of capacity utilization for selected U.S. manufacturing industries

Description: This paper reports results from the nonparametric estimation of plant-level capacity and capacity utilization for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) industries for the years 1972-90. The estimates are constructed using establishment-level data from the Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) drawn from the Census Bureau`s Longitudinal Research Database (LRD). This work represents the first broad-scale application of the nonparametric measurement of capacity and capacity utilization to manufacturing plants. Given that the measures are largely untried, we attempt to assess the quality of the reported nonparametric measures.
Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Niefer, M.J. & Kokkelenberg, E.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Blade Manufacturing Improvement: Remote Blade Manufacturing Demonstration

Description: The objective of this program was to investigate manufacturing improvements for wind turbine blades. The program included a series of test activities to evaluate the strength, deflection, performance, and loading characteristics of the prototype blades. The original contract was extended in order to continue development of several key blade technologies identified in the project. The objective of the remote build task was to demonstrate the concept of manufacturing wind turbine blades at a temporary manufacturing facility in a rural environment. TPI Composites successfully completed a remote manufacturing demonstration in which four blades were fabricated. The remote demonstration used a manufacturing approach which relied upon material ''kits'' that were organized in the factory and shipped to the site. Manufacturing blades at the wind plant site presents serious logistics difficulties and does not appear to be the best approach. A better method appears to be regional manufacturing facilities, which will eliminate most of the transportation cost, without incurring the logistical problems associated with fabrication directly onsite. With this approach the remote facilities would use commonly available industrial infrastructure such as enclosed workbays, overhead cranes, and paved staging areas. Additional fatigue testing of the M20 root stud design was completed with good results. This design provides adhesive bond strength under fatigue loading that exceeds that of the fastener. A new thru-stud bonding concept was developed for the M30 stud design. This approach offers several manufacturing advantages; however, the test results were inconclusive.
Date: May 1, 2003
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cost Study for Large Wind Turbine Blades

Description: The cost study for large wind turbine blades reviewed three blades of 30 meters, 50 meters, and 70 meters in length. Blade extreme wind design loads were estimated in accordance with IEC Class I recommendations. Structural analyses of three blade sizes were performed at representative spanwise stations assuming a stressed shell design approach and E-glass/vinylester laminate. A bill of materials was prepared for each of the three blade sizes using the laminate requirements prepared during the structural analysis effort. The labor requirements were prepared for twelve major manufacturing tasks. TPI Composites developed a conceptual design of the manufacturing facility for each of the three blade sizes, which was used for determining the cost of labor and overhead (capital equipment and facilities). Each of the three potential manufacturing facilities was sized to provide a constant annual rated power production (MW per year) of the blades it produced. The cost of the production tooling and overland transportation was also estimated. The results indicate that as blades get larger, materials become a greater proportion of total cost, while the percentage of labor cost is decreased. Transportation costs decreased as a percentage of total cost. The study also suggests that blade cost reduction efforts should focus on reducing material cost and lowering manufacturing labor, because cost reductions in those areas will have the strongest impact on overall blade cost.
Date: May 1, 2003
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department